• Title, Summary, Keyword: 중증정신질환

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Result of Multiphasic Personality Inventory among Myasthenia Gravis in Late Adolescence Visiting for Conscription Examination (군신체검사를 받은 후기 청소년에서 중증근무력증의 다면적 인성검사 결과)

  • Seong, HyeYoon;Lee, Jonggook;Oh, Jungkeun;Seo, JeongSeok;Noh, Soo Rim;Kim, Taehyun;Nam, Beomwoo
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.27 no.2
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    • pp.85-89
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    • 2019
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study was to quantitatively assess the degree of myasthenia gravis (MG) affecting mental health through the results of multiphasic military personality inventory in late adolescence. Methods : We collected and analyzed the results of the military personality inventory for healthy controls and MG patients among the 19-year-old men who visited the Military Manpower Administration from February 2007 to January 2010. Military personality inventory invented for Korean military test has similar system to Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory. Results : Among validity scales, each score of faking good, faking bad and infrequency subscales showed no difference between healthy control and MG groups, respectively (t=-0.51, p=0.607 ; t=0.11, p=0.913 ; t=1.41, p=0.158). Among neurosis scales, the score of somatization subscale was higher (t=2.29, p=0.023) in MG group. Among psychopath scales, the score of schizophrenia subscale was lower in MG group (t=-2.38, p=0.018). Conclusions : According to MPI results, we can confirm that MG patients in late adolescence may be more concerned with their somatic symptoms than the control group, and that they may be more likely to abide by the regulation and be conventional in their behavior than the control group.

Effects of the Illness Management and Recovery Program on Recovery, Knowledge of Mental Illness, and Hope of Inpatients with Mental Illness (회복지향질병관리 프로그램이 입원한 정신과 환자의 회복 및 정신질환 지식과 희망에 미치는 영향)

  • Shin, Eun-Sik;Lee, Hyun-Bok;Jeon, Mi-Sook;Kim, Sun-Hee;Yoon, Bo-Hyun;Sea, Young-Hwa;Park, Su-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.7
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    • pp.579-591
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    • 2017
  • The Illness Management and Recovery(IMR) Program was designed to improve self-management and recovery of people with mental illness. The purpose of this study was to identify the effects of the Korean version of the IMR program on recovery, knowledge against mental illness, hope among inpatients with severe mental illness. 92 participants diagnosed with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder and schizoaffective disorder were assigned to either an IMR group(n=51) or the control group(n=41) without randomization. Data collection had been conducted from June 2015 to December 2016. Mental Health Recovery Scale, Knowledge Scale, and Hope Scale was administered to participants before and after the intervention. Participants in the IMR program showed significant improvement in progress toward their recovery and knowledge about their mental illness compared with those receiving treatment as usual. However, changes in hope were not significant in both groups. This is the first evaluation of the effects of the Korean version of the IMR program. Our findings support potential benefits of implementing the Korean version of the IMR program.

Factors Associated with the Quality of Life among Persons with Severe Mental Illness Living in Supported Housing (독립주거 거주 중증 정신장애인의 삶의 질에 영향을 미치는 요인에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Sung-eun
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • no.36
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    • pp.281-299
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    • 2008
  • The objective of this study was to examine the association between personal, housing, program, and service characteristics and quality of life among persons with severe mental illness living in supported housing. A cross sectional survey of a random sample of 237 clients residing in supported housing in Philadelphia was used to assess the association between personal and environmental characteristics, and quality of life. Data were collected from structured interviews, administrative data, the 2000 U.S. Census data file and the Philadelphia police crime database. Multiple regression analyses were used to identify personal and environment characteristics that are associated with quality of life. Clients with diagnoses of schizophrenia, those with lower levels of psychiatric symptoms, those with higher levels of physical health status, and those with higher levels of perceived supportiveness with staff had higher levels of quality of life. Findings of this study suggested that clients' clinical characteristics and consumer staff relationships can be important variables for understanding quality of life among supported housing residents. Factors associated with quality of life identified in this study may help service providers design and plan services to promote quality of life and stable independent living in the community of supported housing residents.

Effects of Discrimination Experience and Social Support on Physical and Mental Health among the Disabled - Mediation Effect of Disability Identity and Multiple Group Comparison by Degree of Disability - (고령장애인의 차별경험과 사회적 지지가 신체적 건강 및 정신적 건강에 미치는 영향 - 장애정체감의 매개효과와 장애정도에 따른 다중집단 분석 -)

  • Roh, Seunghyun;Shin, YuRi;Kim, Cheong-Seok
    • 재활복지
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    • v.21 no.2
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    • pp.113-137
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    • 2017
  • In this study, we explore whether and how the experience of discrimination and social support affects physical health and mental health through disability identity among the disabled aged 50 and over. We also examine such relationship differs by the degree of disability. For the empirical test, we utilized the data from the Panel Survey for the Disabled conducted by our research team in 2016. According to structural equation model analysis, social support has a direct effect on disability identity. It also has a direct effect on physical health. As for the mental health, there are found direct effects of discrimination experience, social support, disability identity, and physical health, Furthermore, social support influences the mental health through disability identity. This finding suggests that social support for the disabled in old age increases disability identity and, in turn, it contributes their mental health. In the meanwhile, multiple group comparison analysis reveals the effect of discrimination experience on disability identity is found for those with lower level of disability but not for their counterparts. This seems to result from that the level of common ground which constitutes disability identity is low for the severely disabled. Thus, it requires our efforts to enhance disability identity focusing on common ground for the severe disabled.

Subjective oral dryness and stimulated salivary flow rate in medicated patients in chronic severe psychiatric patients (일부 만성 중증 정신질환자의 약물 복용에 따른 구강건조증상과 자극성 타액분비율)

  • Mun, So-Jung;Seo, Hye-Yeon;Jeon, Hyun-Sun;Baek, Ji-Hyun;Noh, Hie-Jin;Chung, Won-Gyun
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.353-362
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    • 2014
  • Objectives : The purpose of the study is to investigate the xerostomia in the chronic severe psychiatric patients in Korea because there were few reports on xerostomia in the psychiatric patients. Methods : The subjects were 61 psychiatric patients in the mental hospital by convenience cluster sampling. A self-reported symptom questionnaire was filled out by the three researchers on the basis of medical records by the informed consent. The stimulated salivary flow rate of the patients was measured by saliva sampling. Results : The subjects consisted of 45.9% of male and 54.1% of female. High school graduation accounted for 40.0% and 20.0% did not attend the school. The majority of the patients were medicaid recipients. Schizophrenia accounted for 86.9% and most patients were long term care recipients. A total of 68.9% of the patients suffered from salivary dysfunction. The medication in schizophrenia seemed to decrease the stimulated salivary flow rate and made the patients difficult in chewing and swallowing due to xerostomia and low saliva secretion(p<0.05). Conclusions : Medication in schizophrenic patients caused the salivary dysfunction. So the collaboration between the psychiatry doctors and dental hygienists is very important to improve the salivary secretion in the schizophrenic patients. The continuous and long term care of the xerostomia will help the patients maintain the good oral hygiene.

Development of Health Service Weight for Resource Allocation and Performance Monitoring (자원 배분과 성과 모니터링을 위한 보건사업 가중치 개발)

  • Kim, Sang-A.;Hur, Young-Hye;Park, Woong-Sub
    • Journal of agricultural medicine and community health
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.34-46
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    • 2009
  • Objectives: This study was conducted to estimate health service weight for resource allocation and performance monitoring using Basic Priority Rating System. Methods: The Health service would be classified according to New Health Plan 2010, and Burden of disease collected from preceding studies. The data of severity of health problem and effectiveness of intervention were collected through the survey of experts' suggestion. The health service weight was estimated in the formula which is Basic Priority Rating System. Results: In the result of analysis, the health service weight of Infectious disease was ranked highest at 58.97% followed by Anti-smoking campaign(14.07%), Hypertension(3.87%), Diabetes mellitus(3.40%), Cancer(2.90%), Cardiovascular-Cerebrovascular diseases(2.86%), Physical activity(2.10%), Moderate drinking(2.07%), Medical examination(1.92%), Mental health promotion(1.72%), Serious mental illnesses(1.62%), Nutrition(1.52%), Oral health promotion(1.15%), Oral diseases(1.10%), Addiction(0.73%). Conclusions: We think the result of this study provides a rational basis for resource allocation and performance monitoring of health service.

Factors Associated with the Use of Over-the-Counter Medications in the Elderly Living Alone (독거노인의 일반의약품 사용에 영향을 미치는 요인)

  • Yoon, Yeosong;Paik, Ki Chung;Lee, Kyung Kyu;Lee, Seok Bum;Kim, Kyung Min;Lee, Jung Jae
    • Korean Journal of Psychosomatic Medicine
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.172-178
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    • 2018
  • Objectives : This study aimed to describe the use of over-the-counter (OTC) drugs and to identify predictors for their use in the elderly living alone. Methods : This is a cross-sectional study that enrolled 1,099 subjects. Data regarding socio-demographic status, medical condition, cognition, mood disorder and use of OTC drugs were collected using self-administered questionnaire and from a specific semi-structured interview by a trained nurse. Data regarding use of OTC drugs were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Logistic regression analysis was applied to examine factors associated with the use of OTC drugs. Results : The use of OTC drugs were reported by 35.4% of the subjects. Analgesics (13.6%) was the most frequent drugs. Depression (OR=1.10, 95% CI=1.10-1.87) and comorbidities measured by cumulative illness rating scale (CIRS) (OR=1.08, 95% CI=1.03-1.12) were significantly associated with the use of OTC drugs in the elderly living alone. Conclusions : Depression and severity of underlying medical conditions could be a predictor of the use of OTC drugs in the elderly living alone. The clinicians should be vigilant regarding the potential use of nonprescription medications in the elderly.

THE TREATMENT RESULTS OF A DAY TREATMENT PROGRAM FOR CHILDREN WITH DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS (발달 장애 아동에게 시행된 주간 치료실 프로그램의 치료 결과에 대한 고찰)

  • Kwak, Young-Sook;Kang, Gyung-Mi;Lee, Hae-Sook
    • Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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    • v.11 no.1
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    • pp.100-109
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    • 2000
  • Objective:This was conduced to evaluate the effect of early intervention to promote the development of children with developmental disorders. Methods:49 children(31 in PDD group and 18 in DLD group) participated in a one year day treatment program conduced from 1996 to 1999. They were performed PEP, CARS, and SMS. They were grouped by diagnosis, comorbidity, chronological age and CARS score at the beginning of the program and the treatment effect was compared. Results:The children who participated in the day treatment program showed significant increase in their PEP, SMS score, and decrease trend in their CARS score. When children were grouped by diagnosis, comorbidity, chronological age, and severity in CARS score we did not find out significant difference between groups. Conclusion:Our data suggest that the day treatment program which emphasis on development is effective in treating children with developmental disorders.

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Sleep-Related Respiratory Disturbances (수면과 관련된 호흡장애)

  • Moon, Hwa-Sik
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.2 no.1
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    • pp.55-64
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    • 1995
  • During sleep, relatively major respiratory physiological changes occur in healthy subjects. The contributions and interactions of voluntary and metabolic breathing control systems during waking and sleep are quite different Alterations of ventilatory control occur in chemosensitivity, response to mechanical loads, and stability of ventilation. The activities of intercostal muscles and muscles involved in regulating upper airway size are decreased during sleep. These respiratory physiological changes during sleep compromise the nocturnal ventilatory function, and sleep is an important physiological cause of the nocturnal alveolar hypoventilation. There are several causes of chronic alveolar hypoventilation including cardiopulmonary, neuromuscular diseases. Obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) is an important cause of nocturnal hypoventilation and hypoxia. Coexistent cardiopulmonary or neuromuscular disease in patients with OSAS contributes to the development of diurnal alveolar hypoventilation, diurnal hypoxia and hypercapnia. The existing data indicates that nocturnal recurrent hypoxia and fragmentation of sleep in patients with OSAS contributes to the development of systemic hypertension and cardiac bradytachyarrhythmia, and diurnal pulmonary hypertension and cor pulmonale in patients with OSAS is usually present in patients with coexisting cardiac or pulmonary disease. Recent studies reported that untreated patients with OSAS had high long-term mortality rates, cardiovascular complications of OSAS had a major effect on mortality, and effective management of OSAS significantly decreased mortality.

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