• Title, Summary, Keyword: 지방철도정책

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Development and Philosophy in Local Railway Policy: The Experience of Japanese National Railway (지방철도정책의 전개와 이념 -일본국철의 경험을 중심으로-)

  • Hwang, Young-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.70-78
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    • 2014
  • Recently, the Korean government is considering a policy of adopting competition in railway transportation, such as the establishment of a subsidiary company to Korail as a company to operate a part of the KTX line, the separation of deficit-running lines of local railways and the opening of railway transportation to private operators. The termination of local railway service, which is a major provider of public transportation, will not only deprive the public of a means of transportation but also lead to a decline in the quality of public transit in general. The termination of local railway service is being decisively affected by the national railway policy. The purpose of this thesis is to clarify local railway policy in Japan by studying the development and philosophy of the local railway policy of the Japanese National Railway (JNR).

Development of Finance Sharing Criteria for Metropolitan BRT Infrastructure (광역BRT시설의 재원분담기준 개발)

  • Kim, Sung-Eun;Kim, Si-Gon
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.32 no.1D
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    • pp.71-80
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    • 2012
  • Metropolitan transport demand has increased in Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMA) due to the expansion of its role and land use. Various public transport modes have to be supplied to relieve road congestions for the convenience of users. During the constructions of theses infrastructures some conflicts between the central government and local governments arise for sharing financial resources. In this study finance sharing criteria is developed for the metropolitan BRT, transfer facility, and public garages. Finally, a case study has been done for the metropolitan BRT between Cheongra and Hwagok area in SMA.

Calculating and Improving Operational Decision-Making Indices for Public Railways by Inclusion of Non-economic Factors (비경제성 요소를 포함한 철도운행 의사결정을 위한 지표 산정 및 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Jungyu;Ha, Ohkeun;Kim, Ikhee
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.65-70
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    • 2013
  • In many cases, operation of regional trunk lines is not profitable to railway operators. Nevertheless, railway operators are under pressure to manage regional trunk lines running under deficits, to better serve public interests. Given this situation, railway operators need to optimize assets by adjusting train schedules or changing the number of trains running. When railway operators judge the operation of a regional trunk line, the B/C ratio is generally used as a management index. This ratio is not considered part of strategic operational policy over the long term, and excessively influenced by the aspects of supply and demand over the short term. Accordingly, this study focused on indices that might be used to prevent worsening deficits and provide long term strategic operation policies, main indices to better measure economic situations, and auxiliary indices to supplement the main index. The main indices were measured in conventional ways to target experts and employees. This study presents quantitative standards, which are intended to be used to create itemized criteria through an Analytic Hierarchy Process, for better decision-making.

A Study on Improvement of Management Performance Evaluation System for the Local Public Corporations using Cluster Analysis (군집 분석을 이용한 지방상수도 공기업 경영평가체계 개선 방안 연구)

  • Choi, Hanju;Ryu, Sung Soo;Lee, Ho Jin;Ryu, Mun Hyun;Choi, Hyo Yeon
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.82-82
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    • 2018
  • 지방공기업 경영평가는 지방공기업의 경영성과에 대해서 평가하는 것이므로 경영 성과를 균형있게 평가하는 것이 중요하다. 지방공기업의 평가 대상 유형은 상수도, 하수도, 도시철도공사, 도시개발공사, 특정공사 공단, 시설관리공단, 환경시설관리공단 등 7개로 구분된다. 이 가운데 2017년 상수도 분야의 평가 대상 공기업은 지방공기업법 제78조 및 동법 시행령 제68조에 의거하여 115개이다. 행안부에서 주관하는 8개 광역 직영 기업 그룹과 시 도에서 주관하는 107개 기초지자체 직영 기업 그룹를 구분하여 평가하고 있으며 지방상수도 경영성과 평가 지표은 크게 리더십/전략, 경영시스템, 경영성과, 정책 준수로 구분되며 총 21개의 세부지표로 구성된다. 경영 성과 지표 가운데 주요사업성과와 경영효율성과 지표에 해당하는 상수도관리, 상수도보급률, 요금부과율, 요금 현실화율은 해당 지자체의 인구규모에 따라 평가군을 설정하도록 하고 있다. 그러나 평가군을 설정하는 인구 기준에 대한 명확한 근거가 없고 동일한 평가군 내에서도 지자체 상수도 시설, 면적, 인구 밀도 등에 따라 관로길이나 상수도 원가 등이 크게 차이가 발생하고 있어 경영 평가 결과에 큰 영향을 미치고 있다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 단순 인구 규모가 아니라 지자체 지방상수도는 경영효율화에 영향을 미치는 변수를 선별하여 주요사업 활동 성과 지표 측정에 적용할 수 있는 성과 평가군을 군집분석을 통하여 분석하고자 한다.

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Reforming the Free Fare System in Urban Railway : A Case Study on Shinbundang Line (도시철도 무임수송제도 개선 방안 : 신분당선 사례)

  • Kim, Ji Yeon;Kim, Sigon;Moon, Je Woong
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.1009-1015
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    • 2017
  • Since most of the urban railway operating agencies are established and operated by local governments, Public Service Obligation(PSO) is given priority. Therefore, free riding is carried out based on individual laws and regulations. In Korea, as the aging population goes, the increase in the number of elderly passengers on the urban railways is leading to a free rider as a big part of the fiscal deficit of the city railway operators. However, there have been no previous researches on free pass riding, and especially, it is necessary to study free ride on private investment projects. Several alternatives including a full charge case, free-ride for 70 years old over case, and separate fare charge (900won) are considered. Separate fare charge (900won) was selected as the optimal alternative since there is no fare income adjustment between operating agencies and no subsidy from government.

Analysis of the Economic Feasibility of a Monorail on Mt. Bomun on Daejeon (신교통수단 모노레일의 관광지 도입에 대한 경제적 타당성 분석 -보문산 일대를 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Myungsoo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.226-232
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    • 2013
  • Recently, CO2 reduction policies are being promoted as parts of ESSD(Environmentally Sound and Sustainable Development), and many local governments are interested in monorails as a new means of transport. Here we report on a feasibility study for introducing a monorail system by considering the travel demands in the Mt. Bomun area in Daejeon, based on the area's population. The feasibility of a monorail system on Mt.Bomun varies with respect to the demographic scale, mode shares, and operational distances. The strategies introduced here will help identify any tourist spots where local governments are trying to introduce monorail systems as a new system of transit.

The Study on Analysis of the effect of introducing Bimodal Tram - Comparing with BRT - (바이모달 트램 도입 효과 분석에 관한 연구 - BRT와의 비교분석을 중심으로-)

  • Jang, Jun-Seok;Lee, Jun;Eom, Jin-Ki
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.739-744
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    • 2010
  • As recent traffic policy focuses on reduction of congestion and environmental contamination, with a catch phrase, 'Green Traffic', Low Carbon Green Growth' and 'Sustainable Development', introducing the new eco-friendly transport means including railway has been emerging as critical issue. Included in the new transport means are BRT, Bimodal Tram and LRT, and this study was intended to evaluate and analyze Bimodal, among others, which generates less emission, noise and vibration thanks to hybrid type traction system employed by Bimodal Tram, which is considered a future-oriented system because of eco-friendly features and cost efficiency as well as punctuality and convenient accessibility to bus. Thus in this study, appropriateness of Bimodal Tram comparing to other system(BRT) was suggested, using conversion traffic from the road, traffic speed and CO2 emission at the metropolitan area and large provincial areas as the barometer in evaluation, and furthermore, the measures applicable to introduction strategy that will meet various functional aspects in urban area in the coming days were developed.

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Study of Revitalizing of Daegu International Airport (대구국제공항 활성화 방안에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Seok-Jin;Jeong, Ung-Gi;Song, Sang-Hwa;Seo, Jeong-Uk
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.7-19
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    • 2006
  • Due to the continuous expansion of the highway, the opening of the high-speed railway(KTX), etc, the demands of domestic air transport decreasing. In the circumstances, airports and local governments are spending themselves in taking a measure to activate local airports. In this aspect, this study seeks the smooth flow of human movement through the activation of Daegu International Airport by analyzing the present condition of Daegu International Airport in relation to the appearance of the high-speed railway, deducing plans for activating airports, and presenting the roadmaps for long-, mid- and short-term roles for the development of Daegu Airport, and Presents substantial fulfilling plans to secure the competitive power of Daegu International Airport by speeding up the flow of air goods of the area for the long run. It is suggested in the study that by setting up an organization exclusively responsible for activating Daegu International Airport in the city of Daegu, supporting local travel agencies to promote consistent demands, supporting aviation companies to employ Daegu International Airport as a major air base, establishing airlines with priority for airports that open newly in local cities of Japan and establishing and expanding airlines in China areas be promoted actively. Ministry of Construction & Transportation makes it a means of main airport Policy to only support Incheon International Airport to be a hub. However not only Incheon International Airport should be an amok representing the country, but also the wide Metropolitan area should supply the demands, and airports based in the West and East Coast areas need to be developed in the future. It is suggested that since air demands of domestic local airports are based on the demands of the of gin destination in neighboring region, multiple bases need to be developed. It is suggested that by developing not 1 in mega hub (Incheon International Airport) but 1 in mega hub. 2 in regional hub (the West and East Coast) and Jeju foy the tourism hub in our developing airports system.

A Case Study on the Competitive System of EU Railway Transport Market (유럽 철도교통시장의 경쟁체제 도입사례 연구)

  • Lee, Yong-Sang;Moon, Dae-Seop
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.455-464
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    • 2008
  • This paper examines the situation and tasks of competitive systems of EU transport market focusing on railways. Recently, the EU transport market has changed radically, thanks to an increasingly competitive rail market. The European Commission has stimulated the creation of a competitive environment that will enhance the position of rail. Some scholars have insisted that the rail market is more monopolistic than competitive. However, the case of UK rail privatization suggests this is not the case. Moreover, some countries have a rail market that is more competitive. We draw on a wide range of sources including statistics and analyses of recent phenomena. These demonstrate the emergence of competitive markets in EU rail and the difficulty of developing a competitive market. With regard to the adoption of the competitive market, we examine three things. First, we observe recent cases and trends in competitive markets. Second, we compare the result of competitive markets and non-competitive markets within EU nations. Third, we demonstrate factors of formation of competitive markets and the possible expansion. We identified differences within open market policies amongst EU nations. Although a competitive EU rail market may have some difficulties, it will steadily begin to overcome technological differences and a lack of funds, because EU countries have a common goal, which is to develop the railways, solving, wherever possible both environmental and energy problems. Through this analysis, we found that the free market in EU rail will be extended to deliver efficiency and quality service.

An improved methodology for estimating traffic accident cost savings in the (preliminary) feasibility study ((예비)타당성조사의 교통사고 감소편익 산정방안 보완 연구)

  • Jang, Su-Eun;Jeong, Gyu-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.25 no.5
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    • pp.15-21
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    • 2007
  • This paper proposes an improved methodology for estimating traffic accident cost savings in the transport appraisal. Four major problems from the existing framework are identified and their alternatives are suggested. First, casualties in the established approach are classified by just two types of 'killed' and 'injured'. This study supplies the indices of fatality further details. Namely, road victims are regrouped by 'killed', 'seriously injured', 'slightly injured', and 'accident reports'. Those of railways are similarly sorted by 'killed', 'seriously injured', and 'slightly injured'. Second, damage only accidents are not satisfactorily considered in the current arrangement. The accidents should be considered as one of the accident types and the social cost of them should also be evaluated. Third, the unit cost of accidents is given by the total value. The unit cost is consisted of several elements and each loss would be useful for a policy frame. This study breaks down the total figure into four pieces of costs, namely production loss, medical treatment, property loss, and administrative costs. Finally, there is inconsistency in the audit between roads and railways. Road accidents are analyzed by road types. On the other hand, patronage or others is the classification rule of rail accident costs. This paper suggests a way that the accident costs of two modes can be coherently estimated based on the level of services by each mode. The result of this study is expected to help frame more cautious social overhead capital investment policies.