• Title, Summary, Keyword: 지식역량

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Impact of Entrepreneurial Orientation on Small- and Medium-sized Enterprises' Entrepreneurial Performance: The Mediating Role of Entrepreneurial Knowledge Position (기업가지향성이 중소기업의 기업가적 성과에 미치는 영향: 기업가정신 지식역량의 매개효과 분석)

  • Kim, Jinyoung
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.83-93
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    • 2019
  • Responding to the prior studies' call for further investigating the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and firm performance, this study proposes a partially mediated model of entrepreneurial orientation, entrepreneurial knowledge position, and firm performance. Survey responses from 3,324 small- and medium-enterprises in South Korea are analyzed to identify a partially mediating role of an organization's entrepreneurial knowledge position. A firm's innovativeness both directly affects its innovation performance and knowledge position in positive ways. On the other hand, risk-taking firms only positively affects knowledge position, whereas a firm's proactiveness positively affects its performance while negatively affecting its entrepreneurial knowledge position. Neither autonomy nor competitiveness show any statistically significant relationships to either entrepreneurial knowledge position or firm performance. A firm's knowledge position is strongly and positively related to its performance. The findings of this study contributes to the research stream of entrepreneurial orientation by delineating the partially mediating role of a firm's knowledge position.

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The Development of Study on Pre-service Early Childhood Teachers Knowledge Information Processing Competence - An Explorative Study (예비유아교사 지식정보처리역량 구성 방향 탐색)

  • Choi, Dea-Hun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.103-104
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    • 2020
  • 본 논문은 예비유아교사 양성과정에서 요구되는 핵심역량 중 재개념화가 필요한 지식정보처리역량의 구성방향과 이를 위한 교육내용 탐색을 목표로 한다. 이를 위해 과거 정보화역량과 지식정보처리역량의 개념 및 가치를 비교하여 기초내용을 구성한 후 현장전문가, 교육전문가, 예비교사 등 15인을 대상으로 포커스그룹 인터뷰 연구방법을 통하여 연구결과를 도출한다. 본 논문에서는 선행연구를 참고하여 예비유아교사의 지식정보처리역량을 교육현장의 문제해결을 위하여 다양한 영역의 지식과 정보를 처리하고 활용할 수 있는 역량이라 개념정의 하였고 전문가 인터뷰를 통해 이를 위한 교육내용을 설정할 것이다. 본 논문을 통해 제시된 예비유아교사의 지식정보처리역량의 개념 및 교육내용은 예비유아 교사양성과정의 교육과정개발을 위한 기초자료로 활용될 것이다.

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Sources of Pioneering Advantage in High-tech Industries: The Mediating Role of Knowledge Management Competence (하이테크산업에서 선두이점의 원천에 관한 연구: 지식경영역량의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Cho, Yeonjin;Park, Kyungdo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.113-131
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    • 2015
  • Decision effectiveness depends on type of knowledge within team members generated by decision making process. Thus, organization in accordance with teams' experience and capability ultimately achieve their desired outcome. However, previous research has not addressed a mediating role between different knowledge type in decision making and product competitive advantages(pioneering advantage and product quality superiority). Based on the knowledge-based view, we model how different knowledge characteristics in decision making affect to acquire each of knowledge in decision making effectively and then to apply acquired knowledge in decision making. Anchored in a source-position-performance (SPP) framework (Day and Wensley's, 1988), we shed light on the effects of three knowledge characteristics dimensions in decision making process on knowledge management competences in decision making for a new product project. We also examine the relationship between two dimensions of NPD knowledge management competences, and product competitive advantages which consist of market pioneering advantage and product quality superiority. To test the relationships, the empirical analyses are conducted using a sample of team managers who participated in NPD projects. This study suggest that managers should increase their acquirability and applicability of knowledge by integrating complexity of diverse and new knowledge, developing codifiability of well-documented knowledge, and creating the sharing common knowledge among NPD team members. Thus, they are able to outrun major competitors in terms of pioneering advantage and product quality superiority perspective.

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기술혁신역량이 지식경영성과에 미치는 요인에 관한 연구 : 정부 중소벤처기업 R&D사업을 중심으로

  • Seol, Dong-Cheol;Park, Cheol-U
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.51-57
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    • 2020
  • 최근 글로벌 경제의 중장기적 불황과 성장률 하락에 기인하여, 대내외적으로 불투명한 환경하에서 생존하고 발전하기 위한 새로운 대안으로 새로운 상품이나 서비스를 탄생 시키고 생산방식의 변화와 업무 혁신을 통해 조직의 지속가능성을 높이는 조직구조에 대한 관심이 날로 높아지고 있다. 이런 분위기에서 중소벤처기업의 성장은 국가경제에 미치는 영향이 매우 지대하다는 것을 모두 공감 하고 있으며, 이러한 중소벤처기업이 기업 성과를 높이고 그러한 성과를 지속할 수 있도록 구성원들의 기술혁신역량을 높이기 위한 다양한 노력들이 지속되고 있다. 본 연구의 목적 역시 중소벤처 기업의 기술혁신 역량이 지식경영의 성과와 어떠한 상관관계를 가지고 있는가를 조사하고 기업의 전략적 활동을 조직화하여 가치창출에 사용될 자원 및 조직 능력을 외부 네트워크로부터 획득하게 하는 네트워크 역량이 어떤 역할을 수행하는지에 대해 분석 하는데 있다. 즉, 중소벤처기업의 기술 혁신역량이 네트워크 역량을 매개변수로 하여 지식경영 성과에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구를 중심으로 진행하였다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 기술혁신역량이 중소벤처기업의 네트워크 역량을 매개로 삼아, 기술혁신역량이 지식경영성과에 정(+)의 영향을 미칠 것이라는 가설을 검증하고자 한다. 기술혁신역량을 기반으로 한 경제활동의 불확실성이 높아진 환경 하에서 새로운 변화에 신속히 대응하며, 장기적 경기 침체 극복은 물론이고 거시적 경제 성장과 발전을 이끌어 조직의 지속적 성장과 생존뿐 아니라, 국가의 신성장 동력이 될 수 있도록 하여야 한다. 그리고 조직 내의 가장 중요한 지식경영 성과를 종속변수로 설정하여 본 연구를 진행하였다.

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A Study of Project Management Capability in Global Information System Projects (글로벌 IS 프로젝트 관리 역량에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Gyeung-Min
    • Journal of the Society of Korea Industrial and Systems Engineering
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.225-232
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    • 2010
  • 글로벌 IS 소싱이 확산됨에 따라 다국적 팀원들로 구성된 글로벌 프로젝트 팀이 급격히 늘어나고 있다. 상이한 시간대에 위치한 팀원 간의 상호작용이 필수적인 글로벌 프로젝트는 이러한 시간적, 공간적 복잡성 때문에 프로젝트의 성공적 수행에 많은 어려움을 겪고 있다. 본 연구는 성공적인 글로벌 프로젝트 수행에 필요한 프로젝트 관리 역량에 대한 탐색적인 연구 조사를 하고자 한다. 본 연구는 글로벌 프로젝트 관리 역량을 정보 기술적 역량(IT capability)과 인적 자원 역량(human resource capability)의 관점에서 고찰하였다. 연구 결과에 따르면 기술적 역량으로는 팀원 간의 조정 및 지식 공유 등을 지원하는 협업 도구(collaborative tools)가 프로젝트 성공에 중요한 역할을 하고, 인적 자원 역량과 관련해서는, 기존에 중요시 여겨지던 기술적 지식들 보다는 경영학적 관리 지식 및 의사 소통 능력 등이 중요시 여겨지는 것으로 나타났다. 인적 역량의 관점에서, 본 연구 결과는 해외소싱이 활발해 짐에 따라 프로젝트 관리자(Project Manager, PM)들이 가져야 하는 주요지식으로 기존의 기술적 지식의 비중은 급격히 줄어든 반면, 의사소통 능력, 해외개발 인력관리, 소싱전략 등과 같은 관리에 대한 지식과 비즈니스 업무지식이 점차 중요해 지고 있음을 보여주고 있다. 한국의 해외 소성은 매우 초기 단계에 있지만 본 연구는 차제에 한국의 IT 인력 특히 PM 인력들이 갖추어야 하는 지식요건과 해외소성을 관리하기 위한 기술적 역량 등에 대한 방향을 제시하고 있다는 점에서 의의가 있다.

A Study of Science Teachers' Perception on Knowledge Information Processing Competency (지식정보처리역량에 대한 과학교사의 인식 조사)

  • Son, Mihyun;Jeong, Daehong
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.38 no.5
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    • pp.693-703
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    • 2018
  • One of the important competencies in knowledge and information society is the competency of Knowledge information processing. This is closely related to science education and described as one of the core competencies in the 2015 national curriculum revision. Even with a general agreement of the educational necessity of this competency, its practice in class depends mostly on teachers' will. Therefore, we surveyed science teachers' perceptions and classroom condition about the competency of Knowledge information processing, and we analyzed the questionnaires of 64 middle and high school teachers in Seoul and interviewed three teachers. As a result, all teachers shared the importance of Knowledge information processing competency and explained it in terms of social paradigm and goal of the subject. However, there were not many cases of actual practice in class. The teachers answered that time for Knowledge information processing competency is not enough in class and they also lack of PCK on this competency. About half of the teachers had experiences in teacher training about Knowledge information processing competency but most of their experiences are related to information utilization literacy. The importance of Knowledge information processing competency was very high in three factors (collection, analyzation, and utilization), among which information analysis was the highest. Middle school teachers showed higher scores in most questions even though the differences were not significant, and high school teachers showed higher scores in the importance of information sources at a significant level. In order to cultivate competencies, it is necessary to expand the meaning of science inquiry so as to cover this competency and to consider ways of linking with other subjects and develop methods of teaching and learning.

Scientific Inquiry Activity of Elementary Science Textbook Analysis Based on Knowledge Information Processing Competence Elements (초등학교 과학 교과서 과학 탐구 활동의 지식정보처리역량 요소 분석)

  • Jeong, Eunju;Son, Jeongwoo
    • Journal of Science Education
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.84-91
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    • 2020
  • In this study, we investigated the elements of knowledge and information processing competence of science inquiry activities in grades 3-6 science textbooks. For this purpose, the elements of knowledge and information processing competence were extracted and a framework for analysis was created. Analysis of eight science textbooks for grades 3-6 in elementary school was carried out using the analysis framework. The following results were obtained by the analysis framework: First, we divided the knowledge and information processing competence into five elements: 'collection,' 'analysis,' 'expression,' 'selection,' and 'evaluation.' Second, the elements of knowledge and information processing competence of science inquiry activity of elementary science textbooks were not evenly composed. The science inquiry activities of elementary science textbooks focused on 'collection' and 'analysis' among the five elements of the knowledge and information processing competence, followed by 'expression,' 'selection,' and 'evaluation.' As a result, we found that a science inquiry model or a science instruction model is needed to develop the knowledge and information processing competence in elementary school science curriculum.

The Structure of Knowledge Management Capability and Its Impact on Organizational Performance (지식 관리 역량의 구조 및 기업 성과에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구)

  • Lee, Jae-Nam;Lee, Jang-Hwan
    • Journal of Intelligence and Information Systems
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.123-149
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    • 2005
  • What the structure of knowledge management capability (KMC) to improve the organizational performance is an important issue for researchers and practitioners with growing interest in recent years. In this paper, we begin with a deep thinking about the resource-based view and knowledge-based view of the firm applying to knowledge management issues. By exploring the two underlying theories of knowledge management, together with an intensive review and interpretation of existing literatures, we obtain six major dimensions of KMC. We then propose an integrated conceptual model of KMC and its relationship with organizational performance. A PLS analysis of the gathered data from organizations in Korea which already have enterprise-wide knowledge management systems is conducted to validate the proposed model. We discuss several meaningful implications and draw several insightful conclusions surrounding the KMC.

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Linking between Knowledge Management and Human Resource Development: Cases Focused on the Competency/Career Development (지식경영과 인적자원개발의 연계: 역량/정력 개발과의 연계 사례들을 중심으로)

  • Hong, Jin-Won;Ku, Tristan;Suh, Woo-Jong
    • Information Systems Review
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.65-87
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    • 2008
  • Knowledge management is an innovation paradigm to improve organizations competitiveness by strengthening organization's knowledge competency. Most organizations which have implemented knowledge management have experienced various difficulties in improving organization's knowledge competency, and so they have strived to find solutions. For the problems, it may be considered as an effective approach to link between knowledge management and human resource development. This study introduces two real cases adopting such approach focusing on competency development and career development which are primary areas of human resource development, and presents a model structuring core mechanisms which can be found in the cases. The model focuses on creating synergy effects between knowledge management and workforces' competency development. The cases and the model are expected to be helpful in enhancing organizational competency and the performance of knowledge management.

A Comparative Study on the Impact Factors and Moderator of Incentives of Knowledge Transfer Process in Organizations -Focused on Nonprofit Organization and Profit Organization- (조직내 지식이전 프로세스의 영향요인과 인센티브의 조절효과에 관한 비교연구 - 비영리조직과 영리조직을 중심으로 -)

  • Kang, Ju-Seon;Ko, Yoon-Jung
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.259-287
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    • 2013
  • This study is to comparate on impact factors and moderator of incentives of knowledge transfer between Nonprofit and Profit organization. In nonprofit organization, the results founded that individual information capability, quality of knowledge, and quality of construct were statistically significant in knowledge acquisition, informal communication and quality of construct were statistically significant knowledge sharing, and individual information capability, informal communication, quality of knowledge and quality of construct were statistically significant knowledge use. Also interactive effect of knowledge sharing and Psychological Physical incentive was statistically significant knowledge use. In profit organization, the results founded that individual information capability, informal communication, quality of knowledge, and quality of construct were statistically significant in knowledge acquisition, quality of knowledge and quality of construct were statistically significant knowledge sharing, and individual information capability, informal communication, and formal communication were statistically significant knowledge use. Also interactive effect of knowledge acquisition and Psychological Physical incentive was statistically significant knowledge use.

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