• Title, Summary, Keyword: 지역보호

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Complimentary Assessment for Conserving Vegetation on Protected Areas in South Korea (보호지역의 식물종 보전 상보성 평가)

  • Park, Jin-Han;Choe, Hyeyeong;Mo, Yongwon
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.34 no.5
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    • pp.436-445
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    • 2020
  • The number of protected areas has been steadily increased in Korea to achieve Aichi Target 11, and there are studies on potential protected areas that required additional designation. However, there has been an insufficient assessment of the complementarity of protected areas to conserve biodiversity effectively. This study identified the potential habitat areas using the species distribution model for plant species from the 3rd National Ecosystem Survey and compared the plant species abundance in the existing protected area and the potential protected areas using the similarity indices, such as the Jaccard index, Sorenson index, and Bray-Curtis index. As a result, we found that the complementarity of the existing protected areas and most potential protected areas were low, leading to the preservation of similar plant species. Only the buffer zone for Korea National Arboretum had high complementarity and thus is important to conserve some species with the other protected areas. This study confirmed that it was necessary to select additional protected areas outside the existing or potential protected areas to protect plant species with a low inclusion ratio of potential habitats within the protected area. This study is significant because it identified the ecological representativeness of each protected area to examine if the individual protected area can conserve unique and various species and proposed a method of finding candidate areas for additional conservation spatially. The findings of this study can be a valuable reference for the qualitative improvement of protected areas through the complementarity assessments, including animals and the effectiveness assessment study of protected areas using the National Ecosystem Survey data in the future.

Study on Application of IUCN Management Category System on Baekdudaegan Protected Area (백두대간보호지역의 IUCN 관리 카테고리 적용 연구)

  • Kim, Seongil;Kang, Mihee
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.100 no.3
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    • pp.494-503
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    • 2011
  • This study was aimed at applying the IUCN category system to the Baekdudaegan Protected Area. A classification key was developed to apply the system to the overlapped designated protected areas inside of Baekdudaegan Protected Area. Korea national parks and forests managers' and experts' opinions were collected and they all agreed to the use of multiple classification in Baekdudaegan Protected Area. For example, the type of natural forests among the Forest Genetic Resources Reserves was classified to be IUCN Category Ia while other types of Forest Genetic Resources Reserve was classified to be Category IV. And the Protected Forest Landscape was classified to be Category V while the other types of protected forests were classified to be Category VI. The study suggests the need of classification of forest protected areas including Baekdudaegan Protected Area using IUCN system accompanying with protected areas management effectiveness evaluation.

Research for Current Status of Protected Area in Korea and World Protected Area Designation - Focused on sacred natural sites designated as scenic site & natural monument - (국내 보호지역의 현황 및 세계보호지역 설정을 위한 기초연구 - 명승·천연기념물로 지정된 보호지역을 중심으로-)

  • Kim, Jae-Ung;Kim, Seung-Min
    • Journal of the Korean Institute of Traditional Landscape Architecture
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    • v.32 no.3
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    • pp.191-200
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to analyze the current status of government-designated cultural heritage that are protected as sacred natural sites, focused on natural monuments and scenic sites, and provide basic research for these cultural heritage to be included in the protected area category. First, among natural cultural heritage that are designated and protected by Cultural heritage Protection Law, there are 40 scenic sites and 126 natural monuments that have been selected as sacred nature sites. Second, the study showed that sacred nature sites are sacred places that have been long associated with happiness and misfortune of the villagers, including Dangsan Forest, Seunghwanglim(Forest), and, as physical environment and combination of cultural value, rules, and attitude and belief system toward the land that protect the people. The unique folk beliefs of the region provide strong protection of the place. Third, although the natural monuments of old and large trees are not included in the protected area as they are recognized sparsely, but can be designated as world protected area as protected areas are set around sacred nature sites. Fourth, in order to be included in IUCN category, sacred natural sites of scenic sites will need to be managed by specific categories of each area according to the interior status of the designated areas and maintain the sustainability of the natural heritage by protecting both physical and spiritual elements.

A Study on the Expanding Protected Areas through Identifying Potential Protected Areas - focusing on the experts' recognition with regard to protected area - (잠재 보호지역 발굴을 통한 국가 보호지역 확대 방안 - 보호지역 부합성에 대한 전문가 인식을 중심으로 -)

  • Heo, Hag Young;Cho, Dong-Gil;Shim, Yun-Jin;Ryu, Yun-Jin;Hong, Jin Pyo;Shim, Gyu-won
    • Korean Journal of Environment and Ecology
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    • v.31 no.6
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    • pp.586-594
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    • 2017
  • This study was carried out to identify the potential protected areas recognized by experts to conform to the international definition of protected areas for effective implementation of CBD Aichi Target-11. A policy forum of 13 experts on the protected area was formed and conducted four forums, two surveys, and examination in the context of international perspective to identify four potential protected areas including the water source protection area, riparian buffer zone, fishery resources protected area, and urban natural park area. Excluding the existing protected areas, the total size of the potential protected areas was about $5,643.9km^2$ composed of the terrestrial areas of $3,117.9km^2$ and the marine areas of $2,526km^2$. As such, we can expect the expansion of coverage of national protected areas by up to 3.11% of the terrestrial land and up to 0.67% of the terrestrial marine area. This study is meaningful in that it provides the fundamental information to achieve the national target of protected areas in response to CBD Aichi Target-11. Further research on improving the protected areas qualitatively and quantitatively and identifying and linking with other effective regional OECM are required to enhance the national protected area system.

Application of An Ecological Engineering Approach in Evaluating Protected Area at Local Scales (생태계 보호지역 평가에서 생태공학 도입과 활용)

  • Koo, Kyung Ah
    • Journal of Environmental Impact Assessment
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    • v.29 no.2
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    • pp.144-155
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    • 2020
  • This research developed an approach to identify ecologically important areas at local scales and explained how the results of this approach could contribute to extend the protected areas in the Republic of Korea (ROK). While most developed countries have considered various biotic and abiotic factors, ecological processes, migration routes, habitat connectivity, ecosystem services, and etc. to determine the protected areas, ROK has considered a few factors focusing on biodiversity, landscape, and the habitats of endangered organisms. However, for sustainable management of our nature, we need comprehensive understanding of various ecosystem factors and interactions among them at local scales in designating protected areas. Forthis, we developed a conceptual model based on the ecological engineering approach and then explained how the results of this approach could contribute to extend the protected areas. In particular, we considered future land-use and climate change in determining the priority areas for novel protected areas. Our research suggested an effective methodology 1) to include various ecosystem factors and 2) to consider future environmental changes as well as current environmental conditions in finding the ecologically important areas and prioritizing these areas. However, our approach has limitations on the real-world applications due to the lack of fundamental information and data on our ecosystems. To improve the effectiveness of our approach in the real-world applications, we need various long-term ecological research results, environmental and ecological monitoring data, and both current and future spatial environmental data.

A Study on the Implementation Status of CBD Program of Work on Protected Area (생물다양성협약의 보호지역 실행프로그램 이행상황 고찰 - 국립공원을 중심으로 -)

  • Heo, Hag-Young;Park, Mun-Gyu
    • Journal of Environmental Policy
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.1-40
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    • 2007
  • The research in this paper, for the effective implementation of CBD PoW PA(Program of Work on Protected Areas of Convention on Biological Diversity) that was adopted by CBD COP7(Conference of the Parties) in 2004, shows the objectives and activities of 9 each subject in PoW PA regarding domestic status and cases of national park management. Before anything else, according to the result of the review on the status of protected areas in Korea, there are 1,119 protected areas which are classified into 14 types and the total area is about $15,621km^2$. After a thorough review on 9 each subject about the implementation of CBD PoW PA, we found out that some parts such as management planning, prevention and alleviation of threats, and establishment of PAs system, are improved while financial support, improved social benefit, and MEE(Management Effectiveness Evaluation} fields are need to be improved. Especially regarding time-bound, ecological gap analysis on national level and MEE are need to be improved immediately. This paper could help us to understand the current status of PAs management system in Korea and to prepare national reports of CBD and implementation report of PoW PA. Based on research and results of this paper, we need to find the fields that have gaps in order to meet the requirements of the CBD PoW PA and the implementation tools that are suitable for managing Korea's protected areas. To effectively implement the various activities which require a systematic approach on the national level, the establishment of the networks among relevant organizations for protected areas are vital. To effectively reach the ultimate goal of CBD PoW PA, reducing the rate of biodiversity loss, it is essential that lots of plans established by authorities must be carried out in a constant manner to achieve goals of CBD PoW PA.

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Review on the Protected Areas Issues within Mid-Long Term National Plans for Territory and Environment of Korea; Focus on the "Biodiversity 2011-2020 Strategic Targets" and "Protected Areas Decision" (우리나라 국토 및 환경 분야 중장기 국가계획의 보호지역 관련 내용 고찰 - "생물다양성협약 2011~2020 전략목표" 및 "보호지역 결정문" 내용을 중심으로-)

  • Heo, Hag Young
    • Journal of Environmental Policy
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.3-37
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    • 2012
  • In perspective of biodiversity conservation and protected areas (PAs), the aims of the study are to review the mid-long term national plans, which deal with national territory and environment in Korea, and to find out the way to improve this issue. Key issues were drawn by referring "Biodiversity 2011-2020 Strategic Targets" and "Protected Area Decision" in CBD CoP-10 and 7 National comprehensive or basic Plans were reviewed. Quoting Biodiversity 2011-2020 Strategic Target 5, "By 2020, the rate of loss of all natural habitats, including forests, is at least halved and where feasible brought close to zero, and degradation and fragmentation is significantly reduced", most of national plans included various methods such as "No Net Loss of Green", "No Net Loss of Wetlands", and so on. Regarding the target 11, "By 2020, at least 17% of terrestrial and inland water, and 10% of coastal and marine areas, ecologically representative and well connected systems of PAs and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscape and seascapes", 15% by 2015 was set up as a target of total PAs in Korea and 13% by 2015 or 2020 was set up as a target of coastal and marine PAs. CBD CoP-10 Decision X/31 (Protected Areas) invites parties to develop a national long-term action plan for the implementation of PoWPA and describes 10 issues that need greater attention. National action plan for the implementation of PoWPA doesn't be mentioned at any national plans even PoWPA. Regarding the 10 issues, most of issues were well reflected within various national plans, however there is still a need to improve the details and corelation between plans. Particularly, in terms of management effectiveness evaluation (MEE), there was no national plan to directly deal with MEE even though CBD invites parties to work towards assessing 60% of the total PAs by 2015. Based on the review results, below 4 items were suggested; (1)"The Comprehensive Plan of the National Territory" needs more attention on the Biodiversity Conservation and PAs, (2)Consider to establish "National PA System Plan" embedded into "the Comprehensive Plan of National Environment", (3)Establish a "National Action Plan for the implementation of PoWPA", (4)Improve the National Plans through linking with Biodiversity 2011-2020 Strategic Targets and relevant PA key issues.

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염/담수 분포특성을 이용한 해수침투보호구역 설정

  • 황세호;신제현;박권규;박윤성;이상규
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.151-154
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    • 2004
  • 본 논문에서는 국내의 서-남해 연안지역에서 광범위하게 발생하고 있는 해수침투의 확산방지를 위하여 해수침투보호구역이라는 개념을 소개한다. 해수침투보호구역을 설정하기 위해서는 해당 지역 해수침투대의 고분해능 염분농도분포가 필요하며 이와 같은 염분농도분포도는 물리탐사 기술로 작성이 가능하다. 전남 영광지역에서 물리탐사 기술로 작성한 해수침투대의 고분해능 염분농도 분포도는 시험시추 결과, 매우 신뢰성이 높았으며 염분농도의 공간적인 분포도에서 해수침투로 인한 지하수 개발 제한지역, 보호구역 등에 대한 설정이 가능하였다. 향후, 해수침투의 확산방지와 지속적인 지하수의 개발이 가능한 해수침투보호구역설정에 대한 후속적인 조치가 필요할 것으로 판단된다.

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Value Assessment for Inland Wetlands according to Ecological Geographic Distribution (생태지리적 입지에 따른 내륙습지 가치평가)

  • Lee, Jung-Hwan;Im, Ran-Young;Lee, Gwan-Gyu;Park, Hyun-Chul
    • Journal of Wetlands Research
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    • v.18 no.4
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    • pp.456-464
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    • 2016
  • Korea established an inventory of 1,916 sites of inland wetlands during a nationwide investigation from 2000 to 2010. If inland wetlands is included in or near various protected areas designated by the government, it can be selected as a wetland to be managed with priority. This study evaluated the aspect of management of inland wetlands by analyzing the correlation between locations of national protected areas and inland wetlands. As a result, it was shown that a considerable percentage of current inland wetland was located in areas that were designated and managed as protected areas by the government, as they had a high value of natural environment protection (527 sites, 31.61 %). When the range was widened to a radius of 1 km for protected areas, 959 sites were included and 57.53 % of sites were located in or nearby the protected areas. Among them, 46.79 % of sites were distributed up to or within a 1 km radius of waterside areas and rivers; it accounted for 81.33 % of wetlands located in protected areas. Therefore, it was found that locations of current inland wetlands were mostly in contact with rivers. The results of overlay analysis were classified into high, medium and low; the correlation of location with inland wetlands was analyzed through the analysis of separation distance of various protected areas. The number of wetlands located in areas of a 'high' value of protection was 998 (59.87 %); 289 sites (17.34 %) were distributed in areas of a 'low' value of protection. This implies that these wetlands are located in artificial areas and are more exposed to environmental pressures. Thus, these wetlands could be determined as inland wetlands, which we considered for the establishment of measures to prevent damage.