• Title, Summary, Keyword: 지역혁신정책

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New Interpretation of Innovation Policy with Lenses of Societal Innovation Policy ('사회문제 해결형 혁신정책'과 혁신정책의 재해석)

  • Song, Wichin
    • Journal of Science and Technology Studies
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.135-162
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this article is to reinterpret the existing innovation policy with 'the societal innovation policy' framework. It is looking into characteristics of societal innovation policy and the prospects for socio-technical systems transition and citizen participation are discussed. After the discussion, new interpretation of innovation policy elements will be dealt with lenses of societal innovation policy. It sheds new light on the key elements of innovation policy, such as Innovation policy governance, industrial innovation policy, regional innovation policy, and infrastructure policy and suggests direction of policy improvements from societal innovation policy perspectives. This will be an opportunity to reinterpret the existing innovation policy measures and to approach to science technology innovation policy for system transition with participatory perspective.

Governance of Regional Innovation Policies of the Lorraine Region in France (프랑스 로렌지역 지역혁신정책상의 거버넌스 구조: 혁신주체간 협력관계를 중심으로)

  • Bae, Jun-Gu
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.81-96
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    • 2006
  • The Lorraine region of France is one of the regions in the core of Europe that suffered most from the decline of its traditional industries. Since the 1970s, various levels of governments have attempted to solve the economic and social problems originating from de-industrialization with policies of regional innovation, e.g., establishing technopole, the creation of the technology transfer network, the launch of the RTP project, and business incubators to promote start-ups, technology transfers, and networks between governments, businesses, universities, public research institutes, and the public. In this context, this paper attempts to analyse governance of regional innovation policies of the Lorraine region, based on an analytical framework developed by a groups of researchers, i.e.. Bae et at (2006). The paper concludes that the roles of governments are important in creating and implementing regional innovation policies of the Lorraine region; the policies heavily rely on the R&D capacity of universities and public research institutes; and various levels of governments have different roles to play.

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Classification of Regional Innovation Types and Region-based Innovation Policies (지역별 혁신형태 유형화와 지역 기반 혁신 정책)

  • Yoo, Gwangmin;Kim, Dongkwan;Han, Seongho
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.18 no.1
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    • pp.151-175
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    • 2015
  • The focus of regional innovation policies is shifting from a central government to local governments. No one denies the fact that the innovation will lead regional development and shall be created in such a way that it will be appropriate for regional circumstances. However, the central government and local governments have not arrived yet at a conclusion on what innovation policies are appropriate for regional circumstances. This leads to a consequence that is inefficient not only at a national level, but also at a regional level. This research, given this problem, aims to find out the characteristics and differences in innovation types among the regions in Korea and suggests appropriate policy implications by classifying such characteristics and differences. This research, given these objectives, classified regions in consideration of the various indicators that comprise the innovation suggested by existing related researches and illustrated policies based on such characteristics and differences. In this research clustering analysis based on multiple factor analysis was applied. Supplementary researches on dynamically analyzing stability in regional innovation types, establishing systematic indicators based on the regional innovation theory, and developing additional indicators are necessary in the future.

The Effect of Local Industry Policy on the Corporate Innovation Capabilities - Focusing on the Daejeon Techno Park - (지역산업정책이 기업의 기술혁신역량에 미치는 효과 - 대전테크노파크를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Min-Seok;An, Gi-Don
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • pp.573-603
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    • 2017
  • 한국정부는 지역산업정책의 추진이 시작되는 1999년부터 연평균 약4,970억원을 지역산업육성을 위해 지속적으로 투자하였다. 본 연구는 이러한 지속적인 지역산업 육성정책이 실질적으로 기업의 기술혁신역량강화에 기여했는지 알아보기 보기 위하여, 대전테크노파크에서 2016년 조사한 '대전지역 혁신자원 조사' 자료를 이용하여 대전테크노파크가 기업의 기술혁신역량에 미치는 효과를 알아보고자 한다. 본 연구는 우선 테크노파크와 기술혁신에 대한 선행연구를 통해 기업의 혁신역량 측정 및 이에 영향을 미치는 변수들을 분석하였다. 기업의 기술혁신정량지표인 특허의 결정요인과 슘페터가설 모형에 기초하여 기업의 기술혁신을 측정하는 종속변수로 특허수를 선택하여 이에 영향을 미치는 기업변수(매출액, 매출액제곱, 수출액, 영업이익)와 R&D변수(R&D인력, R&D자금), 그리고 대전테크노파크의 지원여부와 벤처기업지정여부를 설명변수로 선정하여 실증분석을 실시하였다. 실증분석 결과는 대전테크노파크 지원이 기업의 특허에 긍정적으로 영향을 주는 것으로 나타났다. 본 연구는 지역산업육성정책이 지역 기업의 기술혁신을 촉진시키고 있기 때문에 지역산업육성정책을 더 적극적으로 추진할 필요성에 대한 정책적 시사점을 제공하고 있다.

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The Evaluation of Regional Innovation and Innovative Cluster Policies in Korea (참여정부 지역혁신 및 혁신클러스터 정책 추진의 평가와 과제)

  • Lee, Chul-Woo
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.377-393
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    • 2007
  • National balanced development and regional innovation have been one of the most important national agendas under the Participatory Government. National balanced development gives a central focus on realizing self-sustaining localization which is based on regional innovation. The core policy goal is to build competitive regional innovation system and innovative clusters in the regions of the country. In this vein, this paper aims to evaluate the present government's policies of regional innovation and innovative cluster. It needs to point out that the regional innovation and cluster policies show some critical problems. Firstly, the policy-making process is based on the top-down approach rather than the bottom-up one. Secondly, regional innovation policies, in many cases, expose the redundancy of similar policies and a lack of linkages between similar policies. Thirdly, the regional innovation policies are too much social infrastructure building-centered, even though the basic principle of regional innovation policy should be based on building superstructure such as networking and social capital.

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Governance of Regional Innovation Policies of the Ruhr Area in Germany (독일 루르지역의 지역혁신정책 거버넌스 연구: 혁신주체간 협력관계를 중심으로)

  • Shin, Dong-Ho
    • Journal of the Economic Geographical Society of Korea
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.167-180
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    • 2006
  • The Ruhr region used to be a large industrial area, working as an engine of economic growth of the Germany. However, the region has been suffering from economic and social problems originating from de-industrialization. Since the 1970s, various levels of governments have attempted to solve the problems with policies of regional innovation, e.g., establishing technology parks, competence centers, and business incubators to promote start-ups, technology transfers, and networks between governments, businesses, universities, public research institutes, and the public. In this context, this paper attempts to analyse governance of regional innovation policies of the Ruhr area, based on an analytical framework developed by a groups of researchers, i.e.. Bae et al (2006), The paper concludes that the roles of governments are important in creating and implementing regional innovation policies of the Ruhr area, the policies heavily rely on the R&D capacity of local universities and public research institutes; and various levels of governments have different roles to play.

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지방과학기술정책의 추진현황 및 발전과제

  • Yun, Jong-Min
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • pp.13-36
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    • 2017
  • 오늘날의 과학기술은 국가전체의 경쟁력 강화는 물론, 지역의 산업과 경제를 발전시키고 국가의 균형발전을 도모하는데 있어서 매우 중요한 역할을 수행한다. 지역경제 활성화의 주역인 중소 벤처기업을 육성하고, 지역산업을 체계적으로 발전시키며, 지역주민의 생활편의 향상을 위한 각종 지역개발 사업을 추진함에 있어서 과학기술이 핵심적인 요소이자 중요 수단으로서 기능하고 있기 때문이다. 이에 따라, 각 국가들은 1970년대 이후 지방의 과학기술을 육성하고 지원하기 위한 지방과학기술정책을 지속적으로 수립하여 추진해 나가고 있다. 우리나라의 지방과학기술정책이 실질적으로 수립되고 추진된 것은 1990년대 초반 이후 과학기술이 지역경제 활성화를 위한 유효한 수단으로 인식되기 시작하면서 경제 관련 부처를 중심으로 지역과 연계한 각종 사업들을 추진하면서 부터라고 할 수 있다. 특히 과학기술의 지방화 내지 과학기술 지방분권에 관한 논의와 정책적 노력은 1995년에 도입된 지방자치제도의 본격적인 시행과 함께 이루어졌다고 할 수 있다. 그러나 그 진전과 발전은 아직도 여전히 미흡한 상황이다. 이는 과학기술의 연구개발과 진흥이라는 정책의 특성에 기인하기도 하지만, 지방자치단체 스스로 관련 정책을 수립하고 추진할 수 있는 기반과 여건이 제도적인 측면에나 실제적인 측면에서 매우 취약하였던데 그 원인이 있는 것으로 분석된다. 이 글은 과학기술의 지방분권을 강화하여야 한다는 최근의 사회적 논의와 관련하여 지방과학기술정책의 발전을 위한 방안을 모색하는데 그 목적이 있다. 이를 위해, 그동안의 지방과학기술정책 추진현황 및 지역의 과학기술 혁신기반과 역량을 살펴보고, 앞으로 지방 스스로가 지역의 과학기술혁신정책을 수립하고 집행할 수 있는 역량과 기반을 강화하는데 필요한 제도적 과제들을 검토하여 제시하였다.

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Regional Innovation Capabilities and Firms' Technological Innovation Activities in Chungnam Province of South Korea (충남 북부지역의 지역혁신역량과 기업의 기술혁신활동)

  • Kim, Byung-Keun;Om, Ki-Yong;Ryu, Heung-Yuel
    • Journal of Korea Technology Innovation Society
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.265-289
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    • 2009
  • This research analyzed regional innovation capabilities and technological activities of firms in Chungnam province of South Korea on the basis of a questionnaire survey of 64 regional manufacturing firms. The existence and level of regional innovation capabilities were measured by the perceptions of firms, a core actor in the regional innovation system. The analysis result revealed that research capabilities of academia, capabilities of R&D institutes, technological capabilities of industry, and governmental policy support were recognized as major capabilities of the regional innovation system. Regional proximity was also found to have significant influence on firms‘ sources of technological innovation and selection of collaboration partners. Practical as well as theoretical implications of the findings and future research directions were discussed at the last part.

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Regional Innovation System in France (프랑스의 지역혁신체계 발전과정과 혁신기업 창업체계)

  • Moon, Nam-Cheol
    • Journal of the Korean association of regional geographers
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.525-536
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    • 2009
  • In the period of rapid economic growth, it is possible to practice the growth policy by factors input and the regional development policy by the dispersion of growth. But, in the period of weakened growth, this model loses its theoretical and practical merit. The endogenous regional development model that can efficiently cope with a international competition and a uncertainty of international economy become an alternative policy of growth and regional development. France, which had a problem of overcrowding in the capital region by the centralized growth policy and regional development policy, phase the regional innovation system policy in order to establish the foundation of an endogenous regional development from the 1970's. The regional innovation system policy in France which pursues simultaneously the systematic regional knowledge creation and the regional development is very suggestive to the regional innovation system policy in Korea that pursues the endogenous regional development and the solution of the regional disparity.

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The Evaluation of Regional Innovation and Cluster Policies : Theory and Methods (지역혁신과 클러스터 정책의 평가: 이론과 방법)

  • Diez, Maria Angeles
    • Journal of the Korean Academic Society of Industrial Cluster
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    • v.1 no.1
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 2007
  • Regional innovation and cluster policies are the new agenda of regional policy, an agenda that began to spread over recent years throughout different countries and regions. In this context, our main question arises: how are we going to evaluate regional innovation and cluster policies? What models and methods are we going to use? Since 1990, regional and national governments have put more emphasis on evaluation as a tool directed to produce knowledge to design better policies. The objective of this article is to summarise the main challenges arising from the evaluation of regional innovation and cluster policies and make some methodological proposals that can contribute to produce better evaluations. In the first section, there is a brief presentation of regional innovation and cluster policies, followed by a more detailed analysis, in the second section, of their principal characteristics and of the main challenges posed by their evaluation. In the third section, some evaluation proposals that can help to improve current evaluation practice are presented. The paper concludes with a short number of general recommendations that we should bear in mind when designing an evaluation of regional innovation and cluster policies.

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