• Title, Summary, Keyword: 지오그리드

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Time-dependent Deformation Characteristics of Geosynthetic Reinforced Modular Block Walls under Sustained/cyclic Loading (지속하중 및 반복하중 재하시 보강토 옹벽의 잔류변형 특성)

  • Yoo, Chung-Sik;Kim, Young-Hoon;Han, Dae-Hui;Kim, Sun-Bin
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.23 no.6
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    • pp.5-21
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    • 2007
  • Despite a number of advantages of reinforced earth walls over conventional concrete retaining walls, there exit concerns over long-term residual deformation when they are subjected to repeated and/or cyclic loads, especially when used as part of permanent structures. In view of these concerns, in this paper time-dependant deformation characteristics of geosynthetic reinforced modular block walls under sustained anuor repeated loads were investigated using reduced-scale model tests. The results indicated that a sustained or repeated load can yield appreciable magnitude of residual deformation, and that the residual deformations are influenced not only by the loading characteristics but by the mechanical properties of geogrid. It is also found that the preloading technique can be effectively used in controlling residual deformations of reinforced soils subjected to sustained and/or repeated loads.

A Case Study of Hybrid Reinforced Geo-Structure using Reinforced Concrete Block and Slope (콘크리트 블록식 보강토 옹벽과 보강사면을 복합으로 이용한 보강토의 설계 및 시공사례 연구)

  • Kim, Young-Nam;Chae, Young-Su;Lee, Kang-Il
    • Journal of the Korean Geosynthetics Society
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    • v.4 no.4
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    • pp.47-56
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    • 2005
  • With the need of efficient site use retaining walls have frequently used. Of them dry cast modular block wall(MBW), in which geogrid and concrete block are used is getting popular because of its simplicity and economical efficiency of construction. However, since this method is based on the theory of earth pressure, sands with good quality should be used. In contrast, reinforced soil slope(RSS) that the slope is less than $70^{\circ}$ can use wider range of soil than MBW. A hybrid reinforced geo-structure might be a good alternative in view of overcoming difficulty obtaining soils with good quality as well as maximizing the efficiency of site use. This method is composed of reinforced block wall and reinforced soil slope. In this method, reinforced block wall is constructed up to a certain height vertically at ground boundary first. Reinforced soil slope is then constructed on the block wall subsequently. This paper introduces several technical points that should be taken into account in design and construction.

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Time-Dependent Deformation Characteristics of Geosynthetic-Reinforced Soil Using Plane Strain Compression Tests (평면변형압축시험을 이용한 보강토의 시간 의존적 변형 특성 연구)

  • Yoo Chung-Sik;Kim Sun-Bin;Lee Bong-Won
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.21 no.10
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    • pp.85-97
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    • 2005
  • Despite a number of advantages of reinforced earth walls over conventional concrete retaining walls, there exist concerns over long-term residual deformation when subjected to repeated and/or cyclic loads, especially when used as part of permanent structures. In view of these concerns, in this paper time-dependent deformation characteristics of geosynthetic reinforced soil under sustained and/or repeated loads were investigated using a series of plane strain compression tests on geogrid reinforced weathered granite soil specimens. The results indicate that sustained or repeated loads can yield appreciable magnitudes of residual deformations, and that the residual deformations are influenced not only by the loading characteristics but by the mechanical properties of geogrid. It is also found that the preloading technique can be effectively used in controlling residual deformations of reinforced soils subjected to sustained and/or repeated loads.

A Study of Connection Stability for Reinforced Retaining Wall Constructed with Soilbag with Varying Connection Strength (연결강도 변화에 의한 Soilbag 보강토 옹벽 연결부의 안정성 평가)

  • Lee, Sang-Moon;Choi, Changho;Shin, Eun-Chul
    • Journal of the Korean Geosynthetics Society
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.101-107
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    • 2013
  • Environmental-friendly and economical construction are the recent issues for civil structures and soilbag as facing wall is widely used for cut-slope remediation projects. However, the stability of structures is an important issue for the use of environmental-friendly and economical materials. In order to understand the stability of soilbag reinforced retaining wall, tensile resistance, rupture, tensile strength, and internal/external safety factor of the wall were analyzed with MSEW program and the results were compared to the safety factor of block-type reinforced walls. The stability of retaining wall was analyzed with reduction coefficients of connection strength to check the connection stability. Because it is possible to move between soilbag and geogrid connector for soilbag retaining wall, the safety factor of the wall was analyzed with different inclination angles of soilbag. The analysis result shows that the connection strength and internal/external stability of soilbag reinforced wall satisfy the stability criteria.

Stability Evaluation of Reinforced Subgrade with Short Geogrid for Railroad During Construction (짧은 보강재를 사용한 철도보강노반의 시공 중 안정성 평가)

  • Kim, Dae Sang
    • Journal of the Korean Geosynthetics Society
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.11-20
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    • 2014
  • The behaviors and stability of reinforced subgrade with short geogrid were examined and evaluated during construction. First of all, analytical approach for the minimum length of geogrid was performed to guarantee stability during construction loading state. Secondly, the economic aspects for reinforced subgrade were compared with between domestic standards applying with 0.7 H reinforcement length and new way to mix short and long reinforcement. Full scale railroad subgrade was constructed with the size of 5 m high, 6m wide, and 20m long to verify the stability of the subgrade with the length of 0.3 H, 0.35 H, 0.4 H reinforcement. Total 51 sensors were installed to measure settlement, bulging, and the change of stress of the subgrade. It is concluded that the reinforced subgrade with short(0.35H, 35% of height) geogrid had stability within allowable level of deformation and stress increment during construction.

Geogrid Reinforced Decomposed Granite Soil (화강풍화토의 지오그리드보강 특성연구)

  • 주재우;박종범;김병욱
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.173-182
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    • 2001
  • 보강토공법이란 다양한 보강재를 흙속에 삽입하여 흙이 갖지 못하는 인장력을 보충함으로써 구조물을 안정화시키는 공법이다. 그리고 기존공법에 비해 경제적 구조물로 인식되고 있으며 또한 최근들어 전세계적으로 빈발하는 지진에도 그 저항력이 아주 큰 구조물임이 입증이 되어 현재 토목분야에서 각광을 받고 있는 공법이다. 보강토옹벽의 뒤채움재료로서 현재 우리나라에서 쉽게 구할 수 있는 화강풍화토가 많이 사용되고 있다. 그러나, 설계에 필요로 하는 이에 대한 데이터는 그리 많지 않다. 본 연구에서는 어디서나 쉽게 구할 수 있는 화강풍화토를 채취하여 대형 인발시험을 실시하였다. 인발시 흙과 보강재 사이의 상호거동을 파악하기 위하여 인발변위, 인발력, 삽입보강재의 각 지점에서의 절점변위 등을 측정하였다. 그리고 구속응력의 영향을 검토하기 위해서 이들 응력을 0.2, 0.5, 1.0kg/$\textrm{cm}^2$으로 변화시켜 실험을 행하였다. 그리고, 다짐률이 이들 상호거동에 어떤 영향을 미치는지 알아보기 위해서 다짐률을 65%, 80%m 95% 등으로 시료를 제작하여 서로 비교를 행하였다. 실험결과로부터 화강풍화토의 보강재와의 상호거동특성을 파악하여 제시하였다. 특히 다짐률은 상호거동특성에 큰 영향을 미치는 것으로 드러났으며, 화강토의 경우, 꽤 큰 점착특성이 존재하고 있음을 알 수 있었다.

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Installation Damage Reduction Factor for Geosynthetics Reinforcements Based on Various Full-Scale Field Installation Tests (다양한 현장내시공성시험에 근거한 토목섬유 보강재의 시공성 감소계수 평가)

  • Cho, Sam-Deok;Lee, Kwang-Wu
    • Journal of the Korean Geosynthetics Society
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.225-238
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    • 2018
  • In this paper, to investigate the influence of installation damage, a variety of full-scale field installation tests with 15 geosynthetics reinforcements and fill materials of various grain size distribution have been performed. The full-scale field installation test was conducted with reference to the FHWA (2009) guidelines. The tensile strength tests were performed by sampling up to 20 specimens randomly from the excavated geosynthetics reinforcements after compaction of fill material, and the degree of decrease in tensile strength of reinforcements due to compaction was analyzed based on the experiment results. It was found that the degree of tensile strength reduction of geosynthetics reinforcements due to the compaction of fill material is greatly influenced by the type of reinforcement and the maximum diameter of fill material. In addition, it was found that the strength reduction ratio of PET geogrid (PVC coating) with relatively small stiffness was greatest, and that the larger the maximum grain size of the fill material, the greater the strength reduction ratio. And also, a more reasonable evaluation method for the installation damage reduction factor of geosynthetics reinforcements is proposed based on the results of full-scale field installation tests in present study and the existing test results.

Detection and Analysis of Three-dimensional Changes in Haeundae Marine and Beach Topography using RS and GIS Technology (RS.GIS 기법을 활용한 해운대 해저.해빈지형의 3차원 입체변화 탐지 및 분석)

  • Hong, Hyun-Jung;Choi, Chul-Uong;Han, Kyung-Soo;Jeon, Seong-Woo
    • Korean Journal of Remote Sensing
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    • v.22 no.4
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    • pp.243-253
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    • 2006
  • As the ocean and beaches have suffered from the losses of sand, it is necessary to monitor the zones that are prone to erosion continuously with the object of the long-term management. However, each ward offices are busy trying to supply sand without analyzing the marine and beach topographic changes. Therefore a long term effect of erosion has not been shown. In this study, we proposed methods to collect accurate spatial data of the oceans and beaches through sounding and GPS surveys, and detected and analyzed topographic changes quantitatively and qualitatively, by using an integrated RS and GIS techniques. The result of this study revealed that the marine topography has been eroded for 25 years, because of the straight construction of the river and the vast development of urban features, in addition with change of the mean depth 0.40 m, the water surface area 11,028 $m^2$, and submarine volume 2,207,884 $m^3$. The beach topography has accreted for 5 years and the change of the mean elevation is 0.27m, the area 6,501 $m^2$, and volume 25,667 $m^3$, because of the installation of geogrids and the seasonal effect. We conducted monitoring works on the topographic survey of the ocean and beaches and analyzed the present condition of the coastal erosions. Therefore, it is estimated that necessary information on the supply of sand, the safe marine leisure and the management of bating place could be provided.

Development of Information Technology Infrastructures through Construction of Big Data Platform for Road Driving Environment Analysis (도로 주행환경 분석을 위한 빅데이터 플랫폼 구축 정보기술 인프라 개발)

  • Jung, In-taek;Chong, Kyu-soo
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.669-678
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    • 2018
  • This study developed information technology infrastructures for building a driving environment analysis platform using various big data, such as vehicle sensing data, public data, etc. First, a small platform server with a parallel structure for big data distribution processing was developed with H/W technology. Next, programs for big data collection/storage, processing/analysis, and information visualization were developed with S/W technology. The collection S/W was developed as a collection interface using Kafka, Flume, and Sqoop. The storage S/W was developed to be divided into a Hadoop distributed file system and Cassandra DB according to the utilization of data. Processing S/W was developed for spatial unit matching and time interval interpolation/aggregation of the collected data by applying the grid index method. An analysis S/W was developed as an analytical tool based on the Zeppelin notebook for the application and evaluation of a development algorithm. Finally, Information Visualization S/W was developed as a Web GIS engine program for providing various driving environment information and visualization. As a result of the performance evaluation, the number of executors, the optimal memory capacity, and number of cores for the development server were derived, and the computation performance was superior to that of the other cloud computing.

Evaluation of Tensions and Prediction of Deformations for the Fabric Reinforeced -Earth Walls (섬유 보강토벽체의 인장력 평가 및 변형 예측)

  • Kim, Hong-Taek;Lee, Eun-Su;Song, Byeong-Ung
    • Geotechnical Engineering
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.157-178
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    • 1996
  • Current design methods for reinforced earth structures take no account of the magnitude of the strains induced in the tensile members as these are invariably manufactured from high modulus materials, such as steel, where straits are unlikely to be significant. With fabrics, however, large strains may frequently be induced and it is important to determine these to enable the stability of the structure to be assessed. In the present paper internal design method of analysis relating to the use of fabric reinforcements in reinforced earth structures for both stress and strain considerations is presented. For the internal stability analysis against rupture and pullout of the fabric reinforcements, a strain compatibility analysis procedure that considers the effects of reinforcement stiffness, relative movement between the soil and reinforcements, and compaction-induced stresses as studied by Ehrlich 8l Mitchell is used. I Bowever, the soil-reinforcement interaction is modeled by relating nonlinear elastic soil behavior to nonlinear response of the reinforcement. The soil constitutive model used is a modified vertsion of the hyperbolic soil model and compaction stress model proposed by Duncan et at., and iterative step-loading approach is used to take nonlinear soil behavior into consideration. The effects of seepage pressures are also dealt with in the proposed method of analy For purposes of assessing the strain behavior oi the fabric reinforcements, nonlinear model of hyperbolic form describing the load-extension relation of fabrics is employed. A procedure for specifying the strength characteristics of paraweb polyester fibre multicord, needle punched non-woven geotHxtile and knitted polyester geogrid is also described which may provide a more convenient procedure for incorporating the fablic properties into the prediction of fabric deformations. An attempt to define improvement in bond-linkage at the interconnecting nodes of the fabric reinforced earth stracture due to the confining stress is further made. The proposed method of analysis has been applied to estimate the maximum tensions, deformations and strains of the fabric reinforcements. The results are then compared with those of finite element analysis and experimental tests, and show in general good agreements indicating the effectiveness of the proposed method of analysis. Analytical parametric studies are also carried out to investigate the effects of relative soil-fabric reinforcement stiffness, locked-in stresses, compaction load and seepage pressures on the magnitude and variation of the fabric deformations.

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