• Title, Summary, Keyword: 진취성

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Analysis of the Education Objectives of Domestic and Foreign Colleges of Engineering (국내외 공과대학들의 교육목표 분석)

  • Jeong, Eun-Soo;Seo, Jong-Wook;Lee, Jae-Ho;Lee, Yoon-Mi;Yoon, Soon-Jong;Kim, Byung-Joo;Chung, Joon-Ki;Han, Byoung-Kee;Chung, Chung-Gui
    • Journal of Engineering Education Research
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.44-53
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    • 2008
  • This paper examined the educational objectives of selected colleges of engineering in Korea and other countries such as the USA, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Japan, and Hong Kong. Among the common educational objectives of the colleges of engineering in Korea are the supply of manpower with professional abilities, an education to enhance the basic competence of engineers, and the equipment of high-level educational environments for quality engineering education. These emphases are in line with the global trends shown in the cases of various countries, where "leadership" and "innovation" are given much weight, and qualities such as "creativity", "specialty", and "service" are stressed. The analysis on the educational objectives of the selected colleges of engineering listed in this study may serve as a substantial basis for setting future goals and making decisions for quality engineering education in the colleges of engineering.

The Effect of Organizational Culture Types on Organizational Commitment and Organizational Citizenship Behavior in Small and Medium Hospitals (중소병원의 조직문화가 조직몰입과 조직시민행동에 미치는 영향)

  • Chun, Jin-Ho;Lee, Jong-Hwa;Yoo, Jin-Yeong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.11 no.7
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    • pp.289-296
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    • 2013
  • To propose the way for improving organizational management of small and medium hospitals through analyzing the effect of organizational culture types on organizational commitment and organizational citizenship behavior. A survey was held to the employees of 4 hospitals that could accomodate less than 100 patients located in Daegu and Gyeongbuk for 4 weeks starting November 20, 2012. As result of factor analysis, the organizational culture divided to the four types: adventurous, hierarchical, productive, friendly types. The adventurous and friendly types revealed the positive effect on organizational commitment, and the productive and friendly types revealed it on organizational citizenship behavior. Instead, hierarchical type revealed no effects on the both. Therefore, to improve organizational management in small and medium hospitals, the strengthened efforts to build up friendship and supportive environments for reasonable decision making.

The Impacts of CEOs' Entrepreneurial Orientation and Network Capability on Firm Performance (최고경영자의 기업가적 지향성과 네트워크 역량이 조직성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Woo, Hyung-Rok
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.5998-6008
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    • 2015
  • The value of social network and entrepreneurial orientation has widely been acknowledged as a critical resource of business success. However, the previous studies did not specify each role and conceptually have examined them as separate antecedents of firm performance. This study develops propositions concerning network capabilities and investigates the moderating effects of network structures (degree centrality, closeness centrality, and betweenness centrality) on the relationship between entrepreneurial orientation and firm performance. This research conducted with a sample of 115 small consulting companies in Korea. The findings indicate that closeness centrality moderates the relationship between proactiveness and performance. Also, the combination of betweenness centrality and proactiveness exerts a positive impact on performance. Accordingly, degree centrality enhances the influence of innovativeness on performance. In particular, betweenness centrality exacerbates the influence of risk-taking on performance against our expectation. Overall, these findings conclude the synergistic effects of network capability and entrepreneurial orientation on firm performance. Finally, practical implications and academic propositions are presented regarding the way firms could most effectively utilize entrepreneurial orientation and network capability to maximize firm performance.

The Effects of Entrepreneurial Orientation, Market Orientation, and Corporate Social Responsibility on Performance in Social Enterprise (기업가지향성, 시장지향성, 기업의 사회적 책임이 사회적 기업의 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Jang, Sung-Hee
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.355-366
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the factors influencing social performance of entrepreneurial orientation, market orientation, and CSR activities. This model tests various theoretical research hypotheses relating to social enterprise, entrepreneurial orientation, market orientation, and CSR activities. Entrepreneurial orientation have been classified as innovativeness, proactiveness, and risk-taking. And CSR activities have been classified as community responsibility and environmental responsibility. The proposed model is analyzed to target social entrepreneurs. Valid 115 questionnaires have been collected within three months of 2013. Smart Partial Least Square(PLS) 2.0 have been utilized for deriving the study results. The result of hypothesis testing are as follows. First, innovativeness and proactiveness positively influence market orientation. But risk-taking does not influence market orientation. Second, market orientation positively influence community responsibility and environmental responsibility. Finally, community responsibility and environmental responsibility positively influence social performance. The results of this study will provide various implications to improve social performance and entrepreneurial orientation, market orientation, and CSR activities.

The effects of entrepreneurship on innovational Behavior orientation: Focused on examining mediator effects of Affective Organizational Commitment (기업가정신과 종업원의 혁신행동지향성에 대한 정서적 몰입의 매개효과)

  • Kwon, Hyeok-Ki;Son, Heon-Il
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.77-92
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    • 2014
  • The objective of this study is to examine the factors influencing entrepreneurship and innovational behavior orientation in small and middle enterprise. This model tests various theoretical research hypotheses relating to entrepreneurship, innovational behavior orientation and Affective Organizational Commitment. To verify them, using a sample of 280 employees working for 31 companies in Busan, Ulsan, and Pohang, this study analyses empirically on structural relationship among them. The results of hypothesis testing are as follows. First, entrepreneurship influence innovational orientation. Second, entrepreneurship influence Affective Organizational Commitment. Finally, A mediator effect of Affective Organizational Commitment between entrepreneurship and innovational behavior orientation is a new empirical result coming out of this study. The study provides entrepreneurship and policy-HRM with more accurate information that allow them to explore significant managerial insights so as to develop appropriate policy in small and middle enterprise.

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The Effect of the Government's Entrepreneurial Support Policy on Entrepreneurship and Entrepreneurial Intention (정부의 창업지원정책이 창업가의 기업가정신 및 창업의지에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Nam-Gue;Kim, Myung-Sook;Ko, Jong-Wook
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.89-98
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of the Government's entrepreneurial support policy(educational support, financial support and marketing support) on entrepreneurship and entrepreneurial intention. This study examined educational support, fund support and marketing support as the The Government's entrepreneurial support polity variables and innovativeness, progressiveness and risk-taking as entrepreneurship variables. The sample of this study was composed of 331 existing and potential entrepreneurs selected from the national panel of a online web survey research firm. Data were collected using self-administerd structured questionnaires and analyzed employing structural equation modelling techniques. This study found that three entrepreneurship variables(innovativeness, progressiveness and risk-taking) had positive direct effects on entrepreneurial intention and that three Government's entrepreneurial support policy variables (educational support, financial support and marketing support) had positive direct effects on entrepreneurship, whereas these three variables had positive indirect effects on entrepreneurial intention. The theoretical and practical implications of the findings were discussed and the directions for future research were suggested.

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The Effects of Entrepreneurship on Social Enterprise Performance (기업가정신이 사회적 기업의 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jun-Hee;Kim, Sang-Wook
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.172-179
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    • 2016
  • This study examined what entrepreneurial elements of social enterprises contribute to the virtuous cycle to lay a foundation of the coevolution with communities through growth and wealth distribution. To this end, the study was started by adding the pursuit of social goals to the components of entrepreneurship, namely an innovative mind, progressive spirit, and risk sensitivity, and the effects of each of these factors on their economic performance and the social performance were examined. Within this framework, the relationships between social enterprises' performance in economic and social dimensions as dependent variables, and the entrepreneurial elements as independent variables were examined by correlation tests and regression analysis for two hypotheses and their 8 subsequent hypotheses. The results showed that the entrepreneurs' progressive spirit had a statistically meaning effect on the economic performance, and an innovative mind and risk sensitivity are influential variables for social performance.

A Study on Relationship between Social Entrepreneurship and Organizational Performance - Focused on Moderating Effect of Government support - (사회적 기업가정신이 조직성과에 미치는 영향 - 정부지원 조절효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Lim, Jae-Woong;Chang, Sug-In
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.235-258
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    • 2018
  • This study is an empirical analysis on Moderating Effect of Government support on Relationship between Social Entrepreneurship and Organizational Performance. Previous studies have focused on case studies for specific companies and studies on Social entrepreneurship have been carried out in recent years. As the interest in social enterprises is increasing due to the problem of social polarization, it is necessary to study the causal relationship between social entrepreneurship and organizational performance deeply, and the government continues to provide government support for social enterprises. However, there is a lack of research on the effects of government support on social entrepreneurship and organizational performance. Therefore, this study analyzes the Proactiveness and Risk-taking of social entrepreneurship and examines the causal relationship between the organization's economic performance and social performance and the moderating effect of government support on the members of the social enterprise in Chungcheong area based on the previous research It is expected that the researcher will give academic and practical value to practitioners. As a result of this study, it is shown that the risk sensitivity of social entrepreneurship has a significant effect on the economic performance, and the Proactiveness of entrepreneurship and Risk-taking of social entrepreneurship all have a positive effect on the social performance, The results of the study show that government support has only a positive effect on the moderating effects of the variables of enterprising and social performance among the variables. The results of this study suggest that social entrepreneurship in social enterprises is an important factor affecting organizational performance. Therefore, if managers of social enterprises continue to educate and apply social entrepreneurship to their members, The social and economic performance of social enterprises will increase, which will help to enhance the competitiveness of enterprises. In addition, although the government has implemented various policies to support social enterprises, there is no expectation of government support for organizational performance because of the lack of support from the government after social enterprise certification. And to develop the government's fine - tuned upbringing policy that can improve organizational performance.

An Empirical Study of the Effects of Mentoring Functions on Entrepreneurship - Focusing on Moderating Effect of the Business Start-up Preparation Period - (멘토링기능이 기업가정신에 미치는 영향에 관한 실증연구 -창업준비기간의 조절효과를 중심으로-)

  • Oh, Jaiwoo;KO, Boksoo;Kang, Jinkyu
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.1
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    • pp.129-141
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    • 2015
  • The mentoring program, conducted as part of an entrepreneurship education program by the Business Incubator, has been acknowledged to help entrepreneurs feel less anxious and fearful of embarking on new business endeavors and the possibility of failure and gain a positive view toward starting new businesses. For this reason, the investment into and the contents of the program have been reinforced. Accordingly, this study aims to examine the effects of mentoring functions on the improvement of the entrepreneurial mindset of young entrepreneurs and verify the moderating effect of the start-up preparation period between the mentoring functions and start-up competence as a means to analyze the interaction effect of the business start-up preparation period between the mentoring functions and entrepreneurship. For the purpose of this study, the SPSS 18.0 statistical program was used to perform validity, reliability and hierarchical factor analyses of the survey data obtained from 156 subjects, who took part in the entrepreneurship mentoring program. The results of the analyses showed that the mentoring functions had a positive impact on the progressiveness and risk-taking aspects of entrepreneurship and a negative impact on innovativeness. On the other hand, the business start-up preparation period had a significant moderating effect between the mentoring functions and the progressiveness and risk-taking aspects. Based on these results, it was deemed that while the mentoring functions efficiently improved the progressive and risk-taking characteristics of potential entrepreneurs, they were not efficient in improving their innovativeness. Also, the application of the entrepreneurship mentoring program according to the start-up preparation period had an interaction effect in which the progressiveness and risking-taking aspects of entrepreneurship were improved. Based on these findings, a proposal was made in regard to the development of a tailored mentoring program that reflects the various characteristics of the entrepreneurs and their start-up preparation periods as a means to improve their entrepreneurial mindset.

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Impacts of Entrepreneurship and Market Orientation of Business Incubator CEO's on business performance: Focusing on Moderating effects of utilization level of BI Supporting Services (창업보육센터 입주기업 CEO의 기업가정신 및 시장지향성이 경영성과에 미치는 영향: 창업기업의 지원서비스 활용정도 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Seong Il;Lee, Woo Jin
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 2016
  • This study aims to observe the impacts of entrepreneurship and market orientation of Seoul's business incubator (BI) CEO's on business performance, as well as investigate the moderating effects of BI supporting services. The main objectives of this study are as follows: first, to observe how the entrepreneurship of CEO's affects business performance; second, to observe how CEO's market orientation as a cultural factor attributes to business performance; third, to verify whether the utilization level of BI supporting services shows moderating effects between entrepreneurship and business performance, and finally to verify whether the utilization level of BI supporting services shows moderating effects between market orientation and business performance. Business incubators in Seoul registered with the Business Incubator Association were surveyed both online and offline to receive 127 responses out of 320 circulations. By filtering out insincere reponses, 117 were used for statistical analysis. Our results assert that the utilization level of physical BI supporting services does indeed strengthen the relation between initiative and financial performance. Also, it is interesting to note that the utilization level of physical BI supporting services supports the relation between risk sensitivity and financial performance. While risk sensitivity on its own shows no positive effect on business performance, a suitable utilization level of BI supporting services is likely to strengthen the connection. In addition, the utilization level of both physical and non-physical supporting services shows a moderating effect between initiative and non-financial performance. Based on the results above, risk-taking business incubator CEOs with initiative are likely to yield better financial performance in terms of increasing sales, if provided with various physical supporting services such as sufficient educational facilities including communal spaces and conference rooms.

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