• Title, Summary, Keyword: 진취성

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초등교육적 측면에서 본 전국민의 과학화운동의 효과적인 전개방안

  • Korean Federation of Science and Technology Societies
    • The Science & Technology
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.29-39
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    • 1979
  • 과학화 운동의 대상은 학생층ㆍ일반시민ㆍ농어민등 사회와 연령의 계층별로 조직적으로 집중전개해야 한다. 이중 가장 주력해야할 대상은 초등료육과정의 청소년층이다. 전통적인 인습과 생활양식에 젖어온 기성세대에 비하면 이들은 과학환경과 여건만 조성해주면 과학을 생활화할 수 있는 세대로 성장할 수 있다. 이들을 위한 과학화사업은 교육사업의 일환으로 장기적인 안목에서 상당한 투자와 꾸준한 추진력등이 필요하다. 이러한 노력이 아무리 어렵고 많은 재정을 필요로 한다해도 그보다 더 가치있는 사업은 찾기어렵다. 과학적인 의식구조로 세련된 오늘의 국민학생들이 다음 세대의 주인공이 되어 가장 진취성있고 창의적인 국민으로 등장할 때 민족중흥의 대과업이 이루어 질것이다. 이것은 기성세대가 물려 줄 수 있는 가장 고귀한 귀산이라고 할 수 있을 것이다. 그러면 이들을 위한 올바른 과학화전개방안은 무엇이며 과학과 친근할 수 있는 기회를 어떻게 마련해 주어야 하는가를 고대 김시중교수ㆍ문교부 문찬고과학교육연구관 및 서울사대부속국민학교 김겸렬 교감(과학주임)ㆍ서울연가국민학교 송연휘 과학주임ㆍ홍사대부속국민학교 이종화 과학주임에게서 들어본다. <편집자주>

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환경의 불확실성, 의사결정과정 그리고 기업성과 간의 관계: 정보시스템의 조절영향을 중심으로

  • Jang, Su-Deok;Lee, Jang-U
    • Proceedings of the Korea Database Society Conference
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    • pp.141-163
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    • 2010
  • 본 연구는 조직내 정보시스템의 구축과 활용이 의사결정과정과 기업성과에 미치는 영향에 대해 조사하고자 한다. 기존 연구들에 의하면, 기업의 정보시스템은 의사결정과정에 중요한 역할을 할 수 있는 것으로 논의되어 왔다. 하지만 정보시스템이 여러 형태의 의사결정 과정에 구체적으로 어떤 역할을 하며 기업성과에 또한 어떤 영향을 미치는지에 관해서는 명확한 결론을 제시하지 못하고 있다. 이에 따라 본 연구는 정보시스템의 구축과 활용이 의사결정의 질(quality)을 높여주고 그 결과 재무적 성과를 향상시키는 데 기여할 수 있음을 보여주고자 한다. 또한 환경의 불확실성이 높을수록 정보시스템의 구축과 활용이 의사결정의 질과 재무적 성과에 미치는 영향은 더욱 커질 것으로 기대된다. 본 연구는 이러한 연구목적을 달성하기 위해 섬유, 기계, 자동차부품, 전기 전자 산업으로부터 129개의 표본을 확보했다. 그리고 분석결과 정보처리, 상호협력, 진취성과 같은 의사결정 과정과 정보시스템의 상호작용이 총자산이익률(ROA)에 유의한 긍정적 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 또한 환경의 불확실성이 높을수록 세 가지 형태의 의사결정과정과 정보시스템의 상호작용이 기업의 재무적 성과에 더 큰 영향을 미친다는 사실도 관찰되었다.

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Development of Evaluatin Techniques of Personal Image and its Application (대인(Personal) 감성 이미지 평가 기법의 개발과 적용)

  • 황상민
    • Science of Emotion and Sensibility
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    • v.2 no.2
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    • pp.105-113
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    • 1999
  • 특정 사람에 대해 느끼는 이미지 또는 특정 사람이 가지는 이미지를 어떻게 평가하고 나타낼 수 있을까\ulcorner 본 연구에서는 사람에 대해 가지는 이미지를 표준적인 감성 어휘 척도를 활용하여 모델이 가지는 감성이미지가 무엇인지를 비교평가 할 수 있는 방법을 제시한다. 연구 대상으로는 국내 화장품 회사의 모델을 활용하였다. 4명의 모델을 전체와 부분 모습의 두 가지 형태로 제시하면서 각 인물이 가진 이미지를 평가하게 하였다. Personal 감성이미지를 평가하기 위해서 사람의 특성이나 이미지를 묘사하는 형용사 쌍 103개를 이용하였다. 모델 이미지에 대한 평가 반응은 요인분석을 통해 7개의 감성어휘 요인으로 나타났다. 우아한-천박한, 신선감-답답함, 편안함-불편함, 순수함-가식적인, 세련미-촌스러운, 진취성-보수성, 여성성-남성성, 4명의 모델들은 이 7가지 감성 이미지 요인에 따라 상호 차별적으로 나타났다. 인물 감성이미지는 감성적 어휘로 표현됨과 동시에 각 인물이 가진 고유하고 대표적인 personal image로 나타낼 수 있는가를 보여줄 수 있엇다. 본 연구에서는 개발된 감성이미지척도는 사람의 이미지를 평가하는 대표적인 감성척도로 이용될 수 있을 뿐 아니라, 특정 제품을 나타내는 모델이 일반인들에 어떤 이미지를 전달하는지 그리고 모델의 이미지와 제품이 지향하는 이미지와 얼마나 일치하는지를 평가할 수 있었다.

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The Influence of Entrepreneurial Orientation of Small-Medium Enterprise's CEO on Business Performance: Mediating Effect of Product and Service Innovation (중소기업 경영자의 기업가적 지향성이 제품 및 서비스혁신을 매개로 경영성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Choi, Suheyong;Kang, Heekyung;An, na
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.145-157
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    • 2017
  • SMEs play an important role in the domestic economy. Regarding competency to respond flexibly to unpredictable changes, agility of SMEs is more emphasized. Entrepreneurship orientation is an important factor in the source of SMEs that enable such competency. Entrepreneurial orientation refers to the tendency of a CEO or a member of a corporation to be innovative, risk-taking, and active in the face of various market opportunities. In other words, it refers to the tendency to be expressed in the activities of the entire company without regard to specific technologies or industries. Entrepreneurial orientation has a direct or indirect effect on business performance. Therefore, in this study, we conducted theoretical and empirical studies on the effect of entrepreneurial orientation of SME managers on business performance. Research hypotheses were derived through theoretical research. We focused on the mediating effect of innovation activity and tried to identify the mechanism that entrepreneurial orientation leads to business performance through product innovation and service innovation activity. We investigated whether innovativeness, proactiveness, and risk-taking, which are sub-variables of entrepreneurial orientation, affect business performance through product innovation and service innovation. We conducted a survey of SMEs in Busan and Kyungnam regions to examine the research hypotheses. The results show that product innovation and service innovation have mediating effects. The results of the study are as follows. Product innovation has mediating effect of innovativeness and risk-taking on business performance. Service innovation has been found to mediate innovativeness, proactiveness, and risk-taking on business performance. There was a difference in the mediation effect between the two innovations. Product innovation showed a low mediating effect and a large direct effect. On the other hands, service innovation is relatively more mediating than product innovation. The implications of the research results are derived in relation to the essential differences between product innovation and service innovation. Limitations of the study and directions for future research are presented.

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The Moderating Effects on Strength and Opportunity Factors Between Entrepreneurship of Franchisor's CEO and Performance in Hood Service Franchise (외식 프랜차이즈 가맹본부 CEO의 기업가정신과 성과 간에 강점과 기회요인의 매개효과 분석)

  • Lee, Sang Suk
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.131-143
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    • 2018
  • This paper aims to investigate the moderating effects of strength and opportunity factors between entrepreneurship of food service franchisor's CEO and performance in hood service franchise. For analyzing the relationship of them, the entrepreneurship factors categorized with organizational risk taking, innovativeness, and proactiveness from previous researches(Khandwalla, 1977; Miller, 1983; Miller, 1983). Also, strength and opportunity factors classified into detailed subfactor by confirmatory factor analysis. As a result, we found some statistically significant effects between the strength and opportunity factors and entrepreneurship factors, and they sequentially affects to performance. This result means that strength and opportunity factors have a role as a moderating variables. That is, as a presented with previous research, there is verified that entrepreneurship is caused by organizational risk taking, innovativeness, and proactiveness. Also, strength and opportunity factors significantly affect to business performance. Some guidelines for practicing potential food service franchise as a result of this would include; first of all, it is important to support the potential food service franchise consulting approach for some competitive advantage; secondly, effective governmental support programs for food service franchise should be developed for positive impacts of according to these results.

A Study on the Factors Affecting the Performance of Social Ventures: Focusing on the Moderating Effects of Government Support (소셜벤처 성과 영향 요인에 관한 실증적 연구: 정부지원의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Yong Tae
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.191-198
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    • 2019
  • This paper attempts to understand the factors that affect the social and economic performance of social venture and thereby obtain practical and useful implications. We analyze how such factors as social entrepreneurship, management competency, and organizational culture affect economic and social performance of 185 social venture in korea. In addition, we examine how government support may moderate the relationship of each variable. We find that innovativeness, proactiveness, risk-taking and social value orientation positively affect economic performance, whereas innovativeness, proactiveness and social value orientation can enhance social performance. We also learn that social entrepreneur's competency can have a direct effect on the enterprise's profitability, while organizational culture seems to affect performance of the companies only slightly. Government support is shown moderate effect of social entrepreneurship, competency, and organizational culture on the company's performance. Interestingly, our findings indicate that raising competency of social enterprise can be more effective than government support for enhancing performance of companies. Lastly, social venture's economic performance is shown to affect its social performance.

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A Study on Mediating Effect of Educational Program Satisfaction between Entrepreneurship and Career Recognition - Focusing on the Founding Bizcool Startup Camp Program - (기업가정신과 진로인식간의 교육 프로그램 만족도의 매개효과 연구 - 창업영재캠프 프로그램을 중심으로 -)

  • No, Hyun-Churl;Kim, Kyoung-Jae
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.51-70
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the level and effectiveness of youth entrepreneurship and to analyze the relationship between entrepreneurship level and career change perceptions, And suggested ways of mutual cooperation and cooperation for activating entrepreneurship education and career education. The research hypothesis is the effect of entrepreneurship on career recognition, the mediating effect of program satisfaction on entrepreneurship and career awareness, and the difference in entrepreneurship change before and after participation in the program First, all factors such as innovativeness, risk sensitivity, entrepreneurship, autonomy, achievement desire, etc., Which are components of entrepreneurship, have positive influence on career recognition. Second, the mediating effect of program satisfaction on entrepreneurship and career recognition has positive effects on innovativeness, enthusiasm, autonomy and achievement desire. However, the risk sensitivity was not significant. Third, as a result of analyzing the difference of change before and after entrepreneurship education, all components of entrepreneurship were analyzed as positive (+). Considering these findings, it is necessary to improve the current method and content of entrepreneurship education to focus on student participation and experience. Second, it is necessary to coordinate and manage entrepreneurship education councils in government ministries with various stakeholders. Third, it is expected that future-oriented education will be possible if software education, entrepreneurship education and career education are integrated and operated in preparation for the fourth industrial revolution.

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Effects of Entrepreneurship, Information Technology Acceptance, and Media Utilization on Office Worker Commitment: with Moderating Effect of Learning Orientation (기업가정신, 정보기술 수용성, 미디어 활용역량이 직장인의 업무몰입에 미치는 영향: 학습지향성 조절 효과를 반영하여)

  • Lee, Sang Gil;Ha, Kyu Soo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.37-51
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    • 2017
  • We investigated how entrepreneurship, information technology acceptance, and media utilization influence on office worker commitment and how effects are modulated by learning orientation. The purpose of this study is to identify variables that influence on office worker commitment. To do so, entrepreneurship, information technology acceptance, and media utilization that are the core competencies of individuals and organizations in the era of smart information are proposed as predictor variables, office worker commitment as a outcome variable and learning orientation as a modulator. For this study, a questionnaire survey was conducted on office workers, and finally 340 valid questionnaires are used for analysis. Hierarchical regression analysis is used with demographic characteristics as control variables and learning orientation as a modulating variables. A result showed that the higher need for achievement and proactiveness of entrepreneurship is, the higher job commitment is and that the perceived usefulness of information technology acceptance and communication utilization ability of media utilization competitiveness have a positive effect on job commitment. A research showed that learning orientation is modulating the relationship between entrepreneurship and job commitment, and between media utilization capability and job commitment, respectively. We concluded that we should actively seek synergies of learning orientation along with accumulation of online communication utilization capacity and perceived usefulness of information technology, and of proactiveness need for achievement and in entrepreneurship in order to improve the work committment in the smart information society where the digital environment is advanced.

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The Influence of Mediating Effects of Social Capital on Social Entrepreneurship (사회적 기업가정신에 대한 사회적 자본의 매개효과가 사회적 성과에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Hyung-Ju;Jeon, In-Oh
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.55-66
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to examine whether the social capital supported by social enterprises play a role in ensuring self-sustaining and sustainable growth, and to examine whether the mediating effect of social capital have a central effect on social performance. The results of this study are as follows: Innovation and orientation-to-social-value of social entrepreneurship have positive effects on structural capital, and positive influence on cognitive capital and relational capital, but innovation only has no effect. In addition, social entrepreneurship is partially mediated by structural capital. In the mediating effect between social entrepreneurship and cognitive capital, only the risk-taking and the orientation-to-social-value have a partial mediation effect on cognitive capital. However, only the initiative of relational capital was found to have a full mediating effect. And social capital has a positive effect on social performance as a whole. In conclusion, considering that the realization of economic purpose and other social purpose of social enterprises will help to develop and create jobs in the local community, and that they are engaged in business activities in a poor management environment, to provide policy support for inducing high value-added industries through industry-specific collaborations.

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The Effect of the Entrepreneurship on Career Maturity of Middle School Student Through 5 Personality Factors (성격 5 요인 조절효과를 통한 창업가정신이 중학생의 진로성숙도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kil, Myoung Suk;Ryu, Duk Wi;Kim, Myung Seuk
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.47-60
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    • 2017
  • This thesis examines the effects of entrepreneurship on the career maturity of middle school students through moderating the effects of 5 personality factors. For that purpose, we have conducted a survey for 500 middle school students. We measured three aspects suggested by Kang Byung Ho (2011) for the entrepreneurship. The career maturity test for middle and high school students(Yim un and so on, 2012) to test the career maturity of middle school students and measure items suggested by Lee Tae Gyu and Yun Hye Hyun(2008) to test the five-factor model as a tool. The results were acquired using an SPSS 22.0 program to analyze the research results as follows. Hypothesis 1. 'How much entrepreneurship has an effect on the career maturity of middle school students?' This has shown that the higher the entrepreneurship is, the higher the career attitude and career probing ability is. At the same time, the risk-taking in entrepreneurship has no significant effect on the career preparation action. Hypothesis 2. 'The five-factor model will affect the controlling of the relationship between entrepreneurship and the career maturity (career attitude, career probing ability and career preparation action) of middle school students.' This five-factor model has affected the relationship between the entrepreneurship and career attitude, the sub-area of career maturity. However, it has not affected the career probing ability and career preparation action, another sub-area of the career maturity. This study is useful because we have probed the effect of entrepreneurship on the career maturity of middle school students and the control-effect of the five-factor model. We suggest that this study will give a chance to middle school students to realize their career, to probe and design their career and to cultivate their ability to live a active life in 21th century.

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