• Title, Summary, Keyword: 차량-궤도 상호작용해석

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Dynamic Interaction Analysis of Tilting Train and Curved Track (틸팅열차 주행시 곡선부 궤도에서의 동적상호작용)

  • Chung, Keun-Young;Koh, Tae-Hoon
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.162-171
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    • 2012
  • In this study, a new dynamic interaction analysis method for tilting trains and curved track is presented. Three dimensional lumped parameter vehicle elements are used to model tilting train, and the proposed analysis technique can simulate driving direction change of vehicle, the effect of track cant, wheel-rail contact angle, and tilting angle of tilting trains, etc. The proposed method passed several basic verification tests, and it is expected that the suggested method is applicable for practical problems.

Evaluation of the Performance Test Load through the Estimation of Vertical Loads on Vibration-Proof Fastening Systems (방진체결장치에 작용하는 수직하중 평가를 통한 성능시험하중 평가)

  • Yang, Sin Chu
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.777-784
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    • 2016
  • In this study, regulation of the performance test load of a vibration-proof fastening system used in urban railways was established through evaluation of the loads that it bears in the field. In order to investigate the range of the dynamic stiffness of the vibration-proof fastening system, dynamic stiffness tests were carried out for three types of vibration-proof fastening system that can be domestically supplied. Train and track interaction analyses in the frequency domain were carried out to evaluate the dynamic wheel loads. The track irregularity, which is a very important input factor in train and track interaction analysis, was considered as a PSD (Power Spectral Density) function, which was derived based on the measured data. The loads on the vibration-proof rail fastening system were evaluated considering various operating conditions in the urban railway. Regulation of the performance test load of the vibration-proof rail fastening system was established based on the evaluated loads.

전산수치해석의 고속철도에의 활용

  • 이승원;양재성
    • Computational Structural Engineering
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.54-59
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    • 1996
  • 시속 300km로 주행하는 고속철도 열차의 주행안정성 및 승차감을 확보하기 위해서는 열차하중을 고려한 정교한 정적, 동적해석 및 설계가 이루어져야 한다. 따라서 차량과 궤도의 동적상호작용 및 차량과 교량의 동적상호작용, 터널의 미기압 및 공기압, 대단면 터널굴착의 안정성평가, 열차주행에 의한 지반진동의 예측 등에 전산수치해석기법의 활용 및 개발이 현재 활발히 이루어지고 있다. 그러나 고속철도 보유국을 포함한 선진국들에 비하면은 이러한 전산수치해석분야에 있어서 아직도 더 많은 연구 및 개발이 본 공단을 포함하여 학계 및 연구소에서 이루어져야 하겠으며, 본 경부고속철도 건설사업으로 인하여 차량, 전기시설분야의 각종 첨단기술개발 및 발전과 더불어 하부 토목구조물의 건설 및 설계 해석분야에 많은 발전이 기대된다 하겠다.

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The Improvement of Incompatible Sliding Contact Problem Using Mesh Refinement And Its Application to Railway Skewed Culvert Problem (요소 세분화를 이용한 비적합 미끄러지는 접촉문제의 개선과 철도 사각암거 문제에의 적용)

  • Choi, Chan-Yong;Yeo, In-Ho;Chung, Keun-Young;Lee, Gye-Hee
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.30 no.5
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    • pp.435-444
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    • 2017
  • The vehicle-track structure dynamic interaction analysis problem can be treated as sliding contact problem, and it is assumed that vehicle run at a constant speed over a rail modeled as beam elements. Unfortunately, Salome-Meca can not satisfy the compatibility condition for the beam master elements, which are consist of the elements with higher order polynomial shape function, in sliding contact problem. In this study, it is suggested to use more finer beam master element mesh as the remedy for incompatibility in sliding contact problem, and the accuracy of the solution is secured. For this, the effect of beam element mesh refinement consisting runway is analysed through simple examples, and the applicability to the dynamic interaction analysis is evaluated. Finally, the dynamic interaction analysis of railway skewed culvert transition problem is carried out to evaluate the effect of supporting stiffness due to backfill pattern changes and track irregularity due to uneven subgrade settlement.

Determination of Upper Limit of Rail Pad Stiffness for Ballasted and Concrete Track of High-Speed Railway Considering Running Safety (주행 안전을 고려한 고속철도 자갈궤도 및 콘크리트궤도 레일패드의 강성 상한 결정)

  • Yang, Sin-Chu;Jang, Seung-Yup;Kim, Eun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.526-534
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    • 2011
  • In this study, proposed is the methodology to determine the upper limit for stiffness of rail pad for the ballasted and concrete track in high-speed railway in the viewpoint of running safety, considering the dynamic characteristics of train and track and the operation environment. For the track irregularity, one of the most important input parameters for traintrack interaction analysis, the reference vertical track irregularity PSDs(power spectral densities) for the ballasted and concrete track in a wide range of frequencies were proposed based on those presented in France and Germany and that obtained from the measured data at Kyeong-Bu 1st phase high-speed railway line. Using these reference PSD models, the input data for the vertical track irregularity data were regenerated by random generation process, and then, the wheel load reduction rates according to the stiffness of the rail pads have been calculated by the train-track interaction analysis technique. Finally, by comparing the wheel load reduction rates calculated with the derailment criteria prescribed in the Korean standards for railway vehicle safety criteria, the upper limits for the stiffness of rail pad have been proposed.

Dynamic interaction analysis of KTX-Bridge using mode superposition Method (교량의 모드 중첩법을 이용한 3차원 KTX-교량의 동적상호작용 해석)

  • Kim, Moon-Young;Lee, Joon-Seok;Jung, Myung-Rag;Min, Dong-Joo
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.31-34
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    • 2010
  • 본 논문에서는 교량의 자유진동 모드의 중첩원리를 이용하여 KTX-교량의 동적상호작용 해석법을 제시한다. 이를 위하여 모드중첩법에 기초한 3차원 교량-차량의 에너지 식으로부터 에너지원리를 적용하여 교량과 차량의 상호작용을 고려할 수 있는 운동방정식을 유도한다. 이때 운동방정식의 해는 Newmark-${\beta}$ 방법을 사용한다. 그리고 궤도의 불규칙성은 FRA의 6등급 분류규정을 고려하여 각 등급별로 고속철도의 열차속도에 따르는 응답을 분석한다. 실제 고속철도에 사용되는 PSC 박스형 교량을 상용프로그램(MIDAS)를 이용하여 모델링하고 그로부터 각 모드별 형상을 얻어내어 본 논문에서 개발한 열차-교량 상호작용 프로그램에 입력하여 상호작용 해석을 수행한다.

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Study on Dynamic Responses of Bridges Using High-speed Railway Vehicle Models (고속전철차량모형화에 따른 교량의 동적거동에 관한 연구)

  • 김상효;박흥석;허진영
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.629-638
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    • 1999
  • 본 연구에서는 고속철도에서 차량·교량 구조물의 상호작용을 가능한 정밀하게 취급할 수 있는 3차원 해석모형을 개발하였다. 경부고속철도 교량형식인 PSC 박스거더 교량을 40m 단순 와 25-40-25m 3경간 연속 에 대해 뼈대요소를 사용하여 3차원으로 모형 하였으며, 궤도의 불규칙성은 정상확률과정으로 가정하고, 지수 스펙트럼 밀도함수를 사용하여 궤도의 형상을 생성시켰다. 열차는 경부고속철도 차량 하중효과가 가장 큰 동력차 만을 대상으로 17 자유도 모형과 38 자유도 모형으로 분리하여 개발하였다. 다양한 조건에 대한 분석결과를 검토하면 여러 가지 상황에서 38 자유도 모형의 필수 성이 보여지고 있다. 특히 교량의 솟음 및 장기 처짐에 의한 궤도형상변화가 있는 경우에는 반드시 38 자유도 모형이 적용되어야 하는 것으로 분석되었다. 또한 제동하중이 작용할 때 쏠림 효과에 의한 영향이 큰 것으로 평가되어, 제동에 의한 교량의 동적 거동은 종변 위에 대한 자유 도를 고려할 수 있는 주행차량모형으로 해석되어야 함이 규명되었다.

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Dynamics Responses of Railway Bridges for Track Irregularities (궤도의 불규칙성을 고려한 철도교량의 동적응답분석)

  • 박흥석;이용선;이상호;김상효
    • Computational Structural Engineering
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.253-262
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    • 1998
  • 본 연구에서는 경부고속철도의 주요 교량형식인 PSC 박스교량을 3차원 뼈대요소를 사용하여 모형화하였으며, 궤도불규칙성의 형상은 지수 스펙트럴 밀도함수를 사용하여 생성시켰다. 경부고속철도차량(K-TGV)중 동력차는 17자유도의 3차원 주행열차로 모형화하였고, 이러한 교량, 궤도불규칙성 및 차량 모형을 이용하여 교량과 차량의 상호작용을 해석할 수 있는 프로그램을 개발하였다. 동적해석을 위한 교량과 차량의 운동방정식은 Lagrange 방정식을 사용하여 유도하였으며, 운동방정식의 수치해석에는 Newmark-β법을 사용하였다. 개발된 프로그램을 이용하여 동력차의 주행에 의한 교량의 시간이력곡선을 구하였으며, 궤도불규칙성의 영향을 분석하였다. 또한 도상의 유무에 따른 교량동적거동의 특성과 함께 열하중의 편심의 영향도 분석하였다.

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The Fatigue Life Evaluation of CWR based on the Rail Grinding (레일연마를 고려한 장대레일의 피로수명 평가)

  • Kong, Sun-Young;Sung, Deok-Yong;Park, Yong-Gul
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.35 no.5
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    • pp.1191-1198
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    • 2015
  • In this study, vehicle/track interaction analysis by the Saemaul powered vehicle was carried out. The prediction equation for the bending stress of rail was estimated using the rail bending stress by the rail surface irregularities at welds. Also, the fatigue analysis using a S-N curve of welds in the conventional railway was carried out. We estimated the fatigue life of CWR by the fracture probability. By the rail grinding, the fatigue life of CWR was evaluated in consideration to reduce the rail bending stress through removing the rail surface irregularities. Therefore, it presented the fatigue life of CWR according to the rail grinding execution plan in the conventional railway.

Train-Structure Dynamic Interaction Analysis of The Bridge Transition Considering Track Irregularity (궤도틀림을 고려한 교대접속부의 열차상호동적거동해석)

  • Choi, Chan-Yong;Kim, Hun-Ki;Chung, Keun-Young;Yang, Sang-Beom
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.31 no.9
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    • pp.29-38
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    • 2015
  • In this study, track dynamic interaction characteristics caused by the vehicle running through transitional section such as bridge abutments were studied using the finite element analysis program. The geometric condition of track was generated by trigonometric function and allowable maximum track irregularity is determined by KORAIL track maintenance criteria. The sub-infrastructure under rail fastener system was modelled by 3D solid elements. To reduce computational cost only half track line is numerically considered and the roller boundary condition was applied to each side of model. In this study, the vehicle-track dynamic interaction analysis was carried out for standard Korean transition section of concrete track and the dynamic behaviors were investigated. The dynamic characteristics considered are wheel load variation, vertical acceleration at body, and maximum Mises stress at each part of transitional section.