• Title, Summary, Keyword: 차량-궤도 상호작용해석

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Development of evaluation method of vibration -reduction efficiency in slabtrack (열차주행에 대한 방지 슬래브궤도의 진동해석 기법 개발)

  • 양신추;강윤석;엄주환
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.1028-1033
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    • 2001
  • 열차주행시 열차의 이동축중에 의한 제도구조물의 동적거동은 열차의 동특성과 열차속도, 궤도의 유형 및 제도재료의 물성치에 따라 변하며 차량과 궤도의 상호작용에 따라 변하게 된다.(중략)

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The Displacement Limit at the End of an Approach Slab for a Railway Bridge with Ballastless Track (콘크리트궤도 부설 교량의 접속슬래브 단부 처짐한도에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jin-Yu;Yang, Shin-Chu
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.195-202
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    • 2008
  • The transition area between a bridge and an earthwork is one of the weakest area of track because of the track geometry deterioration caused unequal settlement of backfill of abutment. In case of a ballastless track, the approach slab could be installed to prevent such a phenomenon. But, if there is occurred the inclined displacement on the approach slab by a settlement of the foundation or formation, the track is also under the inclined displacement. And this defect causes reducing the running stability of a vehicle, the riding comfort of passengers, and increasing the track deteriorations by excessive impact force acting on the track. In this study, parametric studies were performed to investigate the displacement limit on the approach slab to avoid such problems. The length and the amount of unequal settlement of approach slab were adopted as parameter for numerical analysis considering vehicle-track interaction. Car body accelerations, variations of wheel force, stresses in rail, and uplift forces induced on fastener clip were investigated. From the result, resonable settlement limit on the end of an approach slab according to slab length was suggested.

Study on Effects of Rail Pad Vertical Stiffness by Train/Track Interaction Analysis (차량/궤도 상호작용해석을 통한 레일패드강성 영향 분석)

  • Yang Sin-Chu
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.800-805
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    • 2004
  • In this paper, a numerical method for train/track/structure interaction analysis in frequency domain is developed. Track is modelled as continuous beams supported by elastomers. The motion of train is expressed by those of car body, bogies and unsprung masses supported by springs and dampers. The equation of motion for train and track interaction system is derived by applying compatibility condition at the contact points between wheels and rails. The Effects of rail pad stiffness on the behaviors of train and track are analyzed using the presented method.

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A Method for the Analysis of Train/Slab-Track Interaction on Settled Roadbed (슬래브궤도 노반침하구간 차량/궤도 상호작용 해석기법 개발)

  • Yang, Sin-Chu;Hong, Chul-Kee
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.296-305
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    • 2007
  • A numerical method for the analysis of train/slab-track interaction on the settled roadbed is developed based on the already developed analysis method of train/ballast-track interaction. The concrete slabs composed of the upper track concrete layer and the lower hydraulic bonded layer are modelled by a equivalent beam. The supporting stiffness of roadbed is evaluated with the modified boussinesq method suggested by Eisenmann. The track irregularity and the gap between slab and roadbed induced by settlement of roadbed are calculated by the effective method newly presented in this study. The validation of the developed method is investigated by a numerical example. The effects of train speed on train and slab track on the settled roadbed with sinusoidal shape of wave length 20m and amplitude 20mm are reviewed.

DEVELOPMENT OF THREE-DIMENSIONAL DYNAMIC ANALYSIS MODEL HIGH SPEED TRAIN-BRIDGE INTERACTION (철도 차량 - 교량 상호작용에 의한 3차원 동적 해석 모델 개발)

  • Dinh, Van Nguyen;Kim, Ki Du;Shim, Jae Soo;Choi, Eun Soo;Songsak, Suthasupradit
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.20 no.1
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    • pp.151-163
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    • 2008
  • A formulation of three-dimensional model of articulated train-b ridge dynamic interaction has been made for the Korean eXpress Train (KTX). Semi-periodic profiles of rail irregularities consisting of elevation, alignment, cross and gauge irregularities have also been proposed using FRA maximum tolerable rail deviations. The effects of rail joints and sleeper step were also included. The resulting system matrices of train and bridge are very spare, and thus, are stored in one-dimensional arrays, yielding a time-efficient solution. A numerical algorithm for computing bridge-train response including an iterative scheme is also formulated. A program simulating train-bridge interaction and solving this problem using the new algorithm is implemented as new modules for the f inite element analysis software named XFINAS. Computed results using the new program are then checked by that of the validated 2-D bridge-train interaction model. This new 3D analysis provides more detailed train responses such as swaying, bouncing, rolling, pitching and yawing accelerations, which are useful inevaluating passenger riding comfort. Train operation safety and derailment could also be directly investigated by relative wheel displacements computed from this program.

Development of a Numerical Analysis Method of Train/Track Interaction for Evaluation of Dynamic Track Design Load (궤도 설계 동하중 산정을 위한 차량/궤도 상호작용 해석기법 개발)

  • 양신추
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1094-1099
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    • 2002
  • In this paper, a numerical method for vehicle-track interaction analysis is developed to evaluate vertical dynamic force subjected to rail surface. A vehicle is modelled by lumped masses system and track by multi layered continuous beam system. The equation of motion of vehicle and track interaction system is derived by considering compatibility condition at the contact points between wheel and rail. The input vibration source is given by the empirical formula of power spectral density of track irregularity, which is suggested by FRA. Using this method, dynamic impact factors with the train speed are evaluated.

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Effects of Vehicle Loads on Thermal Buckling Behavior of Continuous Welded Rail Tracks (장대레일 궤도의 온도좌굴 거동에 미치는 열차하중의 영향)

  • Choi, Dong Ho;Kim, Ho Bae
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.727-736
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    • 2000
  • The present study investigates the influences of vehicle induced loads on the thermal buckling behavior of straight and curved continuous welded rail (CWR) tracks. Quasi-static loads model is assumed to determine the uplift region, which occurs due to the vertical track deflection induced by wheel loads of vehicle. The lateral loads of vehicle induced by weight, the speed, the superelevation and curvature of track, and other dynamic vehicle track interaction, are included in the ratio of lateral to vertical vehicle load. Parametric numerical analyses are perfomed to calculate the upper and lower critical buckling temperatures of CWR tracks, and the comparison between the results of this work and the previous results without vehicle is also included.

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Simulation of Vehicle-Structure Dynamic Interaction by Displacement Constraint Equations and Stabilized Penalty Method (변위제한조건식과 안정화된 Penalty방법에 의한 차량 주행에 따른 구조물의 동적상호작용 해석기법)

  • Chung, Keun Young;Lee, Sung Uk;Min, Kyung Ju
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.26 no.4D
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    • pp.671-678
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    • 2006
  • In this study, to describe vehicle-structure dynamic interaction phenomena with 1/4 vehicle model, nonlinear Hertzian contact spring and nonlinear contact damper are adopted. The external loads acting on 1/4 vehicle model are selfweight of vehicle and geometry information of running surface. The constraint equation on contact surface is implemented by the Penalty method with stabilization and the reaction from constraint violation. To describe pitching motion of various vehicles two types of the displacement constraint equations are exerted to connect between car bodies and between bogie frames, i.e., the rigid body connection and the rigid body connection with pin, respectively. For the time integration of dynamic equations of vehicles and structure Newmark time integration scheme is adopted. To reduce the error caused by inadequate time step size, adaptive time-stepping technique is also adopted. Thus, it is expected that more versatile dynamic interaction phenomena can be described by this approach and it can be applied to various railway dynamic problems with low computational cost.

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Vibration Isolation of Wave Barriers Constructed Near a Shallow Tunnel (저심도 터널과 인접한 방진벽의 지반진동 저감효과)

  • Yang, Sin-Chu
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.567-577
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    • 2015
  • This paper presents an assessment method of the ground vibration level with a combination of measured data and an analytic method. The basic concept of the method is similar to that in FRA(Federal Railway Administration) manual for detailed vibration analyses. However, going into detail, the assessment method was modified for a feasible evaluation of the vibration reduction effects of diverse types of wave barriers. The force density was evaluated in a vehicle-track interaction analysis and the transfer mobility of vibration was analyzed through a 2-D ground vibration analysis. The calculated 2-D transfer mobility was corrected to incorporate transfer characteristics of actual ground vibration by comparing the previously measured data and analysis results. Nine types of vibration reduction effects of wave barriers were analyzed on a shallow tunnel section of an urban railway where numerous civil complaints had actually been filed.

Evaluation of Dynamic Stability of Precast Floating Slab Track with Vehicle-Track Interaction Analysis (차량-궤도 상호작용 해석을 통한 사전 제작형 플로팅 슬래브 궤도의 동적 안정성 검토)

  • Jang, Dongdoo;Kim, Jin-Ho;Kwon, Se-Gon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.3
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    • pp.562-568
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    • 2017
  • A precast floating slab track with a 5m slab panel and installed with isolators is proposed to solve the noise and vibration problem at existing elevated railway stations. Thus, the construction can be carried out rapidly without interrupting the train operation. However, dynamic instability problems may be caused by repeated discontinuities in track due to the short slab panel length and excessive rail displacement due to the inherent operation mechanism of a floating system in reducing the vibration. Furthermore, the difference of the supporting stiffness at the transition between the floating track and ballast track may raise problems. In this study, the assessment factors to evaluate the dynamic stability of the precast floating slab track are presented and assessed with the vehicle-track interaction analysis. Through the analysis, all values relevant to the stability at the floating track section are found to be acceptable, and the slab panels at the transition section are designed to satisfy the stability.