• Title, Summary, Keyword: 참여시간

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Analysis of Activity Participation and Travel Behavior at Weekend (토요일 출근자 및 휴무자의 활동참여 및 통행행태 분석)

  • Kim, Dae Hun
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.28 no.2D
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    • pp.171-179
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    • 2008
  • In this paper, "Gyeonggi-Do household weekend travel survey" is used in order to analyze activity participation and travel behavior for the people who go to work on Saturday(workers) and those who do not go to work(non-workers). To find out causal relationship between activity participation and travel behavior, Structural Equation Models are developed. Examination of the causal relationship between activity participation and travel behavior identifies three stages. Firstly, subsistence activities and leisure activities are generated. Secondly, each activity participation produces trip volumes and travel times. Finally, the sum of travel times forms trip volumes. Looking into the activity participation stages for the workers, their subsistence activies have a tendency to take place first, and leisure activities usually follow. Non-workers generate more simple trip chains and most of their first stage activities are leisure related.

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The Effect of Community Spirit on Participation Time to the Youth Volunteer Activities -Mediating Effect of the Level of Satisfaction in Youth Volunteer Activities- (청소년의 자원봉사활동 참여시간이 공동체의식에 미치는 영향 -청소년 자원봉사활동 만족도 매개효과-)

  • Jeon, Myeung-Sook;Park, Sun-Nyeo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.8
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    • pp.228-237
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    • 2016
  • This study aimed to concretely verify the mediating effect of the level of satisfaction of youth volunteer activities where the youth volunteer activities had the effect on community spirit. The data was collected from 927 students in 2091 students who participated in 5th [Korea Children Youth Panel Study] (KCYPS) in 2014. The results from the analyzed data are as follows. First, it was found that participation time to the youth volunteer activities had the meaningful effect on the youth's community spirit. Second, it was found that participation time to the youth volunteer activities had the meaningful effect on the level of satisfaction in youth volunteer activities. Third, it was found that there was a mediating effect between the participation time and community spirit when considering the level of satisfaction of volunteer activities. Based on the results of these studies, we proposed a volunteer education program for the scheme and the youth that it is possible to improve the satisfaction of the volunteer activities of young people to participate in volunteer activities.

Analysis of Participation Behavior and Factors of Urban Leisure Activity (도시 여가활동의 참여행태 및 요인분석)

  • Kim, Sang-Hwang;Yun, Dae-Sic;Kim, Kap-Soo
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.41-48
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    • 2004
  • This research develops a model of participation and scheduling choice of urban leisure activity. A nested legit model was found to be an appropriate approach. Data collected from Deagu and Pohang City were used for empirical estimation of model parameters. The empirical results confirmed several behavioral aspects associated with participation and scheduling choice of urban leisure activity. The paper presents a discussion on implications that can be inferred from the empirical results. Finally, future potential research question are also discussed.

Effects of Family Type on the Extent and Determinants of Fathers' Child Care Time (가족형태가 부의 자녀양육시간과 결정요인에 미치는 영향)

  • 허경옥
    • Journal of the Korean Home Economics Association
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.57-71
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    • 1995
  • 가족형태가 부의 자녀양육시간과 결정요인에 미치는 영향 기혼여성의 취업증가로 인해 아버지의 적극적인 자녀양육 참여가 요구되어 왔다. 또한 이 같은 요구는 부의 참여가 기혼여성, 자녀의 성장발달등 가정천체에 미치는 영향이 중요하다는 인식과 함께, 부의 자녀양육시간 연구는 중요한 사회적 관심사로 동시에 연구대상으로 대두되었다. 이같은 변화속에서, 실제 가정생활에서 부의 자녀양육시간은 개개인에 따라 큰 차이를 나타냄에 따라, 어떤 개인적, 가정적, 또는 사회인구적 요인들이 양육시간량을 결정하는가를 연구하는 것은 그 의미가 있다. 현대가정의 또 하나의 커다란 변화는 미혼부 증가, 이혼증가로 인한 편부의 증가, 재혼 증가로 인한 계부의 증가 등 가족형태의 다양화에 있다. 본 연구에서는 이 같은 변화를 반영하여, 각기 다른 가정형태에서의 부의 자녀양육 참여시간을 비료 분석하였다, 또한 부의 자녀양육 시간량 관련요인을 조사하기 위하여 노동시장의 근로시간, 개별적 인적 자원, 역할관념, 가정환경등의 효과를 검증하였다. 본 연구에서 사용된 자료는 미국 위스콘신대학내 (University of Wisconsin-Madison), 인구 및 생태센터 (Center for Demography and Ecology)에서 1988년에 실시한 설문조사 및 면접조사로써, "전국 가족 및 공도거주체 조사" (National Survey of Family and Households)에서 추출했다. 연구결과에 따르면, 가족형태가 부의 자녀양육시간에 미치는 효과는 큰 것으로 검증 되었다. 각 그룹간 비교에서 편부가정의 부는 여타의 가정내의 부보다 많은 시간을 자녀와 놀아주고, 야외활동 및 과제물 도와주기 등에 할애한 것으로 나타났다. 반면 계부는 여타의 가정내의 부보다 더욱 적은 시간을 자녀와 함께 하였다. 부의 자녀양육시간 결정요인 분석 결과에 따르면, 직장에서의 노동 시간, 교육수준, 자녀 연령이 큰 효과를 나타내는 것으로 밝혀졌다,, 부의 직장 근로시간이 적을수록 교육수준이 높을수록 자녀양육 참여시간은 높은 것으로 나타났다. 또한 어린자녀를 가진 아버지일수록 자녀와 함께하는 시간이 긴 것으로 나타났다. 것으로 나타났다.

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Determinants of Moonlighting: the Case of the Married Workers in Korea (부업 참여 및 부업 근로시간의 결정요인: 기혼자를 중심으로)

  • Im, Yongbin;Cho, Hyung-Jai
    • Journal of Labour Economics
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    • v.40 no.2
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    • pp.31-68
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    • 2017
  • This study examined the moonlighting behavior in Korea, to which relatively less attention has been paid. Based on the wage earners of 25 to 65 year old married, the results show that about 1.4% of the sample have dual jobs, working very long hours, on average 60 hours for a week combining both the primary job and the secondary job. The results of the fixed effects logit model on the moonlighting participation indicate that the wage rate and the hours of work in the primary job have a negative effect on moonlighting participation while the insecurity of the primary job appears to lead to a higher probability of taking a secondary job. The results of the moonlighting hours analysis suggest that hours worked in the primary job have a negative effect on moonlight hours while the wage of the primary job does not appear to have any significant effect on moonlighting hours. Interestingly enough, the wage of the secondary job appears to have a negative impact on moonlighting hours, which might be very plausible considering the long working hours moonlighters are engaged in.

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An Empirical Study on E-learning Participation Affected by Flow Experience and Internet Addiction (플로우 경험과 인터넷 중독이 이러닝 참여에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Ju-Yang;Jang, Phil-Sik
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.10 no.8
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    • pp.341-346
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    • 2012
  • This paper reports the findings of research into the effect of flow experience and internet addiction on e-learning participation. The total number of access, playing time of contents and lag time (time between content upload and first access) were investigated as e-learning participation by analyzing web log data. The paper also examines the relationship between academic achievement and e-learning participation. The results suggest that the flow experience significantly correlates with all variables related with e-learning participation and internet addiction significantly correlates with lag time. It is found that female students significantly access more, longer and have shorter lag time than their male counterparts. It also suggest total number of access, lag time and gender difference have significant effect on academic achievement.

The Study of Constraint Factors to Leisure Sports Participation Degree in Silver Class (실버계층의 레저스포츠 참여정도와 제약요인에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, sung-hun;Choi, woong-jae
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.270-273
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    • 2008
  • The point of the meaning, this study selects population which is aged over 65 and new silver generation who is aged between 55 to 64. The objects were selected by purposeful sampling method and the 933 objects who participated in leisure sports age over 55 were used for this thesis's analysis. The results of the study were as follow; First, the weekly participation frequency was physical psychological burden, facilities, information technology, interpersonal relations, concern lack, time lack, bear. there was statistically significant difference. Second, the daily workout time was physical psychological burden, facilities, information technology, interpersonal relations, concern lack, time lack, bear. there was statistically significant difference. Third, the participant experience was physical psychological burden, facilities, information technology, interpersonal relations, concern lack, time lack, bear. there was statistically significant difference.

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A Study on the Nonlinear Relationship Between Volunteer Time Spending and Psychosocial Well-being in Old Life (노년기 자원봉사 시간과 심리사회적 안녕감의 관계 - 비선형성의 탐색 -)

  • Jung, Jin-Kyung
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.63 no.1
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    • pp.137-158
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    • 2011
  • This study explore nonlinear relationship between volunteer time spending and psychosocial well-being among the old adults, on the ground of Socioemotional Selectivity Theory. This is secondary analysis using the 2009 National Old Aging Volunteer Survey data including 645 cases. The simple and multiple line graph method are implemented. As a result, this paper shows a nolinerar relationship which the low level of psychosocial well-being at non volunteer status is increasing to the paticular time spending, and then decreases after high level participation like U-shape. Male, over the 75 and not good health status has showed lower level of volunteer time spending. It can be founded that volunteering activity contributes to improve a psychosocial well-being in old life, but the desirable volunteer time spending is medial about 100-200 yearly not over the 700.

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An Analysis of the Behavior of Elementary School Teachers according to the Time of Software Education Training (소프트웨어 교육 연수 참여 시간에 따른 초등 교사의 행태 분석)

  • Kim, Dong-Man;Lee, Tae-Wuk
    • Proceedings of The KACE
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    • pp.99-102
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    • 2018
  • 이 연구는 초등 교사들의 SW 교육 연수 참여 시간에 따른 행태를 알아보기 위한 목적을 갖고 기존까지 진행된 초등 교사 대상 SW 연수에 대한 중간 점검을 하고자 하는 목적을 갖고 있다. 이 연구를 통해 다음을 제안한다. 1)여자 교사를 대상으로 하는 30시간 연수를 중점적으로 운영하고 적극 참여할 수 있게 유도하는 방법을 강구해야하고, 2)대도시와 읍면지역의 초등 교사들을 대상으로 SW 교육 연수에 관심을 갖게 할 흥미위주의 연수 프로그램을 강구해야하고, 3)교사의 SW 수업과 연구 활동의 저변확대를 위해 초등 교사들이 61시간 이상 SW 연수 프로그램에 참여할 수 있도록 종용해야 한다. 이 연구를 통해 앞으로 진행될 초등 교사 SW 연수 프로그램의 방향을 수정 보완하길 바라며, 보다 체계적인 연수 진행으로 인해 초등 교육 현장의 SW 교육 시작의 어려움이 최소화될 수 있기를 기대한다.

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A Selective Message Synchronization Mechanism for Networked Virtual Environment (네트워크 가상환경에서의 선별적 메시지 동기화 기법)

  • Yun Chung-Ha;Paik Doo-Won
    • Journal of Korea Multimedia Society
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    • v.9 no.2
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    • pp.208-214
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    • 2006
  • Participants of a NVE(networked virtual environment) may have different hardwares and network environments, and to guarantee the fairness, messages of participants should be synchronized. A solution for the synchronization problem is to wait for a certain amount of time until the server processes the message. It is not easy to determine a suitable waiting period because of the trade-off between the fairness and the responsiveness. In this paper we propose a method to decide a waiting period by considering only the participants with small network delays and perform experiments for the performance evaluation. Experiments show that the proposed method leads to significant improvement of responsiveness, while retaining fairness.

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