• Title/Summary/Keyword: 창업교육

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An Exploratory Study on the Moderated Role of Cognitive Style in Entrepreneurial Process (기업가적 과정에서 인지양식의 조절적 역할에 대한 탐색적 연구)

  • Kim, Dae Eop;Sun, Chang Soo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.121-131
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    • 2017
  • The most important points in the field of entrepreneurship research are new venture creation and behaviors for start-up venture. Most of past researches are limited to the formation of entrepreneurial intention, and researches on entrepreneurial activities, specifically nascent entrepreneurial behavior, have not been studied well. In this study, we view entrepreneurial process as gestation process from entrepreneurial intention to nascent entrepreneurial activities, and identify the moderating effects of cognitive style, which is the way of thinking about the information in entrepreneurial process. In addition, we find the moderating effects of cognitive style on the relationships between perceived barriers and support in environmental factors and nascent entrepreneurial activities. Subjects of this study are potential entrepreneurs. So we selected university students who are taking venture start-up course, conducted a survey, collected 367 questionnaires. In statistical test, we applied PLS-SEM for testing hypotheses because CB-SEM is too sensitive to test more than two moderating effects in th research model. As a result of the analysis, it was found that entrepreneurial intention, cognitive planning style, cognitive creative style, perceived support had a significant effect on nascent entrepreneurial behavior. The results of the analysis of the moderating effects of cognitive style which are the hypotheses in the research are as follows. First, the cognitive planning style did not have a significant moderating effect on the relationship between entrepreneurial intention and nascent entrepreneurial activities. Second, in the relationship between perceived barriers and nascent entrepreneurial activity, cognitive planning style did not have significant moderating effect, and cognitive creating style had significant negative moderating effect. Third, in the relationship between perceive support and nascent entrepreneurial activity, cognitive planning style had significant positive moderating effect, and cognitive creating style did not have significant moderating effect.

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A Study on Success Factors for Entrepreneurs in IT Ventures (IT 창업 기업의 창업 성공 요인에 대한 연구)

  • Shin, Yu-Sub;Choi, Myeong-Gil
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.11 no.7
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    • pp.2371-2385
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    • 2010
  • What are the success factors of IT venture entrepreneur that through initial phase and enter to the growth phase ? Both the duration of jobless growth and the economic recession are worsening employment market. Entrepreneurship is be proposed to a method for creating jobs and reducing the economic gap. Research on Entrepreneurship and the support of government policy has already been operated for a long time ago. Research on growth and duration of the entrepreneur in initial phase, compared with growth phase are insignificant in quantity or quality. Therefore, this study researches essential factors about growth and duration of the entrepreneur in the initial phase through cases related them. entrepreneur of this subject are classified the hardware development group and the software development group associated with manufacturing characteristic funded existence. There is a research on evaluation factors about selection and result evaluation of selecting Entrepreneur. And this can be investigated by studying to Entrepreneur's growth and duration in initial phase. There are affecting factors about growth and duration of first step. And they are divided by internal, external, synthetic, and characteristic factors of growth phase. The result of this study is be used to develop pre-established educational program, consulting guidelines and establish support policy.

Study of Startup Policy of Government Research Institute through Importance-Satisfaction Analysis of ETRI Pre-Startup Support Program (ETRI 예비창업지원 프로그램의 ISA 분석을 통한 출연연 기술창업 성과 제고 정책 연구)

  • Gil, Wungyu;Sim, Yongho;Kim, Seokyun
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.11 no.5
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    • pp.45-56
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    • 2016
  • According to attended about startup, there are many policy and program for activating of startup. Government's policy and program was scale up and arrangements for high quality. Nevertheless, policies and programs are concentrated on ante-startup stage. And experts have questioned that effect. So, there are needed a program focusing pre-startup and incubation stage. Accordingly, this study propose a kind of educative program named Pre-Startup Support Program. Through the program, pre-startup teams or entrepreneurs will inspect items, business skills and surroundings of market and competitors. And they have a time for complementation of deficiency. This study selects ETRI spin-off(research based spin-off born ETRI) by means of an object of study. ETRI's programs are started in 2011 with intent to incubate the entrepreneur through market research, mentoring, space of incubation and funds. This study analyze using the ISA(Important-Satisfaction Analyze) and the regression. We classify the pre-startup support program using the ISA. And then, we analyze the influence of satisfaction using the regression. On the basis of results, we identify the effectiveness of pre-startup support program and propose plans for reinforcement. In conclusion, adopting a pre-startup support program is expected to success of startup.

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A Study of Effect of Self-Leadership by College Student on Recognition of Opportunity on Establishment of Company and Will of Establishing Company: Centered on Mediated Effect of Entrepreneurship (대학생의 셀프리더십이 창업기회인식과 창업의지에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 기업가정신의 매개 효과를 중심으로)

  • Kang, Jae-Hac;Ha, Kyu-Soo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2015
  • Among leadership competence essential for start-up C.E.O, this study was to analyze the effect of self-leadership on recognition of opportunity on establishment of company and will of establishing company through the mediated effect of entrepreneurship. Under the atmosphere of encouraging the establishment of company led by the government, within the college curriculum, along with various education and events, the education about entrepreneurship is actively provided, and in academic fields, studies about entrepreneurship, recognition of opportunity on establishment of company, and will of establishing company are actively performed, while there is almost no study about correlation among self-leadership, recognition of opportunity on establishment of company and will of establishing company. Therefore, in this study, 320 questionnaires filled out by college students from four colleges in Seoul were verified and analyzed. As a result of analysis, at first, the self-leadership showed partially significant effect on entrepreneurship. Second, entrepreneurship showed partially significant effect on recognition of opportunity on establishment of company and will of establishing company. Third, the self-leadership showed partially significant effect on recognition of opportunity on establishment of company and will of establishing company. Fourth, regarded as the core of this study, in between self-leadership and recognition of opportunity on establishment of company, and in between self-leadership and will of establishing company, the mediate effect of entrepreneurship was shown. According to such outcome of study, in the curriculum design of college venture education to increase recognition of opportunity on establishment of company and will of establishing company, the education of entrepreneurship and active trial of self-leadership education are essential.

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The Impact of Entrepreneurial Personal Characteristics and Social Entrepreneurship on Social Entrepreneurial Intention (창업자의 개인적 특성과 사회적기업가정신이 사회적기업 창업의도에 미치는 영향)

  • Jo, Hyejung;Kim, Mi Ri
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.5
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    • pp.157-174
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    • 2020
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effects of personal characteristics and social entrepreneurship on social entrepreneurship intention, and to determine whether the moderating effect of gender influences on the relationship between personal characteristics and social entrepreneurship. In order to achieve these research objectives, the personal characteristics affecting social entrepreneurship were identified with moral obligation, self-efficacy, and emotional intelligence. Also, prior studies on social entrepreneurship and social enterprise entrepreneurship intention were reviewed. As a result of the study, we find that moral obligation, self-efficacy, and emotional intelligence all had a positive effect on social entrepreneurship. Second, social entrepreneurship had a positive effect on social enterprise entrepreneurship intentions. Third, analyzing the moderating effect of men and women in the relationship between personal characteristics and social entrepreneurship, it was found that there was a difference in the value of the path coefficient representing the relationship between moral obligation and social entrepreneurship. However, there was no moderating effect in the relationship between self-efficacy, emotional intelligence, and social entrepreneurship by gender. Therefore, this study is expected to serve as a reference for people who want to start a social enterprise in the future to verify their characteristics and use them as a way to improve their social entrepreneurship.

A Conceptual Study on the Types of Entrepreneurial Opportunity and Laboratory Start-ups (창업 기회의 유형과 실험실 창업에 대한 개념적 연구)

  • Zho, Young Pil;Lee, Jong-Keon
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.47-57
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    • 2020
  • This study focuses on the proposition that the qualities and environmental conditions required for exploring entrepreneurial opportunities and realizing entrepreneurial opportunities depend on the types of entrepreneurial opportunities. In particular, this study aims to identify the type of entrepreneurial opportunities for laboratory start-ups, which have recently been gaining policy level attention. If the type of entrepreneurial opportunities for laboratory start-ups is identified as discriminative, appropriate start-up support policies and training programs can be established. For this study, eight major papers were identified among the papers of last 30 years related to the types of entrepreneurial opportunities. After, the classification attributes for each opportunity type were derived. Then, the existing theories of recognition, discovery and creative opportunities were organized, critically reviewed and reorganized. In addition, the substance of laboratory start-ups was verified according to the standardized classification attributes of the revised and reorganized opportunity types and newly classified as 'creative opportunity'. This study also presents networking capabilities and market orientation as examples of the capabilities needed for entrepreneurs of creative opportunity type. The implication of this study is that it makes it easy to discriminate ontological typology of entrepreneurial opportunity, derives important classification attributes, and that it organizes them conceptually. In addition, it critically reconstructs the problems of confusion in the existing typology, and based on this, the type of entrepreneurial opportunities for laboratory start-ups is determined as creative opportunity. These achievements can contribute to the improvement of start-up policies and start-up training programs according to the types of entrepreneurial opportunity and laboratory start-ups in the future, resulting in realization of actual results at the start-up sites.

Analysis of Research Trends Related to Start-Up Using Text Mining (텍스트마이닝을 이용한 창업 관련 연구 동향 분석)

  • Han, Sung-Soo;Yang, Dong-Woo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate the trends of the start-up research in Korea. To accomplish this, meta-analysis was carried out using text mining methodology by dividing the entrepreneur-related master's and doctoral theses registered in RISS into the first term of entrepreneurship research by 2009 and the second term of entrepreneurship research from 2010. As a result of this study, it can be seen from the three different analysis that the entrepreneurship education and government policy and support are the subject of continuous research topics in the whole period and that the researches on small business start-ups have been studied continuously and conducted more in the second half. In addition, empirical analysis is strengthened in the latter stage of entrepreneurial research. The TF-IDF analysis reveals that many researches on veterans have been carried out in the field of entrepreneurship research, and in the latter period, it was found that many studies related to the elderly were conducted with cultural contents and aging society. In addition, research on brand-related research has been carried out throughout the entire period, and research on venture-related research, characteristics of entrepreneurs, entrepreneurship motivation and start-up strategy have been conducted a lot and female entrepreneurship was also studied. In the latter period, we have emphasized entrepreneurial achievements and found that research on start-ups such as industry-academia cooperation, start-up investment, and social enterprise diversified. This study is meaningful to apply the method which is becoming a recent issue such as text mining and topic analysis to the meta-analysis related to start-up. Future research will need to be undertaken on a variety of more detailed topics related to entrepreneurship.

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A Study on the Relationship between Knowledge Transfer System Management, Transaction relationship satisfaction and Franchise Performance in Chinese Franchise System (중국 프랜차이즈 지식전달시스템 경영과 거래관계 만족, 프랜차이즈 성과 관계에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Chang Won
    • Journal of the Korea Convergence Society
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.339-348
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    • 2022
  • As the Chinese franchise industry grows rapidly, efforts to find a source of competitive advantage continue to be made. Establishing a knowledge transfer system is important in the franchise industry as a source of competitive advantage. However, research in China was insufficient. This study is to explore factors and consequential factors for establishing a knowledge transfer system in the franchise industry. As a result of this study, first, it was found that not only human assets but also system assets are important for the management of knowledge transfer systems in China. Therefore, investment in system assets must proceed first. In addition, it could be seen that the management of the knowledge transfer system, human assets, and system assets affect the satisfaction of the franchise's transaction relationship and consequently improve franchise performance.

Entrepreneurship Education and Entrepreneurial Intention: Fear to Start-up and Start-up Communities in Class (기업가 정신 교육과 창업 의도: 창업 실패에 대한 두려움, 창업 동아리를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Taekyung
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.95-104
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    • 2019
  • Fear to start-up failures has been known to have a negative impact on entrepreneurial intention. This is one of the reasons why the government adopts a policy to help university students overcome their fear of start-ups. Setting educational goals to foster innovative and progressive entrepreneurs, universities have been conducting entrepreneurship education, but it is hard to say that constructive results have been achieved so far. Rather than adopting the practice of optional entrepreneurship education, there is a need to have all university freshmen mandatorily take the course of entrepreneurship education. This study aims to uncover the impact of more aggressive entrepreneurship education position in the university by analyzing empirical data. The relationship between an entrepreneurship level and entrepreneurial intention was tested, and start-up fear was also considered. In the research model, self-leadership and self-efficacy were included as regressors to entrepreneurship levels. Especially, this study tested moderate effects of start-up community during the course. The results from the sample of 2,500 freshmen indicate that entrepreneurship level is significantly improved by taking the course; however, fear to start-up failures remains still. In addition, empirical findings show that putting start-up communities in the entrepreneurship education helps students by moderating self-leadership and self-efficacy. This study extends our knowledge of entrepreneurship education in university by analyzing university freshmen data empirically.

Exploratory Study on the Effect of the Entrepreneurial Infrastructure Institution on the Regional Employment: Focusing on the Partner Square of N Company (창업 인프라 기관의 지역 고용효과에 관한 탐색적 연구: N사 파트너스퀘어를 중심으로)

  • Kim, Jong Sung;Shim, Jae Hun;Kim, Do Hyeon
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.15 no.3
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    • pp.223-231
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    • 2020
  • Governments and private companies have established various local entrepreneurial infrastructure institutions in most regions in order to reduce youth unemployment, and boost youth entrepreneurship and regional employment. However, previous studies has been limited to explore the impact of the entrepreneurial infrastructure institutions on the willingness of start-up entrepreneurs. Thus, the main purpose of this study is to fill in the gaps of the research, identify the effect of the entrepreneurial infrastructure institutions on regional employment focusing on the Partner Squares which are entrepreneurial infrastructure institutions in several regions and established by N company, and set a foundation for further research regarding the effectiveness of the entrepreneurial infrastructure institutions. In order to verify the effectiveness of the Partner Squares on the local employment, we use the raw data of the Economically Active Population Survey (Statistics Korea) and analyze the effectiveness by using the Difference-in-Differences model. The main findings are as follows. While the Partner Square Seoul has not statistically influenced on the employment of local youth workers, the Partner Square Busan has increased about 3% of the average number of employees (575 thousand) from May 2017 to July 2019, increasing the number of local youth workers by 17,000. Also, after the establishment of the Partner Square Gwangju, the institution has increased 4,500 local employees, which is about 1.7% of the average number of employees (267,000) from September 2018 to July 2019. This implies that the Partner Squares provide a variety of effective start-up education programs and networks for pre-starters and founders in the region, thereby helping them to grow and boosting the local employment. An important implication is that by using government statistical data, we find roles of entrepreneurial infrastructure institutions to revitalize local economy and employment. In future studies, studies need to be conducted considering various exogenous variables that can affect local employment, such as the government industrial policies and entrepreneurial infrastructure institutions other than the Partner Squares.