• Title, Summary, Keyword: 창업기회인식

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Impact of Startup Support Program on Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy, Opportunity Recognition·Startup Intention of Undergraduate Students (대학생 창업지원프로그램이 창업효능감, 기회인식, 창업의지에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jung Ran;Chang, Gyoo Soon
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.43-60
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to inform the university stakeholder and startup policy makers about the current status of startup support programs and to identify criteria that could impact the startup effectively among various support program. The purpose of this study is to categorize the startup support programs into three different types. These types are startup education support, startup activity and commercialization support the startup Intention of university students was analyzed using survey and interview during the these programs. In addition, the impact on startup intention was empirical analyzed utilizing entrepreneurial self-efficacy and opportunity recognition support programs. Research results show that, Firstly, startup activity support program had impacted on both entrepreneurial self-efficacy and opportunity recognition. Commercialization support had impacted entrepreneurial self-efficacy. However, startup education support program had no impact on entrepreneurial self-efficacy and opportunity recognition. secondly, entrepreneurial self-efficacy and opportunity Recognition have influence on startup intention. Thirdly, startup activity support had influenced on startup intention. Finally, startup activity support and startup intention strongly influenced entrepreneurial self-efficacy. Also, commercialization and startup intention strongly influenced opportunity recognition. Other factors only influenced partially. Startup support program shall seek various solutions to improve quality to increase startup intention based on the research results. Also, high quality educational program shall be offered to improve entrepreneurial self-efficacy and opportunity recognition, while promoting startup activity and commercialization support emphasized. Try to realize a strategic development for activation of startup business.

대학 창업교육과정 만족도가 기업가적 기민성, 기회인식, 창업의지에 미치는 영향 : 교육과정특성의 조절효과를 중심으로

  • Han, Won-Hui;HwangBo, Yun
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.75-84
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    • 2020
  • 2010년 이후 정부는 일자리문제 등을 해결하기 위해 창업활성화를 국정과제로 내세우고 있다. 새로운 기회와 가치창출을 통한 창업활성화를 위해 창업의지는 필수적인 요소지만 창업의지를 높이기 위한 방법론 적에 대하여는 많은 연구들의 견해가 엇갈리고 있다. 본 연구는 창업활성화의 첫걸음으로 창업의지를 꼽았으며 창업의지를 가지기위한 선행조건으로 기업가적 기민성·기회인식 역량을 갖추어야 하며 이러한 역량을 강화하기 위해 현재 중점 추진되고 있는 정부주도의 대학 창업교육과정의 역할에 대해 살펴보고자 한다. 또한, 창업교육과정별(교과과정 VS 비교과과정) 비교를 통해 향후 나아가야 할 창업교육의 방향을 제시하고자 한다. 연구목적 달성을 위해 문헌연구와 이를 토대로 한 실증연구 결과는 대학 창업교육과정이 창업에 필수적인 창업의지를 키우기 위한 기업가적 기민성과 기회인식 역량을 증대 및 영향을 끼치는 것을 시사하며 교육 만족도에 따라 그 효과는 변화된다는 것을 보여 준다. 또한, 창업교과과정(학점) 보단 창업비교과과정이(비학점) 창업의지에 더욱 영향을 끼치는 것을 나타내는 결과를 보여주었다. 이러한 연구결과는 대학창업교육과정이 기업가적 기민성과 기회인식의 역량을 증대 시킬 수 있는 창업교육으로 커리큘럼을 수립해야 할 것이며 이론과정 보단 실습 위주의 교육으로 나아가야 한다는 방향성을 보여준다.

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앙트러프러너십 교육과 창업기회인식 역량과의 관계: 대학 앙트러프러너십 전공자를 중심으로

  • Lee, U-Jin;O, Hye-Mi
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.43-47
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    • 2018
  • 최근 앙트러프러너십을 독자적인 학문의 영역으로 정의하고자하는 노력들이 진행되고 있다. Shane & Venkataraman 등의 학자들은 앙트러프러너십의 연구가 창업자가 되기 위한 사람들에 대한 관심에서 창업가 기질이 있는 개인과 가치있는 기회의 결합을 이해하는 것 쪽으로 옮겨져 가고 있다고 하였다. 한국은 대학을 기반으로 기업가정신교육 또는 창업교육이라는 이름하에 교육이 확산되고 있는 실정이며, 2010년 국내 최초로 숙명여자대학교에서 앙트프러너십 전공학과가 생성되기도 하였다. 기존의 연구를 통해 창업교육이 창업의지에 긍정적인 영향을 미친다는 다수의 연구 결과가 발표되었으나, 창업학의 학문적 차별성이라 주장하는 'opportunity'에 대한 연구는 미흡한 실정이다. 또한, 국내 유일의 앙트러프러너십 전공생들을 대상으로 앙트러프러너십 교육의 품질요인이 전공생들의 기회인식에 어떠한 영향을 주는지, 또한 창업자기효능감 및 교육의 몰입도에 따라 어떠한 영향을 미치는지에 밝혀진 바는 없다. 본 연구를 통해 앙트러프러너십 전공교육의 만족도가 창업기회인식에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지 검증하고, 교육의 몰입도에 따라 창업기회인식의 매개효과에 대해 살펴보고자 한다.

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A Study of Effect of Self-Leadership by College Student on Recognition of Opportunity on Establishment of Company and Will of Establishing Company: Centered on Mediated Effect of Entrepreneurship (대학생의 셀프리더십이 창업기회인식과 창업의지에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 기업가정신의 매개 효과를 중심으로)

  • Kang, Jae-Hac;Ha, Kyu-Soo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.1-12
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    • 2015
  • Among leadership competence essential for start-up C.E.O, this study was to analyze the effect of self-leadership on recognition of opportunity on establishment of company and will of establishing company through the mediated effect of entrepreneurship. Under the atmosphere of encouraging the establishment of company led by the government, within the college curriculum, along with various education and events, the education about entrepreneurship is actively provided, and in academic fields, studies about entrepreneurship, recognition of opportunity on establishment of company, and will of establishing company are actively performed, while there is almost no study about correlation among self-leadership, recognition of opportunity on establishment of company and will of establishing company. Therefore, in this study, 320 questionnaires filled out by college students from four colleges in Seoul were verified and analyzed. As a result of analysis, at first, the self-leadership showed partially significant effect on entrepreneurship. Second, entrepreneurship showed partially significant effect on recognition of opportunity on establishment of company and will of establishing company. Third, the self-leadership showed partially significant effect on recognition of opportunity on establishment of company and will of establishing company. Fourth, regarded as the core of this study, in between self-leadership and recognition of opportunity on establishment of company, and in between self-leadership and will of establishing company, the mediate effect of entrepreneurship was shown. According to such outcome of study, in the curriculum design of college venture education to increase recognition of opportunity on establishment of company and will of establishing company, the education of entrepreneurship and active trial of self-leadership education are essential.

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The Effect of Entrepreneurship Education on Opportunity Recognition and Evaluation: A Focus on Small Business Entrepreneurs (창업교육이 기회인식 및 평가에 미치는 영향: 소상공인을 중심으로)

  • Choi, Minjung;Park, Jaewhan
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.135-146
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    • 2017
  • Entrepreneurship based on valuable opportunities has a positive effect on long-term economic growth. This study examines the entrepreneurship education offered to small business entrepreneurs from the perspective of opportunity-driven entrepreneurship in order to suggest improvements and future direction for small business entrepreneurship education. Also, we tried to investigate entrepreneurial behaviors related to opportunity development more effectively by considering entrepreneurial self-efficacy and regulatory focus that play a crucial role in opportunity development process as mediating variables. Conducted was an online survey of small business owners nationwide who have completed entrepreneurship education provided by the government, and 345 online survey data were used for empirical analysis. The results show that entrepreneurship education for small business entrepreneurs positively influences entrepreneurial self-efficacy. Entrepreneurial self-efficacy is positively related to both opportunity recognition and evaluation as well as the promotion and prevention focus. Entrepreneurship education, which includes theoretically and practically oriented courses, has a positive impact on both the promotion and prevention focus. The promotion focus of small business entrepreneurs was found to have a positive effect on opportunity recognition, but not on opportunity evaluation. Also, the preventive focus of small business entrepreneurs does not have a significant effect on both opportunity recognition and evaluation. The current entrepreneurship education for small business entrepreneurs does not have a significant impact on their opportunity recognition and evaluation. These results suggest that the current entrepreneurship education for small business entrepreneurs needs improvements to promote opportunity-driven entrepreneurship.

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Effects of Universities' Startup Support Programs on Entrepreneurial Intention of Undergraduate: Moderating Role of Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy (대학의 창업지원프로그램이 창업의도에 미치는 영향: 창업효능감의 조절효과)

  • Jung, Duk-Hwa
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.635-646
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    • 2018
  • This paper aims to examine structural relationship between startup programs aided by university what reflected in GEM(Global Entrepreneurship Monitor) model and was establishing entrepreneurial intention of current university students. Total of 364 suitable sample data were used to empirical analysis hypotheses. The results of the hypothesis test through analysis of the structural model are summarized as follows. First, among the factors of universities' startup support programs, entrepreneurial education, entrepreneurial consulting, R&D transfer, and entrepreneurial culture has a positive effect on recognition of entrepreneurial opportunities. Second, entrepreneurial education and entrepreneurial consulting has a positive influence on entrepreneurship. Third, the parameters of entrepreneurial opportunities and entrepreneurship positively influences on entrepreneurial intention. Therefore, University should support entrepreneurial education, R&D transfer, entrepreneurial consulting and makes entrepreneurial culture intensely for vitalizing university students entrepreneurial intention.

창업가의 기회인식과 네트워킹이 창업의도에 미치는 영향

  • Ryu, Pu-Reum;Kim, Do-Hyeon
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.119-123
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    • 2019
  • 최근 국가경제에 있어서의 창업에 대한 관심이 커져가고 있다. 창업기업의 증가는 경제활동을 촉진하여 경제성장 및 고용창출 효과, 나아가서는 국가경제 발전에 기여하고 있다. 창업기업에 대한 관심의 증가로 학술적인 연구도 많이 이루어져왔다. 이러한 연구들은 창업가의 특성과 경영성과의 관계를 주로 보고 있다. 그러나 창업가가 기회를 인지하고 창업의도를 가지게 되는 과정에 대해서는 많은 연구가 이루어지지 않았다. 본 연구에서는 GEM연구 데이터를 사용하여 창업의도에 미치는 기회인식에 대한 영향을 성별 조절효과 및 평등수준의 조절효과 효과크기수준을 살펴보고자 한다. 이러한 연구는 기업가정신에 대한 다양한 학문적 지식을 제공하고, 기업가정신 활성화를 위한 정책적 시사점을 제공할 수 있을 것으로 기대한다.

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장애인 창업자의 기회인식이 창업의지에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 기업가정신의 매개효과를 중심으로

  • O, Yeong-Geun;Kim, Jong-Seong
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.135-139
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    • 2020
  • 2019년 장애인경제활동실태조사에 따르면 장애인의 고용률은 35%, 실업률은 6.6%로 우리나라 전체 경제 활동 인구의 고용률 61.5%, 실업률 4.4%와 비교할 때 매우 낮은 수준을 보여주고 있다. 상대적으로 저조한 장애인의 취업 및 고용 상황을 개선하기 위하여 정부 주요 부처에서 활발한 노력을 하고 있으나, 장애인의 고용환경은 여전히 열악하여 장애인의 낮은 경제활동 참가율, 직종 선택의 제한, 지원 고용에 비해 낮은 일반고용률, 비정규직 치중 등 열악한 고용 형태의 질적 개선 등 장애인고용에 대한 정책적 지원이 더 개선되고 발전되어야 함을 내포하고 있다. 그에 따른 대안으로 장애인 창업이 주목을 받고 있다. 그러나 창업은 비장애인조차도 성공하기가 어렵고 실패할 확률이 높다. 장애인 창업의 경우 장애라는 특성으로 인해 실패할 경우 재기하기 어려운 상황에 처해질 가능성이 비장애인보다 높다. 따라서 장애인 창업의 특성을 고려하여 성공 창업 요소를 파악할 필요가 있으며, 그에 영향을 미치는 요인들에 관한 연구는 시급한 상황이다. 본 연구의 목적은 비장애인들을 대상으로 이루어진 기회 인식, 창업 의도, 기업가정신에 관한 선행 연구의 연구 결과를 바탕으로 장애인 창업자의 창업의지에 미치는 영향요인을 규명해 보고자 한다. 특히 장애인 창업자의 기회인식과 창업의지 사이에서 기업가 정신(혁신성, 위험 감수성, 진취성)의 매개효과를 검증하며, 이 과정에서 창업자의 창업 의도를 고취시킬 수 방안에 관해 논의해 보고자 한다.

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A Study on the Business Opportunity Source and Search According to the Characteristic of Entrepreneur (창업자 특성과 사업기회의 상황 간에 관한 연구)

  • Seol, Byung Moon;Hong, Hyo Seog
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.19-28
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    • 2013
  • This study emphasize the importance of founder having knowledge on detecting entrepreneurship opportunities and analyzed how the founder detects such opportunity using what process. I used people who have found and established a company on own as a survey sample. The result is like the following. First, it's found that most founders had business motivation before the establishment and used skills and knowhow from related area of business for their business establishment that led to the comparably safe business. Second, founders were highly motivated in advance of business establishment and it is found that their chance of establishment was not from the coincidence. Third, it is also found that people had pre-education on business establishment was very on purpose and those who had not had any education had a high chance of coincidence in the establishment. Fourth, it is found that higher the desire for the business achievement, more likely that the founder's business establishment was a plan. Fifth, it is found that higher the awareness of business opportunity and vision, more likely that the founder's business establishment was on plan.

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Effects of Entrepreneurship Motivation on Entrepreneurial Opportunity Competence in Preliminary Young Entrepreneurs: Focusing on Mediating Effects Of Entrepreneurial Efficacy and Entrepreneurial Orientation (예비청년창업가의 창업동기가 창업기회역량에 미치는 영향: 창업효능감과 기업가지향성의 매개변수의 효과 중심으로)

  • Shan, Liang;Heo, Chul Moo
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.117-137
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    • 2019
  • In young entrepreneurs, the individual situation of opportunity discovery is very important. It is very important that the opportunities that are created for a particular individual entrepreneur are also recognized and assessed through the process. The need for the development of entrepreneurial opportunity competencies, which have a low proportion of opportunistic entrepreneurship, is low in the entrepreneurship education. In particular, young entrepreneurs are in desperate need of opportunistic entrepreneurship. The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of entrepreneurship motivation on entrepreneurial opportunity competence, using entrepreneurial orientation and entrepreneurship orientation as mediation variables for preliminary young entrepreneurs (19-39 old). In the case of young entrepreneurs, there is a tendency to study entrepreneurship policies and education through the system of youth entrepreneurship schools, mainly on college students and youths, and on the effects of institutional support on entrepreneurship. There is little research on the effect of a entrepreneurial motivation on the entrepreneurial opportunity competence needed to promote an entrepreneurial venture in a model with multiple mediators. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of start - up motivation on the entrepreneurial opportunity competence. To do this we analyzed 374 questionnaires collected from preliminary young entrepreneurs in Seoul and Gyeonggi provinces. The results of the analysis using SPSS v22.0 and Process macro v3.0 showed that the motivation of start - up had a significant effect on both opportunity recognition and opportunity evaluation of entrepreneurial opportunity competence. Second, motivation of entrepreneurs has a significant effect on entrepreneurial efficacy. Third, entrepreneurial efficacy has a significant effect on entrepreneurial orientation. Fourth, entrepreneurial orientation has a significant effect on entrepreneurial opportunity competence. Fifth, there is a significant indirect effect between entrepreneurial motivation and entrepreneurial opportunity recognition when passing through entrepreneurial orientation, entrepreneurial efficacy and entrepreneurial orientation at the same time, But indirect effects was insignificant when only entrepreneurship efficacy is passed. There is a significant indirect effect on all mediators between entrepreneurial motivation and entrepreneurial opportunity valuation. It is suggested that strengthening education on entrepreneurship is necessary to cultivate awareness of entrepreneurship opportunities and strengthening education on both entrepreneurial efficacy and entrepreneurship is necessary to cultivate evaluation of entrepreneurship opportunities by type of entrepreneurial motivation.

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