• Title/Summary/Keyword: 창업동기

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청년예비창업가의 창업가정신과 창업동기가 창업의지에 미치는 영향 : 사회적 자본의 조절효과로

  • Gwon, Yeong-Seong;Jeong, Hwa-Yeong;Kim, Myeong-Suk
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.61-65
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    • 2019
  • 본 연구에서는 청년예비창업가의 창업가정신과 창업동기가 사회적 자본을 조절효과로 창업의지에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구이다. 최근 앞으로의 국가경제를 이끌어갈 청년들의 일자리 부족문제와 청년실업률(15세에서 29세의 경제활동인구 중 실업자의 비율)의 증가에 따른 문제가 대두되고 있다. 이를 극복하기 하고 국가경제발전을 위해선 창업은 매우 중요한 전략 중 하나이며 이를 위해 정부에서는 (청년)예비창업가들의 창업의지를 높이기 위해 다양한 노력하고 있다. 창업의지에 있어 창업가정신과 창업동기가 필수적으로 필요하며 이러한 창업가정신과 창업동기를 가지게 되면 (청년)예비창업가들은 자신들이 부족한 사회적 자본을 확보하기 위해 노력하게 되고 이러한 과정 속에서 사회적 자본을 가지고 있고 없고의 차이로 인한 (청년)예비창업자들의 창업의지에 대해 연구하고자 한다. 그렇기에 창업의지에 있어 창업가정신과 창업동기 그리고 사회적 자본의 중요성을 강조하고자 한다. 본 연구는 첫째, 창업가정신이 창업의지에 영향을 미치는지 여부 분석, 둘째, 창업동기가 창업의지에 영향을 미치는지 여부 분석, 셋째, 사회적 자본이 창업가정신과 창업의지에 관계에서 조절효과를 가지는지 여부 분석, 넷째, 사회적 자본이 창업동기와 창업의지에 관계에서 조절효과를 가지는지 여부 분석 등이다. 현재까지 받은 140개의 설문을 받았으며, 본 연구는 창업가정신과 창업동기가 창업의지에 유의한 정(+)의 영향을 미치는지, 사회적 자본은 창업가정신과 창업의지의 관계에서 정(+)의 조절효과를 가질 것인지, 사회적 자본은 창업동기와 창업의지의 관계에서 정(+)의 조절효과를 가질 것인지 등을 분석할 것이다 앞으로 더 많은 설문지를 통해 가설에 대한 검증을 할 것이며 이에 본 연구결과를 통해 (청년)예비창업가에 창업의지에 있어 창업가정신, 창업동기, 사회적 자본의 필요성을 시사점으로 제시하려 한다.

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대학생들의 창업가정신과 창업동기, 창업효능감과 창업의지와의 구조적관계모형

  • Kim, Yeong-Dae;Bae, Byeong-Yun
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.85-93
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    • 2020
  • 본 연구는 전국의 대학생들을 대상으로 창업의지의 선행 변수을 규명하기 위해 구조모형으로 실증분석 하였다. 선행연구를 바탕으로 창업가정신을 독립변수로, 창업동기와 창업효능감을 매개변수로, 창업의지를 종속변수로 설정하였다. 진취성이 높을수록 창업동기에 정(+)의 영향을 줄 것이라는 가설1은 기각되었다. 혁신성이 높을수록 창업동기에 정(+)의 영향을 줄 것이라는 가설 2는 채택되었다. 위험감수성이 높을수록 창업동기에 정(+)의 영향을 줄 것이라는 가설 3은 채택되었다. 진취성이 높을수록 창업효능감에 정(+)의 영향을 줄 것이라는 가설 4는 채택되었다. 혁신성이 높을수록 창업효능감에 정(+)의 영향을 줄 것이라는 가설 5는 채택되었다. 위험감수성이 높을수록 창업효능감에 정(+)의 영향을 줄 것이라는 가설 6은 기각되었다. 진취성이 높을수록 창업의지에 정(+)의 영향을 줄 것이라는 가설 7은 기각되었다. 혁신성이 높을수록 창업의지에 정(+)의 영향을 줄 것이라는 가설 8은 채택되었다. 위험감수성이 높을수록 창업의지에 정(+)의 영향을 줄 것이라는 가설 9는 기각되었다. 창업동기가 높을수록 창업의지에 정(+)의 영향을 가설 10은 채택되었다. 창업효능감이 높을수록 창업의지에 정(+)의 영향을 가설 11은 채택되었다. 본 연구의 시사점은 창업교육이나, 창업동아리활동, 창업경진대회 등의 활동경험이 없는 전국대학생을 대상으로 조사하였다는 점이 선행연구와의 차별점이다. 또한 대학생들의 창업가정신, 창업동기 및 창업효능감, 창업의지와의 구조관계를 실증 연구하였다는 것이 선행연구의 차별점이다. 실증연구 결과를 통해 창업의지를 높이기 위한 방안이 무엇인지를 규명하고 제시하였다.

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A Study on the Relationships of Individual Entrepreneurial Orientation, Goal Orientation, Entrepreneurial Motivation of Korean College Students (대학생의 개인 기업가지향성이 목표지향성과 창업동기에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Bae, Byung Yun
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.59-70
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    • 2021
  • This he problem of youth unemployment is already a very serious social problem at home and abroad, and entrepreneurship, which is one of the ways to solve the problem of youth unemployment, has been studied with interest from various fields. Entrepreneurship not only overcomes the economic crisis, but also plays a role in nurturing innovative talents in the era of the 4th industrial revolution. For this reason, it can be said that research for activating entrepreneurship for college students is very important. The purpose of this study is to examine how individual entrepreneurial orientation and goal orientation affect economic entrepreneurial motivation and non-economic entrepreneurial motivation in order to confirm the effect of college students' economic entrepreneurial motivation and non-economic entrepreneurial motivation. In addition, in the relationship between individual entrepreneurial orientation and entrepreneurial motivation (economical and non-economic), we will examine whether goal orientation has a mediating effect. As a result of the study, first, it was confirmed that the individual entrepreneurial orientation of university students had a positive (+) effect on the goal orientation. Second, it was confirmed that the goal orientation of college students had a positive (+) effect on economic entrepreneurial motivation and positive (+) influence on non-economic entrepreneurial motivation. third, it was confirmed that the individual entrepreneurial orientation of college students had a positive (+) effect on economic entrepreneurial motivation, and a positive (+) effect on non-economic entrepreneurial motivation. Fourth, it was confirmed that college students' goal orientation had a mediating effect in the relationship between individual entrepreneurial orientation and economic entrepreneurial motivation, and also had a mediating effect in the relationship between individual entrepreneurial orientation and non-economic entrepreneurial motivation.

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A Case Study on Motivation of Go-It-Alone Entrepreneur (1인기업 창업동기에 관한 사례연구)

  • Shim, Jae-Hu;Choi, Myeong-Gil
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.284-288
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    • 2009
  • 이 연구에서는 1인기업을 운영하고 있는 1인기업가의 창업동기를 이해하기 위해 Naffziger 등이 제안한 창업동기모델을 적용한 사례연구를 실시하고 그 결과를 제시하였다. 연구 결과, 1인기업 창업에 영향을 미치는 동기로는 개인적 환경, 개인적 특질 등이 있었으며, 창업 당시의 사업 환경은 조사 대상 1인기업의 창업에 영향을 미치지 않은 것으로 나타났다. 개인적 환경 중에서는 학력, 경험 및 네트워크가 1인기업 창업에 큰 영향을 미치는 것으로 판단된다. 사례연구 결과 Naffziger의 창업동기모델에서 별도의 창업동기라고 보고 있는 사업 아이디어와 개인적 목표는 개인적 환경, 개인적 특질 등 기타 창업동기에 영향을 받는 요인으로 보아 이를 수정한 1인기업 창업동기모델을 제안한다.

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The Effect of Achievement Needs and Entrepreneurship on the Start-up Intention: Focus on Mediation Role of Start-up Motivation (성취욕구와 창업가정신이 창업의지에 미치는 영향: 창업동기의 매개역할을 중심으로)

  • Yoo, Bong Ho
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.51-60
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    • 2015
  • This study looked into entrepreneur-like psychological characteristics such as achievement needs and entrepreneurship including start-up motivation in order to discover factors that would affect start-up intention which can be referred to as an origin of start-up vitalization and to discuss causal relations among the factors. In other words, the study took a look into how both achievement needs and entrepreneurship would influence start-up intention as focusing on mediating roles of start-up motivation. To achieve the research goal, the study conducted an empirical analysis on a total of 181 samples of survey gathered from founders of these companies that had moved into a start-up support center. Findings of the analysis reported that first of all, achievement needs and entrepreneurship have positive effects on start-up motivation, and the study confirmed that the two variables work as antecedent variables of start-up motivation. Second of all, start-up motivation is significantly connected to start-up intention, and that definitely proved precedence relation following relation between the two variables. Third of all, mediating effects of start-up motivation on relations among start-up needs, entrepreneurship and start-up intention which are said to be cores of this study were observed. To sum up, the study learned that start-up motivation as a mediator contributes to how achievement needs and entrepreneurship would strengthen start-up intention. In conclusion, the study suggests that these entrepreneur-like psychological characteristics such as achievement needs, entrepreneurship and especially start-up motivation should be improved if anyone would like to increase start-up intention. Based on results presented above, the study offers theoretical and practical implications in relation to start-up intention.

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Effect of Entrepreneurial Education on Entrepreneurial Intention of University Students : Focused on mediating effect of self-efficacy and Entrepreneurial motivation (기업가정신교육이 대학생들의 창업의도에 미치는 영향 - 자기효능감과 창업동기의 매개효과를 중심으로 -)

  • Yang, Jun Hwan
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.65-77
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    • 2014
  • A consistent agreement has been made among researchers with regards to entrepreneurship as a critical determinant in fostering and promoting start-up new businesses. Many prior studies claim that entrepreneurial education plays a significant role in facilitating and enforcing entrepreneurship among people, and consequently it leads to active creation of new businesses. This study examines practical effectiveness of entrepreneurial education being provided by universities for university students. The findings of the study are summarized as followings. The effect of entrepreneurial education was significantly influencing on entrepreneurial intention of university students. It also turned out entrepreneurial education delivered a significant effect on forming both entrepreneurial motivation and self-efficacy of university students. Mediating effect was appeared partially over the path between entrepreneurial education and entrepreneurial intention by self-efficacy and entrepreneurial motivation. Discussion and practical implication on the findings are addressed and provided.

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A Study on the Influence of Entrepreneurial Motivations of College Students Majoring in Foodservice on Entrepreneurial Intentions: Focused on the Moderating Effects by Gender (외식관련전공 대학생의 창업동기가 창업의도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 성별의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Kwon, Young-Guk;Yoon, Hye Hyun
    • Culinary science and hospitality research
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.193-210
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    • 2013
  • The purpose of this study is to understand the influence of entrepreneurial motivation upon entrepreneurial intentions of college students majoring in foodservice through the pull and push factors of the motivation theory, analyzing the moderating effects by gender. Based on total 317 college students, this study was conducted with exploring factor analysis, reliability analysis, correlation analysis, regression analysis, and hierarchical moderated regression. The results showed that, among the pull factors, need for achievement (p<0.001) and self-actualization (p<0.01) had a significant positive influence on entrepreneurial intentions. It appears that entrepreneurial intentions of college students majoring in foodservice were developed by positive entrepreneurial motivation. The moderating effects by gender were not significant. Through the study results with theoretical suggestions, this study proposed a policy to encourage entrepreneurial activation and desires in college students. Limitations and further research directions are also discussed.

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Structural relationship among Self-efficacy, Entrepreneurial Motivation and Entrepreneurial Intention in the Public sector (공기업 직원의 자기효능감, 창업동기, 창업의지 간의 구조 관계 분석)

  • Kim, Sung Hwan;Lee, Jong Hun
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.91-99
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    • 2014
  • The purpose of this study is to analyze the structural relationship among such variables as self-efficacy, entrepreneurial motivation and entrepreneurial intention in the public sector. In order to achieve the purpose, this study had specifically questions as follows: The first was to examine the effect of the self-efficacy on the entrepreneurial motivation in the public sector. The second was to examine the effect of the self-efficacy on the entrepreneurial intention in the public sector. The third was to examine the effect of the self-efficacy on the entrepreneurial intention according to the entrepreneurial motivation in the public sector. The fourth was to examine the effect of entrepreneurial motivation on the entrepreneurial intention in the public sector. A questionnaire was used as the research instrument. A total number of 257 employees in the public sector responded to questionnaire. In order to estimate the hypothesized structural equation model, the collected data were analyzed by AMOS 17.0, a statistical program for structural equation modeling. The major findings of this study were as follows; First, the self-efficacy was found to have a direct effect on the entrepreneurial motivation in the public sector. Second, the self-efficacy was not found to have a direct effect on the entrepreneurial intention in the public sector. Third, the indirect effect of the entrepreneurial motivation between the self-efficacy and the entrepreneurial intention proved positive in the public sector. Fourth, the entrepreneurial motivation was found to have a direct effect on the entrepreneurial intention in the public sector.

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초기창업자의 창업동기와 창업준비가 사업계속의도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구: 창업만족도의 매개효과를 중심으로

  • Han, Hyang-Won;Ha, Gyu-Su
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.113-121
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    • 2020
  • 최근 정부가 창업기업에게 3년간 공공금융기관 등을 통해 약 100조원 투입하였으며, 금융위원회가 신용보증기관과 산업은행 등 정책금융 등의 많은 창업지원 자금을 통해 약 35조원을 지원하는 등 최근 3년간(2015년~2018년) 창업기업에 약 100조원 이상을 지원하였다. 실제로 중소기업청의 지원예산 중 스타트업 지원 비중은 85%에 달한 반면 스케일업(성장·성숙기)지원은 15%에 불과하다. 그러나 국내 창업기업의 생존율은 선진국에 비해 턱없이 낮은 것으로 조사되었다. 창업 후 3년간 생존율은 39.1%로 10곳 중 4곳 정도만 살아남는 것으로 조사되었고, 5년간 살아남을 확률은 27.5% 10곳 중 3곳 정도만 살아남는다. 반면 해외 창업기업들은 5년간 창업기업 생존율은 우리나라의 2배에 달한다. 이에 따라 본 연구는 최근 정부의 적극적인 지원이 이루어지고 있는 초기창업자에 대한 연구의 필요성과 함께 창업동기와 창업준비가 사업계속의도에 미치는 영향관계에서 창업만족도의 매개역할에 관한 영향을 실증적으로 분석하고 살펴보고자 한다. 또한, 초기창업자의 창업동기와 창업준비에 기초하여 창업을 한 후에 창업에 대한 만족도를 높일 수 있는 방법보다는 창업 전 부터 사전 준비의 필요성을 고찰하고자 한다. 이러한 관점에서 실무적 시사점을 도출하고, 초기창업자들의 창업만족도를 높이고 계속 가능한 창업수행을 할 수 있도록 유용한 정책적 시사점을 제시하고자 한다.

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A Comparative Study of Entrepreneurial Motivation, Entrepreneurship and Entrepreneurial Intention between the Students of Experiential Entrepreneurship Class and Theory Centered Class (체험형 창업강좌와 이론형 창업강좌 학습자간의 창업동기, 기업가정신 및 창업의지 비교 연구)

  • Kim, Yong Tae
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.4
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    • pp.49-58
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    • 2018
  • In recent years, various studies have been carried out on various types of entrepreneurship and comparative activities according to policy efforts and support such as the activation of a bachelor's degree in the establishment of a university, and attention has been paid to the fact that the participation and the educational effect of the students may be different depending on the type. The purpose of this study is to investigate entrepreneurial motivation, entrepreneurship, and entrepreneurial intention in the case of experiential entrepreneurship class focusing on the theoretical-oriented general entrepreneurship class, And the effect of entrepreneurship on entrepreneurial intention. The data were collected and empirical analysis was conducted to compare the difference between the two groups. The results of this study are as follows: First, out of the motivation factors of entrepreneurs, entrepreneurship education, achievement desire, human network, self - esteem, etc. We can confirm that the motivation of entrepreneurs is recognized more greatly. Second, the entrepreneurship factor was not significantly different from the perception between experiential entrepreneurship lecture and theoretical entrepreneurship learner. Third, experiential entrepreneurship learner perceived more willingness to start business than theoretical entrepreneurship learner. Finally, among the entrepreneurship motivation factors, among the entrepreneurship education, achievement desire and entrepreneurship factor, the risk sensitivity affects the entrepreneurial will. This study suggests that the direction of entrepreneurial education focused on quantitative expansion and the creation of qualitative effects of entrepreneurship education are needed. In the future, it will provide policy implications for revitalizing experiential entrepreneurship education In addition, it can contribute to the diffusion of research on the effect of entrepreneurship education.