• Title, Summary, Keyword: 창업효능감

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창직선택 요인이 창업효능감과 창업의도에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구: 창직과정 프로그램을 수료한 대학생 대상

  • Kim, Eun-Ju;Yang, Yeong-Seok
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.101-106
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    • 2020
  • 본 연구는 청년취업아카데미 창직 프로그램을 수료한 대학생을 대상으로 직업선택의 요인이 창업효능감과 창업의지에 미치는 영향에 대해 살펴보고자 한다. 본 연구의 목적은 첫째, 창직 프로그램 과정을 경험한 대학생들의 직업선택요인이 창업효능감에 미치는 영향에 대해 실증분석하고, 둘째, 창직 프로그램 과정을 경험한 대학생들의 직업선택요인이 창업의도에 미치는 영향에 대해 실증분석 한다. 셋째, 창직 프로그램 과정을 경험한 대학생들의 창업효능감이 창업의도에 미치는 영향에 대해 실증 분석한다. 넷째, 직업 선택요인과 창업의도에 창업효능감의 매개효과를 실증분석한다. 가설에 대한 검증결과 직업선택요인 중 직업장래성은 창업효능감에 긍정적인 영향을 주는 것으로 나타났으며, 직업경제성은 창업 효능감에 부적적인 영향을 주는 것으로 나타났다. 창업효능감은 창업의도에 긍정적인 영향을 주는 것으로 나타났으며, 직업장래성은 창업의도에 긍정적인 영향을 주는 것으로 나타났다. 창업효능감은 직업선택요인이 창업의도에 미치는 영향에 부분 매개역할을 하는 것으로 나타났다. 연구결과를 토대로 청년취업 아카데미 창직과정 프로그램을 운영하는 대학교에서 성과창출을 위한 교육프로그램 개발에 필요한 요소파악 및 적용에 이론적 근거가 될 수 있을 것이다.

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A Study on Effect of the Entrepreneurship on Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy and Entrepreneurial Intention: Focusing on Mediating Effect of Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy (기업가정신이 창업효능감 및 창업의도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 - 진로결정 자기효능감의 매개효과를 중심으로)

  • Youn, Ji-Su;Hyun, Byung-hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korea Technology Innovation Society Conference
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    • pp.687-711
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    • 2017
  • 본 연구는 기업가정신이 창업효능감 및 창업의도에 미치는 영향 관계를 규명하고 양자 관계에서 진로결정 자기효능감의 매개효과를 분석하여 시사점을 제공하는 것이다. 선행연구들을 바탕으로 한 실증분석 결과를 요약하면 다음과 같다. 첫째, 기업가정신은 진로결정 자기효능감에 정(+)의 유의미한 영향을 미치는 것으로 분석되었다. 둘째, 기업가정신은 창업효능감에 정(+)의 유의미한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 셋째, 기업가정신은 창업의도에 정(+)의 유의미한 영향을 미치는 것으로 나타났다. 넷째, 기업가정신과 창업효능감 및 창업의도 관계에서 진로결정 자기효능감의 매개효과 분석결과 모두 정(+)의 유의미한 매개효과를 보이는 것으로 분석되어 가설 모두 채택되었다.

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창업교육이 창업의지에 미치는 영향: 창업자기효능감과 창의적 자기효능감의 매개효과를 중심으로

  • Park, Jae-Hwan;Choe, Min-Jeong
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.201-204
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    • 2016
  • 본 연구는 창업교육과 창업의지의 관계에서 창업자기효능감과 창의적 자기효능감의 매개역할을 살펴보기 위한 연구이다. 특히 창업자기효능감과 창의적 자기효능감이 각각 창업의지에 미치는 영향력을 비교하여 학문적 시사점은 물론 창업교육을 개발함에 있어 실무적 시사점을 제공하는데 그 목적이 있다. 창의적 자기효능감은 창의성과 연관되어 있는 요인으로 창의적인 문제해결력을 요구하는 창업과정에 있어 꼭 필요한 요소이다. 해당 영향요인에 관해 살펴보기 위해 본 연구는 연구모형을 구성하고 설정된 연구가설의 검증을 위하여 국내 대학의 학생들을 대상으로 실증 분석을 진행하고자 한다. 본 연구를 통해 창의적 자기효능감의 중요성을 이해하고, 창의적 자기효능감을 향상시킬 수 있는 창업교육 개발의 필요성을 입증할 수 있을 것이다.

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대학생들의 창업가정신과 창업동기, 창업효능감과 창업의지와의 구조적관계모형

  • Kim, Yeong-Dae;Bae, Byeong-Yun
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.85-93
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    • 2020
  • 본 연구는 전국의 대학생들을 대상으로 창업의지의 선행 변수을 규명하기 위해 구조모형으로 실증분석 하였다. 선행연구를 바탕으로 창업가정신을 독립변수로, 창업동기와 창업효능감을 매개변수로, 창업의지를 종속변수로 설정하였다. 진취성이 높을수록 창업동기에 정(+)의 영향을 줄 것이라는 가설1은 기각되었다. 혁신성이 높을수록 창업동기에 정(+)의 영향을 줄 것이라는 가설 2는 채택되었다. 위험감수성이 높을수록 창업동기에 정(+)의 영향을 줄 것이라는 가설 3은 채택되었다. 진취성이 높을수록 창업효능감에 정(+)의 영향을 줄 것이라는 가설 4는 채택되었다. 혁신성이 높을수록 창업효능감에 정(+)의 영향을 줄 것이라는 가설 5는 채택되었다. 위험감수성이 높을수록 창업효능감에 정(+)의 영향을 줄 것이라는 가설 6은 기각되었다. 진취성이 높을수록 창업의지에 정(+)의 영향을 줄 것이라는 가설 7은 기각되었다. 혁신성이 높을수록 창업의지에 정(+)의 영향을 줄 것이라는 가설 8은 채택되었다. 위험감수성이 높을수록 창업의지에 정(+)의 영향을 줄 것이라는 가설 9는 기각되었다. 창업동기가 높을수록 창업의지에 정(+)의 영향을 가설 10은 채택되었다. 창업효능감이 높을수록 창업의지에 정(+)의 영향을 가설 11은 채택되었다. 본 연구의 시사점은 창업교육이나, 창업동아리활동, 창업경진대회 등의 활동경험이 없는 전국대학생을 대상으로 조사하였다는 점이 선행연구와의 차별점이다. 또한 대학생들의 창업가정신, 창업동기 및 창업효능감, 창업의지와의 구조관계를 실증 연구하였다는 것이 선행연구의 차별점이다. 실증연구 결과를 통해 창업의지를 높이기 위한 방안이 무엇인지를 규명하고 제시하였다.

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The Effects of Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy on Entrepreneurship of University Students: Moderating Effects of Entrepreneurial Education and Career Uncertainty (예비창업자의 창업효능감과 기업가정신의 관계: 창업교육 및 진로불확실성의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Park, JaeChun;Kim, JuSeob
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.14 no.3
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    • pp.27-38
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    • 2019
  • Recently, domestic universities have emphasized career path to start-up through entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE) and entrepreneurship. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of ESE on entrepreneurship of university students. Also we examine the moderating effects of entrepreneurial education and career uncertainty between ESE and entrepreneurship. Research sample consisted of 236 university students in Cheonan city. The results of this research is as follows: First, ESE showed a positive effects on entrepreneurship. Second, the moderating effect of entrepreneurial education was significant on the relationship between ESE and entrepreneurship. In other words, university students with a higher entrepreneurial education showed higher entrepreneurship when ESE was lower. But students with a lower entrepreneurial education showed higher entrepreneurship when ESE was higher. Finally, the interaction effects of career uncertainty was confirmed in relationship between ESE and entrepreneurship. In other words, university students with a higher career uncertainty showed higher entrepreneurship when ESE was higher. But students with a lower career uncertainty showed higher entrepreneurship when ESE was lower. In order to improve the entrepreneurship of the pre-founders, it is necessary to strengthen the behavior control of university students by enhancing the ESE. Also, the improvement of entrepreneurship of pre-founders should strengthen the ESE of university students, and should complement systematic and effective entrepreneurship education. In particular, we should provide the stability for career decision by eliminating uncertainty about the career path of university students.

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A Study on Effect of the Entrepreneurship on Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy and Entrepreneurial Intention -Focusing on Mediating Effect of Career Decision-Making Self-Efficacy- (기업가정신이 창업효능감 및 창업의도에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구 -진로결정 자기효능감의 매개효과를 중심으로-)

  • Youn, Ji-Su;Hyun, Byung-Hwan
    • Management & Information Systems Review
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.171-186
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    • 2019
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the effects of entrepreneurship on entrepreneurial efficacy and entrepreneurial intention, and to provide implications for analyzing mediating effects of career decision self-efficacy in bilateral relations. The data were collected from entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship students, and, and 220 students were surveyed. For the empirical analysis, frequency analysis, factor analysis, reliability verification, correlation analysis, and multiple regression analysis were performed using SPSSWIN 21.0. The specific analysis results are as follows. First, in the relationship between entrepreneurship and career decision-making self-efficacy, entrepreneurship has a significant effect on career decision-making self-efficacy. Second, in the relationship between entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship efficacy, and intention of entrepreneurship, entrepreneurship has significant influence on entrepreneurship efficacy and entrepreneurship intention. Third, the mediating effect analysis of career decision self-efficacy in the relationship between entrepreneurship, entrepreneurial efficacy, and entrepreneurship intention showed that all mediated effects were significant. The results of this study should be achieved through a convergence curriculum in which entrepreneurship education and career education can be considered at the entrepreneurial education stage in order to enhance entrepreneurship and intention to influence entrepreneurship and career choice. Practical implications were suggested for more effective education.

The Multi-path Mediated Effect of Resilience and Entrepreneurship on the Relationship between Learned Helplessness and Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy (예비창업가의 학습된 무력감과 창업효능감의 관계에서 회복탄력성과 기업가정신의 다중매개역할)

  • Park, Jae Chun
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.14 no.6
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    • pp.77-90
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    • 2019
  • This study aims to analyze multi-path mediating effect of resilience and entrepreneurship on the relationship between learned helplessness ann entrepreneurial self-efficacy (ESE). Research sample consisted of 154 university students in Gyeonggi-Do. The results of this research is as follows: First, learned helplessness showed a negative effects on entrepreneurship and ESE. Second, resilience showed a positive effects on entrepreneurship and ESE. Third, the mediating effect of resilience was significant on the relationship between learned helplessness and ESE. Fourth, entrepreneurship turned out to mediate on the relationship between learned helplessness and ESE. Finally, resilience and entrepreneurship had shown multi-path mediating effects on the relationship between learned helplessness and ESE (learned helplessness→resilience→entrepreneurship→ESE). In particular, this study conclude with implications for future research, limitations of this research, and practical application.

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Impact of Startup Support Program on Entrepreneurial Self-efficacy, Opportunity Recognition·Startup Intention of Undergraduate Students (대학생 창업지원프로그램이 창업효능감, 기회인식, 창업의지에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Jung Ran;Chang, Gyoo Soon
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.43-60
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to inform the university stakeholder and startup policy makers about the current status of startup support programs and to identify criteria that could impact the startup effectively among various support program. The purpose of this study is to categorize the startup support programs into three different types. These types are startup education support, startup activity and commercialization support the startup Intention of university students was analyzed using survey and interview during the these programs. In addition, the impact on startup intention was empirical analyzed utilizing entrepreneurial self-efficacy and opportunity recognition support programs. Research results show that, Firstly, startup activity support program had impacted on both entrepreneurial self-efficacy and opportunity recognition. Commercialization support had impacted entrepreneurial self-efficacy. However, startup education support program had no impact on entrepreneurial self-efficacy and opportunity recognition. secondly, entrepreneurial self-efficacy and opportunity Recognition have influence on startup intention. Thirdly, startup activity support had influenced on startup intention. Finally, startup activity support and startup intention strongly influenced entrepreneurial self-efficacy. Also, commercialization and startup intention strongly influenced opportunity recognition. Other factors only influenced partially. Startup support program shall seek various solutions to improve quality to increase startup intention based on the research results. Also, high quality educational program shall be offered to improve entrepreneurial self-efficacy and opportunity recognition, while promoting startup activity and commercialization support emphasized. Try to realize a strategic development for activation of startup business.

A Study on the Relationships between Time Perspective of College Students and Entrepreneurial Self-Efficacy (창업교육이 대학생의 창업효능감과 시간관에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Sang Pyo;Byun, Chyng Gyu;Ha, Hwan Ho
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.79-88
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    • 2017
  • Personal time perspective is a factor influencing motivation and goal-oriented behavior. The start-up process is a preparatory process for the future rather than the present. There will be a difference in entrepreneurial decision making depending on the level of time perspective. This study verified the relationship between individual 's time perspective and entrepreneurial self-efficacy. For this study, a survey was conducted with 190 students in college. To test the hypothesis, t-test, one-way analysis of variance and correlation analysis were used. The results of the study are as follows. First, we analyzed the difference of individual 's time by past-negative, past-positive, present-fatalistic, present-hedonistic, and future-oriented time. As a result of analysis, the more experience of entrepreneurship education, the higher the present-fatalistic, present-hedonistic, and future-oriented level. Second, the effect of individual's time perspective on entrepreneurial self-efficacy was analyzed. The past-negative and present-fatalistic level influenced negative on entrepreneurial self-efficacy. The present-hedonistic and future-oriented level influenced positive on entrepreneurial self-efficacy. Finally, based on the above results, academic significance, implications and limitations are suggested.

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A Study on the Influence of the Founder's Self-Efficacy on the Sales of the Founding Company (창업자의 자기효능감이 창업기업의 매출에 미치는 영향에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Joonsung;Song, Inam
    • Asia-Pacific Journal of Business Venturing and Entrepreneurship
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.61-78
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    • 2019
  • This study is about the effect of the founder's self-efficacy on the sales of the founding company by focusing on the factors that are currently emphasized in the founding education. In particular, this paper starts from the consciousness of the problem that the education that is being implemented to achieve the purpose of successful start-up among various government-based start-up support projects is failing to produce many start-up failures. Entrepreneurs cannot be assessed by objective financial data, but there is a high degree of uncertainty that should be determined based on their personal and learning abilities. In addition, many previous studies, which are likely to be successful when there is a high self-efficacy in a specific field due to the influence of factors such as personal experience or learning, will answer the direction of support for start-up companies. This study focuses on the impact of the founder's self-efficacy on the sales of the founding firms, especially the sales that are the key to the survival of the founding firms. This study has six major studies. First, to analyze whether the self-efficacy of entrepreneurs with respect to entrepreneurship affects the sales of entrepreneurs. Second, to analyze whether the self-efficacy of entrepreneurs with respect to market orientation affects the sales of entrepreneurs. Analysis of whether the founder's self-efficacy affects the sales of the founding firms. Fourth, analysis of whether the founder's self-efficiency affects the sales of the founding firms' understanding of management environment changes. An analysis of whether efficacy affects the sales of a start-up company, and sixth, an analysis of whether the founder's self-efficacy of business model building ability affects the sales of a start-up company. As a result of the empirical analysis, this study found that the self-efficacy of entrepreneurs on product differentiation capability and business model building capacity had a positive influence on the sales of entrepreneurs. The self-efficacy had a positive effect on self-efficacy, and the customer orientation had a positive effect on self-efficacy on business model building capacity. Also, it was confirmed that a path exists between the components of self-efficacy and that self-efficacy through the path has a positive effect on the sales of the start-up company. Therefore, the results of this study suggest the implications of establishing such a path and strengthening self-efficacy to create the survival and start-up performance of a start-up company if the goal of the start-up company is to survive when implementing various support projects for the start-up company.

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