• Title, Summary, Keyword: 채무불이행

Search Result 35, Processing Time 0.037 seconds

Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Predicting Online Peer-to-Peer(P2P) Loan Default (인공지능기법을 이용한 온라인 P2P 대출거래의 채무불이행 예측에 관한 실증연구)

  • Bae, Jae Kwon;Lee, Seung Yeon;Seo, Hee Jin
    • The Journal of Society for e-Business Studies
    • /
    • v.23 no.3
    • /
    • pp.207-224
    • /
    • 2018
  • In this article, an empirical study was conducted by using public dataset from Lending Club Corporation, the largest online peer-to-peer (P2P) lending in the world. We explore significant predictor variables related to P2P lending default that housing situation, length of employment, average current balance, debt-to-income ratio, loan amount, loan purpose, interest rate, public records, number of finance trades, total credit/credit limit, number of delinquent accounts, number of mortgage accounts, and number of bank card accounts are significant factors to loan funded successful on Lending Club platform. We developed online P2P lending default prediction models using discriminant analysis, logistic regression, neural networks, and decision trees (i.e., CART and C5.0) in order to predict P2P loan default. To verify the feasibility and effectiveness of P2P lending default prediction models, borrower loan data and credit data used in this study. Empirical results indicated that neural networks outperforms other classifiers such as discriminant analysis, logistic regression, CART, and C5.0. Neural networks always outperforms other classifiers in P2P loan default prediction.

A Systematic Analysis on Default Risk Based on Delinquency Probability

  • Kim, Gyoung Sun;Shin, Seung Woo
    • Korea Real Estate Review
    • /
    • v.28 no.3
    • /
    • pp.21-35
    • /
    • 2018
  • The recent performance of residential mortgages demonstrated how default risk operated separately from prepayment risk. In this study, we investigated the determinants of the borrowers' decisions pertaining to early termination through default from the mortgage performance data released by Freddie Mac, involving securitized mortgage loans from January 2011 to September 2013. We estimated a Cox-type, proportional hazard model with a single risk on fundamental factors associated with default options for individual mortgages. We proposed a mortgage default model that included two specifications of delinquency: one using a delinquency binary variable, while the other using a delinquency probability. We also compared the results obtained from two specifications with respect to goodness-of-fit proposed in the spirit of Vuong (1989) in both overlapping and nested models' cases. We found that a model with our proposed delinquency probability variable showed a statistically significant advantage compared to a benchmark model with delinquency dummy variables. We performed a default prediction power test based on the method proposed in Shumway (2001), and found a much stronger performance from the proposed model.

Default Risk Mitigation Effect of Financial Structure and Characteristic in BOT Project Finance (BOT 프로젝트 파이낸스의 금융구조 및 특성의 채무불이행 위험완화 효과)

  • Jun, Jae-Bum;Lee, Jae-Sue;Lee, Sam-Su
    • Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
    • /
    • v.12 no.2
    • /
    • pp.121-132
    • /
    • 2011
  • One of the advantages of BOT PF(Project Finance) is the government can be protected from risks involved in projects as the private finances, builds, and operates relevant projects. Moreover, the private may avoid outstanding responsibility in case of default thanks to BOT PF's unique financial structure and characteristics. However, despite increasing attention on risk mitigation effect of financial structure and characteristic of BOT PF to default risk with emerging controversies of capital crunch, introduction of IFRS, and contingent liabilities, valuation of default risk mitigation effect caused by financial structure and characteristics of BOT PF still seems sophisticated due to uncertain cash flows, complexly layered contracts, and their interaction. So, this paper is to show the theoretical frame to assess the default risk mitigation effect of financial structure and characteristic of BOT PF with option pricing and related financial economic theories and to provide some meaningful implications. Finally, this research shows that the financial structure and characteristics of BOT PF help mitigate the default risk and default risk mitigation effect increases as change of relevant variables on financial feasibility gets the BOT project less financially feasible.

A Study on the Contractor's Liability for Defect in Public Construction Project - through comparing Civil Law with Government Contract Law - (공공건설사업 하자에 대한 수급인의 책임에 대한 연구- 민법과 국가계약법령의 비교를 통하여 -)

  • Cho Young-Jun;Hyun Chang-Taek
    • Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
    • /
    • v.2 no.4
    • /
    • pp.69-79
    • /
    • 2001
  • Characteristics of Contactor's Defect Liability was too many discussed. But it's not clearly defined yet. Because recent Government Construction Projects are very complex and executed through long time, too many conflicts were appeared related to Contactor's Defect Liability. Therefore to analyse and to resolve the conflicts legal aspects of Contactor's Defect Liability stated in Civil Law and Government Contract Act was systematically compared. The result of this research is as follows : (1) Characteristic of Contactor's Defect must be regarded as a breach of Contract and be an incomplete contract implementation. (2) To decide the range of Damage, Characteristic of Defect must be regarded. (3) Contactor's Defect Liability must be effectual from the day of delivery. (4) Retainage must be added to secure the completion during the Contract Period and Defect Repairing Liability must be omitted in the Contract performance Security.

  • PDF

A Breach of Medical Contract and Consolation Money (의료계약상 채무불이행과 위자료)

  • Bong, Youngjun
    • The Korean Society of Law and Medicine
    • /
    • v.14 no.2
    • /
    • pp.217-260
    • /
    • 2013
  • In connection to the civil liability of the medical malpractice, plaintiff and courts are solving the medical disputes with theory of the liability based on tort law. because contract law does not enact the right of claim of solatium and a plaintiff's lawyer and courts hesitate to use contract law. Medical treatment of doctor is main debt in medical contract and its in-complete performance gives rise to the violations of human's life, body and health. Consequently a breach of medical contract leads to violations of person-al rights. These violations spring from liability of contract as well as tort and damages from them are recognized based on medical contract law. A duty of explanation of doctor is a independent and appendant debt to the treatment debt. However its breach provokes violations of human's life, body and health as well as a right self-determination. Therefore consolation money claim should be recognized. In case of the violation of patient's life, body and health, patient's family al-so can demand consolation money due to the violation of their's own mental pain. However in case of the violation of only patient's self-determination without informed concent, they can not demand it by reason of the violation of patient's self-determination. But by reason of the violation of patient's life, body and health that were recognized by proximate causal relation between violation of duty of explanation and abd execution, they can do.

  • PDF

미국의 지방채시장 활성화와 지방자치제 발전에 관한 연구 - 우리 나라에 주는 시사점을 중심으로 -

  • Kim, Gyu-Yeong
    • The Korean Journal of Financial Studies
    • /
    • v.5 no.1
    • /
    • pp.75-103
    • /
    • 1999
  • 미국의 지방자치제 발전의 재정적인 견인차 역할을 하고 있는 지방채 시장의 활성화로부터 우리가 얻을 수 있는 시사점은 다음과 같이 요약될 수 있다. 첫째, 주 헌법에 명시된 법률상의 통제 외에는 지방채의 기채제한이 없으므로, 지방자치단체의 자율적인 의사결정에 따라 지방채 발행이 활성화되어 있다. 둘째, 대부분의 지방채가 이자소득에 대하여 연방소득세가 면제되는 면세채권의 형태로 발행되고 있는데, 이는 지방자치단체의 재정부담을 경감시켜 줄 뿐 아니라, 투자자들에게 세금우위라는 투자유인을 제공하고 있다. 셋째, 지방채 발행이 활성화됨에 따라 필연적으로 나타나게 되는 채무불이행 상태에 대비하기 위한 제도적 장치로서 신용평가제도와 지방채 보험 및 보증제도가 확립되어 있다. 넷째, 발행된 지방채의 인수단에 의한 인수제도가 확립되어 있으며, 인수자들간의 역할 분담이 잘 이루어지고 있다.

  • PDF

정책금융기관의 신용평가 현황 비교를 통한 개선방안 연구

  • Park, Guk-Geun;Nam, Gi-Jeong;Ha, Gyu-Su
    • 한국벤처창업학회:학술대회논문집
    • /
    • /
    • pp.51-55
    • /
    • 2019
  • 기업신용평가(ICR : Issuer Credit Rating)는 기업의 금융상 채무에 대한 전반적인 적기 상환능력, 즉 채무불이행의 가능성을 평가한 것으로 오로지 금융상 채무에 대한 전반적인 채무상환능력을 평가한다. 최근에는 신용평가 등급이 금융시장과의 효과적인 의사소통수단으로 인식되고 기업 IR 및 홍보차원과 기업 간 물품공급과 납품을 위한 업체 선정시 신용등급이 적극적이고 다양하게 활용되고 있다. 이러한 기업신용평가는 최근 경제환경의 급속한 변화에 대응하여 기관별로 평가시스템을 자주 개선하고 있다. 본 연구에서는 정책금융기관 별로 변화된 평가시스템에 대한 평가지표나 구조, 평가시스템을 비교 분석해 그 차이점과 공통점 그리고 경제환경 변화에 따라 변화된 주요지표를 파악해 보고 미래의 신용평가시스템의 변화와 개선방안에 대해 생각하였다. 기관별 비교에서 평가시스템의 차이점은 신보는 신용평가(부실률 기반)와 미래성장성평가(성장성 기반)를 실시하여 보증심사등급(보증의사결정 등급)을 산출하고, 기술자산평가등급은 신용평가등급을 조정(최대 ${\pm}2$등급)하는 보조적 수단으로 활용하고 있으며, 기보는 기술평가(성장성 및 부실률 기반)와 리스크관리용 리스크평가(신보의 신용평가에 해당)로 평가체계를 이원화하여 운영하고, 평가모형은 신보는 객관성을 확보한 정량평가 위주, 기보는 공신력을 확보한 정성평가 위주의 주관적인 평가를 실시하고 있어 어떤 형태의 평가시스템이 더 좋은 평가방법 인지는 알 수 없지만, 기관별 부실율을 보면 다소 참고가 될 수도 있으나, 이것이 전적인 평가의 문제라 보기도 어렵다. 특히 신보는 창업기업 기준이 창업후 7년까지로 확대됨에 따른 창업 3단계 평가제도와 기업의 성장단계에 맞춘 성장단계별 평가기준 세분화는 기업환경을 잘 반영한 변화라 볼 수 있다. 그리고 향후 평가시스템은 경제환경의 변화속도를 어떻게 잘 반영 할 수 있는지에 대한 연구로 방향이 전개될 것으로 보인다.

  • PDF

Applying CBR for Default Risk Forecasting (채무불이행위험의 예측을 위한 CBR응용)

  • Kim Jin-Baek
    • Management & Information Systems Review
    • /
    • v.3
    • /
    • pp.179-199
    • /
    • 1999
  • Case-Based Reasoning(CBR) offers a new approach for developing knowledge based systems. In case-based approach the problem solving experience of the domain expert is encoded in the form of cases. CBR has successfully been applied to many kinds of problems such as design, planning, diagnosis and forecasting. In this paper, CBR was applied for forecasting default risk. The applied result was successful in spite of the small casebase. Generally, CBR requires large casebase. So, if the number of data was large, the result was better. But in this paper, what financial variable was more forecastable was not tested. Next, this should be tested.

  • PDF

A Study on Causal Relationship About the Reparations Range (손해배상범위에 관한 인과관계의 연구)

  • Choi Hwan-Seok;Park Jong-Ryeol
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
    • /
    • v.6 no.4
    • /
    • pp.146-157
    • /
    • 2006
  • Causal relationship means what relations the result occurred have with a fact as a reason. In general, a formular that no result exists without reasons is used for the method to confirm existence and inexistence of causal relationship. Problematic causal relationships in Private Law are reparations (Article No. 393 of Private Law) due to debt nonfulfillment and reparation due to tort (Application of Article No. 393 by Article No. 750, and No. 763 of Private Law). The purpose pursued by reparation system in private law is to promote equal burden of damages, and the range of reparation at this time is decided by the range of damage and the range of damage is decided by the principle of causal relationship. That the causal relationship theory fairly causes confusion by treating one problem and the other problem as the same thing, instead of dividing them according to the purpose of protection presented by the law is a reason of the criticism from different views.

  • PDF