• Title, Summary, Keyword: 철도안전

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A Study on the Improvement of Domestic Rail Safety Management System through the Analysis of Safety Management Regulations and Results of the Universal Rail Safety Audit (안전관리규정과 철도종합안전심사결과 분석을 통한 국내 철도안전관리체계 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, In-Tack;Paeng, Jung-Goang;Jang, Seong-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.342-348
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    • 2008
  • This paper defines the Safety Management System (SMS) based on the rail safety act and surveys the status of the English rail SMS and International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) SMS and OHSAS18001 SMS. Through the analysis of the domestic rail operators' safety management regulations and the results of the universal rail safety audit, the status and problems of domestic rail operators' SMS are investigated and the improvement scheme are derived. First, to establish the continual improvement system for SMS, the instruction which describe the detailed continual improvement method for each steps of SMS including management review by CEO shall be established. Second, to settle the risk management based SMS, converting the rail operators mind and establishing the supply system of safety risk operating model and basic data for the risk analysis and safety evaluation and including the precise requirement for the risk management in the related instruction should be conducted.

A draft of a safety criteria of railway signal based on the hazard analysis of railway accidents (철도사고 위험원 분석을 통한 철도신호안전기준(안) 작성)

  • Yoon, Yong-Ki;Hwang, Jong-Gyu;Lee, Jae-Ho;Kim, Yong-Gyu
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.2082-2083
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    • 2007
  • 고속철도 운행, 도시철도 고밀도화, 무인자동운전의 경량전철 등 신교통시스템 도입 등 급변하는 철도환경에 따른 철도안전의 위험요인이 증가하고 있다. 국내 철도사고 사망자는 설비개량, 노후차량교체, 건널목입체화로 감소하고 있으나 10년을 주기로 대형참사가 발생하고 있으며, 철도관련 종사자의 안전의식이 낮은 수준이다. 이러한 대형참사의 발생을 방지하기 위하여 철도안전법이 제정되고 이의 효율적인 시행기반을 구축하기 위하여 철도시설안전체계 구축 및 기술분야별 안전기준을 개발하고 있다. 본 논문에서는 철도종합기술개발사업의 철도사고 위험요인분석(PHA : Preliminary Hazard Analysis)을 토대로 관계있는 위험원을 선정하였다. 또한 위험원에 의한 사고발생을 예방하기 위한 철도신호분야의 안전기준항목을 기술하였다.

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A Study on the Application Effect of Risk Assessment System for Rail Accidents (철도사고 위험도 산정 시스템 적용 효과에 대한 고찰)

  • Shin, Hyoung-Jin;Han, Sang-Bok;Yun, Gyeong-Cheol;Heo, Nam-Gyu;Kim, Chan-Soo
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.2941-2948
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    • 2011
  • Rialway passengers and public, workers typically have high potential on death and injury accidents, because they are to be frequently adjacent to train or train operation. In order to effectively reduce the risks associated with the passengers, the public, and the workers, a systematic risk assessment should be performed to evaluate the hazards that contribute to the accidents. This paper describes the effect of risk assessment web base system and the extension need of the classification of "The regulation of railway accident report and information in Korea", application for national or railway safety operator, sharing railway safety information.

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A Comparative Study on Railway Accident Safety Statistics among Nations and Other Transportation Modes (국내 철도 안전수준의 비교평가에 관한 연구)

  • Kwak, Sang-Log
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.15 no.2
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    • pp.193-198
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    • 2012
  • As a result of investment in railway safety since 2004, railway accidents have been reduced by half and we reached a high level of safety compared to other countries. But people are still worries about railway accident, and want safer railway. It is difficult to determine which level of safety must be achieved due to lack of comparative studies on railway safety among different countries and other transportation modes. In this study, a comparative study on railway accident statistics and various transportation modes is performed. The results of this research can be used for the determination of weak areas of railway safety and the level of safety to be achieved.

A study on the improvement of safety management system in private railroad corporations by comparing with public railroad corporations (민간철도운영기관의 안전관리 실태 및 그 향상방안에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Sung-Min;Shin, Taek-Hyun;Jeon, Sang-Min;Kim, Jong-Man
    • Proceedings of the KSR Conference
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    • pp.1751-1767
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    • 2010
  • The advent of private railroad corporations gave us many changes because of emphasizing on administration's effectiveness. The change has had an effect on safety management too. Most public railway corporations maintain their rolling stocks and facilities by their direct workers on the other hand, private railway corporations depend on outsourcing to cut down the cost of maintenance. But they have almost same safety management system. Therefore we try to study the difference between two type of corporations, especially workers' safety attitude and propose different safety management system depending on direct or indirect workers.

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A Factor Analysis of Urban Railway Casualty Accidents and Establishment of Preventive Response Systems (도시철도 철도안전사상사고 원인분석 및 예방대응체계구축)

  • Kim, Si Gon;Park, Il Ha;Oh, Jae Kyung;Kim, Yeon Kyu
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.1017-1022
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    • 2014
  • Since the opening of Seoul Subway Line #1 in 1974, the number of passengers has been increasing. The possibility for passenger's accidents in railway stations has also increased. In order to decrease these kind of accidents, railway operation systems have been automated. Nevertheless, the possibility of a casualty accident in railway stations remains. This study analyzed the type of casualty accidents, casualty accidents by age, sex, pedestrian facility, and passenger type based on the internal data of Seoul Metro. The causes of casualty accidents are also found out. Finally, the establishment of railway safety education program and railway safety experience center are suggested in order to prevent the urban railway casualty accident in advance at railway stations.

A Study on Development of Safety Index for Evaluating Railway Safety (철도안전도 평가지표 개발에 관한 연구)

  • Song, Bo-Young;Moon, Dae-Seop;Lee, Dong-Hun
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.12 no.4
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    • pp.443-449
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    • 2009
  • This study propose a model for railway safety evaluation with which the safety of whole railway system can be evaluated. The evaluation model is to generate a safety index which quantitatively represent the degree of railway safety. Safety index is proposed a function of three indexes; an accident index, safety management index, and safety culture index. This paper describes the first result from the study on the safety target which will be a key starting point toward the development of safety evaluation model. It is recommended that the safety target be composed of several sub-targets that are apportioned to constituent components. It is coneluded that the classification of safety target influence on deciding components or attributes that constitute each sub-indexes; an accident index, safety management index, and safety culture index.