• Title, Summary, Keyword: 체성 조절

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The effect of temporomandibular joint movement on tinnitus (턱의 운동이 이명에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Jeong-Mo;Kim, Tae Su;Nam, Eui-Cheol
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.333-338
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    • 2013
  • Purpose: A growing number of studies have been providing evidence for neural connections between the auditory and somatosensory systems that might be a critical part of the mechanisms underlying certain forms of tinnitus. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) movements on tinnitus. Methods: One hundred sixty-three tinnitus patients participated in this study. All patients underwent a thorough audiological examination including pure-tone audiometry, tinnitus handicap inventory, and evaluation of tinnitus loudness, frequency and severity on a visual analog scale. Somatic testing consisting of nine forceful jaw muscle contractions was performed to evaluate the effect of TMJ movements on modulation of tinnitus. Results: 66.9% of patients had unilateral tinnitus. Somatic testing modulated tinnitus loudness in 125 ears (57.6 %) of 217 ears tested. An increase in tinnitus loudness was observed more often than a decrease. Loudness was most commonly increased by opening and clenching jaw. Tinnitus could be induced by opening, clenching and deviating jaw to the left. Conclusion: Our study showed evidence that TMJ movements may aggravate and even evoke tinnitus and somatic testing can be used for evaluating if stimulation of the TMJ induces or aggravates tinnitus.

Firing characteristics analysis of cardiovascular neurons mediating somatosympathetic reflex in the rostral ventrolateral medulla (체성교감반사를 매개하는 상부 복외측연수 심혈관계세포의 흥분발사특성 분석)

  • Goo, Yong-Sook;Cha, Eun-Jong
    • Proceedings of the KOSOMBE Conference
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    • v.1995 no.05
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    • pp.190-194
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    • 1995
  • 체성-교감 반사 유발시 동맥혈압의 조절에 관여한다고 생각되는 상부 복외측 연수 내의 심혈관계 세포를 대상으로 흥분발사의 반응특성을 측정, 분석하였다. 심장 박동주기와 시간적으로 동기되는 흥분발사를 보이는 심혈관계 세포를 찾은 후 체성-교감 반사의 승압반응과 감압반응을 유발시키며 각각에 대해 동일한 세포의 흥분발사의 변화를 측정한 결과 5가지 유형의 반응특성을 얻을 수 있었다. 이들 간에 구성되어 있는 회로망 연결을 설명하고자 2 가지 종류의 특성 세포와 적절한 자극 전달 경로 및 세포간 회로망 연결을 도입하여 본 연구의 실험결과를 모두 설명할 수 있는 가장 간단한 죄소 세포회로망 모델을 구성하였다. 최소 모델의 고찰 결과 고유한 감압경로의 존재가능성이 도출되었다.

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The Effect of Balance Training using Force Platform on Postural Control and Central Somatosensory Pathway in Adults with C. N. S. Disorders (Force Platform을 이용한 평형성 훈련이 중추신경계 손상자의 자세조절 및 중추 감각신경전도로에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim Yoo-Sub;Kang Hyo-Young;Kim Tae-Yoon
    • The Journal of Korean Physical Therapy
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.71-79
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    • 1999
  • 본 연구의 목적은 균형 훈련이 중추신경계 손상자들의 자세 조절 및 중추감각신경전도로에 미치는 영향을 규명하는데 있다. 연구대상자는 중추신경계 손상자로써 실험군 10명, 통제군 10명 등 총 20명을 선정하였으며, 실험군은 본 연구의 훈련 프로그램에 따라 12주간 force platform을 이용하여 균형훈련을 실시토록하였다. 자세조절 변인의 측정은 운동처치 전, 처치 후 8주 및 12주 후에 대상자들의 동적 및 정적 자세에서의 흔들림을 Dynamic Balance System을 이용하여 측정하였고, 체성감각 유발전위의 말초신경 근위부 유발전위$(N_9)$ 잠복기, 척수 유발전위$(N_{13})$ 잠복기, 뇌 유발전위 $(N_{20})$ 잠복기는 Neurotec을 이용하여 측정 분석한 결과 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1. 정적 자세 조절 요인의 경우, 좌우 흔들림과 전후 흔들림은 실험군에서 8주 후부터 유의하게 (p<.05) 감소하였고, 실험군이 통제군에 비해 운동처치 8주 및 12주 후에 각각 유의하게(P<.05, P<.01) 흔들림이 감소하였다. 2. 전후 이동면과 전후 기울기면에서 동적 자세 조절의 변화는 전후 이동면에서 좌우 흔들림과 전후 흔들림은 실험군에서 8주 후부터 유의하게 (P<.05) 감소하였으며, 실험군이 통제군에 비해 운동처치 8주 및 12주 후에 각각 유의하게 (P<.05, p<.01) 흔들림이 감소하였다. 3. 체성감각 유발전위의 잠복기 변화는 실험군과 통제군에 있어서 말초신경 근위부 유발전위$(N_9)$ 잠복기와 척수 유발전위$(N_{13})$ 잠복기가 다소 증가하였으나 유의한 차이는 나타나지 않았으며, 실험군에 있어서 뇌 유발전위 $(N_{20})$ 잠복기는 8주 후부터 유의하게 (P<.05) 증가하였다. 이상의 결과를 종합해 볼 때, 12주의 균형 훈련은 자세 조절에 있어서 전후와 좌우의 흔들림을 감소시킴으로써 정적인 상태나 동적인 상태에서의 자세 안정성을 증가시킬 수 있음을 시사하고 있다. 이는 자세 조절에 필요한 항중력근의 긴장성 수축을 유발시킬 뿐만 아니라 근육 긴장분포를 조절할 수 있다는 것으로 신경근 조절 기능의 향상을 의미하는 것으로 사료된다. 또한 뇌 유발전위 $(N_{20})$ 잠복기의 증가는 중추신경계의 감각기능의 신경학적 회복을 의미하는 것으로 중추신경계의 감각 운동통합에도 영향을 미쳐 운동기능의 향상을 기대할 수 이을 것으로 사료된다.

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Real time remote management for home network system using bio-physical sensor (생체 센서 시스템을 이용한 실시간 원격 홈 네트워크 시스템)

  • Kim, Jeong-Lae
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.117-124
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    • 2011
  • This study was realized the home network system for home care by bio-physical sensor system, to convey for the remote physical signal. The composition condition has four functions of displacement point for a Vision, Somatosensory, Vestibular and CNS that the basic measurement used to a Heart Rate, Temperature, Weight. Physical signal are decided to search a max and min point with adjustment of 0.01 unit in the reference level. There were checked physical condition of body balance to compounded a physical neuroceptor of sensory organ for the measurement such as a Vision, Somatosensory, Vestibular, CNS, BMI. There are to check a health care condition through a combination of physical organ with a posturography of a exercise. The service of home network system can be used to support health care management system through health assistants in health care center and central health care system. It was expected to monitor a physical parameter for the remote control health management system.

Words in the Korean Language Used to describe Pain in Cancer Patients - for the Development of Korean Cancer Pain Assessment Tool (K-CPAT) - (표준형 성인 암성 통증평가 도구 개발을 위한 암성 통증 어휘조사)

  • Jang, Se-Kwon;Park, Jean-No;Yeom, Chang-Hwan;Lee, Myung-Aha;Song, Chan-Hee;Yoon, So-Young;Lee, Young-Hee;Choi, Youn-Seon
    • The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.6 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2003
  • This paper addresses the minor differences in the description of pain in Korean language in order to develop a standarized cancer pain aneument tool for Korean adults, Korean Caancer Pain Assessement Tool. The subtle differences in the meaning of expressions used cannot be translated into English and therefore we omiltted the English abstract.

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The Development Of Union Balance Sensory Measurement And Diagnosis System Using Virtual Reality (가상현실을 이용한 통합 평형감각 측정 및 진단 시스템의 개발)

  • 김종윤;송철규;김남균
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Emotion and Sensibility Conference
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    • pp.239-243
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    • 2001
  • 최근 각종 질병과 사고로 평형감각에 이상이 있는 환자가 증가하고 있다. 이들의 빠른 사회로의 환원을 위해서는 평형감각을 회복시킬 수 있는 효율적인 재활훈련이 필요하다. 하지만 기존 장비들은 근력을 길러주거나 특정감각기관만을 훈련시켜주는 정도의 재활만이 가능하다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 가상현실기술과 자전거를 이용하여 평형감각 실조환자의 진단 및 시각, 전정감각, 체성감각 등을 효율적으로 진단하고 자극, 훈련시킬 수 있는 bike simulator system을 개발하였다. 그리고 본 시스템이 재활훈련에 유용한지 실험 검토하였다. 실험결과 본 시스템을 통한 반복실험결과 COP의 값을 통하여 평형감각의 정량적 측정, 분석이 가능하였고, 훈련시 COP를 실시간으로 visual feedback함으로서 평형감각의 조절과 balance의 유지기능이 향상함을 확인하였고 본 시스템이 통합평형감각 측정 및 훈련용 재활장비로 유용함을 알 수 있었다.

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Effects of the Integrative Weight Control Program Including East Asian Traditional Medicine on the Degree of Obesity and Body Composition (한방요법을 포함한 통합비만관리 프로그램이 체성분과 비만도 변화에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Kyoung-Ae;Jeon, Eun-Young
    • The Korean Journal of Rehabilitation Nursing
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.62-69
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    • 2010
  • Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of an integrative weight control program including East Asian traditional medicine on the degree of obesity and body compositions. Method: Using one group pre-post test design, 63 subjects aged 19 years or older were conveniently recruited from D University hospital. The weight control program consisted of acupuncture, aerobic exercise, moderate caloric restriction, and behavioral modification for weight loss. Paired t-tests were conducted using the SPSS V18.0. Results: Body weight (t=10.44, p<.001), body fat mass (t=11.47, p<.001), percentage of body fat (t=11.49, p<.001), the degree of obesity (t=10.48, p<.001), body mass index (t=10.66, p<.001), waist circumference (t=10.25, p<.001), hip circumference (t=6.10, p<.001), and WHR (t=2.21, p=.040) decreased after administering the integrative weight control program. Conclusion: This integrative weight control program effectively reduced the obesity degree and percentage of body fat. Further study is needed to replicate our program in a larger sample with control group to validate the findings.

Effects of Sleep on Balance Control and Reaction Time to Visual Stimuli (수면이 균형조절과 시각적 자극 반응시간에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Sookyoung;Park, Jung-A;Park, Kanghui;Kim, Joo-Heon;Hong, Yonggeun
    • Sleep Medicine and Psychophysiology
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.68-76
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    • 2016
  • Objectives: To find evidence that sleep is necessary for normal brain function, thus indicating that declines in both sleep quality and quantity are related to worse performance of many daily tasks and deteriorated physical functions. The present study investigates the relationships of balance control and reaction time with sleep quality. Methods: 58 healthy (male 20, female 38) volunteers with informed consent participated in this study. The Self-reported Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) was used to evaluate sleep quality and relevant factors, and the subjects were divided into groups A (PSQI < 5) and B ($PSQI{\geq}5$) based on this index. Static balance control and reaction time to visual stimuli were conducted to assess their relationship with sleep quality. Results: Group B exhibited excessive daytime sleepiness significantly more often compared to group A. Static balance control did not markedly change relative to sleep quality, but reaction time and error to visual stimuli were significantly increased in group B compared to group A. Conclusion: These findings indicate that a decline in sleep quality can result in delayed reactions, as well as decreased accuracy of these reactions. They also suggest that low sleep quality may be associated with changes in physical functions, including balance control through reduced selective attention.

The Moderating Effects of the Perceived Economical Difficulty on the Adolescents' Attitude to Prostitution: Focused on Gender Equality Consciousness and Sexual Subjectivity (청소년이 지각하는 경제적 어려움이 성매매태도에 미치는 영향 - 성평등의식과 성주체성의 조절효과를 중심으로)

  • Shin, Jung-Yi;Hwang, Hye-Won;Park, Hyun-Soon
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.27-38
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    • 2012
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study is to find the influences of the perceived economical difficulty, gender equality consciousness and sexual subjectivity on the adolescents' attitude to prostitution to examine the moderating effects of gender equality consciousness and sexual subjectivity between the perceived economical difficulty and the adolescents' attitude to prostitution, and to provide some recommendations for intervention to improve more appropriate attitude of adolescents on prostitution. Methods: The data used for this study is from the survey with a sample of 1,151 students from 14 middle and high schools in Chungbuk province. Results: The main results of this study are as follows: First, there are statistical differences in the adolescents' attitude to prostitution according to gender, grade, and the type of school. Second, there is a positive effect of the perceived economical difficulty, gender equality consciousness and sexual subjectivity on the adolescents' attitude to prostitution. Third, there are positive moderating effects of sexual subjectivity between the perceived economical difficulty and the adolescents' attitude to prostitution. Conclusions: Intervening in the sex education at an early stage, advertising prostitution's harmful effect at the level of a social concern and developing diverse programs to enhance the sexual subjectivity of students are recommended to promote appropriate attitude of adolescents about prostitution.

Quality Evaluation of Red Seabream, Pagrus major by Physicochemical Method (물리 화학적 방법에 의한 참돔, Pagrus major의 품질판정)

  • 김태진;배진한;여해경;심길보;정호진;조영제
    • Journal of Aquaculture
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.173-179
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    • 2004
  • The quality of cultured fish was evaluated in this study by using physicochemical method. The speed of a current was taken a decision 0.5 m/s by a preliminary experiment. No-exercise trained group was not much significantly changed moisture content, lipid content, collagen content and breaking strength during cultured time (P>0.05). But moisture content of exercise trained group was 72.05$\pm$1.45% at the first time and increased to 3% after 20 days. Lipid content was initially 5.36$\pm$0.90% and reduced to 46% during the cultured time. The breaking strength increased during cultured time, on the contrary collagen content did not change significantly. Relation between each elements during the cultured time, moisture content and lipid content was significantly correlated with breaking strength (P<0.05, r=0.60 and P<0.05, 0.56). But relation between breaking strength and collagen content was not clear (P>0.05, r=0.16). These results were suggested that the increase of breaking strength after exercise was affected by lipid content not collagen content.