• Title, Summary, Keyword: 체적비

Search Result 1,184, Processing Time 0.038 seconds

A Necessity at Introducing the Volume Ratio in the Computation Vegetated Flow (식생흐름 계산에서 체적비 도입의 필요성)

  • Kim, Mujong;Lee, Seonmin;Choi, Sung-Uk
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.177-177
    • /
    • 2015
  • 개수로에서 식생은 항력을 발생하여 평균유속을 감소시킬 뿐만 아니라, 식생영역과 비식생영역의 경계에서 유속 차를 발생시켜 일반 개수로 흐름보다 복잡한 흐름구조를 형성한다. 또한, 식생은 개수로 흐름에서 부피를 차지하여 식생영역의 유량을 감소시킨다. 일반적으로 식생이 식재된 개수로 흐름을 수치모의 할 경우 체적비를 고려하지 않을 때가 많다. 하지만 물과 식생의 체적비가 높을 경우, 식생에 의한 부피를 고려하지 않으면 실제 유속을 과다산정 하여 흐름모의가 정확하지 않다. 그러므로 식생이 있는 흐름을 정확히 수치모의하기 위해 식생의 체적비를 고려하여 실제 유속을 산정하는 것은 매우 중요하다. 본 연구에서는 식생된 개수로 흐름의 수치모의에서 체적비 도입의 필요성을 분석하였다. $k-{\varepsilon}$ 난류모형을 이용하여 수치모의를 수행하였고, 지배방정식에 식생항을 추가하여 식생이 식재된 개수로 흐름을 모의하였다. 식생 체적비를 고려하기 위해 지배방정식에 식생 체적비에 관한 항을 추가하였다. 체적비 도입의 필요성을 알아보기 위해 선행연구의 침수식생 실험수로를 대상으로 수치모의하였다. 식생밀도가 낮은 경우 식생 체적비의 고려 유 무가 모의결과에 미치는 영향이 작았으나, 식생밀도가 높은 경우에는 식생 체적비를 고려한 경우가 보다 정확한 모의결과를 도출 할 수 있었다.

  • PDF

An Experimental Study for Relationship Between Gravity Water Content and Volumetric Water Content Through the Absorptance of Soils Particles (흙 입자의 흡수율을 고려한 체적함수비와 중량함수비의 관계에 관한 실험적 고찰)

  • Lee, Hyoungkyu;Lee, In
    • Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
    • /
    • v.12 no.3
    • /
    • pp.63-67
    • /
    • 2011
  • Recently, the application of unsaturated-soil theory is concerned in practice. Most characteristics of unsaturated-soil is the relationship between volumetric water contents and matric suction. Usually the volume water contents is estimated by the relationship between gravity water contents and volume water contents because of the difficulty of measurement of volumetric water contents. In this case, the water exists in only void of soil, and the relationship between gravity water contents and volume water contents is calculated by only water in void, but in fact, the water exists in the particle of the soil. So the real volume water contents is different with calculated volume water contents derived by the relationship containing only void water. The object of this research is to revise the relationship between volume water contents and gravity water contents by using the absorptivity tests of the soil particle.

A Voxel Data Compression Using Skeleton (스켈레톤을 이용한 삼차원 체적소 데이터의 부호화)

  • 송인욱;김창수;이상욱
    • Proceedings of the IEEK Conference
    • /
    • /
    • pp.273-276
    • /
    • 2000
  • 3차원 영상은 2차원 영상에 비해 데이터량이 매우 방대하다. 따라서 3차원 데이터를 효율적으로 압축하는 것은 매우 중요하다. 현재까지 대부분의 연구는 데이터량이 체적소(voxel)에 비해 월등히 적은 메쉬(mesh)를 기반으로 하여 이루어져 왔다. 하지만, 메쉬를 이용한 데이터 압축의 경우 체적소에 비해 데이터 자체의 규칙성이 떨어져 체적소를 이용한 압축에 비해 압축 효율이 낮다. 그리고, 체적소 데이터를 이용할 경우, 이를 스켈레톤화 하여 데이터량을 더욱 줄일 수 있다. 따라서 본 논문에서는 3차원 체 적소 데이터의 규칙성과 스켈레톤을 이용한 압축 기법을 제안할 것이다.

  • PDF

Effect of Slag Particle Size and Volume Fraction on Mechanical Properties of Slag Reinforced Composite (슬래그 입자의 크기 및 체적비에 따른 슬래그 입자강화 복합재료의 기계적 특성 연구)

  • Nam, Ji-Hoon;Chun, Heoung-Jae;Hong, Ik-Pyo
    • Composites Research
    • /
    • v.26 no.4
    • /
    • pp.218-222
    • /
    • 2013
  • This study demonstrated that a slag, an industrial solid waste, can be used as a structural reinforcement. The mechanical properties(tensile strength and Elastic modulus) of slag reinforced composite(SRC) was investigated as functions of slag particle size (8~12 ${\mu}m$ and 12~16 ${\mu}m$) and volume fraction (0-40 vol.%). In order to investigate the interface and a degree of particle dispersion which have an effect on mechanical properties, optical microscopic images were taken. The results of tensile tests showed that the tensile strength decreased with an increase in slag volume fraction and particle size. The elastic modulus increased with an increase in slag volume fraction and particle size except for 30 vol.% SRC. The tensile strength decreased with an increase in slag particle size. The microscopic picture showed SRC has fine degree of particle dispersion at low slag volume fraction. SRC has a good interface at every volume fraction. However particle cluster was incorporated with an increase in slag volume fraction.

Development on the Soil-Water Characteristics Curve Equation of Deformable Soils (체적이 변하는 흙의 흙-수분 특성곡선식 개발 비교)

  • 이인모;이형주;김기섭;김영욱
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
    • /
    • v.16 no.6
    • /
    • pp.15-21
    • /
    • 2000
  • 본 논문은 체적이 변하는 흙에 대하여 새로운 흙-수분 특성곡선 이론을 제시하고 이를 실험적으로 규명하였다. 그 결과, 점토와 같이 불포화되는 과정중 체적변형이 발생하는 흙의 흙-수분 특성곡선은 간극비와 흡인력의 함수이므로 체적변화를 무시할 수 없음이 밝혀졌다. 따라서 본 논문에서는 체적변화가 있는 경우 흙-수분특성곡선을 구하기 위하여 두가지 실험법을 채택하였다. 그 첫째는 전통적인 압력판 추출시험과, 중량함수비와 간극비와의 관계를 알 수 있는 수축한계시험을 실시하여 조합하는 방법이며, 둘째 방법은 압력판 셀을 새로인 고안하여 추출시험시에 체적 수축도 측정할 수 있는 수정된 압력판 셀 시험방법을 이용하는 것이다. 이 시험결과를 3차원 상의 면(surface)에서 표현하여, 체적변형을 고려한 흙-수분 특성을 규명할수 있도록 하였다.

  • PDF

Feasibility Study on Diagnosis of Material Damage Using Bulk Wave Mixing Technique (체적파 혼합기법을 이용한 재료 손상 진단 적용 가능성 연구)

  • Choi, Jeongseok;Cho, Younho
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Nondestructive Testing
    • /
    • v.36 no.1
    • /
    • pp.53-59
    • /
    • 2016
  • Ultrasonic nonlinear evaluation is generally utilized for detection of not only defects but also microdamage such as corrosion and plastic deformation. Nonlinearity is determined by the amplitude ratio of primary wave second harmonic wave, and the results of its comparison are used for evaluation. Owing to the experimental features, the experimental nonlinearity result contains system nonlinearity and material nonlinearity. System nonlinearity is that which is unwanted by the user; hence, it acts as an error and interrupts analysis. In this study, a bulk wave mixing technique is implemented in order to minimize the system nonlinearity and obtain the reliable analysis results. The biggest advantage of this technique is that experimental nonlinearity contains less system nonlinearity than that for the conventional nonlinear ultrasonic technique. Theoretical and experimental verifications are performed in this study. By comparing the results of the bulk wave mixing technique with those of the conventional technique, the strengths, weaknesses, and application validity of the bulk wave mixing technique are determined.

Estimation of Volume Change and Fluid-Rock Ratio of Gouges in Quaternary Faults, the Eastern Blocks of the Ulsan Fault, Korea (울산단층 동부지역 제4기단층 비지대의 체적변화와 유체-암석비에 대한 고찰)

  • Chang Tae-Woo;Chae Yeon-Zoon;Choo Chang-Oh
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
    • /
    • v.15 no.3
    • /
    • pp.349-363
    • /
    • 2005
  • Many Quaternary faults are recognized as thin gouge and narrow cataclastic zone juxtaposing the Bulguksa granite and Quaternary deposit bed in the eastern block of the Using Fault, Korea: Gaegok 1, Caegok 2, Singye, Madong Wonwonsa and Jinhyeon faults. This study was performed to calculate chemical change, volume change, silica loss and fluid-rock ratio taken place in gouge zones of these Quaternary faults using XRF, XRD, EPMA. The chemical compositions of fault rocks reveal that the fault gouges are depleted in $SiO_2,\;Na_2\;O,and\;K_2O$ and enriched in $Al_2O_3,\;Fe_2O_3,\;P_2O_5,\;MgO,\;MnO,\;CaO,\;and\;LOI(H_2O+CO_2)$ relative to protoliths. The fact that there is enrichment of relatively immobile elements and depletion of the more soluble elements in the fault gouges relative to protoliths can be explained by fluid-assisted volume loss of $56\%$ for Caegok 1 fault, $22\%$ for Caegok 2 fault,$34\%$, for Singye fault, $8\%$ for Madong fault, $2\%$ for the Wonwonsa fault and $53\%$ for the linhyeon fault. Madong fault and Wonwonsa fault where ratios of the volume change, silica loss and fluid-rock are low might have acted as a closed system for fluid activity, whereas Caegok 1 fault and Jinhyeon fault with high ratios in those factors be an open system. The volumetric fluid-rock ratios range $10^2\sim10^4$ for all faults, being highest in Caegok 1 fault and Jinhyeon fault whose fluid activity was most significant.

Estimation of volume Ratio according to Step up Filling Method for a Dredged Clay (단계투기법에 의한 준설점토의 체적비 산정)

  • Lee, Song;Kang, Myoung-Chan
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
    • /
    • v.16 no.1
    • /
    • pp.167-178
    • /
    • 2000
  • An experimental study on step up filling method is carried out to reinforce the Yano method which is widely used to estimate volume ratio and self-weight consolidation settlement in reclamation area. This method considers actual reclamation construction in which dredged clay is continuously filled and rising of deposit height is presented as a result of volume decrease by height rising and self-weight consolidation. It measured the relationship between filling velocity and deposit rising velocity; calculated the total filling height which is needed to achieve the planned final deposit height, and its solid height and the time which is taken to finish the planned final deposit height; and on the basis of these calculated parameters, predicted the self-weight consolidation and volume change ratio in reclamation construction. Yano method is also used to predict the same conditions. 29.8% in self-weight consolidation, 31.1% in volume ratio, 40% in void ratio and water content is underestimated in Yano method compared to step up filling method.

  • PDF

The Effect of the Fiber Volume Fraction Non-uniformity and Resin Rich Layer on the Rib Stiffness Behavior of Composite Lattice Structures (섬유체적비 불균일 및 수지응집층이 복합재 격자 구조체 리브의 강성도 거동에 미치는 영향)

  • Kang, Min-Song;Jeon, Min-Hyeok;Kim, In-Gul;Kim, Mun-Guk;Go, Eun-Su;Lee, Sang-Woo
    • Composites Research
    • /
    • v.31 no.4
    • /
    • pp.161-170
    • /
    • 2018
  • Cylindrical composite lattice structures are manufactured by filament winding process. The fiber volume fraction non-uniformity and resin rich layers that can occur in the manufacturing process affect the stiffness and strength of the structure. Through the cross-section examination of the hoop and helical ribs, which are major elements of the composite lattice structure, we observed the fiber volume fraction non-uniformity and resin rich layers. Based on the results of the cross-section examination, the stiffness of the ribs was analyzed through the experimental and theoretical approaches. The results show that the fiber volume fraction non-uniformity and resin rich layers have an obvious influence on the rib stiffness of composite lattice structure.

Slump and Mechanical Properties of Hybrid Steel-PVA Fiber Reinforced Concrete (강섬유와 PVA 섬유로 하이브리드 보강된 콘크리트의 슬럼프 및 역학적 특성)

  • Yang, Keun-Hyeok
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
    • /
    • v.22 no.5
    • /
    • pp.651-658
    • /
    • 2010
  • Sixteen concrete mixes reinforced with hybrid steel-polybinyl alcohol (PVA) fibers and a control concrete mix with no fiber were tested in order to examine the effect of the micro and macro fibers on the slump and different mechanical properties of concrete. Main variables investigated were length and volume fraction of steel and PVA fibers. The measured mechanical properties of hybrid fiber reinforced concrete were analyzed using the fiber reinforcing index and compared with those recorded from monolithic steel or PVA fiber reinforced concrete. The initial slump of hybrid fiber reinforced concrete decreased with the increase of the aspect ratio and the volume fraction of fibers. In addition, splitting tensile strength, modui of rupture and elasticity, and flexural toughness index of concrete increased with the increase of the fiber reinforcement index. Modulus of rupture and flexural toughness index of hybrid fiber reinforced concrete were higher than those of monolithic fiber reinforced concrete, though the total volume fraction of hybrid fibers was lower than that of monolithic fiber. For enhancing the flexural toughness index of hybrid fiber reinforced concrete, using the steel fiber of 60 mm length was more effective than using the steel fibers combined with 60 mm and 30 mm lengths.