• Title, Summary, Keyword: 초고령사회

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Social and Psychological Characteristics of the Oldest Old in Longevity Belt in Korea (우리나라 장수지역 초고령 노인의 사회적 및 심리적 특성)

  • 최성재
    • Proceedings of the KGS Conference
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    • pp.30-30
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    • 2004
  • 본 연구는 우리나라에서 85세 이상(초고령 노인) 비율이 65세 이상(노인인구) 비율 가운데 가장 높은 장수지역이라 할 수 있는 전라도 4군의 남녀 각각 60명 총 120명을 직접 방문하여 면접 조사한 것이다. 본 조사연구는 전반적으로 초고령 노인의 특성을 발견하는 것과 더불어 성별간 차이 및 장수요인을 규명하는 것을 목적으로 시행되었다. 조사분석에서 발견된 초고령 노인의 주요특성과 성별차이 및 장수요인은 다음과 같다. (중략)

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The Effects of Psychosocial Factors on Life Satisfaction of the Oldest Old (초고령 노인의 삶의 만족에 영향을 미치는 심리사회적 요인들에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, In-Jeong
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare
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    • v.61 no.1
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    • pp.359-382
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    • 2009
  • Little research has been done to understand the dynamics of well-being among the oldest old, although Korea experiences a rapid increase of this population group. This study explored the effects of demographic characteristics, physical condition, stressful life events and worries on life satisfaction of aged 85 and over. The moderating effects of psychosocial resources in buffering the negative effects of the life events and worries on life satisfaction of this group were also examined. The survey data collected from 213 community residing aged 85 and over was used for analyses. Major findings are as follows. First, most frequent stressors of the oldest old were health related problems. Second, greater worries, higher income status, lower level of physical impairment, co-residence with adult children were significantly related to higher life satisfaction of the oldest old. Third, emotional support from adult children as well as self-esteem of the older persons had buffering effects on the relationship between worries and life satisfaction. According to the results, implications for practice and services to increase life satisfaction of the oldest old were discussed.

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고령사회 삶의 질 이끄는 '노화과학'

  • Park, Sang-Cheol
    • The Science & Technology
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    • no.2
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    • pp.82-85
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    • 2007
  • 65세 이상 총인구가 차지하는 비율이 14% 이상을 고령사회라고 한다. 우리나라는 지난해 이 비율이 8.7%에서 2019년에는 14.4%, 2026년에는 20%를 넘어 초고령사회로 진입할 것으로 예상되고 있다. 이러한 초고령 사회에서 노화와 이에 따른 질병은 개인에 있어서는 궁극적인 삶의 질 하락을, 국가에 있어서는 엄청난 재정 부담과 함께 국가 경제력 하락을 초래한다. 그러나 '99세까지 88하자(구구팔팔)'는 질병 없는 행복한 장수는 결코 꿈이 아니다. 지난 수십년간의 연구를 통해 노화의 원인들이 속속 밝혀지고 있기 때문이다. 월간 '과학과 기술'은 '노화'를 주제로 이번 2월호부터 10회에 걸쳐 연재한다.

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The Changing Spatial Patterns of Aging Population in Korea (한국 인구고령화의 지역적 전개 양상)

  • Choi, Jae-Heon;Yoon, Hyun-Wi
    • Journal of the Korean Geographical Society
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.359-374
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    • 2012
  • This paper intends to examine spatial patterns and regional variations of aging population in Korea based on census data for 163 areas during 1980~2010. It briefly investigates general characteristics of aging population in Korea from previous studies and clarifies spatial patterns of aging process at regional level with reference of population growth rate at different time periods. Cities in Korea are classified into several stages including aging society, aged society and super-aged society according to the percentages of aging population out of total population every five years. At the regional scale, the stage of aging society was revealed from 1980, while the stage of aged society was shown from 1995 and super-aged society was entered from 2000 in Korea. Eighty cities in the analysis were shown at the stage of super-aged society in 2010. The portions of aging population are highly related to city size and population growth rate. For instance, the cities both in small size and with low population growth rate are revealing high percentage of aging population. As of 2010, most rural areas are staged into super-aged society, while most cities within Seoul metropolitan area and mid-sized cities are kept in the stage of aging society. At regional scale, there are no significant statistical correlations between total fertility rate and aging population.

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표면 생체활성 복합재료의 개발과 응용

  • 조성백;김상배
    • Ceramist
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.74-83
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    • 2004
  • 통계청이 내놓은 “한국의 인구현황” 보고서에 의하면 2002년 7월 현재 65 이상의 노령 인구는3백37만 1천명으로 총인구(4천7백27만명)의 7.1%를 차지한 것으로 나타났다. 유엔은 전체 인구 중 65세 이상의 노령자의 비율이 7%를 넘게 되면 고령화 사회, 14%를 넘으면 고령사회, 20% 이상은 초고령 사회로 분류하고 있다. 통계청은 평균수명의 증가 및 출산율의 감소 등으로 인하여 우리나라의 인구 노령화가 빨라져 2022년에는 노령 인구가 전체의 14.3%를 기록하며 고령사회에, 2032년에는 20%를 넘어 초고령 사회에 진입할 것으로 전망했다.(중략)

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Study of Design of Traffic Lights for the Prevention of Disaster to be prepared for a Super-aged Society (초고령사회에 대비한 교통신호등 방재디자인 연구)

  • Lee, Hyun-Ju;Roh, Hwang-Woo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.10
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    • pp.560-567
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    • 2019
  • South Korea, which has entered an aged society, is about to enter a super-aged society in 2025. With the increase of an aging population, traffic accidents by aged drivers have been settled as a social problem. Now, when Korea is facing a super-aged society to come, a study was conducted to prevent traffic accidents that occur while the elderly people are driving through a disaster prevention design. For theoretical research, this study examined the concept and necessity of disaster prevention design, the present condition of an aged society, aged drivers' physical and cognitive characteristics, and the policies related to the forms of traffic lights the elderly people see. In addition, to propose the design, this study investigated and analyzed the traffic safety forms and colors of the International Standards Organization and proposed the first and second forms of the design of traffic lights for the gradual improvement of the traffic lights based on that. The first improved design form is a plan for displaying a triangle, an arrow with a large area, and a quadrangle in the lens of the head of the existing traffic lights, and the second improved design form is a plan for introducing a new traffic light head and forming the traffic light with a bigger triangle, an arrow with a large area and a quadrangular lens. Since it has a visually clearer form than the present traffic lights, it is expected that aged drivers who have physical and cognitive characteristics due to aging can secure better visibility and conspicuity and that they can make better reflex responses than they can now, also in the change of driving environment (rain and heavy snowstorm, etc.). In addition, it is expected that this study would be a preceding study to prepare standard guidelines on traffic safety signs other than traffic lights to be prepared for the super-aged society.