• Title, Summary, Keyword: 초고령사회

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A Study on the Large Print Books Current Situation in Japanese Public Libraries - in Yamagata Prefecture - (일본 공공도서관의 대활자본 현황 조사 - 야마가타현을 중심으로 -)

  • Son, Ji-Hyeon;Shindo, Tooru
    • Journal of Korean Library and Information Science Society
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    • v.45 no.4
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    • pp.119-138
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    • 2014
  • This study examines the actual conditions and present state of using large print books as a part of the senior services in the japanese public library as the super-aged society. The examination shows that nearly 80% of the public libraries in Yamagata Prefecture has large print books however there are few specialized services and book-lending rate is also low. This study also shows that there is no announcement about using large print books in the public libraries. Therefore, this study will present the redevelopment plan of the reading environment about large print books for the senior.

Study on improvement of legislation for elderly welfare

  • Park, Jong-Ryeol;Noe, Sang-Ouk
    • Journal of the Korea Society of Computer and Information
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.219-227
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    • 2020
  • It is expected that Korea will be entering with super aged society with its rapid changing to aging society compare to other developed countries. Such phenomenon is recognized from a long time ago and government has enacted Elderly Long Term Convalescence Insurance Regulation back in 1999. However, different from its actual purpose, there are many problems and improvements to be made, leading to legislative revision for several times. Still, it is left with many issues. This is one example showing there has been a continuous problem with elderly long term convalescence insurance system. Even this system in Germany which have started 4 years before us is to continuously revising regulation by raising issues to make strong structure for elderly welfare and long term convalescence, aiming to enhance life of elderly people by providing detailed standard for convalescence. Elderly related legal systematization may not enhance their welfare service or daily life right away. However, if details in regulation and its theory is systematically arranged, this will greatly reduce administrative confusion as well as increasing understanding and use of this system for the nation.

A Symptom Recognition Method of Diseases for Senior User Based on Language Model (시니어 사용자를 위한 언어 모델 기반 질환 증상 인식 방법)

  • Park, Min-Kyung;Choi, Jin-Woo;Whangbo, Taeg-Keun
    • Proceedings of the Korea Information Processing Society Conference
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    • pp.461-463
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    • 2020
  • 2025년 초고령 사회로 진입할 것으로 예상됨에 따라 고령화 시대에 발생하는 문제점들을 IT기술을 응용하여 지능적으로 해결할 수 있는 인공지능 헬스케어 솔루션이 주목받고 있다. BIS리서치의 보고서에 따르면 헬스케어 산업의 챗봇 시장 규모가 2029년 약 4억 9,800만 달러로 성장할 것으로 예상된다. 따라서 시니어 사용자를 위한 기술 연구가 적극적으로 필요한 시점이다. 본 논문에서는 사전학습한 언어모델과 BiLSTM기반 신경망 모델을 이용하여 시니어 사용자에게 특화된 질환 증상 인식 모델 구현에 관한 범위 및 방법에 관해 기술한다. 이는 시니어 대상 건강관리 챗봇 솔루션에 도입하여 시니어 사용자에게 자주 발생하는 질환들을 조기에 발견할 수 있도록 지원하여 위험의 발생 예방에 도움을 주는 서비스가 될 것으로 전망한다.

Study on Moderating Effect of Subjective Health State of Elder Who Lives Alone on the Influence of Those People's Stratum Consciousness on Their Depression (독거노인의 사회계층인식이 우울에 미치는 영향에서 주관적 건강상태의 조절효과 검증)

  • Jeong, Weon-Cheol;Tae, Myeong-Ok
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.12
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    • pp.426-436
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study was to determine the moderating effect of subjective health state of elder who lives alone on the influence of those people's stratum consciousness on their depression. For this purpose, the study utilized the 5th version of Korea Longitudinal Study on Aging 2014 and analyzed data concerning 774 elder who lives alone. The findings of this study can be summarized as follows. First, the higher elder who lives alone were in subjective stratum consciousness, the lower they were in depression. Second, elder who lives alone were lower in depression when perceiving they were higher in health state. Third, the elder who lives alone were lower in depression when their perceived subjective health state was higher even if they were lower in stratum consciousness. All these findings clearly indicate that the stratum consciousness and depression of elder who lives alone are moderated by their perceived health state of their own. Lastly, the implications, limitations, and suggestion for further research were discussed.

Analyzing the Characteristics of Trip Chaining Activities of the Elderly in Seoul Metropolitan Area (수도권 고령자의 통행사슬 특성에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Hyangsook;Choo, Sangho;Kim, Jiyoon
    • The Journal of The Korea Institute of Intelligent Transport Systems
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.68-79
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    • 2014
  • This paper analyzes the characteristics of trip chaining activities of elderly and explores temporal and spatial distribution. The research also estimates ordered probit model and binary logistic model to investigate various factors affecting trip chaining and mode choice patterns. We utilized household survey data for elderly conducted in 2006 and 2010 in Seoul metropolitan area. Research results indicate that trip chaining showed an increasing trend and simple trip chaining counts for more than 85%. GIS mapping expressed spatial distribution of trip departure and arrival areas, particularly showing regional changes in job-related trips. We also found that more factors influence trip chaining in 2010, compared with 2006, and travel cost is more sensitive than travel time in determining travel mode. The research contributes to establish transportation policies based on travel behavior of elderly in a upcoming super-aged society.

Characteristics for the Distribution of Elderly Population by Utilizing the Census Data (센서스 데이터를 활용한 고령인구 분포 특성)

  • Nam, Kwang-Woo;Gwon, Il-Hwa
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.464-469
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    • 2013
  • After city of Busan has been entered to the aging society in 2000, the city has the highest aging rate among 7 representative cities in 2011. Moreover, while entire population and number of average household are decreasing, over 65 years old of elderly population is rapidly increasing. So, it is possible to enter the super-aged society, where aging rate would be about 20% after 2020. The purpose of this study is that older housing-related analysis is consisted of dong-unit, and this led microscopic analysis has become necessary. Surveys from 2000 through 2010, census aggregate (output area) unit of spatial analysis was conducted. Take advantages of this, aging population and area, soaring area, high-density areas, such as the region of interest were primary extracted, and microscopic location and spatial distribution patterns were analyzed. Upon analysis, aging population is concentrated in the city and adjacent area, the highlands, and 10 years of increasing rate was more than 30 times in certain aggregate. Regarding the characteristic of these areas, the original city center, Busan, especially concentrated and intensified in aging population. Also, 2000 to 2010, the overall distribution pattern of Busan has identified aging population that is increasingly being distributed. This is the result, which is confronted with previous research result. Entering a super aged-society for the future is accordance with migration of social costs and improve the quality of life of elderly. And this could be the basic information to use the spatial dimension for the corresponding.

The trajectory of depressive symptoms among the oldest-old: Focusing on gender difference (초고령 노인의 우울증상 궤적: 성별차이를 중심으로)

  • Jeon, Hae-Sook
    • Korean Journal of Health Education and Promotion
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.25-34
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    • 2017
  • Objectives: Although the number of the oldest-old is rapidly increasing due to longevity, very little is known about the trajectory of depressive symptoms(DS) and its related factors among the oldest-old. Much less is known about whether the trajectory of DS differs by gender among the oldest-old. The current study aims (1) to estimate the trajectory of DS and (2) to examine whether the trajectory differs by gender among the oldest-old. Methods: Sample consists of 296 persons aged 85 and over who participated in the Korean Welfare Panel Study data. Data were processed using the latent growth curve modeling to estimate the trajectory and multi-group SEM to examine gender difference. Results: This study showed that (1) the trajectory of DS was increasing over time and (2) the DS trajectory of males was much more rapidly increasing than that of females, indicating male oldest old are more vulnerable to depression than female oldest old in later life. Conclusions: Given the fact that females are known to be more vulnerable to depression, the findings are counterintuitive to the previous knowledge on depression and gender difference. Based on the findings, implications for intervention and education related to DS among the oldest-old.

A Study on Improvement Plan for Senior Education in Korea -Based on Lifelong Learning for the Elderly in Japan- (우리나라의 노인교육 발전 방안 모색 -일본의 고령자 생애학습을 기반으로-)

  • Lee, Jin Ah
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.16 no.6
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    • pp.37-44
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    • 2018
  • In the situation where various social problems are raised due to rapid aging, how to send a long period of old age is emerging as an important issue. As the life span is extended, education for the elderly is attracting attention as a means of sending meaningful and effective old age that is about over 20years longer than before. This study aims to analyse the current status and characteristics of elderly education as lifelong learning in Japan where has already entered a super-aged society. This is because it will be expected to find meaningful lessons and implication for the development of education for the elderly in Korea, which is becoming more important. In order to complete this purpose, the literature review was conducted based on the data and reports published by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare and Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan which are institutions related to education for the elderly. Through this, the practical and policy support for the elderly education development in Korea was suggested. In specific, diversification of lifelong learning contents and execution places, expansion of out-reach education, and fostering coordinators were provided.

The influence of the locus of control of middle aged on life satisfaction and preparation for old age among in the times of convergence (융복합시대 중년기성인의 내외통제성이 생활만족도 및 노후준비에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Hee-Youn;Jeon, Hye-Seong
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.13 no.11
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    • pp.433-440
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    • 2015
  • This paper was to explore the effect of the locus of control on life satisfaction and preparation for old age among middle-aged adults in the time of Convergence. This survey was conducted from September to December 2013, and 284responses were used for the analysis. The data was analyzed by descriptive statistics, Pearson Correlation and Multiple Regression. The research findings could be summarized as the followings. First, the locus of control had significantly positive effect on life satisfaction, Second, the locus of control also had significant effect on preparation for old age among middle-aged adults. Third, life satisfaction between preparation for old age had positive correlations with life satisfaction.

Influence of the Elderly Feeling of Self-Efficacy on Preparation after Retirement -Focused on the Mediating Effect of Social Capital- (노인의 자기 효능감이 노후준비에 미치는 영향 -사회적 자본의 매개 효과를 중심으로-)

  • Shin, Kun-Young;Ko, Jea-Ug
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.17 no.9
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    • pp.255-267
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this research is to secure the foundational data for analyzing the mediating role of social capital from the influences of the feeling of self-efficacy of the elderly on the preparations for the old age. The subjects of this study were 518 questionnaires collected from March 20 to April 1, 2016 for the elderly over 60 years old who were living in S city. Regarding the data, the SPSS 20.0 and the AMOS 20.0 were used. And, the results of this research were the following: First, if we take a look at the influences of the feeling of self-efficacy on social capital, the feeling of self-efficacy has the positive influences. And, second, the influences of the feeling of self-efficacy on the preparations for the old age, also, are positive. Third, the influences of the social capital on the preparations for the old age, too, are positive. As such, we can find out that both the direct and indirect effects were shown. Lastly, we can find out that the feeling of self-efficacy has the partial mediating effects on the social capital and the preparations for the old age. Consequently, although the feeling of self-efficacy is insufficient with regard to the economic preparations, we can positively find out that it was able to effectively derive the satisfaction in life by utilizing the social capital. In preparation for the super-aged society, the improvements and the expansions of the social programs and the services resulting from them are needed through the establishment of a foundation regarding the life-periodical, social participation, the establishment of a socially-shared system that can be continued, and the policy of strengthening the social capital.