• Title, Summary, Keyword: 초고령사회

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The Effect of Objective and Subjective Social Isolation and Interpersonal Conflict Type on the Probability of Cognitive Impairment by Age Group in Old Age (노년기 연령집단별 객관적·주관적 사회적 고립과 대인관계갈등 유형이 인지기능에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Sang Chul
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.4
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    • pp.811-835
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    • 2018
  • Social relations and cognitive function in old age are closely related to each other, and social relation is classified into structural characteristics and qualitative characteristics reflecting cognitive and emotional evaluation. The concept of social isolation is the focus of attention in relation to the social relations of old age. Social isolation has a multidimensional theoretical structure that is divided into objective dimension such as social network, type of furniture, social participation, and subjective dimension such as lack of perceived social support and loneliness. There is also a close relationship between cognitive function and interpersonal conflict in old age. In this study, we examined the effect of subjective social isolation, which shows the structural characteristics of social relations, and subjective social isolation and interpersonal conflict on the dementia occurrence by age group in the elderly. The data were analyzed by applying a random effect panel logit model using 1,740 panel data from the first year to the third year of KSHAP. The results of the analysis are summarized as follows. First, the cognitive impairment increased sharply with age. Objective and subjective social isolation were both U-shaped distribution with an inflection point of 80 years old. Second, the main effect on the probability of cognitive impairment was statistically significant with objective and subjective social isolation, but the type of interpersonal conflict did not appear to be significant. Third, the results of two-way interaction effect analysis on the probability of cognitive impairment are as follows. The relationship between subjective social isolation and the probability of occurrence of cognitive impairment was significantly different according to the level of conflict with spouse. In addition, the higher the subjective social isolation, the higher the probability of cognitive impairment in the elderly(over 85) than in the young-old(65~74). In addition, as the level of conflict with spouses increases, the probability of cognitive impairment of the oldest-old(aged 85 or older) is drastically lower than that of the young-old(aged 65~74). Based on the results of this study, policy and practical implications for reducing the cognitive impairment of the elderly age group were suggested, and limitations of the study and suggestions for future research were discussed.

The Effects of Lifelong Education for the Elderly People on Self-esteem and Self-integration -Mediating Effect of Empowerment- (노년기 평생교육이 자아존중감과 자아통합감에 미치는 영향 -임파워먼트의 매개효과-)

  • Kim, Mi Jung;Chae, Myungsin
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.19 no.9
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    • pp.601-613
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    • 2019
  • Today's elderly people is no longer dependent, but is being transformed into learning, serving, producing and contributing. Therefore, the importance of lifelong education for the elderly people to overcome the social and psychological anxiety of the elderly people and improve the quality of life is increasingly emphasized. In addition, the starting point of lifelong education for the elderly people is getting faster and faster to prepare for the post-aged society. The purpose of this study is to examine how lifelong education for the elderly people affects self-esteem and self-integration, and how empowerment mediates between lifelong education for the elderly people and self-esteem, lifelong education for the elderly people and self-integration. To this end, 220 members over 50 years of age who participated in lifelong education responded to the survey, and statistical analysis was conducted by SPSS and AMOS. The results of this study proved that lifelong education for the elderly people improves self-esteem, self-integration and empowerment, and empowerment plays a mediating role in the between lifelong education for the elderly people and self-esteem, and in the between lifelong education for the elderly people and self-integration. As a result of this study, the importance of lifelong education for the elderly people was confirmed and the practical plans were found. Finally, the direction of lifelong education for the elderly people and the limitations of this study were discussed.

A Study on the Age Group of Elderly Driver's Accident Characteristics Using Correlation Analysis (상관분석을 이용한 고령 운전자 사고특성에 따른 연령유형 연구)

  • Ko, Eun-Hyeok;Yoon, Byoung-Jo
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.37 no.5
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    • pp.827-835
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    • 2017
  • With the rapid progress of ageing several issues concurrently occur, and one important social issue that must be resolved is accidents involving Elderly drivers. Efforts to reduce the frequency of such accidents is a must in order to be prepared to face a superaged society. Currently people aged 65 or older are prescribed as an "Elderly person." Therefore, various studies concerning accidents involving Elderly drivers apply this age criteria to separate regular drivers and Elderly drivers. However, there is no criteria to practically discern Elderly drivers with certain physical features as vulnerable road users based on a level of acceptable accuracy. Therefore, this studies intends to compare the possibility of accidents by age group of Elderly drivers by correlation analysis to analyze the accident characteristics by age group. Results showed that for drivers aged 75 and older, their influence on major accident characteristics by vehicle type increased with higher age groups. In particular, passenger cars had a relatively low accident frequency rate for drivers aged between 70 and 80, but for drivers aged 75 to 84, they had higher influence on accidents for the same vehicle type. This demonstrates that as ageing progresses and the average life expectancy increases, the age span of elders continues to increase, meaning that characteristics differ by age group among the aged. This study confirmed that the influence on the possibility of accidents differs by age group among the aged.

Study on the Waste Treatment Status and Characteristics in the Small Villages (농촌마을의 생활폐기물 처리실태 및 발생특성 연구)

  • Lee, Hyeong-Jin;Choi, Hun-Geun;Kim, Sung-Bum;Cho, Mun-Sik;Kim, Seong-Mi;Park, Soo-Jeong;Chung, Il-Rok;Oh, Gil-Jong
    • Journal of the Korea Organic Resources Recycling Association
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.112-130
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    • 2006
  • In order to improve the waste management system for the unit of small villages, we visited 14 counties nationwide and investigated the present conditions of the farming and fishing villages on waste management. First, we selected one concentrated residential type village and one separated residential type village. Then we investigated the quantities and the characteristics of the domestic wastes generated from the 2 sample villages that we chose early on. The concentration of 7 heavy metals in open burned residuals was analyzed. The results are as follows: (1) We distributed the 799 questionnaires to public servants (83 Gun, 716 Myon) and 337 questionnaires to residents. In accordance with a result of questionnaire on the Volume-Based Waste Fee System, the rate of participated questionnaire was 70.3% from public servants and 31.8% from residents. (2) From the survey on two chosen villages, the generation of municipal waste was 48.6g/person/day in A Village, 54.3g/person/day in B Village. This amount was smaller than that of national average of 1.05kg because of excluding recyclable wastes and some of incinerated combustible waste. (3) The 14 counties entered the aged society. There were 2 aging societies, 8 aged societies and 4 super-aged societies. And the average ratios of Public financial independence and waste budget of financial independence were 16.1% and 17.9% respectively. These are lower than that of national average of 57.2% and 31.4%. This indicates that these factors seemed to be operated with the hindrance insettling Volume-Based Waste Fee System in the small villages.

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A Study on Implementation of Medical for Elderly Inpatients -Through Compared with Non-elderly Patients- (노인입원환자의 의료이용에 관한 연구 -비노인 환자와 비교를 통하여-)

  • Jeoung, Kyu-Ho
    • Journal of Digital Convergence
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.219-225
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    • 2012
  • This study is analyzed the implementation of medical aid for patients over 65 years of age who are among the discharged from hospitals with the capacity of over 100 beds. I have analyzed it with the data from an in-depth study of injury surveillance of discharged patients from hospitals done in a national project in 2004. After analyzing the results of the data from the beginning of this national project to the data collected in 2008, I could get the results that the rate of discharged patients over 65 years of age increased every year. Among them, the rate of discharged women was higher than that of the men, and the rate of deaths while at the hospital for patients over 65 years of age was higher than that of patients less than 65 years of age. The rate of operations done on patients over 65 was lower than that of patients under 65 years of age. The results of a diagnosis of popular symptoms showed that the rate of the diagnosis of cerebral infraction and structure of the heart at the circulatory organ was higher. In addition, the rate of the diagnosis of lung cancer, pneumonia, and chronic obstructive lung disease was higher, as well as the rates of gastric cancer, diabetes, liver cancer, and colorectal cancer. The results showed that the operation of the nerve system or cardiovascular system were higher. Therefore, according to this result, we should prioritize and allocate resources to the elderly people when setting up a management policy. And also, we should promote healthcare for elderly people after considering the characteristics of the implementation of medical aid in preparation of a super-aged society.

A Study on Fire Data Analysis in Korea, Japan and USA(3) Deaths and Injuries Due to Fires (한국$\cdot$일본$\cdot$미국의 화재발생실태에 대한 비교분석(3) 화재로 인한 인명피해)

  • Lee Eui-Pyeong
    • Fire Science and Engineering
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    • v.19 no.1
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    • pp.1-19
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    • 2005
  • The following matters were confirmed through the analysis of casualties due to fires in Korea, Japan, and the U.S. in this paper. 1 Korean statistics are not the most detailed of the three countries about casualties due to fires, so we need to have detailed statistics of them on casualties more. 2. Korean deaths are the lowest by 10-11 people due to fires per one million of population. Those of Japan are 15-17 and about 12 people in the U.S.; decreased about 2/3 only for a quarter of a century. 3. Korean deaths are on the decrease about 1.5 people per 100 cases due to fires,3.5 in Japan and 0.2-0.3 in the U.S. Likewise, Korean injuries are on the decrease per 100 cases due to fires From 14.9 in 1977 to 5.1 in 2001 and 5.3 in 2002. In the U.S., the figure was 1.0-1.6. but after the year 1994, it was 1.2 or so. It tends to some increase to 2.6-2.8 in Japan. Therefore, when fires are happened, the death probability is the highest in Japan and 15 times higher than that of the U.S. The injury probability is the highest in Korea and 5 times higher than that of the U.S. 4. Fire deaths rate is the highest in the U.S. about $80\%$ due to home fires (including apartments) among all deaths. Japan tends to decrease of $55\%$. Recently, in case of Korea. it is similar level to that of Japan. 5. Korean aged people of 65 years old and over exceeded by $7\%$ in 2000 and entered an aging society, so It Is time to Investigate and take effect policies to reduce the death of the aged . Japan has ahead a super-aged society that exceeds $20\%$ of the people over the age 65, and many of them die of fire. Consequently, Japan has taken effect policies to reduce deaths from 10 years or more than before. Therefore, it is a good proposal to analyze the policies of Japan deeply and study introduction of them.

A Study on the High School Students' Cognition of the Aging Society and the Silver Industry (고등학생의 고령화사회와 고령친화산업에 대한 인식)

  • Park, Young-Hee;Lee, Seon-Jeong;Shin, Hyo-Shick
    • Journal of Korean Home Economics Education Association
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.107-123
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    • 2008
  • This research focused on the aging society and the silver industry in adolescents. This subjects were the 642 high school students living in Gwangju. Data were analyzed with Frequency, Percentage, Mean, Std, $x^2$, and t-test using SPSS/PC WIN 14.0 program. The major findings were as follows: 1. The attitude to the old was found quite positive in the questioning items concerning the psychological aspects and family relationship. In the questioning items concerning the physical aspect, on the other hand, was the attitude shown a little negative. Most respondents didn't have a clear understanding of the aging society. Also the perception toward the old showed significant difference according to meeting frequency with grand-parents. The knowledge of the aging society showed significant difference according to sex. 2. Although they recognized the need of the silver industry, they didn't wish to have a job related to the silver industry. Also they represented the idea that the medical care service is the most essential for the silver industry showed significant difference according to sex. The selection of job related to the silver industry showed significant difference according to meeting frequency with grand-parents. 3. Most of the respondents were aware of the need to education for understanding of the old. In the course of home economics, the education of the silver industry should be given vocation and comprehension about the old. The need to education for understanding of the old showed significant difference according to sex, experience of living and meeting frequency with grand-parents. The education of the silver industry showed significant difference according to sex, experience of living with grand-parents.

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