• Title, Summary, Keyword: 초상자성

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The NMRD Profiles of Ultrasmall Superparamagnetic Iron Oxide: Computer Simulation

  • 장용민;황문정;강덕식
    • Proceedings of the KSMRM Conference
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    • pp.107-107
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    • 2001
  • 목적: 초상자성 nano-particle 조영제의 자기이완효과에 관한 out sphere 기전에 기초하여 각각의 자기장의 세기에서 T1/T2 자기이완율을 나타내는 NMRD profile을 수치적으로 simulation 하는 프로그램을 개발하고자 하였다. 대상 및 방법: 초상자성 nano-particle 조영제의 경우 초상자성 물질을 생체적합성 고분자로 표면 coating하기 때문에 상자성 조영제와는 달리 전적으로 "out sphere"기여도만을 고려하였고 또한 초상자성 물질의 경우 자기적 에너지의 크기가 매우 크기 때문에 상자성 조영제의 기전에서 사용되는 "low field"근사를 사용할 수 없으므로 Brillouin 함수로 표현되는 총자화에 대한 표현을 적용하였다. nano-particle내에 포함된 Fe 원자수에 따른 T1 및 T2 NMRD Profile과 온도에 따른 T1 및 T2 NMRD Profile 그리고 초상자성 nano-particle size에 따른 T1 및 T2 NMR Profile을 PC (CPU=800 Mhz, memory=128 MB) 환경하에서 symbolic computation tool 인 MathCad (MathCad, USA)를 사용하여 구현하였다.

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Studies on the Synthesis and Magnetic Properties of Cobalt Nanoparticles in the Polymer Film (코발트 나노 입자가 도입된 초상자성 고분자 박막의 제조 및 자성 연구)

  • Kim, Y.;Yoon, M.;Kim, Y.M.;Volkov, V.;Park, I.W.;Song, H.J.
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.59-63
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    • 2003
  • Superparamagnetic properties of self-aggregated cobalt nanoparticles in the perfluorinated ion-exchange polymeric membrane (MF-4SK) prepared by ion-exchange and recovery methods were investigated by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID) magnetometer at various temperatures. Our experimental results show that cobalt nanoparticles in MF-4SK for the concentration of $7.8{\times}10^{19}$ atoms per 1 g of polymer membrane exhibit superparamagnetic properties above the average blocking temperature ($T_{B}$), which is determined to be around 185 K at applied field of 500 Oe. The average particle radius of 4.0 nm achieved from Langevin function fit is in good agreement with TEM observations. This experimental evidence suggests that cobalt nanoparticles in polymer film obey a single domain theory. The results are discussed in the light of current theory for the superparamagnetic behavior of magnetic nanoparticles.

Magnetization and Magnetic Entropy Change in Superparamagnetic Co-Ferrite Nanoparticle (초상자성 코발트 페라이트 나노입자에 대한 자화 및 자기엔트로피 변화)

  • Ahn, Yang-Kyu;Choi, Eun-Jung
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.63-66
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    • 2008
  • In order to the magnetization and magnetic entropy change for superparamagnetic ferrite nanoparticles, ultrafine cobalt ferrite particles were synthesized using a mircoemulsion method. The peak of X-ray diffraction pattern corresponds to a cubic spinel structure with the lattice constant 8.40 $\AA$. The average particle size, determined from X-ray diffraction line-broadening using Scherrer's, is 7.9 nm. The maximal magnetizations measured at 5 and 300 K are 24.3 emu/g and 17.2 emu/g, respectively. Superparamagnetic behavior of the sample is confirmed by the coincidence of the M vs. H/T plots at various temperatures. According to the thermodynamic theory, magnetic entropy change decreases with increasing temperature.

The Development of Theoretical Model for Relaxation Mechanism of Sup erparamagnetic Nano Particles (초상자성 나노 입자의 자기이완 특성에 관한 이론적 연구)

  • 장용민;황문정
    • Investigative Magnetic Resonance Imaging
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.39-46
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    • 2003
  • Purpose : To develop a theoretical model for magnetic relaxation behavior of the superparamagnetic nano-particle agent, which demonstrates multi-functionality such as liver- and lymp node-specificity. Based on the developed model, the computer simulation was performed to clarify the relationship between relaxation time and the applied magnetic field strength. Materials and Methods : The ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO) was encapsulated with biocompatiable polymer, to develop a relaxation model based on outsphere mechanism, which was resulting from diffusion and/or electron spin fluctuation. In addition, Brillouin function was introduced to describe the full magnetization by considering the fact that the low-field approximation, which was adapted in paramagnetic case, is no longer valid. The developed model describes therefore the T1 and T2 relaxation behavior of superparamagnetic iron oxide both in low-field and in high-field. Based on our model, the computer simulation was performed to test the relaxation behavior of superparamagnetic contrast agent over various magnetic fields using MathCad (MathCad, U.S.A.), a symbolic computation software. Results : For T1 and T2 magnetic relaxation characteristics of ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide, the theoretical model showed that at low field (<1.0 Mhz), $\tau_{S1}(\tau_{S2}$, in case of T2), which is a correlation time in spectral density function, plays a major role. This suggests that realignment of nano-magnetic particles is most important at low magnetic field. On the other hand, at high field, $\tau$, which is another correlation time in spectral density function, plays a major role. Since $\tau$ is closely related to particle size, this suggests that the difference in R1 and R2 over particle sizes, at high field, is resulting not from the realignment of particles but from the particle size itself. Within normal body temperature region, the temperature dependence of T1 and T2 relaxation time showed that there is no change in T1 and T2 relaxation times at high field. Especially, T1 showed less temperature dependence compared to T2. Conclusion : We developed a theoretical model of r magnetic relaxation behavior of ultrasmall superparamagnetic iron oxide (USPIO), which was reported to show clinical multi-functionality by utilizing physical properties of nano-magnetic particle. In addition, based on the developed model, the computer simulation was performed to investigate the relationship between relaxation time of USPIO and the applied magnetic field strength.

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Mössbauer Studies of CoGa0.1Fe1.9O4 Nanoparticles (나노분말 CoGa0.1Fe1.9O4의 Mössbauer 분광학적 연구)

  • Lee, Seung-Wha
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.144-148
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    • 2006
  • $CoGa_{0.1}Fe_{1.9}O_4$ nanoparticles have been prepared by a sol-gel method. The structural and magnetic properties have been investigated by XRD, SEM, VSM and $M\ddot{o}ssbauer$ spectroscopy. $CoGa_{0.1}Fe_{1.9}O_4$ powder that was annealed at $250^{\circ}C$ has spinel structure and behaved superparamagnetically. The estimated size of superparammagnetic $CoGa_{0.1}Fe_{1.9}O_4$ nanoparticle is around 10 nm. The hyperfine fields at 4.2 K f3r the A and B patterns were found to be 518 and 486 kOe, respectively. The blocking temperature $(T_B)$ of superparammagnetic $CoGa_{0.1}Fe_{1.9}O_4$ nanoparticle is about 250 K. The magnetic anisotropy constant of $CoGa_{0.1}Fe_{1.9}O_4$ nanoparticle was calculated to be $3.0X10^5\;ergs/cm^3$. $CoGa_{0.1}Fe_{1.9}O_4$ nanoparticle was annealed at $250^{\circ}C$ will be used to candidate for biomedicine applications as magnetic carriers.

Superparamagnetic Properties of γ-Fe2O3 Nanoparticles (초미세 나노분말 γ-Fe2O3의 초상자성 특성연구)

  • Lee, Seung-Wha;Lee, Jae-Gwang;Chae, Kwang-Pyo;An, Sung-Yong
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.196-200
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    • 2010
  • $\gamma-Fe_2O_3$ nanoparticles have been prepared by a sol-gel method. The structural and magnetic properties have been investigated by XRD, VSM and Mossbauer spectroscopy. $\gamma-Fe_2O_3$ powder annealed at $150^{\circ}C$ has a spinel structure and superparamagnetical behavior. The estimated size of superparammagnetic $\gamma-Fe_2O_3$ nanoparticle is around 7 nm. The hyperfine fields at $-261^{\circ}C$ for the A and B patterns were found to be 503 and 485 kOe, respectively. The blocking temperature ($T_B$) of superparammagnetic $\gamma-Fe_2O_3$ nanoparticle is about $-183^{\circ}C$. The magnetic anisotropy constant of $\gamma-Fe_2O_3$ nanoparticle was calculated to be $1.6{\times}10^6ergs/cm^3$. $\gamma-Fe_2O_3$ nanoparticle annealed at $150^{\circ}C$ can be a candidate for biomedicine applications as magnetic carriers.

Study on Synthesis and Magnetic Properties of Cobalt Nanoparticles in the Polymer Film (코발트 나노 입자가 도입된 고분자 박막의 제조 및 자성 연구)

  • 박일우;윤명근;김유경;김영미;김종현;전미선;조용민;김상우
    • Proceedings of the Korean Magnestics Society Conference
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    • pp.136-137
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    • 2003
  • 고분자 재료인 이온교환수지 박막 안에서의 이온교환반응과 전기화학적 환원반응을 이용하여 코발트 나노 입자를 제조하였다. 투과전자현미경 결과로부터 고분자 박막 (MF-4SK) 1 gram에 코발트가 7.8$\times$$10^{19}$ atoms 포함된 시편에서 코발트가 나노 크기로 입자를 형성하고 있음을 확인하였으며, 자기측정 결과로부터 코발트 나노 입자가 blocking temperature (T$_{B}$) 이상에서 초상자성을 나타내는 것을 확인하였다. 이 결과는 고분자 박막 내에서 코발트 나노 입자가 자성 단상(single domain) 구조를 이루고 있음을 보여주는 것으로, 강자성 나노 입자들의 초상자성 거동을 고찰하였다.

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The Multi-Frequency NMR Relaxation and EPR Study of Nano-sized Iron Oxide

  • 황문정;이영주;이일수;장용민
    • Proceedings of the KSMRM Conference
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    • pp.129-129
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    • 2002
  • 목적: 초상자성 nano 산화철 입자의 특성을 연구하기 위하여, 여러 다른 자기장 세기에서의 NMR 자기공이완시간(T1/T2)을 측정하고, 초상자성 nano-particle 조영제의 기전에 관한 모델로부터 얻어 진 계산식과 비교해보며, 다양한 온도에서의 EPR spectrum을 이용하여 이들의 전자적 성질을 비교해 보고자 하였다.

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A Study on Crystallographic and Mossbauer Spectroscopic Properties of Magnetic Oxide (산화물 자성체의 결정학적 및 뫼스바우어 분광학적 특성 연구)

  • Park, Seung-Han
    • Korean Journal of Materials Research
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    • v.9 no.7
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    • pp.701-706
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    • 1999
  • The crystal structure and magnetic properties of magnetic oxide system (F $e_2$ $O_3$)$_{5}$(A $l_2$ $O_3$)$_{4-x}$(G $a_2$ $O_3$)$_{x}$)SiO has been studied using X-ray diffraction and Mossbauer spectroscopy The changes of magnetic structure by the Ga ion substitution and the temperature variation have been investigated using Mossbauer spectroscopy, and the results are compared with those of the SQUIB measurements. Results of X-ray diffraction indicated that the crystal structures of the system change from a cubic spinel type to an orthorhombic via the intermediate region. This magnetic oxide system seems to be new kind of spinel type ferrites containing high concentration of cation vacancies. Various and complicated Mossbauer spectra were observed in the samples (x>0.2) at temperatures lower than room temperature. This result could be explained by freezing of the superparamagnetic dusters. On cooling and substitution, magnetic states of the system show various and multicritical properties. Unexpected dip in magnetization curves below 50K was observed in SQUID measurements. It was interpreted as an effect of spin canting including spin freezing or collective spin behavior.ior.r.

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Superparamagnetic Properties of MnFe2O4 Nanoparticles (초미세 나노분말 MnFe2O4의 초상자성 성질 연구)

  • Lee, Seung-Wha;Lee, Jae-Gwang;Chae, Kwang-Pyo;Kwon, Woo-Hyun;Kim, Chul-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.19 no.2
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    • pp.57-61
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    • 2009
  • $MnFe_2O_4$ nanoparticles have been prepared by a sol-gel method. The structural and magnetic properties have been investigated by XRD, SEM, and $M{\ddot{o}}ssbauer$ spectroscopy, VSM. $MnFe_2O_4$ powder that was annealed at $250^{\circ}C$ has spinel structure and behaved superparamagnetically at room temperature. $MnFe_2O_4$ annealed at 400 and $500^{\circ}C$ has a typical spinel structure and is ferrimagnetic in nature. The estimated size of superparammagnetic $MnFe_2O_4$ nanoparticle is around 17 nm. The hyperfine fields of the A and B patterns at 4.2 K were found to be 508 and 475 kOe, respectively. The blocking temperature ($T_B$) of superparammagnetic $MnFe_2O_4$ nanoparticle is about 120 K. The magnetic anisotropy constant and relaxation time constant of $MnFe_2O_4$ nanoparticle were calculated to be $4.9{\times}10^5erg/cm^3$.