• Title, Summary, Keyword: 축방향 형상

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A Numerical Analysis of the Partial Admission Supersonic Turbine Losses for Geometic Conditions (형상 변수에 따른 부분 흡입형 초음속 터빈 손실에 관한 수치적 연구)

  • Shin Bong-Gun;Im Kang-Soo;Kim Kui-Soon;Jeong Eun-Hwan;Park Pyun-Goo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Propulsion Engineers Conference
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    • pp.297-305
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    • 2006
  • In this paper, numerical analyses of the flow within turbine for geometric conditions such as nozzle shape, length of axial clearance, and chamfer angle of leading edge of blade have been performed to investigate the partial admission supersonic turbine losses. Firstly, flow's bending occurred at axial clearance is depended on nozzle shape. Next, the chamfer angle of leading edge affects the strength of shock generated at the leading edge. Finally the expansion and mixsing of the flow within axial clearance are largely depended upon the length of axial clearance. Therefore it is found that aerodynamic losses of turbine is affected by nozzle shape and chamfer angel and that partial admission losses is depended on nozzle shape and the length of axial clearance.

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Effects of Cutting Speed and Feed Rate on Axial Shape in Side Walls Generated by Flat End-milling Process (평엔드밀링 공정에서 절삭속도 및 이송속도가 측벽의 축방향 형상에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kang
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.41 no.5
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    • pp.391-399
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    • 2017
  • This paper presents the effects of the cutting speed and feed rate on the axial shape of flat end-milled down cut side walls. Experiments were performed using the cutting speed, tool diameter, and feed per tooth as variables, and the thrust force and axial shape were measured as the experimental results. The results of this study confirmed that a smaller feed per tooth, which is proportional to the value obtained by dividing the feed rate by the cutting speed, results in a higher axial shape accuracy. In addition, the axial shape can be simplified to a form in which two straight lines having different slopes meet at a singular point. Therefore, it was concluded that the shape accuracy could easily be estimated during the operation and improved by adjusting the feed per tooth.

Relationship Between Flat End-mill Shape and Geometrical Characteristics in Side Walls Generated by End-milling Process (엔드밀링 공정에 의하여 생성된 측벽의 기하학적 특성과 평엔드밀 형상 사이의 관계)

  • Kim, Kang
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.39 no.1
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    • pp.95-103
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    • 2015
  • This paper presents the effects of the tool shape on the geometrical characteristics of flat end-milled side walls. A tool shape is characterized by such parameters as helix angle, number of cutting edges, and diameter. The geometrical characteristics of the side walls are represented by the surface profiles in the feed and axial directions, which are orthogonal to each other. The geometrical defects in each direction are estimated based on the instantaneous apparent cutting areas, which are represented by the interference area between the tool and workpiece and that between the cutting edge and workpiece. It is confirmed that a geometrical defect in the feed direction is formed when the tool leaves the workpiece and the curvature of the tool path changes. Defects in the axial direction are also found in the side walls, except for the defect zone in the feed direction. An up-cut using an end-mill with a steeper helix angle, a greater number of cutting edges, and a smaller diameter are thus found to improve the geometrical accuracy of end-milled side walls.

Design and Test of Lateral/Directional Control Law of a Tailless UAV Using Spoilers (스포일러를 이용한 무미익 항공기의 횡방향축 제어기설계 및 시험)

  • Hong, Jin-sung;Hwang, Sun-yu;Lee, Kwang-hyun;Hur, Gi-bong
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Aeronautical & Space Sciences
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    • v.47 no.6
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    • pp.422-428
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    • 2019
  • A tailless or Blended-Wing-Body(BWB) shaped configuration is highlighted for UCAV with low RCS characteristics. The BWB configuration is characterized by its directional static instability and low controllability. To control the directional movement of the BWB configured vehicle, directional thrust vectoring equipment or drag rudder typed control surfaces which utilize the drag differences of the wing can be considered. This paper deals with a BWB shaped configuration using a spoiler and describes the lateral-directional aerodynamic characteristics of the vehicle. In addition, it is shwon that the lateral-directional motion can be controlled effectively by using the classical PI control structure. This control law is verified by flight test and showed adequate for the tailless BWB shaped UAV.

핵연료봉 내압 및 지지조건의 변화가 핵연료봉의 진동모드에 미치는 영향

  • 강흥석;윤경호;송기남;전태현;정연호
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
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    • pp.297-302
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    • 1998
  • 유한요소법을 이용하여 스프링으로 연속 지지되고 축방향 하중이 작용하는 핵연료봉의 자유진동 해석올 수행하였다. 본 해석에는 지지격자 지지점에서 핵연료봉의 변위가 구속되지 않는 실제 경계조건을 반영하였다. 이러한 경계조건은 지지점 스프링 상수에 의하여 핵연료봉 해석모델의 탄성항이 약화되는 현상을 반영할 수 있어서 지지점이 구속된 기존의 모델보다 고유진동수를 작게 예측한다. 스프링 상수가 어떤 임계값 이하를 갖는 경우 고유진동수 뿐만 아니라 모드형상도 크게 변하기 때문에 지지점을 구속한 모델에 의한 해석은 실제 진동현상을 상당히 왜곡 할 수 있다. 핵연료봉에 작용하는 축방향력이 인장력에서 압축력으로 감소함에 따라 고유진동수도 감소하지만 핵연료봉의 고유형상은 변하지 않았다. 지지격자 스프링 상수의 점진적인 감소와 핵연료봉 축방향 압축력의 감소를 동시에 적용하는 경우 고유 진동수는 두 변수를 별도로 적용했을 때 얻은 최소값의 변화에 따르는 경향을 나타내었다.

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Effects of Axiral Restraint on flexural and Shear Behavior in High Strength Reinforced Concrete Beams (고강도 철근 코크리트 휨 부재의 휨.전단거동에 미치는 축방향 구속의 영향)

  • 양은익;고훈범;김진근;이성태
    • Magazine of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.207-216
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    • 1997
  • 본연구는 축방향 변형 구속이 고강도 콘크리트 휨부재의 휨 전단거동에 미치는 영향을 조사하기 위한 것으로, 수화열과 건조수축에 기인하는 축방향 변형과 재하에 의한 축방향 변형을 구속한 부재 및 무구속 부재에 대하여 휨파괴와 전단파괴 실험을 실시하였다. 타설 직후부터 축변형을 구속한 실험체의 재하시 강성은 재하전의 구속으로 발생한 관통균열의 영향을 받아 무구속 실험체의 강성보다 낮지만, 재하시의 축변형 구속에 따른 압축구속력의 상승으로 인하여 강성의 크기는 역전되었다 축변형이 완전히 구속된 휨부재의 휨강도는 무구속 부재보다 20%이상 상승하지만 변형능력은 감소하는 것으로 나타났으며, 재하전의 축변형 구속에 의한 관통균열(균열폭 0.1mm 미만)은 부재의 전단내력 및 전단균열 진전 형상에 영향을 미치지 않았다.

Effects of Cutting Area on Straightness Characteristics in Side Walls Caused by Form Generation Mechanism in End-Milling Process (엔드밀링 공정의 형상창성기구에 의하여 절삭면적이 측벽 진직도 특성에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Kang
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.37 no.10
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    • pp.1269-1278
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    • 2013
  • The cutting area changes periodically in the end-milling process because of its form generation mechanism. In this study, the effects of the cutting area on end-milled side walls are studied by developing a cutting area model that simulates the area formed by engagement between a workpiece and a cutting edge of the end mill. To do this, the straightness profile of the side wall in the axial direction is investigated. Models for estimating the cutting area and the transition point, where the slope of the straightness profile changes suddenly, are verified from real end-milling experiments under various radial and axial depth of cut conditions. Through this study, it is confirmed that the final end-milled side wall is generated in the regions where cutting areas are constant and decreasing in the down-cut. Similarly, in stable up-cut, it is also generated in the regions where cutting areas are increasing and constant. It is found that the transition point appears when the region changes.

A Study on Determining the Shape of Small Axial Cracks by using Magnetic Flux Leakage in NDT System for Underground Pipe (배관용 자기누설 비파괴 검사에서 축방향 미소결함의 형상 판정에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Hui Min;Park, Gwan Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Magnetics Society
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    • v.23 no.1
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    • pp.18-25
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    • 2013
  • MFL PIG (Magnetic Flux Leakage Pipeline Inspection Gauge) is called the system which detects the defect for underground pipelines by using magnetic flux leakage method in nondestructive testing. This method is very suitable for testing pipelines because pipeline has high magnetic permeability. MFL PIG generates the magnetic fields to the pipe axially oriented, and detect the signal of leakage flux by using hall sensor. However, MFL PIG is hard to detect the axially oriented crack with small size because the magnetic flux leakage is not enough to be occurred. To detect the small size and axially oriented crack, the circumferential MFL (CMFL) PIG is being proposed and it can maximize the leakage flux for the axial crack by performing magnetic fields circumferentially on the pipe. In this paper, CMFL PIG is applied to detect the axially oriented crack with small size and the analysis for the distribution and the amplitude of the leakage flux signal is performed by using three dimensional finite element method. From sensing signals, the method how to determine the shape of axially oriented cracks is proposed and verified with experiment.

Characteristics of the shear behavior of RC rectangular sectional columns and initial shear strength considering the ratio of longitudinal bars (RC 사각단면 기둥의 전단거동특성과 축방향철근비를 고려한 초기전단강도)

  • Lee, Jong-Seok;Sun, Chang-Ho;Kim, Ick-Hyun
    • Journal of the Earthquake Engineering Society of Korea
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    • v.14 no.2
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    • pp.27-36
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    • 2010
  • It is well known that the shear strength of an RC column subjected to a lateral force decreases with the increase of the displacement ductility of column. This decreasing rate of shear strength is quite dependent on the initial shear strength. Therefore, the evaluation of the initial shear strength is important to predict the shear strength with reasonable accuracy. The shear behavior is complex because many parameters, such as the sectional shape, aspect ratio, axial force, longitudinal bars and ductility, are mutually interactive. In this study, the initial shear strength has been investigated by experiments varying parameters such as the aspect ratios, void ratios, ratio of longitudinal bars and sectional types. A new empirical equation for the initial shear strength, considering the ratio of the longitudinal bars, has been proposed and its validity has been assessed.

Axial Flow Force and its Countermeasurs in Hydraulic Valves (II) (유압 밸브 내의 유동력과 대책 ( II ))

  • 이정오
    • Journal of the KSME
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.118-121
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    • 1978
  • 지난번 강좌에서는 유압밸브의 스푸울에 작용하는 반경방향의 유동력(Iateral flow force)에 대해 서 그 원인과 대책을 소개하였다(대한기계학회지 vol.2, No.1).여기서는 스푸울에 작용하는 축방향 의 유동력(axial flow force)을 기술하는 방법과 이에 대한 보상방법(method of compensation)을 소개한다. 축방향의 유동력은 유체의 운동방정식을 적분형으로 고쳐 쓴, 소위 운동량 이론을 적용 함으로써 그 표현을 용이하게 얻을 수 있다. 그러므로 먼저 유동력의 보석에 적용될 수 있는 운 동량 이론을 소개하고, 스푸울의 형상이 비교적 간단한 경우에 대해서 유동력을 계산하고, 그 보상방법을 논의한다.

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