• Title, Summary, Keyword: 충돌 기둥

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Study on Efficient Collision Detection in Virtual Environment Navigation System (가상 환경 탐험 시스템 상에서 효과적인 충돌 탐지에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Nam-Il;Kim, Dong-Hoon;Lee, Sang-Rak;Sung, Mee-Young;Park, Jong-Seung
    • 한국HCI학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.613-618
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    • 2006
  • 본 논문은 3차원 가상 환경을 탐험하는데 있어서 빠르고 효과적으로 충돌 탐지를 검출하는 방법을 제안하고자 한다. 넓은 가상 공간상에서 개체가 증가하는 것에 비례하여 충돌 탐지의 계산 비용은 기하 급수적으로 증가한다. 이를 효과적으로 처리하기 위하여 BSP-tree 분할 방식과 경계 기둥을 사용한다. BSP-tree 분할 방식은 3차원의 넓은 가상 공간을 여러 하위 공간으로 나누어 충돌 탐지가 이루어지는 공간을 축소한다. 이를 통하여 충돌 탐지 개체의 수가 증가하는 것에 따라 기하 급수적으로 증가하는 경계 기둥의 충돌 탐지 비용을 줄이는 효과를 얻을 수 있다. 경계 기둥은 축소된 하위 공간 상에서 개체간 실제 충돌 탐지가 일어날 가능성 및 충돌 여부를 빠르고 간편하게 판별하도록 한다.

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Damage Evaluation for the Column of Underpass Considering the Collision of a Vehicle (차량의 충돌을 고려한 지하차도 기둥의 손상 평가)

  • Park, Jang Ho;Kim, Young Woong;Park, Jaegyun
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.28 no.2
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    • pp.169-176
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    • 2015
  • The protection facilities against the collision of the vehicle should be considered in the design of the bridge by the regulations, but there is no regulation against the collision of the vehicle in the design of the column of underpass. Impact analysis for the column of underpass was performed in order to evaluate the damage of the structure by the collision of the vehicle. Impact analysis was performed according to the various parameters such as material properties of the structure and types and velocities of the vehicle. From the numerical results, the structural damage for the column of underpass by the collision of the vehicle was evaluated and considerations in the design for a column of underpass against the collision of the vehicle were examined.

Energy Absorption of Collision Post Based on North American CFR Regulations for Railway Vehicles (철도차량의 북미 CFR 법규에 대한 충돌 기둥에너지 흡수에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Seung-Tech;Jeong, Ji-Ho;Choi, Jeong-Yong;Woo, Kwan-Je
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.36 no.8
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    • pp.935-943
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    • 2012
  • In accidents involving the collision of railway vehicles, there is a risk that structural members might penetrate the cab frame of the railway vehicle in the space in which the driver or passengers are seated. To reduce this risk, worldwide, studies on the collision of railway vehicles are underway. In North America, the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) was revised in 2010 to include crush criteria for a collision and the corner post in an end frame. In this study, a crush analysis and crush test for a collision post and a crash analysis for a rigid cylinder were performed according to the CFR. The analysis and test results were compared and reviewed. This study aims to determine the usefulness of crush analysis for developing various end frames, and to understand the crush and crash characteristics and review the accuracy of the analysis.

Behavior of Column-Foundation Joint under Vehicle Impact (차량 충돌에 의한 기둥의 콘크리트 기초 접합부 거동 평가)

  • Kang, Hyun-Goo;Kim, Jin-Koo
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.393-400
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    • 2014
  • Structures are often subject to vehicle collision which can be accidental or terrorist attack. Previous research shows that the damage in major columns may result in progressive collapse of a whole building. This study investigates the performance of a steel column standing on a reinforced concrete footing subjected to a vehicle collision. The size and the axial load of the steel column are determined based on the assumption that it is the first story corner column in a typical three-story building with six meter span length. The finite element model of a eight-ton single unit truck provided by the NCAC (National Crash Analysis Center) is used in the numerical analysis. The finite element analysis is performed using the LS-DYNA, and the results show that the behavior of the column subjected to car impact depends largely on the column-foundation connection detail.

A Consideration on the Results of Side Impact and Pole Side Impact Tests in 2011 KNCAP (2011 KNCAP 측면충돌 및 기둥측면충돌 시험결과 고찰)

  • Lee, Dongjun;Choi, Youngtae;Lee, Kwangwon;Lim, Jaemoon
    • Journal of Auto-vehicle Safety Association
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.22-27
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    • 2011
  • The side impact test in the Korean New Car Assessment program (KNCAP) has been conducted since 2003. The side impact test method has been contributed to the improvement of the vehicle side structure and the enhancement of the occupant protection performance for the domestic vehicles. The pole side impact test method introduced in the KNCAP in 2010 to enhance the head protection under the severe side crash environment. The pole side impact test is optional for the additional score to be added to the overall rating score. The test results of side and pole side impact test for five vehicles were introduced and compared.

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Simulation Analysis for Comparison of WorldSID and ES-2re Dummy in Pole Side Impact Test Methods (기둥측면충돌시험법에서 WorldSID와 ES-2re 더미 안전성에 대한 해석적 연구)

  • Youn, Y.H;Han, W.;Choi, M.;Lee, E.;Kim, D.
    • Journal of Auto-vehicle Safety Association
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    • v.4 no.2
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    • pp.27-31
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    • 2012
  • In Korea, side impact type accidents are one of the main cause of fatality. MLTM and KATRI established sie impact regulation as well as NCAP type assessments to protect occupants. Recently, WP29 formed a informal group to study a possible harmonization of pole side impact test methods with WorldSID as a GTR. In this paper, two different dummies, ES-2 and WorldSID were evaluated with three different types of pole side impact test methods.

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An Evaluation of Blast Resistance of Partially Reinforced CFT Columns using Computational Analysis (전산해석을 이용한 부분 보강된 CFT 기둥의 폭발저항성능 평가)

  • Kim, Han-Soo;Wee, Hae-Hwan
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.28 no.5
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    • pp.503-510
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    • 2015
  • In this paper, the blast resisting performance of partially reinforced CFT columns was compared with the normal CFT columns to evaluate the effect of reinforcing with steel plates. Autodyn which is a specialized hydro-code for analysis of explosion and impact was used to simulate the structural behavior of the CFT columns under the blast loadings. The interaction between concrete and surrounding steel plates was modeled with friction and join option to represent the realistic damage of columns. According to the analysis, the partially reinforced CFT column showed enhanced blast resisting performance than the normal CFT columns. Also the improvement of blast resisting performance was depended on the height of reinforcing steel plates.

Passenger Safety Assessment by Real Car Crash Simulation of Composite Post Structures (복합소재 기둥 구조의 실차 충돌 해석에 의한 탑승자 안전성 평가)

  • Kim, Gyu-Dong;Lee, Sang-Youl
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Advanced Composite Structures
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.15-20
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    • 2014
  • This study carried out passenger safety assessment by real car crash simulation of composite post structures for road facilities. The effects of different material properties of composites for various parameters are studied using the LS-DYNA finite element program for this study. In this study, the existing finite element analysis of steel post structures using the LS-DYNA program is further extended to study dynamic behaviors of the structures made of various composite materials. The numerical results for various parameters are verified by comparing different models with displacements and stress distribution occurred in the post and car.

Evaluation of EuroSID-2 & WorldSID in Pole Side Impact (기둥측면충돌시험에서 EuroSID-2와 WorldSID 인체모형 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Dea Up;Woo, Chang Gi
    • Journal of Auto-vehicle Safety Association
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    • v.7 no.1
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    • pp.40-44
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    • 2015
  • In recent years, WorldSID dummy has been continuously developed and investigated to be a better represent biolfidelic ATD as well as a device for replacement of the current existing EuroSID-2. In Korea, the side impact accident is one of the major severe accidents in terms of numbers of accidents and fatality. Since 2003, 50kph 90degree side crash test has been initiated as a safety standard with EuroSID-1 at the first stage and also same time 55kph impact speed test has been conducted as a part of KNCAP program. Currently only EuroSID-2 is accepted as a regulatory tool for vehicle certification and KNCAP. In order to make use of WorldSID of KNCAP in the distant futuer the tests with WorldSID is conducted experimentally.

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