• Title, Summary, Keyword: 충진재

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Assessment of Water Purification Capacity of Vegetation Mats for the Reduction of Nonpoint-Source Pollution Loads (비점오염 부하 저감을 위한 식생 매트의 수질정화능 평가)

  • Song, Kyu Sung;Han, Sang Hun
    • Ecology and Resilient Infrastructure
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.70-75
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to develop water-purification vegetation mats consisting of the eco-friendly materials and to validate their water purification capabilities with the objective of reducing nonpoint pollution into streams. The developed vegetation mats are made of coconut fiber shell and filling consisted of zeolite, diatomaceous earth or a mixture of calcinated foam media. The bench scale assessment of the water purification capability of the three filling materials showed that the removal efficiencies of suspended solid (SS), total nitrogen (T-N) and total phosphorus (T-P) were higher in the foam media than in zeolite or diatomaceous earth. From the results of the field experiment, the removal efficiencies of the vegetation mats filled with the foam media were 60.1% in SS, 32.2% in T-N and 20.2% in T-P. Therefore the vegetation mats filled with the foam media calcinated from zeolite and diatomaceous earth should have higher efficiencies in controlling the nonpoint source pollutions in streams.

Design and Properties of Microwave Absorbing Structures Composed of Fiber Reinforced Composites (섬유강화 복합재료로 구성된 전파흡수구조재의 설계 및 특성)

  • 김상영;김성수
    • The Journal of Korean Institute of Electromagnetic Engineering and Science
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.1002-1008
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    • 2001
  • The absorbing structure composed of multi-layered fiber reinforced composite materials was designed and microwave absorbing properties are investigated. On the basis of transmission line theory, the theoretical equations to predict the reflection loss and the appropriate composite material for each functional layer are suggested. The most significant result of this study is the successful design and fabrication of triple-layered composite laminates which has the superior microwave absorbing porperties (more than 10 dB in 4∼12 GHz range), without using the ferrite filler in the impedance transforming layer. In the two-layered composite laminate (absorber/substrate), however, the use of ferrite filler (about 40 wt %) in the absorbing layer is necessary to obtain the certain level of microwave absorbance. By combining the glass-fiber composite with ferrite filler and carbon-fiber composite substrate, the microwave absorbing properties more than 10 dB in 4∼12 GHz frequencies than be obtained.

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A Study on the Forming Technology of Multi-stage Aircell Filling Valves (다단 에어셀 충진 밸브성형기술에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Mi-Suk;Park, Dong-Sam
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.12
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    • pp.57-64
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    • 2017
  • Today, due to the environmental regulations regarding air pollution in the EU, the use of EPS (Styrofoam) as the cushioning material in the packaging industry is decreasing. In effect, air cushioning based cushioning materials are rapidly expanding into the market and replacing EPS, due to their excellent buffering ability and environmental friendliness. This is a new selective filling type air filling material manufacturing technology that affords improvements in the amount of raw materials required, its processing and its aesthetic appearance compared to the conventional air filling cushioning materials. In this study, a multi-stage air cell filling valve molding technology is developed based on selective filling technology, which allows packages to be selectively filled in various forms by applying valve forming structure technology. This multi-stage air cell filling valve molding technology is a technique in which a plurality of injection ports are formed by laminating three layers of films, viz. a first injection film, a valve film, and a second injection film having valve ends. In the conventional technology, a separate external air injection path for injecting air into a plurality of connected air bags is needed. However, in the proposed system, an external air injection path is formed inside the air bag, Due to the lack of need for an injection furnace, the raw material and process are reduced and air is injected and then discharged, while the air bag is reduced in length to 63 ~ 66% of its normal value. The outer surface of the outer air injection path is integrated inside by maintaining the original length of the cross section, while the unnecessary folded air is injected into the interior of the air bag, This smart air filling type cushioning material manufacturing technology constitutes a big improvement over the existing technologies.

Vibrations of a Fluid-filled Thick Cylindrical Shel with Embedded Internal Strength Members (길이 방향 내심 장력재를 갖는 유체 충진된 두꺼운 원통 셀의 진동 해석)

  • 함일배;정의봉;이헌곤
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for Noise and Vibration Engineering Conference
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    • pp.340-343
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    • 1995
  • 본 연구에서는 내심형 장력재가 셀 벽속에 묻혀 있는 경우에, 셀의 진동 및 내부 음압을 셀과 장력부재 그리고 내부 충진유체들의 상호 작용을 고려하여 계산하였다. 계산 결과, 셀 재료와 인장 부재의 탄성계수, 감쇠특성의 차이에 따라 응답이 변화함을 확인할 수 있었으며, 각각의 재료 특성 및 설계 변수들에 대한 추가 연구를 수행하여, 내심형 장력 부재를 갖는 유체 충진 원통형 셀의 진동 전달 특성 해석 및 최적화 설계에 이 연구 결과들을 적용할 수 있을 것으로 판단된다.

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요철 구조를 가지는 유리 기판을 이용한 고효율 태양전지모듈

  • Gong, Dae-Yeong;Kim, Dong-Hyeon;Jo, Jun-Hwan;Jeong, Dong-Geon;O, Jeong-Hwa;Kim, Bong-Hwan;Jo, Chan-Seop;Bae, Yeong-Ho;Lee, Jong-Hyeon
    • Proceedings of the Korean Vacuum Society Conference
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    • pp.417-419
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    • 2011
  • 태양전지 모듈은 back sheet, 후면 충진재, 태양전지 cell, 전면 충진재, 전면 보호유리의 구성으로 되어 있다. back sheet는 유리 또는 금속을 사용하는데 사용 재료에 따라 각각 유리봉입방식, 슈퍼스트레이트방식으로 구분된다[1]. 태양전지를 보호하기 위한 충진재는 빛의 투과율 저하가 적은 PVB(Poly Vinyl Butylo)나 내습성이 뛰어난 EVA(Ethylene Vinyl Acetate) 등이 주로 이용된다. 유리봉입방식과 슈퍼스트레이트 방식의 공통점은 모듈 전면에 투과율과 내?충격 강도가 좋은 강화 유리를 사용하는 것이다. 하지만 현재 모듈의 전면 유리는 평탄한 표면 때문에 태양고도가 낮을 때 상대적으로 반사율이 높은 단점을 가지고 있다[2]. 이러한 문제점을 해결하기 위한 방안으로 표면 유리에 요철(anti-glare) 구조를 형성하면 평면 구조의 표면에서 반사되는 태양광이 일부 태양전지 내부로 재입사가 일어나게 되어 표면 반사율이 낮아지게 되고, 이로 인하여 태양전지의 효율이 증가하게 된다. 특히 이러한 효과는 태양고도가 낮아졌을 때 요철(anti-glare) 구조에 의한 반사율의 감소가 증가하기 때문에 평면 구조보다 요철(anti-glare) 구조의 태양전지 모듈 효율이 향상될 것이다. 본 논문에서는 요철(anti-glare) 구조를 만들기 위해서 유리와 평면 구조의 유리에서의 반사율과 투과율을 측정하여 비교 분석하였고, 특히 태양고도의 고도가 변할 때를 비교하기 위하여 반사율 및 투과율을 측정 할 때 입사광의 각도를 변화시켰다. 그리고 태양전지 cell 위에 요철(anti-glare) 구조의 유리와 평명 구조의 유리를 각각 위치시킨 후 태양전지 cell의 효율변화를 확인하였다. 이때 태양전지 cell의 표면은 이방성 식각 용액을 이용하여 역피라미드 구조의 텍스쳐링 태양전지 cell과 평면 구조의 태양전지 cell을 각각 사용하여 비교하였다.

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화재대피용 방독마스크 정화통용 코발트 촉매의 저온산화반응 효율

  • 박재만;김덕기;신채호;신창섭
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Industrial Safety Conference
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    • pp.57-60
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    • 2002
  • 국내에서 사용되고 있는 대부분의 화재대피용 방독마스크 정화통은 외국에서 고가에 수입되고 있거나, 국내 제조시는 많은 기술을 외국에 의존하고 있다. 이들 정화통의 충진재는 일산화탄소(CO)를 제거하기 위해 망간(Mn), 구리(Cu)등을 활성탄에 담지시켜 제조한 촉매층과 $SO_2$, HCI 등의 유독가스를 제거하기 위한 제올라이트 등의 흡착층으로 구성되어있다. 그러나 이들 충진재중 CO 제거용 촉매는 상온에서 CO의 제거효율이 낮아 많은 양을 충진해야 하는 어려움이 있다.(중략)

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Polymer형 내열성 PTC 소재의 특성 연구

  • 강영구;곽봉신
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Industrial Safety Conference
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    • pp.249-252
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    • 1999
  • 전도성 충진제가 포함된 결정성 고분자내에 대전류가 흐르게 될 경우 Joule 효과로 소재자체의 발열현상이 발생하며 온도가 증가함에 따라 고분자의 용융점 부근에서 급격한 열팽창으로 인하여 고분자 내에 분포되어 있던 전도성 충진재 입자사이의 간격이 증가하게 되며 전자들의 흐름이 방해를 받게 된다. 이에 따라 전기저항이 커져 전류의 흐름이 감소되는 철상이 발생하며 이를 PTC(Positive Temperature Coefficient)라 하고 온도 증감에 따른 전도성 충진제 간의 electron tunnelling과 고분자의 결정변화에 의해 민감한 전기저항변화 특성을 나타낸다. (중략)

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The Field Applicability of Road Pavement Layer with Grid Typed Reinforcement and Dispersive Fiber (그리드형 보강재와 분산성 섬유를 활용한 도로 포장층의 현장 적용 특성)

  • Park, Ju-Won;Kim, Hun-Kyum;Kim, Sung-Bo
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.22 no.3
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    • pp.53-59
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    • 2018
  • This study analyzed the field applicability through the combination of environment-friendly grid-typed reinforcements and pre-mixed fiber with filler. The film of the grid-typed reinforcement is made by recycled PE resin. And, Ascon fiber is obtained the dispersion by pre-mixing of filler. To be able to recognize in advance the various circumstances that could arise in the construction of the road pavement layer, we conducted a basic field application test of the (Mock Up) pavement layer. As a result, it was found that the pavement with environment-friendly grid-typed reinforcement and dispersive fiber construction had improved strength, stress, and rutting resistance. It is consistent with the strength and stress results of the actual test of the mock up specimen. It is expected to perform an effective role in the safety as well as the use of environment-friendly fibers in actual construction.

A Study on the Performance of Friction Materials using Reduced Iron (환원분철을 이용한 마찰재의 성능에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Byoung-Sam;Mun, Sang-Don;Chi, Chang-Heon
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.9 no.3
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    • pp.593-598
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    • 2008
  • It was made a friction material of various kinds by adding 10%, 20% and 30% of reduced iron. It was obtained by a connected-reduced process in a blast furnace sludge and oxidized iron, instead of $BaSO_4$, which is already a used inorganic filling material among a component of a brake friction material. This was done by a basic physical property test, a friction performance test to use a brake dynamometer. Moreover, in case of an add in the friction material, instead of using $BaSO_4$, the more expensive filling material, the reduced iron was also better because it has an excellent a friction property of an exothermic temperature, wear, etc. was 10%. At G1 and G3 specimens, a shear strength and a bonding strength of the friction material was decreased to be able to increase an amount of the blast furnace sludge and the reduced iron, but an application of all friction materials appeared enough strength.