• Title, Summary, Keyword: 치면열구전색제

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Microleakage and Anticariogenic Effect of S-PRG Filler-containing Pit and Fissure Sealant (S-PRG filler를 함유한 치면열구전색제의 미세누출 및 항우식효과)

  • Shin, Seungwoo;Kim, Jongsoo
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.40 no.4
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    • pp.247-252
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    • 2013
  • Pit and fissure sealant prevents biofilm accumulation, plays a role in forming a barrier to acidic substance made by the bacteria. The Surface reaction-type pre-reacted glass ionomerI(S-PRG) filler was developed in 1999. S-PRG filler releases fluoride continuously and does not decompose under wet conditions. The aim of this study was to test the microleakage and anticariogenic effect to adjacent enamel of S-PRG filler-containing pit and fissure sealant. Sound premolars and molars were used in this study. A S-PRG filler-containing pit and fissure sealant, Beautisealant$^{(R)}$(Shofu, Japan) was used for this experiment, the composite resin sealant Concise$^{(R)}$(3M ESPE, USA) was used as control. For the microleakage test, all teeth surface were double coated with finger nail varnish, with the exception of a 1.0 mm window around the restoration margins. The teeth were immersed in 2% methylene blue solution for 24 hours and then rinsed in tap water. For the anticariogenic effect evaluation, all tooth were immersed in artificial carious solution for 9 days and rinsed with tap water. Each tooth was embedded in orthodontic acrylic rein and subsequently sectioned longitudinally in a bucco-lingual direction with a low-speed diamond saw. The cut sections were examined using a stereomicroscope. Differences in microleakage between the two groups were not different significantly. But the S-PRG filler-containing pit and fissure sealant showed higher anticariogenic effect than that of flowable resin sealant.

Antibacterial Properties of Pit and Fissure Sealant Containing S-PRG filler on Streptococcus mutans (S-PRG filler를 포함한 치면열구전색제의 Streptococcus mutans에 대한 항미생물 특성에 관한 연구)

  • An, Jinseon;Park, Howon;Seo, Hyunwoo;Lee, Siyoung
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.42 no.4
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    • pp.302-311
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    • 2015
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the antibacterial properties of a sealant containing S-PRG filler compared to those of two contemporary commercial sealants to determine the inhibition of bacterial growth in broth culture and biofilm formation using the CDC Biofilm Reactor. The BeautiSealant containing S-PRG filler, the fluoride releasing Clinpro$^{TM}$ sealant, which are known to have higher antibacterial effects, and the non-fluoride releasing Concise$^{TM}$ sealant were selected for this study. A Streptococcus mutans culture in BHI broth without sealant served as a negative control in the planktonic growth inhibition test. As a result, bacterial growth was inhibited in all three sealant groups compared to that in the control. The Clinpro$^{TM}$ sealant showed a significantly reduced number of CFUs compared to those of the BeautiSealant and Concise$^{TM}$ sealants. However, no significant difference was detected between the BeautiSealant and Concise$^{TM}$ sealants. The Clinpro$^{TM}$ sealant significantly decreased biofilm formation compared to that by the BeautiSealant and Concise$^{TM}$ sealants. No significant difference was observed between the BeautiSealant and Concise$^{TM}$ sealants. In conclusion, the sealant containing S-PRG filler had a less potent anti-bacterial property and increased biofilm formation capacity compared to those of the fluoride releasing Clinpro$^{TM}$ sealant.

COMPARISON OF MICROLEAKAGE IN SEALANT REPAIRED WITH DIFFERENT SURFACE TREATMENT (파손된 치면열구전색제의 수리 방법에 따른 미세누출 비교)

  • Kang, Myung-Bong;Hyun, Hong-Keun;Kim, Young-Jae;Kim, Jung-Wook;Jang, Ki-Taek;Lee, Sang-Hoon;Hahn, Se-Hyun;Kim, Chong-Chul
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.204-214
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    • 2007
  • The aim of this study was to investigate whether differences in surface treatment prior to repair influenced the seal of a resin fissure sealant placed on the occlusal surfaces of permanent molar teeth. One hundred and twenty extracted human molars were selected and a light curing sealant was placed on their occlusal surface following cleaning by prophylaxis and acid etching. The teeth were deliberately damaged, and then stored in artificial saliva for four weeks. Sixty teeth with the desired morphology of sealant failure were randomly divided into four groups where one group was treated with only etching agent, another by only air-abrasion, another by applying an etching agent followed by a bonding agent, and the last by air-abrasion followed by a bonding agent each. After sealant application, the samples were thermocycled and the degree of microleakage was determined. The results were as follows : 1. In the sealant/sealant interface group 2(0.22), 4(0.23) using air-abrasion showed a significantly lower microleakage score than group 1(0.38), 3(0.35) using an etching agent(p<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences(p>0.05) between groups 1, 2 and groups 3, 4. 2. In the sealant/tooth interface, group 3(0.20), 4(0.20) which used a bonding agent showed a significantly lower microleakage score than group 1(0.35), 2(0.40) (p<0.05). There were no statistically significant differences(p>0.05) between groups 1, 3 and groups 2, 4. 3. In SEM examination, while sealant surfaces treated with etching did not result in highly rough surfaces, those treated with air-abrasion did show rough surfaces.

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THE EFFECT OF CPP-ACP PRE-TREATMENT ON BOND STRENGTH OF A SEALANT (CPP-ACP 적용이 치면열구전색제의 결합강도에 미치는 영향)

  • Kong, Eun-Kyung;Jung, Sang-Hyuk;Mah, Yon-Joo;Ahn, Byung-Duk;Jung, Young-Jung
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.445-452
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    • 2010
  • Recently the effect of CPP-ACP on early caries remineralization and prevention has hashbeen extensively researched. However, there has been a lack of research on micro-shear bond strength of a sealant applied on a CPP-ACP treated surface. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of CPP-ACP on the micro-shear bond strength of a sealant bonded with 3 different bonding systems. From the sound human 3rd molars, the 150 specimens were prepared and randomly assigned to six groups. Group I: Immersion in artificial saliva for 2 weeks + 35% phosphoric acid Group II: Immersion in artificial saliva for 2 weeks + 35% phosphoric acid + dentin bonding agent Group III: Immersion in artificial saliva for 2 weeks + self-etching adhesive Group IV: CPP-ACP application for 2 weeks + 35% phosphoric acid Group V: CPP-ACP application for 2 weeks + 35% phosphoric acid + dentin bonding agent Group VI: CPP-ACP application for 2 weeks + self-etching adhesive Sealant was applied and the micro-shear bond strength was measured. From the result of this study, it can be assumed that the CPP-ACP pretreatment can weaken the bond strength of a sealant if the enamel surface is conditioned with self-etch adhesive.

THE EFFECT OF PRIMER ON PENETRATION OF SEALANT (치면열구전색제의 열구 침투에 primer의 효과)

  • Jeong, Hye-Seon;Lee, Jae-Ho;Choi, Hyung-Jun;Choi, Byung-Jai
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.26 no.2
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    • pp.416-426
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    • 1999
  • The objective of this study is to confirm the effect of dentine bonding primer application on penetration of sealant. Extracted permanent molars were used to compare penetration success rate of control group (sealant application only) and experimental groups (sealant application after applying the primers of $Scotchbond^{TM}$ Multi-Purpose system and $All-Bond^{(R)}$ 2 system). The following results were obtained: 1. The experimental groups using the primers showed increased sealant penetration success rate to the base of fissure when compared to control group but there was no statistically significant differences(p>0.05). 2. The depth, width and 'depth/width' value of fissure had statistically significant effect on sealant penetration success rate(p<0.05). 3. The penetration success rate decreased about 0.9 times as the depth of fissure increased every $25{\mu}m$, and increased about 1.1 times as the width of the fissure orifice increased every $25{\mu}m$ and decreased about 0.6 times as the 'depth/width' value increased every 1. From the above results, it can be concluded that assure morphology had a great effect on sealant penetration and for better penetration, use of dentine bonding primer can be helpful but it needs more study in clinical bases.

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Experimental Research on the Surface Changes and the Abrasion Resistance of Pit and Fissure Sealant by Fluoride (불소도포제에 의한 치면열구전색제의 마모저항성과 표면 변화에 관한 실험연구)

  • Hwang, Su-Hyun;Yu, Ji-Su
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.373-378
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    • 2010
  • To test the effects of representative fluoride vanishes-1.23% APF gel and 5% NaF Fluoride Varnish-on the surface structure of pit and fissure sealant, this study classified samples of pit and fissure sealant into five groups: Group I deposited in distilled water for ten minutes, Group II treated with APF gel for one minute, Group III treated with APF gel for four minutes, Group IV treated with Fluoride Varnish for one minute, and Group V treated with Fluoride Varnish for four minutes. An abrasion test was carried out to measure changes in weight, along with observation of the surface structure by using an optical microscope, consequently drawing the following conclusions. 1. The results of the abrasion test using pit and fissure sealant, Concise, showed that Group III had the reduction in weight more increased than Group I and that Group V had less reduction in weight (p<0.05); the results of the abrasion test using Eco-S showed Group III had the reduction in weight more increased than Group I and that Group V had less reduction in weight (p<0.05). 2. The results of observation using an optical microscope showed that application of APF gel made the filler remarkable due to loss of substrate and that Group III treated with APF gel for four minutes had the toughest surface, followed by Group II treated with APF gel for one minute, Group I deposited in distilled water for ten minutes, Group IV treated with Fluoride Varnish for one minute, and Group V treated with Fluoride Varnish for four minutes.

A STUDY OF MICROLEAKAGE AND PENETRATION ABILITY OF A PIT AND FISSURE SEALANT APPLIED ON CARIOUS FISSURES (우식성 열구에 적용한 치면열구전색제의 미세누출과 침투도에 관한 연구)

  • Im, El;Lee, Sang-Ho;Lee, Nan-Young
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.37 no.3
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    • pp.345-351
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to compare microleakage and penetration depths of sealants applied in carious and sound fissures. Extracted premolars(n=80) were divided into 4 groups according to caries status. 1; sound, 2; stained, 3; initial caries, 4; enamel caries. Sealants were applied to the occlusal groove as per manufacturers' instructions, and specimens were thermocycled, stained, sectioned, and examined for microleakage and penetration ability. The results of the present study are as follow: 1. It showed significantly higher microleakage scores in group I than group Two, Three, Four(p<0.05), but no significant difference was found between group Two, Three, and IV(p>0.05). 2. It showed significantly higher penetration scores in group Four (p<0.05), followed by group One, Two, Three, but no significant difference was found between group One, Two, and Three(p>0.05). Based on the results of present study, when the borders of the fissure sealant are on carious enamel, a significantly higher microleakage must be expected. It is considered that depth of enamel caries in the fissure should be taken into account when applying a fissure sealant.

BUBBLE BEHAVIOR OF PIT AND FISSURE SEALANT (치면열구전색제의 도포 시 전색제에 따른 기포 발생 양태)

  • Kim, Hyun-Jin;Lee, Nan-Young;Lee, Sang-Ho
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.99-105
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    • 2007
  • In clinical practice, air bubbles trapped in the pit and fissure may increase early loss of sealing materials for fracture, wear and microleakage. The purpose of this investigation was to examine the bubble behavior of pit and fissure sealant. The 140 replicas made of epoxy resin were used to this experiment. Following conditioning, light-polymerized sealants were applied and then exposed to the light source. After stereoscopic examination of standarized specimen by grinding, bubble behavior was analysed. The results obtained were as follows; 1. Ultraseal $XT^{(R)}$ plus grops irrespective of using time were higher than groups of $Helioseal^{(R)}$ with clinpro tip and metal tip in the frequency of bubble(p<0.05), 2. Ultraseal $XT^{(R)}$ plus old group was more than $Clinpro^{(R)}$, Teethmate $F-l^{(R)}$ and $Helioseal^{(R)}$ with brush tip in the number of bubble under 200 magnified cross section(p<0.05). 3. The widest mean area of bubble was shown in the Teethmate $F-1^{(R)}$. 4. No statistically significant difference of the frequency and the site of bubble between $Clinpro^{(R)}$ and $Helioseal^{(R)}$ groups(p>0.05).

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Shear Bond Strength and Microleakage of a New Self-etch Sealant Containing S-PRG filler (S-PRG 필러를 포함하는 치면열구전색제의 전단결합강도 및 미세누출)

  • An, Jinseon;Lee, Juhyun;Seo, Hyunwoo;Park, Howon
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.43 no.4
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    • pp.347-353
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    • 2016
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate shear bond strength and microleakage of a new self-etch fissure sealant containing S-PRG filler (BeautiSealant). Fourty-five premolars were randomly divided into three groups: SEPBS group (Self-etching primer + BeautiSealant), AEBS group (Phosphoric acid etching + BeautiSealant), AECP group (Phosphoric acid etching + $Clinpro^{TM}$ sealant). For the shear bond strength test, microcylinders of fissure sealant were bonded to prepared buccal surfaces of teeth and shear bond strengths were measured by a universal testing machine. For the microleakage test, sealants were applicated on each occlusal fissure of teeth. All teeth surface were coated with finger nail varnish, with the exception of a 1.0 mm window around the sealant margins. The teeth were immersed in 2% methylene blue solution for 24 hours and then rinsed in water. The teeth were then embedded in resin and cut buccolingually along the tooth axis and observed with a stereomicroscope to determine the degree of microleakage. SEPBS group demonstrated lower bond strength in comparison with that of AEBS and AECP groups (p < 0.05). However, no significant differences were observed between AEBS and AECP groups. There was no statistically significant difference in degree of microleakage among three groups.

EVALUATION OF PIT AND FISSURE SEALANTS RETENTION BETWEEN DIFFERENT OPERATORS USING DIFFERENT ISOLATION TECHNIQUES (시술자와 방습법에 따른 치면열구전색제의 유지에 관한 연구)

  • Cho, Jae-Yong;Kim, Jung-Wook;Jang, Ki-Taeg;Kim, Chong-Chul;Hahn, Se-Hyun;Lee, Sang-Hoon
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.415-422
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    • 2003
  • Currently, 'National program of dental sealant' has begun in Korea, but various isolation techniques and preparation is performing. The aim of the present study was to compare pit and fissure sealant retention rates between different operators using two different isolation techniques. Additionally, the failed surface was examined. One examiner performed the examination after one year of the initial operation. The population consisted of 119 children(mean age $8.59{\pm}0.772$) of which the total sealed number was 279 permanent first molars. Pediatric dentists sealed 131 molars using the rubber dam isolation technique (Group 1), general practitioners sealed 80 molars using the rubber dam isolation technique (Group 2), and dental hygienists sealed 69 molars using the cotton roll isolation (Group 3). The results were as follows ; 1. The complete retention rate between Group 1 (90.8%) and 2 (85.0%) showed no significant statistical difference (P>0.05). However, there were significant statistical different retention rates between Group 1 and Group 3(64.7%) and between Group 2 and Group 3 (p<0.05). 2. In comparing retention rates between maxilla and mandible, Only Group 3 showed a significantly lower complete retention rate in mandible than maxilla (p<0.05). 3. In failed surface analysis, occlusal failed surface was 58.3%, buccal/palatal failed surface was 41.7%.

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