• Title, Summary, Keyword: 치면열구전색제

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The Effect of Children's Beverages on Degradation of Dental Resin-Based Pit and Fissure Sealant (어린이 음료가 레진계 치면열구전색제의 화학적 분해에 미치는 영향)

  • Min, Hee-Hong;Kim, Hyun-Jin;Lee, Hye-Jin
    • Journal of dental hygiene science
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.367-373
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    • 2018
  • The consumption of beverages among children is rising. The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of kid's drink on dental resin-based pit and fissure sealant. Pororo, I-kicker, Sunkist kids were included in the experimental groups, and Samdasu was included in the control group. A conventional dental sealant material ($Clinpro^{TM}Sealant^{(R)}$) was selected for this study. Resin specimens (8 mm in diameter and 1 mm in thickness) were prepared according to manufacturers' instructions and the initial roughness (Ra) was then measured. The pH of all the four groups was measured using a pH meter. The specimens were individually immersed in 5 ml of the experimental solutions and stored at $37^{\circ}C$ for 72 hours. Following this, the surface roughness of the resin specimens was measured by Surftest. The concentration of residual monomer released was determined by high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The surface morphology of the resin specimen was evaluated before and after storage by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Data were statistically analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and Duncan's test. The results showed that all the children's beverages examined in this study contained citric acid. The pH of I-kicker was the lowest ($3.03{\pm}0.01$), followed by that of Sunkist kids ($3.26{\pm}0.02$) and Pororo ($3.47{\pm}0.02$). We observed an increase in the surface roughness of resin specimens after 72 h of immersion in all the beverages tested (p<0.05). There was matrix degradation after immersion, visualized on SEM image, in all the beverage groups. Bisphenol-A-glycidyl methacrylate was not detected after 72 hours, but triethylene glycol dimethacrylate levels were increased in all the beverages tested during the 72 hours by HPLC. These results suggest that intake of beverages containing acid can cause degradation of the resin-based pit and fissure sealants in children.

COMPARISON OF MONOMER RELEASE FROM PIT AND FISSURE SEALANT FOLLOWING VARIOUS SURFACE TREATMENT (치면열구전색제의 광중합 후 표면 처리 방법에 따른 미반응 모노머 용리 비교)

  • Lee, Sang-Woo;Lee, Ju-Hyun;Seo, Hyun-Woo;Park, Ho-Won
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.70-76
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    • 2006
  • The aim of this study was comparison of effectiveness of surface treatment methods in reducing the oxygen-inhibited layer of a commercially available freshly polymerized, light cured dental sealant($concise^{TM}$, 3M, St Paul, USA). Surface treatment groups were consisted of no treatment(negative control group) and 3 experimental groups according to surface treatment of light-cured sealant. Experimental group I was 10 seconds' exposure to distilled water syringe, group II was 10 seconds' manual application using a cotton pellet wetted with 75% alcohol and group III was 10 seconds' prophylaxis with pumice/water slurry using rubber cup on a slow-speed handpiece. All specimens were immersed in 5ml distilled water and stored at 37c water bath for 10 minutes. All eluates were analyzed by HLPC for identification and quantitive analysis of monomers. The results of this study can be summarized as follows. 1. None of the chromatograms of the tested sealant displayed peaks with the same retention time as that of the standard solution, except for TEGDMA. 2. All surface treatment group had a statistically significant decrease of monomer release in comparison with no treatment group. 3. Removal effects of unreacted monomer in group III was statistically significant in comparison with group I and group II. These results revealed that mechanical method using pumice and rubber cup is the most effective in removing residual monomer and may be valuable to be used effectively in clinic.

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In Vitro Evaluation of Microleakage and Penetration of Hydrophilic Sealants Applied on Dry and Moist Enamel (법랑질 수분 처리에 따른 친수성 치면열구전색제의 미세누출과 열구 침투도 평가)

  • Ku, Jaewon;Lee, Jewoo;Ra, Jiyoung
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.44 no.3
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    • pp.272-279
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    • 2017
  • This study aimed to evaluate the microleakage and penetration of two hydrophilic sealants, Embrace $Wetbond^{TM}$ and Ultraseal $XT^{(R)}$ $hydro^{TM}$, when applied on dry and moist enamel, as compared to a conventionally used hydrophobic sealant, $Clinpro^{TM}$. A total of 60 sound human third molars were randomly divided into 5 groups according to the enamel moisture control and the sealant material used. After sealant application, the teeth were thermocycled and immersed in 1% methylene blue dye. Subsequently, the teeth were sectioned twice and the sections were examined using an optical microscope and image analysis software. Application of Embrace $Wetbond^{TM}$ on either dry or moist enamel resulted in more microleakage than $Clinpro^{TM}$. Application of Ultraseal $XT^{(R)}$ $hydro^{TM}$ on dry enamel showed a similar level of microleakage to $Clinpro^{TM}$, but application on moist enamel resulted in more microleakage. There were no significant differences between the groups in penetration. In conclusion, application of hydrophilic sealants on moist enamel did not improve the sealing ability and showed lower sealing ability than that of $Clinpro^{TM}$ applied on dry enamel.

INFLUENCE OF THE ENAMEL TREATMENT WITH ER:YAG LASER ON THE MICROLEAKAGE OF PIT AND FISSURE SEALANT (Er:YAG 레이저를 이용한 법랑질 표면처리가 치면열구전색제의 미세누출에 미치는 영향)

  • Lee, Ji-Hyun;Kim, Jae-Moon;Kim, Shin;Jeong, Tae-Sung
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.33 no.2
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    • pp.192-200
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    • 2006
  • The aim of this study was to assess the microleakage underneath a pit and fissure sealant bonded to occlusal surfaces treated by Er:YAG laser To determine the most effective energy density of laser, fourteen specimens were irradiated from 50mJ to 300mJ at 3Hz. After irradiation, the lased specimens were observed under the scanning electron microscope. Thirty six non-carious extracted premolars were randomly assigned to four groups of nine teeth: group 1, no treatment on the occlusal surface; group 2, acid etching for 15 seconds; group 3, Er:YAG laser irradiation; group 4, acid etching followed by Er:YAG laser irradiation. The pits and fissures were sealed with unfilled sealant(Helioseal F) and the specimen teeth were thermo-cycled, immersed in 2% Rhodamine B solution, longitudinally sectioned and analyzed for microleakage with fluorescent microscope. The results were as follows: 1. Er:YAG lased surfaces with 50mJ, 3Hz showed a similar pattern of irregularity with acid etched enamel surfaces 2. The mean microleakage score increased in the order of group 2, 4, 3 and 1. There was no significant difference among group 1, 3 and 4(p>0.05), however group 2 showed significantly less microleakage compared with group 1 and 3. Conclusively, the laser irradiation seemed not enough to replace the acid etching for proper retention of pit and fissure sealants.

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A STUDY OF MONOMER RELEASE FROM PIT AND FISSURE SEALANTS ACCORDING TO VARIOUS LIGHT SOURCES (광원에 따른 수종의 치면열구전색제로부터 용리되는 모노머에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, Hyun-Woo;Park, Ho-Won
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.284-292
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    • 2005
  • The aim of this study was to identify and quantify the major or detectable monomers released from any of five commercially-available, light-cured pit and fissure sealants with three different light sources : conventional halogen light curing unit, plasma arc light curing unit and LED curing unit. After curing, specimens were immediately immersed in distilled water for different time intervals. The time related release of monomers were analyzed by high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). Identification and quantitative analysis of monomers were performed by the comparison of the elution time and the absorption peak height of the eluates with those of the authentic sample. The result of this study can be summarized as follows. 1. Standard solution peaks with retention times of 2.3, 3.2, 5.6, 6.5, 10.4 minutes were identified as BPA, TEGDMA, UDMA, Bis-GMA, Bis-DMA, respectively. 2. None of the chromatograms of the tested sealants displayed peaks with the same retention time as that of the standard solution, except for TEGDMA. 3. The highest release rate of TEGDMA was observed during the 12hr period for all samples and declined thereafter. 4. The elution of TEGDMA from curing with Halogen curing unit for 20 second and LED for 10 second was less than that resulting from curing with Plasma arc for 3 second. 5. TEGDMA was detected at much lower levels in eluates from the Pit & Fissure $Sealant^{TM}$ than other sealants. The elution of TEGDMA from the $Helioseal^{(R)}$ F cured with Halogen light curing unit, the $Concise^{TM}$ cured with Plasma arc curing unit and the $Teethmate^{(R)}$ F-1 cured with LED curing unit were higher than other sealants.

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Evaluation of Microleakage and Penetration Ability of Flowable Resin in Occlusal Fissure (유동성 레진의 교합면 열구내 침투도와 미세누출 평가)

  • Cheong, Hyeran;Im, Sungok;Lee, Sangho;Lee, Nanyoung
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.44 no.1
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    • pp.89-98
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    • 2017
  • The aim of this study was to compared the penetration scores and microleakage levels of flowable resin in comparison to resin-based pit and fissure sealant. A total 120 extracted premolars were used and classified with group I (resin-based pit and fissure sealant), group II (flowable resin), group III (bonding agent + flowable resin), IV (fissurotomy + bonding agent + flowable resin) depending on the materials and the application methods. The penetration scores of the group treated with flowable resin following fissurotomy were similar to those of the group treated with resin-based sealant, but higher compared to those of the other groups treated with flowable resin without fissurotomy or bonding agent. The group treated with flowable resin following fissurotomy also exhibited the lowest microleakage levels. The group treated with resin-based sealant and the one treated with a bonding agent prior to the application of flowable resin showed similar microleakage levels. In conclusion, flowable resin may be applied as a pit and fissure sealant, and its application along with fissurotomy could increase the penetration scores.

Effects of Cerium Oxide Nano Particles(CNP) Containing on The Mechanical of Pit and Fissure Sealant (세륨옥사이드나노입자(CNP)첨가가 치면열구전색재 기계적 성질에 미치는 영향)

  • Jeong, Mi-Ae;Kim, Dong-Ae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.20 no.6
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    • pp.433-438
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    • 2020
  • The aim of this study was to investigate the mechanical properties of pit and fissure sealant containing cerium oxide nano particles(CNP). Used to mix with pit and fissure sealant (ConciseTM, USA). CNP was added into liquid (0- 4.0 wt%) of pit and fissure sealant. The specimens for the vickers hardness (VHN; 10 × 2 mm), Three-point flexure (FS; 2 × 2 × 25 mm) with flexure modulus (FM) were obtained from cements at 1, 7, and 14 days after storing in (37±1)℃ distilled water. All mechanical strength tests were conducted using machine (Instron 3344) with a cross-head speed of 1 mm/min. Data were statistically analyzed by one-way ANOVA and Duncan posthoc test(p<0.05). Mechanical properties of conventional pit and fissure sealant could be enhanced by addition of CNP. Three-point flexure and modulus of pit and fissure sealant containing CNP were showed a slightly higher value not significantly with the group(p>0.05). The vickers hardness values were increase significantly with incubation time(p<0.05). Results indicated that CNP can be used considered as potential reinforcing agent for increasing mechanical properties for conventional pit and fissure sealant. Therefore, it was suggest that the additional effects of CNP and research on a wide range of substances.

The effects of blocking the oxygen in the air during the polymerization of sealant (광중합 시 공기 중 산소의 차단이 치면열구전색제의 중합에 미치는 영향)

  • Oh, You-Hyang;Lee, Nan-Young;Lee, Sang-Ho
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.365-376
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    • 2006
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of blocking the oxygen in the air during the polymerization of sealant. All curing were performed with various light curing units under the application of oxygen gel barrier, stream of nitrogen and carbon dioxide gas for inhibition of oxygen diffusion into sealant surface. The results of present study can be summarized as follows : 1. The amount of eluted TEGDMA form the specimens cured with all the three different light units in the stream of $N_2$ and $CO_2$ gas and application of Oxygen gel barrier($DeOx^{(R)}$) were significantly lower than in the room-air atmosphere (Control) (p<0.05). 2. In the $DeOx^{(R)}$ application, the amount of eluted TEGDMA the specimen cured with PAC light for 10seconds was less than that cured in the stream of $N_2$ and $CO_2$ atmospheric conditions (p<0.05) 3. In the LED using 10 or 20sec irradiation times under the stream of $N_2$ and $CO_2$, the eluted TEGDMA showed to be no statistically significant difference (p>0.05). 4. The microhardness from the specimens cured with all the three different light units under each treated conditions were significantly higher than in the room-air atmosphere (p<0.05). 5. The surface treatment by $DeOx^{(R)}$, $N_2$ and $CO_2$ reduces the thickness of oxygen inhibited layer by sp proximately 49% of the untreated control value.

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AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON THE ANTICARIOGENIC EFFECT OF FLUORIDE-RELEASING PIT AND FISSURE SEALANT (불소방출 치면열구전색제의 항우식효과에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Kim, Jung-Wook
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.25 no.4
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    • pp.849-857
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    • 1998
  • The purpose of this study was to investigate whether fluoride-releasing pit and fissure sealant was more effective in preventing caries than conventional non-fluoride-releasing sealant. Specimens 8mm in diameter were made from sound bovine enamel. Fluoride-releasing pit and fissure sealant(Helioseal F, Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) and non-fluoride-releasing sealant(Helioseal, Vivadent, Schaan, Liechtenstein) were applied to the specimens and artificial caries was induced. Microhardness and the depth of the carious lesion was measured. The following results were obtained: 1. In group 2, sealed with fluoride-releasing sealant, there was a 58.4% decrease in microhardness. This was significantly less than the 84.4% decrease observed in group 1, sealed with non-fluoride-releasing sealant(p<0.01). 2. The average depth of the artificial carious lesion in group 2 was $30.1{\pm}9.8{\mu}m$. In group 1, sealed with non-fluoride-releasing sealant, the lesion was significantly deeper with an average depth of $58.5{\pm}4.9{\mu}m$(p<0.01). 3. Fluoride-releasing pit and fissure sealant was more anticariogenic compared to non-fluoride-releasing sealant.

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THE EVALUATION OF MICROLEAKAGE OF PIT AND FISSURE SEALANT BY USAGE OF SELF-ETCHING ADHESIVE SYSTEM (자가 산부식 접착제를 이용한 치면열구전색의 미세누출 평가)

  • Kim, Hyun-Jin;Lee, Nan-Young;Lee, Sang-Ho
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.35 no.2
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    • pp.216-224
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    • 2008
  • The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of fissurotomy and double application time of acidic primer of self-etching adhesive system of acid treatment on enamel surfaces for prevention of microleakage of pit and fissure sealants. The microleakage of pit and fissure sealants was evaluated by measuring the penetration depth of methylene blue solution. Specimens were divided by 4 groups according to the method of treatment. Group I: 35% phosphoric acid etching, 20 seconds. Group II: Priming with self-etching primer, 20 seconds. Group III: Priming with self-etching primer, 40 seconds. Group IV: Priming with self-etching primer, 20 seconds, after fissurotomy. The etched pattern produced on enamel was observed using a scanning electron microscope. Obtained data were analysed statistically using Kruscal-Wallis test followed by Mann-Whitney test for comparison of groups. The results are as follows: 1. Microleakage scores of group IV priming with self-etching primer 20 seconds after fissurotomy was the lowest. 2. Microleakage scores between group II and group III were not shown significant difference. 3. Enamel for 20 seconds etching with 35% phosphoric acid was observed the most effective etching pattern. And the etching pattern on the fissure enamel with self-etching adhesive 20 seconds after fissurotomy was more prominent than group II, III only using self-etching primer.

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