• Title, Summary, Keyword: 치면열구전색제

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An Experimental Study on the Shear Bond Strength of Fluoride-Containing Sealant and Non-Fluoride Containing Sealant (불소함유여부에 따른 치면열구전색제의 전단결합강도에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Her, Sun;Kweon, Seon-Ja;Kim, Jae-Gon;Baik, Byeong-Ju
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.23 no.2
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    • pp.489-501
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    • 1996
  • This study was to evaluate shear bond strength of fluoride-releasing sealant and nonfluoride releasing sealant to enamel surface of bovine tooth. 80 extracted bovine teeth were randomly assigned to four groups, and four kinds of sealants including Teethmate-A(Kuraray Co.), Teethmate-F(Kuraray Co.), Helioseal(Vivadent Co.), Helioseal-F(Vivadent Co.) were bonded to exposed enamel surfaces using silicon plate. Shear bond strength was determined in an instron universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 1mm/min. Then, the fracture surfaces of test specimens were investigated with scanning electron microscope. The obtained results were as follows; 1. The shear bond strength decreased in the following order : Teethmate-A(18.31MPa), Teethmate-F(11.90MPa), Helioseal (11.74 MPa), Helioseal-F(10.64MPa). 2. The shear bond strength of Teethmate-A showed significantly higher than that of Teethmate-F(P<0.05), but Helioseal and Helioseal-F didn't showed statistically different(P<0.05). 3. According to the SEM, Teethmate-A group showed cohesive failure, and Teethmate-A group & Helioseal group showed mixed pattern of cohesive and adhesive failure and Helioseal-F group showed adhesive failure.

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ELUTION OF RESIDUAL MONOMER ACCORDING TO VARIOUS LIGHT SOURCES AND CURING TIME ON THE POLYMERIZATION OF PHOTOACTIVATED PIT AND FISSURE SEALANTS (광중합 광원의 종류와 조사시간에 따른 치면열구전색제의 미반응 모노머 용출)

  • Oh, You-Hyang;Park, Yoon-Kyung;Lee, Nan-Young;Lee, Chang-Seop;Lee, Sang-Ho
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.31 no.3
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    • pp.421-430
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study was to measure and compare the amount of unreacted TEGDMA from pit and fissure sealants cured with three different light sources; conventional halogen light curing unit, plasma arc light curing unit and argon laser. The specimens were eluted in distilled water for different time intervals. The time-related release of TEGDMA were analyzed by reverse-phase high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC). The result of present study can be summarized as follows: 1. The time-related release of TEGDMA decreased with increasing curing time in conventional halogen light, however, that not statistically significant difference(p>0.05). 2. The elution from the specimens cured for 6 and 9 seconds with plasma arc light was similar results corresponding with the time-related TEGBMA release, and was significantly lower than that cured for 3 seconds(p<0.05). 3. The elution of TEGDMA from the specimens cured with argon laser was significantly higher than that cured with halogen and plasma arc light(p<0.05). 4. The elution of TEGDMA from under recommended time of three different light sources were showed to be no statistically significant difference(p>0.05). 5. In time-related release of TEGDMA from recommended time of each light sources, the results correspond to 40 seconds of halogen light and 6 seconds of plasma arc light were similar(p>0.05). 6. The elution of TEGDMA, from over recommended time of three different light sources were showed to be no statistically significant difference(p>0.05). In this study, I suggest that curing time of plasma arc light is 6 and/or 9 seconds in the field of clinical pediatric dentistry claiming its effectiveness in optimal polymerization and reduced chair time.

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ULTRA-STRUCTURE AND ACID ETCHING CHARACTERISTICS OF OCCLUSAL FISSURE ENAMEL (교합면 열구 법랑질의 미세구조 및 산부식 형태)

  • Cho, Tae-Sik;Yoon, Jeong-Hoon;Kim, Su-Gwan;Lee, Sang-Ho
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.32 no.2
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    • pp.321-331
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    • 2005
  • The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of mechanical and acid treatment on enamel surfaces for the retention of pit and fissure sealants and evaluate the presence of a prismless layer. The etch pattern produced on enamel from immature and mature premolar teeth extracted with varying period of acid etching using 37% phosphoric acid was examined using a scanning electron microscope(SEM). The composition of each groups was evaluated using an energy dispersive x-ray(EDX) spectroscopy. The result of present study can be summarized as follows: 1. Prismless layer was commonly observed on the fissure enamel in young and mature premolar. 2. There were no differences in micro-structure and etching pattern on fissure enamel between the young and the mature premolar. 3. The most effective etching pattern for retention of pit and fissure sealant was observed in 60 seconds of etching time and no apparent difference of etching pattern was found among 15, 30, and 45 seconds of etching time which showed non-retentive etching patterns. 4. The etching pattern obtained by grinding enamel surface with bur followed by 60 seconds of etching was similar to that of 60 seconds of etching without any pretreatment of fissure surface. 5. Type 2 etching pattern was commonly found on fissure enamel in both young and mature premolar. 6. The calcium content and P/Ca ratio in fissure enamel between the young and the mature premolar were significantly different(P<0.05). But content of calcium, phosphate and P/Ca ratio on various regions of fissure enamel in both young and mature premolar did not showed any difference. Based on these results, prismless layer may negatively influence the retention of pit and fissure sealants. Therefore, the mechanical removal of the prismless layer by grinding prior to etching or by prolonged etching time of enamel within the fissure system should result in an improved bonding of a pit and fissure sealant.

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IN VITRO COMPARISON OF VARIOUS DIAGNOSTIC METHODS OF OCCLUSAL CAR10US LESIONS (교합면 우식병소의 다양한 진단법에 관한 비교연구)

  • Kim, Jae-Gon;Kim, Young-Jin;Kim, Young-Sin;Baik, Byeong-Ju
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.613-619
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    • 2001
  • The aims of this study were to compare the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of cnventional visual examination, radiography and a new laser fluorescence method, KaVo Diagnodent, for the detection of occlusal caries lesions. One hundred sound human premolars and molars which had no restorations or interproximal cavities were tested by three methods. Tooth lesions depth was assessed at histologic examination using Caries detector dye The following results were obtained. 1. Diagnodent show 7.8 in sound tooth, 25.4 in initial caries, 30.5 in enamel caries, and 53.8 in dentin caries with average score 2. Spearman and Pearson relation coefficient was high between tooth-specimen test with dye and Diagnodent(0.736, 0.619), visual examination(0.664, 0.666), and was low between tooth-specimen test with dye and radiographic examination(P<0.01, total) 3. Accuracy of occlusal caries was highest on Diagnodent(65%) and lowest on radiographic examination(35%) 4. In initial caries, the sensitivity and specificity of Diagnodent method was the highest. In enamel caries, the sensitivity of visual examination was the highest and specificity of Diagnodent method was the highest. In dentinal caries, the sensitivity and specificity of Diagnodent method was the highest and sensitivity of visual examination was the lowest.

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MICROHARDNESS AND SURFACE ROUGHNESS OF SEALANT AND FLOWABLE COMPOSITE RESINS (치면열구전색제와 유동성 복합 레진의 미세 경도 및 표면 조도의 비교)

  • Yang, Kyu-Ho;Choi, Nam-Ki;Kim, Seon-Mi;Choi, Ji-Eun
    • THE JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.36 no.3
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    • pp.440-447
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    • 2009
  • This study was performed to compare the wear resistance of sealant and flowable resins for analyzing the effect of flowable resin as a sealant in preventive resin restorations. Specimens were made and Vicker's hardness number and surface roughness were measured. SEM observations of the polished and abraded surfaces were established. Kruskal-Wallis rank test and Mann-Whitney U test at the significant level of ${\alpha}$=0.05 were used. The following results were obtained: 1. The microhardness was decreased among groups in following order: Z350 (3M ESPE, U.S.A), Estelite (Tokuyama Dental, Japan) and Ultraseal (Ultradent, U.S.A). There were significant differences in all groups (p<0.0001). 2. The surface roughness was decreased among groups in following order: Ultraseal XT plus, Palfique Estelite LV and Filtek Z350 flowable. However, there is no statistically significant differences in roughness among Estellite, Z350 and Ultraseal at the significance level of ${\alpha}$=0.05, with p=0.116 3. SEM observation of the unworn and worn surfaces revealed the qualitative differences in the wear appearance among groups. The results in this study indicate that flowable resin is better than sealant in aspect of physical properties.

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