• Title, Summary, Keyword: 치의학 용어

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Evaluation of Dental Terminology System Using GRAIL: A Pilot Study (GRAIL을 이용한 치의학 용어 체계의 평가)

  • Kim, Young-Jun;Lee, Jon-Ki;Kim, Myeng-Ki;Kho, Hong-Seop
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.189-204
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    • 2001
  • 본 연구는, 기존의 나열식 분류체계의 문제점을 극복할 수 있는 GRAIL을 이용하여 두경부의 해부학적 구조물들 및 구강 악안면 영역의 주요 질병들과 관련된 치의학 개념들의 모델을 구축한 뒤, 완성된 치의학 개념 모델이 두경부의 해부학적 구조물들 및 구강 악안면 영역의 주요 질병들을 잘 표현할 수 있는지와 기존의 GRAIL 모델이 지닌 특징에 잘 부합하는지를 평가하고자 시행되었다. 서울대학교 치과병원 내원 환자 중 포괄적인 치과 치료 병력을 지닌 환자 150명의 치과 의무기록을 내용별로 분석하고, 각종 치의학 교과서와 기존의 의학용어 분류체계에서도 모델 구축에 필요한 치의학 용어를 선택하였다. 이들 자료를 바탕으로, GRAIL 모델 구축을 진행하고 구축된 모델을 평가할 수 있는 소프트웨어 프로그램인 'KnoME'에서 치의학 개념 모델을 구축하고 평가하여, 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1. 환자 150명의 치과 의무기록을 내용별로 분석한 결과, 우선적으로 모델 구축이 필요한 치의학 용어로는, 해부학적 구조물의 경우 치아, 치은, 악관절, 입술, 턱, 혀 등의 순서로 나타났으며, 구강악안면 영역의 병소에서는 치아 우식증, 치주염, 치은염, 악관절 장애, 매복 지치, 치경부 마모 등의 순서로 나타났다. 2. GRAIL을 이용하여 치아, 치주조직, 구강점막조직, 치아 우식증, 치수 및 치근단 병소, 치주질환, 구강점막질환의 모델 구축을 시행한 결과, 치의학 개념간의 다양한 관계가 대다수 잘 표현되었다. 그러나, 구강 악안면 영역의 해부학적 구조물에 대한 공간 정의의 한계성과 구강 악안면 질환의 진행 양상에 있어서 표현의 어려움이 관찰되었다. 이러한 부분은 GRAIL을 치의학 분야에 적용할 때, 극복해야 할 한계로 나타났다. 3. 치의학 개념들에 관한 다양한 질의를 시행한 후 그 응답 내용을 평가한 결과, 완성된 모델 내에서 치의학 개념의 자동적인 분류가 이루어 졌으며, 다양한 목적의 검색이 가능하였다. 이와 같은 사실로 미루어 보아서, 완성된 모델은 기존의 GRAIL 모델의 특성에 잘 부합되는 것으로 생각되었다.

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Terms Standardization between the Rules of Diagnosis Radiation Equipment Safety Management and Atomic Energy Law : Problems and Suggestions (진단용 방사선발생장치의 안전관리에 관한 규칙과 원자력법의 용어통일 개선 방향)

  • Kim, Hwa-Gon;Kang, Se-Sik;Kim, Chang-Soo;Park, Cheol-Seo
    • Journal of radiological science and technology
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    • v.29 no.1
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    • pp.39-46
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    • 2006
  • The rules and terms are described different meaning, in this results the research is accomplished for preventing practical workers from confusion. Atomic law are kept up modification and development in our situation by the ICRP's recommendation, on the other hand, the rules of diagnosis radiation equipment safety managements are modified partial, then resulted in confusion. The study was comparison between the rules of diagnosis radiation equipment safety management and atomic energy law, and the modification items obtained were as follows. 1. With each other different the terms and units are used. With the exception of special terms for affairs usage, it is needless to say that common term uniformity is standardized. The standardization of rules and guidance have not need to confusion radiological practical workers. 2. The following is omitted. 1) The radiation protection against tile patient and the hospital visitor. 2) Radiation dose limit of the woman patient who is in the process of becoming pregnant. 3) Radiation dose limit of the person who is not regarded as madical madical exposure. 4) The control of the exposure of pregnant of women at work.

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An assessment of statistical errors of articles in the Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics: Comparison between Korean version and English version (대한치과보철학회지에 게재된 논문의 통계적 오류: 국문논문과 영문논문의 비교)

  • Park, Dong-Gyu;Choi, Yong-Geun;Kim, Young-Su;Shin, Sang-Wan
    • The Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics
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    • v.47 no.3
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    • pp.273-285
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    • 2009
  • Statement of problem: The aim of dental research is to advance scientific knowledge and leads to improvement in the treatment and prevention of dental disease. Utilizing an effective research design and adequate statistical methods are essential procedures ensuring that the results of researches are based on evidences. A research should utilize proper statistical methods without statistical errors; Otherwise, it could adversely affect clinical practice and future research. Purpose: This study was made to investigate the statistical methods used in the Journal of Korean Academy of Prosthodontics (JKAP) and then to assess them for the statistical errors. Material and methods: Among the total of 399 articles in the JKAP published from 2000 to 2006, 292 articles using statistics were reviewed. The validity of the statistical methods used in them were assessed using a checklist based on the guideline for statistical reporting in the uniform requirements for manuscripts submitted to biomedical journals by International Committee of Medical Journal Editors. The checklist consisted of three categories of statistical errors: 1) Unspecified computer statistical packages, 2) Inadequate description of statistical methods, 3) Misuse of statistical terms. Then, the results were compared between the Korean version and the English version in the JKAP. Results: Among the 212 articles using statistics in the Korean version, 115 articles (54%) and among the 80 articles using statistics in the English version, 47 articles (59%) were shown to have unspecified computer statistical packages without statistically significant difference (P = .66). Likewise, 101 articles (48%) in the Korean version and 25 articles (31%) in the English version were shown to have the inadequate description of statistical methods without statistically significant difference (P = .09). However, 114 articles (54%) in the Korean version and 19 articles (24%) in the English version were shown to have the misuse of statistical terms with statistically significant difference (P = .01). Conclusion: Some of the articles in the JKAP had inadequate statistical validity, given the statistical errors identified in this assessment. Hence, dental researchers should be more careful when it comes to describing and applying statistical methods.