• Title, Summary, Keyword: 치태지수

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QUANTITATIVE DETECTION OF PERIODONTOPATHIC BACTERIA USING REAL-TIME PCR (Real-time PCR을 이용한 치주질환 원인균의 정량적 분석)

  • Kim, Seon-Mi;Yang, Kyu-Ho;Choi, Nam-Ki;Kang, Mi-Sun;Oh, Jong-Suk
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.35 no.3
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    • pp.494-503
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    • 2008
  • Real-time PCR 기법을 이용하여 구강내 치태에서 특정 세균의 존재여부를 알 수 있을 뿐 아니라 정량적 분석이 가능하게 되었다. 이 연구는 real-time PCR 기법을 이용하여 8-18세의 청소년에서 치주질환 원인균의 조성을 알아보고자 전신질환이 없는 어린이 및 청소년 65명을 대상으로 치은연하의 치태를 채취하여 5종의 치주질환 원인균의 출현율과 그 양을 측정하고, 또한 함께 측정한 치태지수 및 치은지수와의 상관관계를 조사하여 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1. 치태지수의 평균은 1.33이었으며, 치은지수의 평균은 0.97이었다. 치태지수는 나이가 증가할수록 낮아졌다(p<0.05). 2. 치주질환 원인균의 출현율은 P. gingivalis 61.5%, T. forsythia 53.8%, T. denticola 29.2%, A. actinomycetemcomitans 15.4%, F. nucleatum은 100%였다. P. gingivalis, T. denticola는 10세 이후 출현율이 증가하였고 A. actinomycetemcomitans는 8-10세 군에서 출현율이 높았다(p<0.05). 3. 정량적 분석에서 치태지수와 치은지수는 F. nucleatum의 양과 유의한 상관성이 있었으며, 치태지수는 치은지수와 유의한 상관성이 있었다. T. forsythia는 A. actinomycetemcomitans, T. denticola양과 강한 상관성을 보였으며, T. denticola양과 A. actinomycetemcomitans도 강한 상관관계를 가지고 있었다.

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Comparison of slim bristled and V-shaped orthodontic toothbrushes in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances (고정식 교정장치 장착환자에서 슬림모 칫솔과 V형 교정칫솔 간의 구강위생관리 효과 비교)

  • Choi, Jin-Hugh
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.39 no.6
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    • pp.383-392
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    • 2009
  • Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a slim bristled toothbrush compared with a V-shaped orthodontic toothbrush in patients with fixed orthodontic appliances. Methods: Thirty four orthodontic patients receiving edgewise treatment were randomly assigned to two groups, a slim bristled toothbrush (Nano silver slim care) and a V-shaped toothbrush (Oral-B). Plaque index, gingival index and bleeding index were recorded at the beginning of the study (baseline), 2 weeks, 4 weeks and 6 weeks after new toothbrushes were supplied and the results were analyzed statistically. Results: No statistically significant differences were found for plaque index, gingival index and bleeding index between toothbrush groups during the 6 weeks. Plaque and gingival indices were decreased at 2 weeks and 4 weeks but increased at 6 weeks in both toothbrush groups. Bleeding index in the V-shaped toothbrush group showed the lowest value at 2 weeks then increased at 4 weeks and 6 weeks but in the slim bristled toothbrush group decreased from 2 weeks through 6 weeks to under baseline levels. Patients in their twenties had significantly lower values than teenagers in the slim bristled toothbrush group (p < 0.013). Conclusions: The results would suggest that both of the toothbrushes are equally effective but the use of a slim bristled toothbrush may be of benefit in promoting gingival health for fixed orthodontic appliance patients in their twenties and over.

Interrelationship between periodontal parameters for the evaluation of clinically stable dental implants (인공매식치의 평가를 위한 치주지수간의 상관관계)

  • Kim, Dong-Hwan;Park, Joon-Bong;Lee, Man-Sup;Kwon, Young-Hyuk;Herr, Yeek
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.28 no.1
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    • pp.1-16
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    • 1998
  • 자연치의 경우에는 치주지수간의 상관관계가 정립되어 병적인 상태에 대한 진단과 그에 따른 치료방법을 결정하는데 많은 정보를 제공하나, 인공매식치에서는 아직 논란의 여지가 많다. 이에 임상적으로 안정화되어 기능하고 있는 인공매식치에서 치주지수간의 상관관계에 관하여 연구하고자 하였다. 총 43명의 환자(평균 44.7세)에 식립된 178개의 인공매식치를 연구에 이용하였다. 인공치아매식술을 시행한 후 1년에서 6년이 경과한 인공매식치에서 상부보철물을 제거한 후 치태지수, 치은열구출혈지수, 각화점막지수, 치주낭깊이, Periotest Values(PTVs) 등을 측정하여 각각의 분포상황과 상관관계를 분석하였다. 이 연구의 결과는 다음과 같다. 1. 치태지수의 평균값은 $0.83{\pm}0.82$이었다. 2. 치은열구출혈지수의 평균값은 $1.04{\pm}0.86$이었다. 3. 각화점막지수의 평균값은 $2.47{\pm}0.95$이었다. 4. 치주낭깊이의 평균값은 $3.12{\pm}1.14\;mm$이었다. 5. Periotest Values(PTVs)의 평균값은 $-0.66{\pm}4.28$이었다. 6. 치태지수, 치주낭깊이가 증가함에 따라 치은열구출혈지수는 유의성있게 증가하였다(P<0.01). 7. 각화점막지수가 증가함에 따라 치은열구출혈지수는 유의성있게 감소하였다(P<0.01). 8. 치은열구출혈지수와 매식치동요도 사이에서는 유의성있는 상관관계를 발견할 수 없었다(P>0.05). 9. 치주낭깊이와 매식치동요도 사이에서도 유의성있는 상관관계를 발견할 수 없었다(P>0.05). 10. 인공매식치의 직경과 길이가 증가함에 따라 매식치동요도는 유의성있게 감소하였다(P<0.01). 11. 하악에서의 매식치동요도가 상악의 경우와 비교하여 유의성있게 작았다(P<0.01). 결론적으로, 인공매식치에서도 자연치에서와 동일한 양상으로 치태가 많을수록, 그리고 치주낭 깊이가 깊을수록 염증의 심도와 관련이 깊은 것으로 생각된다. 특히, 인공매식치의 경우에는 같은 양의 치태가 존재시에 각화치은이 충분히 있는 쪽이 염증발생이 적은 것으로 나타났다. 치주조직에 염증이 존재하는 경우, 자연치아에서는 치아의 동요도가 증가하는 것으로 알려져있으나, 이 실험의 인공매식치에서는 유의성있는 상관관계를 발견할 수 없었다. 임상적으로 안정화된 인공매식치의 동요도는 염증정도에는 큰 영향을 받지 않고 인공매식치의 직경과 길이가 증가함에 따라 감소함을 보여주고 있다. 또한, 인공매식치의 동요도는 상하악골의 골질에 따라 차이가 있음을 명확히 보여주고 있다.

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Clinical Assessment and Survey of Periodontal Condition among Adolescents (임상검사 및 설문조사를 통한 청소년의 치주상태 연구)

  • Kim, Taehyoung;Lee, Dawoo;Kim, Jaegon;Yang, Yeonmi
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.227-236
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    • 2016
  • Periodontal disease, one of the most common oral diseases, has been widely researched. However, in the face of increasing incidence of adolescent periodontitis, there has been only little concern about the periodontal conditions in adolescents. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the periodontal health and assess the prevalence of the periodontal disease and its causing factors among adolescents. The data was collected from subjects ranging from age 10, 13 and 16 years old in Jeonju by clinical examination and survey. The prevalence of periodontal disease and plaque index value were higher in male than female (p < 0.05). The group of 13 years old subjects had the highest prevalence of periodontal disease (73.3%) and plaque index value (p < 0.05). Among the plaque index of each individual tooth, mandibular central incisor showed the highest value. The survey relating anticipated risk factors demonstrated that the group of 13 years old subjects had the least care for oral hygiene. Also, patients who received the treatment of scaling exhibited high plaque index (p < 0.05), and adolescents with great stress loads showed calculus deposition and increased plaque index (p < 0.05).

INHIBITORY EFFECT OF LACTOCOCCUS LACTIS 1370 ON THE FORMATION OF DENTAL PLAQUE IN CHILDREN (소아에서 Lactococcus lactis 1370에 의한 치태형성 억제 효과)

  • Lee, Lan-Young;Lee, Chang-Seop;Lee, Kwang-Hee;Oh, Jong-Suk;Lee, Sang-Ho
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.28 no.4
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    • pp.583-592
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    • 2001
  • This study was undertaken to evaluate the clinical effect of inhibiting plaque formation of Lactococcus lactis 1370, a acid producing bacterium residing in the mouth. 30 children were asked to use 10ml of control mouth-wash and mouthwash containing Lactococcus lactis 1370. The plaque index and plaque area rate at 24h and 48h after the use of the mouthwashes were measured. And the number of Lactococcus lactis 1370 was counted at 1h, 3h, and 6h in the mouth. The results are as follow. 1. The mean plaque index at 24h after the use of the control mouthwash and the mouthwash containing Lactococcus lactis 1370 were 2.43 and 2.06, respectively. The inhibiting rate of plaque formation was 15% (P<0.05). 2. The mean plaque index at 48h after the use of the control mouthwash and the mouthwash containing Lactococcus lactis 1370 were 2.95 and 2.17, respectively. The inhibiting rate of plaque formation was 26%, showing more decrease than at 24h(P<0.05). 3. The mean plaque area rate at 24h after the use of the control mouthwash and the mouthwash containing Lactococcus lactis 1370 were 21.2% and 15.6%, respectively. The inhibiting rate of plaque formation was 26% (P<0.05). 4. The mean plaque area rate at 48h after the use of the control mouthwash and the mouthwash containing Lactococcus lactis 1370 were 33.0% and 17.8%, respectively. The inhibiting rate of plaque formation was 46% (P<0.05). 5. The number of Lactococcus lactis 1370 in the mouth decreased significantly from mouthwashing to 3h, but increased slightly between 3h and 6h. As seen with the above results, we think that using the mouth wash with Lactococcus lactis 1370 would prevent the formation of plaque in the mouth and can be an effective method to prevent dental caries and periodontal disease.

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A STATISTICAL STUDY ON THE DENTAL CARIES INCIDENCE AND PLAQUE INDEX IN CEREBRAL PALSY PERSON (뇌성마비인의 우식경험도와 치태지수에 관한 역학조사연구)

  • Song, Jung-Woo;Lee, Keung-Ho
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.29 no.3
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    • pp.318-327
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    • 2002
  • The purpose of this study was to make a comprehensive study and to provide information about the dental caries and plaque index of cerebral person, and to aid improvement of their oral health. The author examined intraorally 1180 deciduous teeth, 5626 permanent teeth of 264 (male:153 female:111) cerebral palsy person and 1526 deciduous teeth, 4140 permanent teeth of 220 (male:125 female:95) non cerebral palsy person as the control group. The results were as follows : 1. Cerebral palsy persons Had higher dft rate than non-cerebral palsy persons. 2. Dental caries incidence between males and females in cerebral palsy persons showed no difference, and dental caries incidence of types in cerebral palsy person showed no difference, either. 3. Mental, motor, speech handicap degrees were negatively related to DMFT rate and DMFT index, and institutionalized cerebral palsy persons and cerebral palsy persons of which parent's occupation is private business were found low DMFT rate and DMFT index. 4. Cerebral palsy persons were found to have higher plaque index than non-cerebral palsy persons, and non institutionalized cerebral palsy persons and self-supported cerebral palsy persons were found high plaque index. 5. Plaque index of male and female in cerebral palsy person showed no difference, and Plaque index of types in cerebral palsy person showed no difference, either Plaque index of handicap degrees(mental, motor, speech) showed no difference.

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The Effect of Splinting with Concomitant Root Planing;Clinical and Digital Subtraction Radiographic Study (치근활택술과 스프린트 병행처치의 효과에 관한 연구;디지털 공제 촬영술을 이용한 임상적 연구)

  • Lee, Ji-Young;Kye, Seung-Bum;Kim, Won-Kyoung;Lee, Yong-Moo;Ku, Young;Ryu, In-Chul;Chung, Chong-Pyoung;Choi, Sang-Mook;Han, Soo-Boo
    • Journal of Periodontal and Implant Science
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    • v.31 no.1
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    • pp.207-227
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    • 2001
  • 스프린트는 치주처지료에서 부가적 처치법으로 널리 사용되고 있으며, 한편, 디지털 공제 활영술은 기존방사선촬영술의 한계점을 극복하기 위해 기발된 새로운 방법이다. 이번 연구에서는 치근활택술 단독시행시와 스피린트 병행 처치시의 효과를 임상적, 방사선학적으로 비교하였다. 중정도의 성인성 치주염을 가진 20명의 환자를 대상으로 하되 10명은 치근활택술 단독으로, 나머지 10명은 스프린트 병행처치로 처치하였다. 임상적, 방사선학적인 평가는 처치전, 처치후 6개월에 행하고, 임상적 평가의 경우 3개월에 추가로 실시하였다. 이번 연구에서 사용된 임상 지수로는 치태지수, 치은지수, 치은퇴축, 치주낭깊이, 임상부착수준, 임상부착증가, 탐침시출혈, 치아동요도 등이며, 방사선학적 평가는 기존 방사선촬영술에 의한 방법과 디지털 공제촬영수렝 의한 방법으로 행하였다. 디지털 공제 촬영술에 의한 평가시, 영상은 Digora 프로그램에 의해 획득하고 Emago 프로그램으로 처리 하여 다음과 같은 결론을 얻었다. 1. 처치후 3개월에 치태지수, 치은지수, 치은퇴축, 치주낭깊이, 임상적부착수준, 탐침시 출혈 등의 임상지수들이 변했으며, 특히 이러한 변화는 치주낭깊이, 치은퇴축, 탐침시출혈에서 유의성이 있었다. ( p<0.05 ) 그러나 두군간 차이는 인정되지 않았다. ( p>0.05 ) 2. 처치후 6개월에도 치태지수, 치은지수, 치은퇴축, 치주낭깊이, 임상적부착수준, 탐침시출혈, 치아동요도 등의 임상지수들이 변했으며, 특히 이러한 변화는 치주낭깊이, 치은퇴축, 탐침시출혈, 치태지수, 치아동요도에서 유의성이 있었다. ( p<0.05 ) 그러나 두 군간 차이는 인정되지 않았다. ( p>0.05 ) 3. 켄달 상관분석시, 임상적 평가와 기존 방사선 촬영술에 의한 평가사이의 관련성을 낮았으며 거의 0에 가까운 수치를 보였으며 (r=0.110, p=0.639 ) 임상적 평가와 디지털 공제 방사선 촬영술에 의한 평가사이에서 약간 높은 관련성을 보였다. ( r=0.257, p=0.315 ) 즉 치주치료후의 골변화는 디지털 공제 방사선 촬영술에 의한 평가시 기존 방사선 사진보다 임상적 부착증가와 더욱 긴밀한 관련성을 보여준다. 이상의 결과로 볼 때, 스프린팅 처치는 치주 치료에 있어 치근활택술에 부가적 표과를 제공하지 못한다.

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A comparative study of electric and manual toothbrushes on oral hygiene status in fixed orthodontic patients (고정식 교정 환자에서 전동치솔 효과에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Chang-Hun;Hwang, Hyeon-Shik;Lee, Ki-Heon;Hong, Suk_jin
    • The korean journal of orthodontics
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.363-370
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    • 2004
  • Patients with fixed orthodontic appliances frequently have increased levels of plaque accumulation leading to the possibility of gingivitis or enamel decalcification. Although many methods may be helpful in reducing dental plaque formation, the optimal mechanical removal of plaque is the most important factor during orthodontic treatment. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of an electric toothbrush (with a specially designed orthodontic brush head) compared to a manual toothbrush in controlling plaque and gingivitis for patients with fixed orthodontic appliances. Oral hygiene status was measured in thirty-four patients using a plaque index, a gingival index and a bleeding index, before and four weeks after the attachment of fixed orthodontic appliances. Patients were randomly divided into two groups: electric and manual toothbrush groups. Oral hygiene instruction was given according to the type of toothbrush used. The Braun Oral-B D9511 with Braun Oral-B Ortho OD 15-1 brush head was used as the electric toothbrush while the Butler G.U.M. 124 was given as the manual toothbrush. After four md eight weeks, oral hygiene status was measured again. Through a comparison between the electric and the manual toothbrush groups, the following results were obtained. 1. All oral hygiene indices showed an increasing tendency after four weeks of fixed orthodontic appliance. 2. All indices presented a decreasing tendency four and eight weeks after oral hygiene instruction. 3. In case of the gingival index and bleeding index, the decreasing tendency did not show a statistically significant difference between the electric and the manual toothbrush groups. 4. The decreasing tendency of plaque index presented a statistically significant difference between the two groups, showing that the electric toothbrush was more effective in terms of oral hygiene. These findings suggest that an electric toothbrush is useful to orthodontic patients with fixed appliances.

COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE EFFECT OF TWO DIFFERENT DENTIFRICES ON THE DENTAL PLAQUE DEPOSIT (두 종류의 치약이 치태침착에 미치는 영향에 관한 비교연구)

  • Han, Soo-Boo
    • The Journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.695-701
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    • 1978
  • 서울대학교 치과대학 4학년 학생 20명을 대상으로 상악 좌우측제1대구치 협, 구개면 하악 좌우측 중절치, 측절치, 견치의 순설면의 치태 침착 여부를 시판중인 럭키치약과 환인소금치약의 치태침착억제 효과를 1일, 5일, 10일, 14일, 21일, 28일째 Son and Muhlemann plaque index로 조사한 결과 환인소금치약이 럭키치약에 비해 낮은 치티지수를 얻었지만 (실험첫날과 마지막날의 치태지수의 감소백분율로 보면 환인소금치약의 경우 22.63%, 럭키치약의 경우 12.21%를 얻었다.) 통계학적으로 별다른 의미를 찾을 수 없었다.

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PERIODONTOPATHIC BACTERIA IN SUBGINGIVAL PLAQUE OF NORMAL AND HANDICAPPED PERSON (정상인과 정신지체인, 다운증후군 환자에서 치주질환 원인균의 출현율)

  • Lee, Hae-Song;Kim, Seon-MI;Choi, Nam-Ki;Oh, Jong-Suk;Kang, Mi-Sun;Lim, Hoi-Jeong;Yang, Kyu-Ho
    • JOURNAL OF THE KOREAN ACADEMY OF PEDTATRIC DENTISTRY
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.457-468
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    • 2006
  • It is widely known that individuals with mental retardation (MR) and Down's syndrome (DS) often develop early onset periodontal diseases. In this study, the prevalence of periodontopathic bacteria in MR persons and DS patients was compared with normal persons. Plaque index and gingival index were measured. Five periodontopathic bacteria, Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, Treponema denticola, Fusobacterium nucleatum were surveyed in subgingival plaque samples by the polymerase chain reaction. Results : 1. Plaque index and gingival index were higher in MR persons group and DS patients group than normal persons group (p<0.05). 2. The prevalence of periodontopathic bacteria in normal persons group were lower than that of MR persons group and DS. Significant differences were observed in the prevalence of P. gingivalis, T. denticola and A. actinomycetemcomitans(P<0.05). 3. Prevalence of P. gingivalis(5.9%) at age 8-10 was lower than other ages in normal persons group, and its prevalence increased with age Prevalence of P. gingivalis, T. denticola and A. actinomycetemcomitans at MR persons group and DS patients group were higher than those of same ages of normal persons group. 4. Plaque index was associated with T. denticola and gingival index was associated with T. denticola and A. actinomycetemcomitans(P<0.05). These results suggested that plaque index, gingival index and prevalence of periodontopathic pathogens, especially P. gingivalis, T. denticola and A actinomycetemcomitans in DS patients group and MR persons group are higher than those of normal persons group.

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