• Title, Summary, Keyword: 침투성

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Permeability Properties of High Fly Ash Concrete (높은 혼합비율의 플라이 애쉬를 갖는 콘크리트의 침투성 특징에 관한 연구)

  • 이진용
    • Magazine of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.7 no.4
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    • pp.109-118
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    • 1995
  • The permeability of concrete is closely related to the durability and the latter may be expressed by measuring permeability of concrete. According to the results, the permeability of fly ash concrete was lower than that of OPC(PC1) concrete and decreased with increasing fly ash levels(l5%, 30% and 45%). The permeability values of concrete cured in water is significantly lower than those of concrete cured in air, but the differences were reduced with increasing fly ash level. In comparison with OPC(PC1) concrete and high fly ash concrete containing enhanced early strength cements, the latter also had a lower permeability than the former. The permeability of concrete cured in water was decreased with curing time(28 and 180 days) irrespectwe of cement types. However, the trend of results cured in air was opposite to that cured in water due to the rnicrocrackinp: of concrete. It was found that the properties of strength and permeability of concrete were related each other. However, the permeability of concrete was more dependant upon the type of binder used in concrete.

Factors Influencing the Foliar Uptake of Dimethomorph into Cucumber Induced by Fatty Alcohol Ethoxylate (Fatty Alcohol Ethoxylate에 의해 유도되는 Dimethomorph의 오이 엽면 침투성 영향 인자)

  • Yu, Ju-Hyun
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.12 no.2
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    • pp.118-126
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    • 2008
  • In order to find the best compositions of the dimethomorph formulation containing fatty alcohol ethoxylate surfactants as an activator adjuvant and recommend the good management way of the formulations to allow an intended uptake rate, factors affecting foliar uptake of active ingredients into cucumber were investigated and compared each other. Among tested, the most important factors were air temperature in which plants were located after spraying of aqueous formulations containing activator adjuvant, and deposit of wax on the leaf surface of cucumber. Dimethomorph uptake was found to be increased by sunlight. When aqueous formulations had long-polyethoxylated fatty alcohol surfactants, the relative humidity of the room in which the plants were located after spraying with the formulations did not severely influence the foliar uptake. Maintaining a mild temperature and avoiding too strong sunlight after spraying with dimethomorph formulations were found to be resonable management strategies.

An Anatomical Research on Liquid-Penetration and Penetration-Path of Wood (목재(木材)의 액체침투성(液體浸透性)과 침투경로(浸透經路)에 관(關)한 조직학적(組織學的) 연구(硏究))

  • Kim, Yu-Jung;Park, Sang-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.19 no.3
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    • pp.7-18
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    • 1991
  • 목재(木材)의 액체침투성(液體浸透性)을 연구(硏究)하기 위하여 국내(國內)에 있는 침엽수재(針葉樹材)와 활엽수재(闊葉樹材)의 주요수종(主要樹種)을 대상으로 축방향(軸方向), 방사방향(放射方向), 접선방향(接線方向)의 침투(浸透)를 각각 조사(調査)하였다. 또한 방사(放射) 및 접선방향(接線方向)의 주요(主要) 침투경로(浸透經路)를 광학현미경(光學顯微鏡)으로 관찰(觀察)하였다. 실험결과(實驗結果)는 다음과 같다. 1. 종침투(縱浸透)는 침(針) 활엽수재(闊葉樹材)모두 1% $NH_4OH$ 처리(處理)시 침투성(浸透性)이 가장 컸으며 수종(樹種)에 따른 침투성(浸透性)의 차이(差異)는 침엽수재(針葉樹材)인 잣나무가 활엽수재(闊葉樹材)인 물푸레나무와 현사시나무 보다는 더 컸으며 관엽수재내(關葉樹材內)에서는 물푸레나무가 현사시나무보다 침투성(浸透性)이 더 큰 것으로 나타났다. 2. 횡침투(橫浸透)는 침엽수재(針葉樹材)에 있어서 침투면별(浸透面別) 침투량(浸透量)은 접선단면(接線斷面)이 방사단면(放射斷面)보다 훨씬 컸으며, 활엽수재(闊葉樹材)의 경우는 환공재(環孔材)에서는 접선단면(接線斷面)이 방사단면(放射斷面)보다 침투량(浸透量)이 컸으나, 산공재(散孔材)에서는 수종간(樹種間)의 변이(變異)가 컸다. 활엽수재(闊葉樹材)의 환공재(環孔材) 모두 방사조직(放射組織)이 횡침투(橫浸透)에 미치는 영향(影響)은 침엽수재(針葉樹材)만큼 크지 않았다. 침투(浸透)깊이도 침엽수재(針葉樹材)가 활엽수재(闊葉樹材)보다 컸으며, 활엽수재(闊葉樹材)는 수종간(樹種間)의 차이(差異)가 심했다. 3. 침투경로(浸透經路)를 보면 침엽수재(針葉樹材)는 방사유세포(放射柔細胞), 만재부(晩材部)의 소가도관(小假導管)이 주도적(主導的)인 역할을 하였으며, 활엽수재(闊葉葉材)도 역시 방사조직(放射組織)을 통해서 침투(浸透)가 이루어지지만 수종간(樹種間)에 방사조직(放射組織)의 침투양식(浸透樣式)과 침투속도(浸透速度)가 달랐다.

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An Experimental Study on the Basic Properties of Penetrating repair material using Silicate-based Inorganic Materials (규산염계 무기 재료를 활용한 침투성 보수재의 기초 특성에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • Ha, Sang-Woo;Oh, Sung-Rok;Choi, Yung-Wang
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.18 no.7
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    • pp.39-45
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    • 2017
  • In this study, permeable repair materials mainly composed of silicate - based inorganic materials(SIM), which are easily available domestically, were prepared as a basic study for the development of permeable repair materials using SIM. SIM were compared and examined for their performance as repair materials by selecting a product group which has many cases of use in foreign countries. The SIM used were mainly composed of sodium, potassium and lithium silicate. Performance evaluation of SIM was performed by absorption and penetration, compression and adhesion, rapid chloride ion penetration, rapid freezing and thawing, and chemical resistance test. According to the test results, SIM showed effective performance in all areas, mainly because SIM permeates into the interior of the capillary and has a dense internal microstructure. Therefore, it can be used variously to improve the durability of concrete based on the results of this experiment.

Utilization and Development of Major Wood Resources in Kangwon-do -Permeability system of monomer in wood polymer composites- (강원도(江原道) 지역(地域)의 침활엽수재(針闊葉樹材) 목재자원(木材資源)의 이용개발(利用開發)을 위한 기초적(基礎的) 연구(硏究) -복합목재 제조를 위한 단량체의 침투기구-)

  • Lee, Won-Yong;Lee, Sung-Jae
    • Journal of Forest and Environmental Science
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    • v.14 no.1
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    • pp.1-13
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    • 1998
  • In this paper, it has been discussed on the relation between the anatomical features of woods and the penetration of methyl methacrylate monomer system into major Korean tree species, especially the Pinus koraiensis, Larix leptolepis, Quercus mongolica and Tilia amurensis. 1. There was some differences in penetration of polymers among different tree species, but generally the penetration of ring porous woods seems to be larger than that of diffuse porous woods and it was very difficult to penetrate to Larix leptolepis, especially to the that of heart wood. 2. The penetration on transeverse surface was relatively easy but radial and tangential impregnation were somewhat hard and differences between them were negligible. 3. The penetration of sapwood was larger than that of heartwood and its differences varied according to the existence of tyloses or contents in vessel. 4. Generally the polymer penetration of earlywood was larger than that of latewood in ring porous woods, but on the contrary, penetration of earlywood was small than that of latewood on diffuse porous woods. 5. Vessel diameter of wood had nearly no relation to polymers penetration. This seems to come from the reason that effective vessel diameter varies with the existence of tyloses or contents in vessel. 6. The penetration of ray tracheids was larger than that of ray parenchyma cells in softwoods, but penetration of hardwood rays seems to be small in comparison with softwood ray parenchyma cells. 7. Specific gravity and annual ring width had no relation to the penetration of polymer.

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Analysis of Seawater Intrusion Vulnerability for Administrative Districts in East Sea (동해 연안 행정구역 별 해수침투 취약성 분석)

  • Lee, Jae-Beom;Yang, Jeong-Seok;Kim, Il-Hwan
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.93-93
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    • 2018
  • 최근 기후변화에 따라 우리나라 해수면 상승률은 평균 2.48mm/yr로 가파르게 상승하고 있다. 동해의 해수면 상승률은 2.69mm/yr 로 전세계 평균 해수면 상승률인 2.0mm/yr 보다 높게 나타나 해수면 상승에 의한 해수침투 피해가 증가할 것으로 예상된다. 해수침투로 인해 1차적으로 연안지역의 해수침투 영역이 증가하고, 지하수의 오염, 농작물의 염수 피해, 산업활동의 제약 등 피해 범위가 지역 사회 범위로 점차 증가한다. 한정된 자원에서 해수침투를 예방하고 피해지역을 줄이는 것에는 많은 어려움이 있다. 이를 위해 동해 연안지역의 행정구역을 대상으로 정량적인 분석을 통하여 해수침투에 취약한 지역을 선정하고 대비하는 것이 가장 효율적인 방법이라고 볼 수 있다. 본 연구에서는 해수침투에 영향을 미치는 인자들을 수집하고, 취약지역을 평가하여 분석하였다. 동해 연안의 11개 시 군 행정구역을 대상으로 해수침투에 영향을 미칠 수 있는 인자를 선택하고 자료를 수집하였다. 수집된 자료는 Re-scale 방법을 이용하여 표준화 하고 엔트로피 방법을 이용하여 산정된 가중치를 각각의 인자에 적용하였다. 산정된 해수침투 취약성 지수는 동해안을 대상으로 하여 각 행정구역에 대한 상대적인 취약성을 나타낸다. 최종적으로 산정된 취약성 지수를 동해안의 행정구역이 도시되어 있는 지도에 나타내어 취약한 지역에 대하여 해수침투 방지 대책 및 시설 보강 계획을 세운다면 해수침투 피해에 효율적인 대처가 가능할 것으로 예상된다.

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Investigative Study on Application of Seepage Control in an Urban River: Levee Enlargement (도시하천에서의 침투보강기법 적용성 분석: 단면확대기법)

  • Im, Dong-Kyun;Kim, Kyu-Ho;Yeo, Hong-Koo
    • Proceedings of the Korea Water Resources Association Conference
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    • pp.1249-1253
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    • 2007
  • 제방은 제내지에 거주하는 인간의 재산과 삶을 방어하고, 홍수를 제어하는 가장 기본적인 수공구조물이다. 제방파괴 원인은 월류, 활동, 침식, 그리고 침투 등으로 분류되어 질 수 있다. 특히 간극수압에 의해 발생하는 침투는 제방 내부침식(internal erosion) 및 파이핑(piping) 등을 야기함으로서 제방파괴를 유도한다. 침투에 의한 제방파괴는 월류나 침식에 의한 제방파괴 유형보다 상대적으로 적으나, 다른 제방파괴 원인을 더욱 활성화 시키는 인자로 작용한다. 도시하천의 경우 높은 치수안전도를 적용하여 제방을 축조함에 따라 월류에 의한 붕괴보다 강우와 하천수의 복합요인에 의한 침투파괴가 중요한 문제로 대두되고 있다. 본 연구에서는 침투와 활동에 대한 안전성을 확보할 수 있는 침투보강기법인 단면확대기법에 대한 적용성 및 유의사항을 수치모의를 통해 검토하였다. 제방 비탈면 경사를 1:2 확대할 경우, 침투유속이 70 %정도 감소되는 것을 확인하였다. 그러나 단면확대기법은 홍수시 통수능과 제내지의 부지 확보 문제 등을 고려하여 적용하여야 하며, 도시하천에서 단면확대기법을 적용하는 데는 일정부분 한계를 가질 것으로 판단된다.

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Numerical Analysis of Infiltration in Permeable Pavement System considering Unsaturated Characteristics (불포화 특성을 고려한 투수성 포장 시스템의 침투성 수치해석)

  • Kim, Seungbae;Ahn, Jaehun;Teodosio, Bertrand;Shin, Hyunjun
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.11 no.3
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    • pp.318-328
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    • 2015
  • Effective urban flood reduction and restoration of natural water cycle at present include the application of permeable pavements. The application of permeable pavement addresses urban water cycle and disaster related events which gained attention internationally. However, few researches have been conducted to investigate unsaturated behavior and evaluate the water characteristics curves of these type of pavement materials most especially in the unsaturated state. In this study, first the saturated permeability and the soil-water characteristics curve of a pervious concrete are evaluated based on laboratory tests, and, based on experimental results, the infiltration of permeable pavement system is numerically modelled. In the soil-water characteristics curve of a pervious concrete, the volumetric water content drops very steeply after the air entry value with increasing matric suction. From the finite element analyses, the performance of the permeable pavement when compared to impermeable pavement, confirmed that the whole system effectively delayed and reduced runoff.

Characteristics of Chloride Penetration in Cracked Flexural Member using Durable Materials (고내구성 재료를 사용한 휨부재의 균열에 따른 염화물 침투 특성)

  • Jin, Sang-Ho;Kim, Il-Sun;Kim, Myung-Yu;Yang, Eun-Ik;Yi, Seong-Tae
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.401-404
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    • 2008
  • Crack is a penetration path of harmful material such as chloride ion, and causes a serious deterioration in durability. So, the characteristics of chloride penetration are investigated for the cracked flexural concrete members using high-durable materials. For these, the flexural crack of beam specimen is introduced by transverse loading. And, Rapid Chloride Penetration Test (RCPT) and Long-term chloride penetration test are carried out to compare the chloride penetration depth. From test results when crack is happened, the chloride penetration resistance of the durable member was superior than that of the normal member. Blast furnace slag concrete member has a excellent chloride penetration resistance in long-term chloride penetration test.

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