• Title, Summary, Keyword: 케이블 강성

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경사케이블의 동적 강성 행렬

  • 안상섭
    • Computational Structural Engineering
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    • v.10 no.4
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    • pp.22-29
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    • 1997
  • 본 기사에서는 경사케이블의 자중의 현 방향성분을 고려하여 케이블의 동적 강성 행렬을 유도하였다. 이 동적 강성 행렬로부터 부재 자체의 동적특성을 자세히 파악할 수 있을 뿐만 아니라 다른 구조물과 결합되었을 경우 동해석에 소요되는 시간을 대폭적으로 줄일 수 있고 거동을 예측할 수 있다는 장점이 있다. 유도된 동적 강성값을 다른 연구결과와 비교해본 결과, 실 구조물의 부재롤 사용되는 경사 케이블은 중량이 비교적 크기 때문에 현 방향 자중성분을 무시할 수 없으며 항상 복합 모드 현상을 보인다는 것을 알았다. 또한 이러한 복합 모드형성으로 인해 경사 케이블의 동적 강성값은 기존의 동적 강성값보다 좀 더 큰 값을 보인다.

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Application of Vibration Method for Estimation of Tension Force of Stay Cables in World-Cup Stadiums (월드컵경기장 지지케이블의 장력추정을 위한 진동법의 적용성 평가)

  • Chang, Kug-Kwan
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.156-165
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    • 2009
  • This study is to consider the character of cables in six World-Cup stadiums constructed in 2002 and to inspect problems on measurement natural frequencies interpretation and application of existing theory. The results of the experiment were shown that it was possible to determine the tension force of the real cables with an accuracy of 8% by taking the cable bending stiffness. But for the range of cable affected greatly by bending stiffness(${\xi}{\leq}7$), it was appeared the tendency to increase estimated error and was considered to need additional study of this range. Estimated tension error could not be improved so much in comparison to the case using single mode of vibration even through multiple modes of vibration were used.

Effects of Flexural Rigidity of Center Tower in Four-Span Suspension Bridges (4경간 현수교에서의 중앙주탑 휨강성의 영향)

  • Gwon, Sun-Gil;Yoo, Hoon;Choi, Dong-Ho
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.49-60
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    • 2014
  • For simple and accurate analysis for behaviors of multi-span suspension bridges which are expected to be frequently constructed as strait-crossing bridges, the deflection theory as the peculiar theory of a suspension bridge can be applied. This paper performs a structural analysis for four-span suspension bridges using the deflection theory. Simply-supported beams with tension are used for girders and the deflections of the beams due to the vertical loads and moments at supports are calculated. The calculation is performed iteratively until the deflections satisfy the compatibility equations of cables. The results of the deflection theory analysis considering tower rigidity are compared with those of the finite element analysis for verification. Importance of the tower rigidity for four-span suspension bridges is confirmed using various compatibility equations of the cable due to variation of the constraint conditions between main cable and top of towers. In addition, the simple parametric analysis for variation of the center tower rigidity is performed.

막.케이블.트러스구조의 범용해석프로그램;McS

  • 김승덕
    • Computational Structural Engineering
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.29-36
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    • 1992
  • 우리의 경제발전과 함께, 막구조 및 케이블구조를 이용한 특수 대공간 구조물이 더욱 더 늘어날 전망이며, 이들 구조물의 구조해석은 일반적인 범용ㅇ 구조해석 프로그램으로는 해석이 불가능하다. 즉, 대부분의 범용 구조해석 프로그램이 초기강성을 가진 구조물을 해석할 수 있는데 반해, 막구조 및 케이블 구조는 초기강성이 매우 약한 구조체이므로, 초기 불안정현상을 나타내고, 따라서 해석이 불가능하게 된다. 이러한 구조적 특징을 가진 막구조 및 케이블구조를 해석하기 위하여, 막 케이블 및 트러스요소로 구성된 복합구조체를 해석할 수 있는 범용 구조해석 프로그램인 McS(Membrane and Cable/Truss Structures)가 개발되었으며, 그 Flow-chart는 표1에서와 같다. McS는 현재, 한국에서는 성균관대학교 자연과학캠퍼스의 VAX-11, 1명진단조공업주식회사의 SUN 워크스테이션에서 작동중이며, 일본에서는 동경대학 생산기술연구소의 M-380 및 T.I.S. & Partners의 IBM 워크스테이션에서 작동중에 있다.

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별도의 배관작업이 필요없는 배관배선 일체형 케이블의 적용

  • Gang, Seong-Tae
    • Electric Engineers Magazine
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    • pp.26-29
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    • 2006
  • 기존의 대표적인 배선시공 방법인 전선관 배선을 대체할 수 있도록 케이블의 외장을 비닐이나 고무등의 플라스틱 재질 대신 경량의 알루미늄을 인터록이라는 특수한 공법으로 금속외장 처리하여 금속관의 장점인 고강도와 가요전선관의 장점인 가요성을 동시에 부여한 "가요성 알루미늄 피 케이블(전기설비 기술기준 별표 32)"이 개정 예정인 품셈집에 반영이 되어 현장에 적용되고 있다.

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Lagrangian Formulation of a Geometrically Exact Nonlinear Frame-Cable Element (기하 비선형성을 엄밀히 고려한 비선형 프레임-케이블요소의 정식화)

  • Jung, Myung-Rag;Min, Dong-Ju;Kim, Moon-Young
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.25 no.3
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    • pp.195-202
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    • 2012
  • Two nonlinear frame elements taking into account geometric nonlinearity is presented and compared based on the Lagrangian co-rotational formulation. The first frame element is believed to be geometrically-exact because not only tangent stiffness matrices is exactly evaluated including stiffness matrices due to initial deformation but also total member forces are directly determined from total deformations in the deformed state. Particularly two exact tangent stiffness matrices based on total Lagrangian and updated Lagrangian formulation, respectively, are verified to be identical. In the second frame element, the deformed curved shape is regarded as the polygon and current flexural deformations in iteration process are neglected in evaluating tangent stiffness matrices and total member forces. Two numerical examples are given to demonstrate the accuracy and the good performance of the first frame element compared with the second element. Furthermore it is shown that the first frame element can be used in tracing nonlinear behaviors of cable members.

Vibration Reduction Effects of Stay Cable Due to Friction Damper (마찰댐퍼에 의한 사장 케이블의 진동저감 효과)

  • Kim, Hyung Ku;Yhim, Sung Soon
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.54-61
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    • 2013
  • Stay cable has a strong axial rigidity due to large initial tension and, on the other hand, it has a weak laterally flexural rigidity. Wind loads or traffic loads cause the cables to vibrate significantly and affect the mechanical properties and the performance of cables of cable-stayed bridge (CSB). Therefore, the development of vibration reduction design is an urgent task to control the vibration vulnerable long-span bridges. As Friction damper (FD) shows to reduce the amplitude and duration time of vibration of cable of CSB from measured date in field test, friction damper can be considered that it is effective device significantly to reduce the amplitude and duration time in vibration of cable of CSB under traffic load, wind load and so on. Vibration characteristics of cable can change according to manufacturing method and type of established form. Nevertheless, analysis method in this study can present the design of friction damper for vibration reduction of cable of cable-stayed bridge from now on.

Free Vibrations of Ocean Cables under Currents (조류력을 받는 해양케이블의 자유진동해석)

  • 김문영;김남일;윤종윤
    • Journal of Korean Society of Coastal and Ocean Engineers
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.231-237
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    • 1999
  • A geometric non-linear finite element formulation of spatial ocean cable under currents is presented using multiple noded curved cable elements. Tangent stiffness and mass matrices for the isoparametric cable ele¬ment are derived and the initial equilibrium state of ocean cable subjected to self-weights, buoyancy, and current as well as support motions is determined using the load incremental method. Free vibration analysis of ocean cables is performed based on the initial equilibrium configuration. Numerical examples are presented and discussed in order to demonstrate the feasibility of the present finite element method and investigate dynamic characteristics of ocean cables.

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