• Title, Summary, Keyword: 케이블 진동영향

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Full Scale Measurement on Stay Cables of a Cable Stayed Bridgefor Estimation of Damping Ratios (실교량 계측에 기반한 사장 케이블의 감쇠비 추정)

  • Kim, Saang-Bum;Im, Duk-Ki;Kim, Chang-Hyun;Lee, Jong-Sup
    • Proceedings of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute Conference
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    • pp.421-424
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    • 2009
  • 사장교 케이블의 감쇠비를 추정하기 위하여 실교량 계측을 수행하였다. 사장교 케이블은 감쇠비가 낮고, 고유 진동수가 케이블의 길이에 따라 넓은 범위에 걸쳐 분포하므로, 바람이나 지점 가진에 의하여 과도한 진동이 발생될 수 있다. 케이블 진동 현상의 원인과 발생되고 진행되는 구조는 다양하나, 진동 현상의 가장 중요한 요소는 감쇠비이며, 케이블 진동의 과도한 진동을 감소시키기 위하여, 케이블의 감쇠비를 증가시키는 방법이 널리 사용되고 있다. 사장교 케이블의 다양한 진동 현상에 대한 발생 여부를 판단하고, 케이블 댐퍼와 같은 여러 제진 대책을 설계하고, 설치된 케이블 제진 대책의 성능을 검증하기 위해서는, 케이블의 감쇠비를 추정하는 것이 매우 중요하다. 일반적으로 사용되어져 온 케이블의 감쇠비 추정 방법은 정해진 모드로 자유 진동을 발생시킨 후, 진폭의 감소 추세로부터 Logarithmic Decrement를 계산하여 감쇠비를 구하는 방법이다. 그러나 수백m에 이르는 긴 케이블에서 정해진 모드의 자유 진동을 발생시키는 것은 쉽지 않다. 최근에는 상시 진동으로부터 감쇠비를 추정하는 여러 기법들이 개발되어져 왔으며, Frequency Domain Decomposition Method나 Stochastic Subspace Identification Method 등이 많이 사용되고 있다. 이 논문에서는, 상시진동 기반의 기법들을 사용하여, 사장교 케이블의 감쇠비를 추정하였으며, 추정된 감쇠비의 신뢰도를 높이기 위해, 측정시간을 늘리고, 가진 풍하중의 영향을 반영하여 보정하였다. 또한 추정된 감쇠비를 Buffeting 진동과 와류 진동과 같이 진동 현상과 진폭별로 분석하였다.

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A Nonlinear Analysis of Cable Stayed Bridge including Sway Vibrational Effects using Multiple Cable Elements (다수 케이블요소를 사용한 사장교의 횡방향진동을 포함한 비선형 해석)

  • Seong, Ik-Hyun;Yoon, Ki-Yong
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.12 no.6
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    • pp.661-670
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    • 2000
  • To investigate the characteristics of the dynamic response of long-span cable-stayed bridges due to various dynamic loadings likes moving traffic loads, two different 3-D cable-stayed bridge models are considered in this study. Two models are exactly the same in structural configurations but different in finite element discretization. Modal analysis is conducted using the deformed dead-load tangent stiffness matrix. A new concept was presented by using divided a cable into several elements in order to study the effect of the cable vibration (both in-plane and swinging) on the overall bridge dynamics. Futhermore case of asymmetric traffic loading clustered in one direction are also considered to study the torsional response of the bridge. The result of this study demonstrates the importance of cable vibration on the overall bridge dynamics.

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Vibrational Characteristics on the Cables in Cable Stayed Bridge (사장교 케이블의 진동거동 특성)

  • Sung, Ikhyun
    • Journal of the Society of Disaster Information
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.249-257
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    • 2017
  • Recently, a cable disconnection accident occurred due to a lightning strike at the Seohae Bridge located in Dangjin-Pyeongtaek City. This is a natural occurrence, but it is a recall that it is very important to review the safety issues due to the disconnection of cable bridges. In other words, the role of cables in cable bridges has a profound effect on the safety of the structure, and it has become necessary to grasp the effect on the entire structural system. The cable bridge is an economic bridge that builds the main tower and supports the bottom plate by cable. The influence of the cable is the main member, which is a big influence on the safety of the whole bridge system. In the cable-stayed bridge, the cables exhibit nonlinear behavior because of the change in sag, due to the dead weight of the cable, which occurs with changing tension in the cable resulting from the movement of the end points of the cable as the bridge is loaded. Modal analysis is conducted using the deformed dead-load tangent stiffness matrix. A new concept was presented by using divided a cable into several elements in order to study the effect of the cable vibration (both in-plane and swinging) on the overall bridge dynamics. The result of this study demonstrates the importance of cable vibration on the overall bridge dynamics.

Distribution of Natural Frequency of 2-DOF Approximate Model of Stay Cable to Reduction of Area (단면감소에 따른 사장케이블의 2-자유도 근사모델의 고유진동수 분포)

  • Joe, Yang-Hee;Lee, Hyun-Chol
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.147-154
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    • 2014
  • The cable damages of the bridge structures induce very important impact on the structural safety, which implies the close monitoring of the cable damage is required to secure sustained safety of the bridges. Most usual available maintenance techniques are based on the monitoring the change of the natural frequency of the structures by damages. However, existing method are based on vibration method to calculate lateral vibration and system identification can calculate the axial stiffness using sensitivity equation by trial error method. But the frequency study by the longitudinal movement need because of the sag effect in system identification. This study proposes a new method to investigate the damage magnitudes and status. The method improves the accuracies in the magnitudes and status of damages by adopting the natural frequency of longitudinal movement. The study results have been validated by comparing them with the approximate solution of FEM. Thus, the relationship of cable damage and frequency appear with relation that the severe damage has the little frequency. If we know the real frequency we can estimate the cable damage severity using this relationship. This method can be possible the efficient management of the cable damage.

Vibration Reduction Effects of Stay Cable Due to Friction Damper (마찰댐퍼에 의한 사장 케이블의 진동저감 효과)

  • Kim, Hyung Ku;Yhim, Sung Soon
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.17 no.2
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    • pp.54-61
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    • 2013
  • Stay cable has a strong axial rigidity due to large initial tension and, on the other hand, it has a weak laterally flexural rigidity. Wind loads or traffic loads cause the cables to vibrate significantly and affect the mechanical properties and the performance of cables of cable-stayed bridge (CSB). Therefore, the development of vibration reduction design is an urgent task to control the vibration vulnerable long-span bridges. As Friction damper (FD) shows to reduce the amplitude and duration time of vibration of cable of CSB from measured date in field test, friction damper can be considered that it is effective device significantly to reduce the amplitude and duration time in vibration of cable of CSB under traffic load, wind load and so on. Vibration characteristics of cable can change according to manufacturing method and type of established form. Nevertheless, analysis method in this study can present the design of friction damper for vibration reduction of cable of cable-stayed bridge from now on.

Application of Vibration Method for Estimation of Tension Force of Stay Cables in World-Cup Stadiums (월드컵경기장 지지케이블의 장력추정을 위한 진동법의 적용성 평가)

  • Chang, Kug-Kwan
    • Journal of the Korea institute for structural maintenance and inspection
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    • v.13 no.6
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    • pp.156-165
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    • 2009
  • This study is to consider the character of cables in six World-Cup stadiums constructed in 2002 and to inspect problems on measurement natural frequencies interpretation and application of existing theory. The results of the experiment were shown that it was possible to determine the tension force of the real cables with an accuracy of 8% by taking the cable bending stiffness. But for the range of cable affected greatly by bending stiffness(${\xi}{\leq}7$), it was appeared the tendency to increase estimated error and was considered to need additional study of this range. Estimated tension error could not be improved so much in comparison to the case using single mode of vibration even through multiple modes of vibration were used.

Dynamic Analysis of Cable with Intermediate Submerged Buoys for Offshore Applications - Frequency Domain Analysis - (해양응용을 위한 중간잠수부표들이 부착된 케이블의 동적해석)

  • Shin, H.
    • Journal of Ocean Engineering and Technology
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    • v.3 no.2
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    • pp.26-34
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    • 1989
  • 심해에서 사용되는 계류선의 큰 자중(self-weight)에 관련된 문제를 해결하기 위하여 케이블-부표 시스템을 이용하는 것은 매우 큰 도움이 된다. 계류선에 적절한 중간잠수부표(intermediate submerged buoys)를 붙임으로써 계류선에 발생하는 최대 장력을 줄일 수 있고, 따라서 케이블의 직경을 감소시킬 수 있다. 본 논문에서는 중간잠수부표가 부착된 케이블의 비선형 정적 방정식과 선형화된 운동방정식이 유도되고, 주파수 영역해석을 이용하여 케이블의 고유진동수와 케이블 상단에서의 장력을 구하고 그것들에 대한 중간잠수부표의 영향을 조사한다.

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Dynamic Characteristics of Cable-Stayed Anchorage considering Cracks at Bolt and Welding Connection (용접 및 볼트 연결부 균열을 고려한 사장교 케이블 정착부의 동특성 해석)

  • Kim, Chul Young;Kim, Sung Bo;Jung, Woo Tai
    • Journal of Korean Society of Steel Construction
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    • v.11 no.4
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    • pp.351-362
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    • 1999
  • Damage detection methods which utilize the change in dynamic characteristics are very hard to apply to large civil structures since local damage hardly affects global dynamic characteristics. But, if there is a very important and critical member and we focus only on the local behavior of it, it would be possible to detect damage from the change in local dynamic characteristics, such as natural frequencies and mode shapes .In this study, the cable anchorage part of a cable-stayed bridge under construction is modeled and analyzed by commercial finite element program, ABAQUS. It has both welding and bolting connections with a cable and a stiffening plate, and has a possible high stress concentration portions in it. Several damage scenarios such as crack through the welding or crack through the bolting connection are examined. The result shows that the local natural frequencies of the damaged member decrease up to 16% compared with that of the undamaged member. It is concluded that there is quite a high feasibility that the damage of the cable anchorage can be detected by measuring local dynamic characteristics.

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Fundamental Frequency Extraction of Stay Cable based on Energy Equation (에너지방정식에 기초한 사장 케이블 기본진동수 추출)

  • Kim, Hyeon Kyeom;Hwang, Jae Woong;Lee, Myeong Jae
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.28 no.1A
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    • pp.125-133
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    • 2008
  • According to longer and longer span, dynamic instability of stay cable should be prevented. Dynamic instability occurs mainly symmetric 1st mode and antisymmetric 1st mode in stay cable. Especially symmetric 1st mode has a lot of influence on sag. Therefore fundamental frequency of stay cable is different from that of taut sting. Irvine, Triantafyllou, Ahn etc. analyzed dynamic behavior of taut cable with sag through analytical technical and their researches give important results for large bounds of Irvine parameter. But each research shows mutually different values out of characteristic (cross-over or mode-coupled) point and each solution of frequency equations of all researchers can be very difficultly found because of their very high non-linearity. Presented study focuses on fundamental frequency of stay cable. Generalized mechanical energy with symmetric 1st mode vibration shape satisfied boundary conditions is evolved by Rayleigh-Ritz method. It is possible to give linear analytic solution within characteristic point. Error by this approach shows only below 3% at characteristic point against existing researches. And taut cable don't exceed characteristic point. I.e. high accuracy, easy solving techniques, and a little bit limitations. Therefore presented study can be announced that it is good study ergonomically.

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고압 및 특고압 전력케이블의 절연진단 및 유지보수 관리방법 [3]

  • Kim, Bo-Gyeong;Mok, Yeong-Su;Lee, Gwan-U;Park, Dae-Hui
    • Electric Engineers Magazine
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    • v.257 no.1
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    • pp.15-20
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    • 2004
  • (4)내전압시험법의 동향 - 상용주파에 의한 내전압시험은 수트리 열화정도와 잔존파괴성능의 관계 및 수트리 진전속도등이 아직 명확해지지 않았지만, 전력케이블의 열화진단에 유용할 것으로 생각되며, 케이블 길이 가 긴 경우에는 전원용량 때문에 시험설비가 대형화되어지는 문제가 있다. 최근에는 교류내전압 시험과 동등한 능력을 갖고 건전케이블에 미치는 영향이 작고 시험설비가 작아질 수 있는 이점을 가진 감쇠진동파법, 초저주파법 등이 검토되고 있다.(중략)

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