• Title, Summary, Keyword: 콘크리트 슬래브궤도

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Development of a Nondestructive Seismic Technique for Flexural Rigidity of Concrete Track as Slab Displacement Index (콘크리트 슬래브궤도의 휨강성 평가를 위한 비파괴 탄성파 기법의 개발)

  • Cho, Mi-Ra;Joh, Sung-Ho;Lee, Il-Wha
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.28 no.6D
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    • pp.905-913
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    • 2008
  • Recently, concrete tracks are introduced into high-speed railroads as an alternative to ballast tracks. Concrete tracks are superior to ballast tracks in the aspect of durability, maintenance and safety. However, deteriorated stiffness of railroad bed and settlement of soft ground induced by trapped or seepage water lead to problems in safety of train operation. In this research, flexural rigidity of concrete tracks was employed as an index of track displacement and a new seismic technique called FRACTAL (Flexural-Rigidity Assessment of Concrete Tracks by Antisymmetric Lamb Waves) method was proposed to delineate flexural rigidity of concrete tracks in a 2-D image. In this paper, to establish theoretical background, parametric research was performed using numerical simulations of stress-wave tests at concrete tracks. Feasibility of the FRACTAL technique was proved at a real concrete track for Korean high-speed trains. Validity of the FRACTAL technique was also verified by comparing the results of impulse-response tests performed at the same measurement array and the results of DC resistivity survey performed at a shoulder nearby the track.

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Characteristics of Vibration of Track and Vehicle Body According to Type of Track in Tunnel of High-Speed Railway Lines (고속철도 터널에서의 궤도 형식에 따른 궤도와 차체의 진동 특성)

  • Kim, Man Cheol;Jang, Seung Yup
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.26 no.1D
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    • pp.125-132
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    • 2006
  • In the present study, in order to elucidate the vibration characteristics of track and train body according to the type of track in tunnel, the vibration accelerations of the track and the KTX train body have been measured in tunnels of Kyong-Bu high-speed railway(HSR) lines, and the frequency analysis of the measured data has been performed. From this, the vibration characteristics of the track components such as rail, sleeper, ballast and slab, the tunnel lining and the vehicle body according to the type of track are investigated and their relation is analyzed. The test results show that the vibration of rail and vehicle body rapidly increases at 80Hz in tunnel, and that is much higher in the tunnel on which the concrete slab track is placed. According to the results of the present study, rail supporting stiffness can variate the vibration characteristics of the total system including the vehicle, and therefore the correlation between the vibration of vehicle should be taken into account to determine the supporting stiffness of the slab track.

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The Displacement Limit at the End of an Approach Slab for a Railway Bridge with Ballastless Track (콘크리트궤도 부설 교량의 접속슬래브 단부 처짐한도에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jin-Yu;Yang, Shin-Chu
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.195-202
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    • 2008
  • The transition area between a bridge and an earthwork is one of the weakest area of track because of the track geometry deterioration caused unequal settlement of backfill of abutment. In case of a ballastless track, the approach slab could be installed to prevent such a phenomenon. But, if there is occurred the inclined displacement on the approach slab by a settlement of the foundation or formation, the track is also under the inclined displacement. And this defect causes reducing the running stability of a vehicle, the riding comfort of passengers, and increasing the track deteriorations by excessive impact force acting on the track. In this study, parametric studies were performed to investigate the displacement limit on the approach slab to avoid such problems. The length and the amount of unequal settlement of approach slab were adopted as parameter for numerical analysis considering vehicle-track interaction. Car body accelerations, variations of wheel force, stresses in rail, and uplift forces induced on fastener clip were investigated. From the result, resonable settlement limit on the end of an approach slab according to slab length was suggested.

A Study on Coupling Coefficient Between Rail and Reinforcing Bars in Concrete Slab Track (콘크리트 슬래브궤도에서 레일과 철근 사이의 결합계수에 대한 연구)

  • Kim, Min-Seok;Lee, Sang-Hyeok;Lee, Jong-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.12 no.3
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    • pp.405-411
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    • 2009
  • Railway signaling system in a rapid transit using the ATC system the approved a speed limit to a train and a part of signaling system in a metro approved a distance which is possible to move. Referring to the way of transmitting train control information, there are the one transmitting it to the on-board system of a train using the direct track, the another transmitting it establishing an instrument, and the other transmitting an instrument by a railway track. The one is the method using the direct track as a conductor for composing the part of the track and attaining the information controlling a train by transmitting a signal to the track. It is used for the high-speed railway and the subway. The method using the track attains information by transmitting it to returned information, and the on-board system of a train attains it by magnetic coupling. Because many reinforcing bars on the concrete slab track are used, interaction between a rail and a reinforcing bar that is not produced on ballast track is made. Due to the interaction, the electric characteristic of rail is changed. In the current paper, we numerically computed the coupling coefficient between the rail and the reinforcing bar based on the concrete slab track throughout the model related to the rail and the reinforcing bar using the concrete slab track that is used in the second interval of the Gyeongbu high-speed railway, and we defined the coupling coefficient not changed in the electric characteristic of rail in the condition that there is no interaction between the rail and the reinforcing bar.

Correlation Analysis Between Crack and TQI in RC Slab Track (철도콘크리트 슬래브 궤도상의 균열과 TQI 상관성 분석)

  • Kwon, Sae Kon;Park, Mi Yun;Kim, Doo Kie;Park, Jae Hak
    • Journal of Korean Society of Disaster and Security
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    • v.5 no.2
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    • pp.71-79
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    • 2012
  • Recently, in the total railroad construction field, the concrete slab track is adapted, not ballast track. Because the ballast track have the characteristics doing the ongoing maintenance and difficult to handle increasing maintenance costs, eventually the concrete slab track is selected as an alternative. However, owing to the hydration heat reactions and temperature affected shrinkage cracks related to concrete itself, a variety of studies to solve maintenance problems related to concrete slab track are underway. This study analysed characteristics of TQI values evaluating the track irregularity, searched the relationship between crack progress and TQI, and then evaluated of the correlation between the two values. Through this method, there is a need to complete the problems of the current method, only TQI is the main decision making tool in track maintenance, and also the need for the development of evaluation index considering the crack.

Fracture Behavior of Dowel Joint of Concrete Slab Track (콘크리트궤도 슬래브의 다웰 연결부 파괴 거동)

  • Kwon, Kusung;Jang, Seung Yup;Chung, Wonseok
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.33 no.5
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    • pp.2125-2133
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    • 2013
  • Recently, an interest on joint behavior between adjacent concrete slab tracks has increasing due to large application of such track system. Dowel bars are widely used to improve load transfer capacity across the joints. Dowel bars reduce the deflections and stresses by transferring the load between the slabs. This study proposes the lumped shear spring model to efficiently model dowel joints of adjacent slabs. This model includes bearing stiffness between dowel bar and concrete as well as dowel gap. Strength of the proposed spring model is evaluated based on Concrete Capacity Design method under the assumption of shear failure mode in the joints. Experiments are also performed up to failure to evaluate the accuracy of the proposed model. It has been observed that the proposed model is able to predict initial nonlinearity due to dowel gap, and capture material nonlinearity of the test slabs. Thus, it is recommended that the proposed model can be effectively applied to the dowel joints of concrete slab track.

Deformation and Stress Distribution of Discontinuous Precast Concrete Track Slab : I. Initial and Temperature Deformation (불연속 프리캐스트 콘크리트궤도 슬래브의 변형과 응력 분포 : I. 초기 및 온도 변형)

  • Lee, Dong Hoon;Kim, Ki Hyun;Jang, Seung Yup;Zi, Goangseup
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.625-636
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    • 2017
  • This study looked into the behavior of precast concrete track due to temperature variation and initial track deformation and examined the effect of initial deformation and deformation caused by temperature gradient on the stress distribution of slab under train load. In this paper, one of two papers in a series, a finite element analysis model for calculating deformation and stress of precast concrete track was proposed; the temperature distribution and displacements measured at the precast concrete track in the field were compared with the analytical results. The results show that the slab always curled up due to initial deformation; by comparing the measured displacements with the displacements calculated by taking measured temperatures at each depth as input, the effective built-in temperature (EBITD), the temperature difference between the top and bottom of the slab corresponding to the initial deformation, can be estimated. If EBITD is relevantly assumed, the calculated displacements correlate well with the measured ones.

The Influence of Frequency on Wayside Transmitter of ATP System upon Reinforcing Bars in Concrete Slab Track (콘크리트 슬래브궤도에서 철근이 ATP시스템 지상자의 주파수에 미치는 영향)

  • Kim, Min-Seok;Yoon, In-Mo;Ko, Jun-Seog;Lee, Jong-Woo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.11 no.6
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    • pp.536-542
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    • 2008
  • In concrete slab track, the signal current using wayside transmitter of ATP (Automatic Train Protection) system is influenced by reinforcing bars. The magnetic coupling between reinforcing bars and wayside transmitter of ATP system as a filter makes an input current distorted. So, it makes an alternating current signal with a desirable size not transmit to on-board system of a train. Way to decrease the distortion of an input current signal frequency is to avoid maximum induction current frequency. And the induction phenomenon between reinforcing bars insulated and wayside transmitter of ATP system does not occur. In this paper, we represent the model about wayside transmitter of ATP system and reinforcing bars on the concrete slab tracks, and calculated the parameters demanded for the model. Also, we demonstrated it through the Maxwell program. Furthermore, we calculated impedance on wayside transmitter used in KVB system and ERTMS/ETCS system which are a kind of ATP system, frequency response of induction current, using Matlab, and demonstrated the validity of it, using PSpice program.

A Behavior Analysis of HSR Concrete Slab Track under Variety of Rail Pad Static Stiffness on Fatigue Effect (피로효과를 고려한 레일패드의 정적스프링계수 변화에 따른 콘크리트 슬래브 제도의 거동분석)

  • Park, Yong-Gul;Kang, Kee-Dong;Choi, Jung-Youl
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.499-505
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    • 2007
  • The major effective of this study is to investigate the fatigue effects of rail pad on High Speed Railway with concrete slab track system. It analyzed the mechanical behaviors of HSR concrete slab track with applying rail pad stiffness based on fatigue effect (hardening and increasing stiffness) on the 3-dimensional FE analysis and laboratory test for static & dynamic characteristics. As a result, the hardening of rail pad due to fatigue loading condition are negative effect for the static & dynamic response of concrete stab track which is before act on fatigue effect. The analytical and experimental study are carried out to investigate rail pad on fatigue effected increase vertical acceleration and stress and decrease suitable deflection on slab track. And rail pad based on fatigue effect induced dynamic maximum stresses, the increase of damage of slab track is predicted by adopting fatigue effected rail pad. after due consideration. The servicing HSR concrete slab track with resilient track system has need of the reasonable determination after due consideration fatigue effect of rail pad stiffness which could be reducing the effect of static and dynamic behavior that degradation phenomenon of structure by an unusual response characteristic and a drop durability.

A Parametric Study on the Serviceability of Concrete Slab Track on Railway Bridges (철도교 콘크리트 슬래브궤도의 사용성에 관한 매개변수 영향 연구)

  • Park, Hong-Kee;Jang, Seung-Yup;Yang, Sin-Chu;Park, Yong-Gul
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.12 no.1
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    • pp.95-103
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    • 2009
  • Deformations of bridge deck ends on abutments and piers bring about severe problems in track geometry and require maintenance work. In case of concrete slab track, more severe deformation and additional forces on rail and rail supports can be induced by bridge deck deformation, which affect the serviceability of track structure since concrete slab track is much stiffer than ballasted track and the behavior of track structure is integrated with that of bridge deck. In this study, the design variables affecting the serviceability of track structure are selected and the influence level is estimated by a parametric study. As a result, it is found that continuous span is advantageous than simply supported span and the stiffness of bridge bearing and rail fastener as well as the distance between last rail support and bridge bearing are most important parameters.