• Title, Summary, Keyword: 크리프

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Incremental Model Formulation of Creep under Time-varying Stress History (시간이력 하중을 받는 콘크리트의 점증적 크리프 모델)

  • Park, Yeong-Seong;Shin, Dong-Hun;Lee, Yong-Hak
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.34 no.3
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    • pp.755-761
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    • 2014
  • Internal or external restraint of concrete strain due to drying shrinkage and creep in concrete structures causes mechanical strain and becomes a source of persistent change in creep-causing stress conditions. Mathematical modeling to incorporate the persistent change of creep-inducing stress is generally achieved with consideration of the ages of concrete and concrete properties at the times of loadings, and stress history. This paper presents an incremental format of creep model based on parallel creep concept to depict the creep under time-varying stress history in developing creep strain. Laboratory experiments are carried out to validate the performance of the presented creep model. Typical creep phenomena are addressed through the comparisons between the measured and predicted creep strains.

An Experimental Study on Creep of the High Strength Concrete for Practical Use (실용 고강도 콘크리트의 크리프에 관한 실험적 연구)

  • 김생빈;김성욱
    • Magazine of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.9 no.6
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    • pp.147-156
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    • 1997
  • 지금까지 국내에서는 콘크리트의 크리프에 관한 실험적 연구가 많이 진행되지 못하여 해당 구조물의 설계기술 도입국의 규준에 따라 크리프를 예측해왔다. 그러나 예측된 크리프 모델이 국내 콘크리트 재료의 특성에 적합한지에 대한 실험적 검증은 제대로 이루어지지 않고 있는 실정이다. 본 연구에서는 국내에서 프리스트레스 콘크리트 구조물에 적용하는 실용 고강도 콘크리트의 크리프 값을 예측하기 위해 동일한 설계기준강도를 갖는 세 가지 배합에 대하여 재령별로 크리프 시험을 수행하고 이 실험결과를 ACI, CEB/FIB, KSCE, JSCE규준들의 크리프 예측식과 비교 분석하였다.시험결과와 이들규준들에 대한 비교분석에 의하면 CEB/FIB-90 크리프 예측식은 비교적 과대 평가되고 ACI 209-92와 JSCE-96의 경우는 과소 평가되었으나 콘크리트 표준시방서 KSCE -96 크리프 예측식은 비교적 시험결과에 근접하는 것으로 평가되었다. 그러나 구성재료의 양적 변동에 '따른 배합별 시험결과의 차이를 반영할 수 있는 점이 보완되어야 할 것으로 보며 향후 많은 실험결과를 바탕으로 국내에서 생산되는 콘크리트에 대하여 보다 정확히 크리프를 예측할 수 있는 연구가 필요하다.

노심용융사고시 원자로 압력용기 하반부 거동연구(II)

  • 임동철;정광진;황일순
    • Proceedings of the Korean Nuclear Society Conference
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    • pp.600-605
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    • 1997
  • Sandia National Laboratories(SNL)에서 수행된 원자로 용기의 고온, 고압 크리프 파괴 실험의 하나인 Lower Head Failure-1(LHF-1)에 대한 코드 해석을 수행하였다. 해석 코드로는 범용 유한요소 구조해석 코드인 ABACUS를 사용하였고, Idaho National Engineering Laboratory(INEL)의 크리프 데이터를 이용하였다. 크리프 해석에는 strain hardening 식을 적용하였고, 크리프 데이터를 적용하기 위해서 user subroutine을 개발하였다. 민감도 분석의 일환으로 내부 압력을 1.2배로 증가시킨 경우에 대해 수행한 해석 결과가 실험 결과와 유사하였다 해석 결과를 분석하여 현 크리프 데이터의 절대적 부족을 확인하였고, 크리프데이터 생산을 위한 크리프 시험을 계획하였다.

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포항분지 제3기 이암의 크리프 특성

  • 김광식;김교원;정자혜
    • Proceedings of the KSEG Conference
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    • pp.3-14
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    • 2001
  • 암석은 외력하에서 탄성 및 점탄성적 변형거동을 보인다. 크리프 특성은 일정하중하에서 시간에 대한 암석의 변형으로 장기적인 지반거동을 예측할 수 있는 중요한 요소이며 암석의 점탄성적 성질을 반영한다. 포항지역에 분포하는 미고결 퇴적암인 이암을 대상으로 암석의 기본적인 물성, 역학적 특성 및 크리프 시험을 실시하였다. 일축압축강도의 40-70% 응력수준에서 순간탄성변형률은 하중의 증가에 대하여 선형적인 관계를 보였으며, 일차 크리프변형률은 시간경과에 대하여 로그함수로 적절히 설명되었다. 일차 크리프에서 이차 크리프로 진행하는 과정을 살피기 위하여 약 5일 이상의 시간이 필요하였으며 최종 크리프 변형에 의한 파괴시의 변형률은 약 0.01로 밝혀졌다.

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Spherical Indentation Techniques for Creep Property Evaluation Considering Transient Creep (천이크리프를 고려한 구형압입 크리프 물성평가법)

  • Lim, Dongkyu;Lee, Jin Haeng;Kim, Minsoo;Lee, Hyungyil
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.37 no.11
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    • pp.1339-1347
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    • 2013
  • Creep through nanoindentations has attracted increasing research attention in recent years. Many studies related to indentation creep tests, however, have simply focused on the characteristics of steady-state creep, and there exist wide discrepancies between the uniaxial test and the indentation test. In this study, we performed a computational simulation of spherical indentations, and we proposed a method for evaluating the creep properties considering transient creep. We investigated the material behavior with variation of creep properties and expressed it using regression equations for normalized variables. We finally developed a program to evaluate the creep properties considering transient creep. By using the proposed method, we successfully obtained creep exponents with an average error less than 1.1 and creep coefficients with an average error less than 2.3 from the load-depth curve.

Evaluation of Creep Reduction Factor for Geosynthetic Strip Reinforcement with Folding Grooves (접힘홈이 형성된 띠형 섬유보강재의 크리프 감소계수 평가)

  • Lee, Kwang-Wu;Cho, Sam-Deok
    • Journal of the Korean Geosynthetics Society
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.213-224
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    • 2018
  • In this study, a series of accelerated creep tests (SIM) was carried out on geosynthetic strip reinforcements with folding grooves having different tensile strengths (15 kN, 25 kN, 35 kN, 50 kN, 70 kN, and 90 kN) to analyze creep characteristics and to assess creep reduction factors. In particular, long-term creep tests were conducted on geosynthetic strip reinforcements with 25 kN tensile strength, which is widely used, to compare and analyze the accelerated creep test results. As a result, the creep reduction factor increased with an increasing design life of reinforcement. In addition, geosynthetic strip reinforcement using the same material and manufacturing method showed similar creep reduction factors at the same design life for different tensile strengths. When both long-term and accelerated creep test data were used, the creep reduction factors from the accelerated test were estimated to be 5.9%~7.1% less than those from the long-term creep test for the design life ranging from 50 to 100 years.

Creep behaviour of mudstone in the tertiary Duho Formation at Pohang basin (포항분지 제3기 두호층 이암의 크리프 거동)

  • 김광식;김교원
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
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    • v.13 no.2
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    • pp.227-238
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    • 2003
  • Understanding of a creep behavior in rocks under a constant load, due to visco-elastic properties of rock, is an essential element to predict a long term ground deformation. In order to clarify the creep characteristics of the mudstone in Duho formation at Pohang basin, deposited during Tertiary, a series of laboratory tests including physical properties, unconfined compressive strength and uniaxial creep tests, was performed. The mudstone showed a higher creep potential due to 26% of clay minerals such as illite and chlorite. The unconfined compressive strength of the rock was $462{\;}kg/\textrm{cm}^2$ in average, and four creep tests were performed under constant stress of 40 to 70 % of the strength. The creep constants in the empirical and theoretical equations were deduced from the time-strain curves obtained from the tests. Among the several equations, the empirical equation proposed by Griggs and theoretical equation of Burger’s model are appreciated as the best one to express the creep behavior of the mudstone. Instantaneous elastic strain was linearly increased with stress level but strain velocity during the first creep is decreased with a similar pattern by time lapse regardless the stress level.

Estimation of creep coefficient in reinforced concrete beam (RC 빔 부재에서 크리프 계수 추정)

  • Park, Jong-Bum;Cho, Jae-Yeol;Park, Bong-Sik
    • Proceedings of the Korea Concrete Institute Conference
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    • pp.245-248
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    • 2008
  • Concrete structures show time-dependent behavior due to creep and shrinkage of concrete and the uncertainties of creep and shrinkage are very huge. To reduce uncertainties of creep and shrinkage, it is substantially necessary to perform the long-term creep and shrinkage tests, but actual construction process doesn't allow it due to the limited time. Even though the tests are performed in laboratory, the values obtained from the tests could be different from the actual values in construction site because of the different environment between the laboratory and construction site and the model uncertainty itself. It is difficult to predict the long-term behaviors of concrete structures properly if the assumed creep coefficient obtained from Codes or the results of experiments is different from the real characteristics of concrete creep. In this study, for predicting the long-term behavior, the creep coefficients in reinforced concrete beams are estimated using creep sensitivity analysis from the measured deflections with time. And estimated creep coefficients using creep models of ACI Committee 209 and CEB-FIP MC90 are compared.

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Creep Characteristics of Granite in Gagok Mine (가곡광산 화강암의 크리프 특성)

  • Yoon, Yong-Kyun;Kim, Byung-Chul;Jo, Young-Do
    • Tunnel and Underground Space
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.390-398
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    • 2010
  • The time-dependent behaviour of rock is very important characteristics which can be utilized as basic input data for underground mine design or in predicting a long-term stability of underground rock mass structures. In this study, creep tests under uniaxial compression were carried out for the granite specimens sampled in Gagok Mine. Burgers model, Griggs and Singh creep laws were used to simulate the measured creep strain. Through comparing the measured creep behaviour with the approximated creep behaviors from Burgers model, Griggs and Singh creep laws, it is shown that Griggs creep law results in the best approximation of granite in Gagok Mine.

The Prediction of tong-Term Creep Behavior of Recycled PET Polymer Concrete (단기 크리프 실험을 이용한 PET 재활용 폴리머콘크리트의 장기 크리프거동 예측)

  • Jo Byung-Wan;Tae Ghi-Ho;Kim Chul-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korea Concrete Institute
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    • v.16 no.4
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    • pp.521-528
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    • 2004
  • In general, polymer concrete has more excellent mechanical properties and durability than Portland cement concrete, but very sensitive to heat and has large deformations. In this study, the long-term creep behaviors was predicted by the short-term creep test, and then the characteristic of creep of recycled-PET polymer concrete was defined by material and experimental variables. The error in the predicted long-term creep values is less than 5 percent for all polymer concrete systems. The filler carry out an important role to restrict the creep strains of recycled PET Polymer concrete. The creep strain and specific on using the $CaCO_3$ were less than using fly-ash. The creep increases with an increase in the applied stress, but not proportional the rate of stress increase ratio. The creep behavior of polymer concrete using recycled polyester resin is not a linear viscoelastic behavior.