• Title, Summary, Keyword: 탈선계수

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Study of Influence of Wheel Unloading on Derailment Coefficient of Rolling Stock (철도차량의 윤중 감소가 탈선계수에 미치는 영향 연구)

  • Koo, Jeong Seo;Oh, Hyun Suk
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.177-185
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    • 2013
  • A new theoretical derailment coefficient model of wheel-climb derailment is proposed to consider the influence of wheel unloading. The derailment coefficient model is based on the theoretical derailment model of a wheelset that was developed to predict the derailment induced by train collisions. Presently, in domestic derailment regulations, a derailment coefficient of 0.8 is allowable using Nadal's formula, which is for a flange angle of $60^{\circ}$ and a friction coefficient of 0.3. However, theoretical studies focusing on different flange angles to justify the derailment coefficient of 0.8 have not been conducted. Therefore, this study theoretically explains a derailment coefficient of 0.8 using the proposed derailment coefficient model. Furthermore, wheel unloading of up to 50% is accepted without a clear basis. Accordingly, the correlation between a wheel unloading of 50% and a derailment coefficient of 0.8 is confirmed by using the proposed derailment coefficient model. Finally, the validity of the proposed derailment coefficient model is demonstrated through dynamic simulations.

Study on Mechanical Parameters of a Wheelset Influencing Derailment of Rolling Stock (철도차량탈선에 영향을 미치는 윤축의 기계적 인자에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Hyun Sun;Koo, Jeong Seo
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.37 no.10
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    • pp.1207-1218
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    • 2013
  • It is difficult to predict derailment with the existing derailment coefficient like Nadal's formula which is based on the contact forces between one wheel and rail. A new derailment coefficient model developed on a wheelset is able to make a better estimate about the climb derailment, slip derailment, roll over derailment, and mixed derailment types of these. Moreover, not only the mechanical factors considered in the existing derailment coefficients but also other various factors affecting derailment such as wheel unloading and loading, diameter of wheel, and locations of axle-box bearings can be covered with this new derailment coefficient model. That is, the derailment patterns which couldn't be solved with the existing formulas such as Nadal's and Weinstock's models can be analyzed with this wheelset derailment coefficient model because of considering various factors causing derailment. Finally, the validity of the new derailment coefficient model is verified using dynamic model simulations.

A Study on the Assessment of Running Safety of Railway Vehicle passing through Curve (곡선부 통과 열차의 주행안전성 평가에 관한 연구)

  • Park, Kwang-Soo;Lee, Hi-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.492-498
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    • 2007
  • For the running safety assessment of Saemaul train passing through curves, an analysis model for multibody system has been developed. By using this model and ADAMS/Rail, sensitivity analyses depending on the variation of parameters related to the derailment coefficients have been conducted. At low speed, the derailment coefficient and the unload ratio of right wheel showed higher than left wheel, while those of left wheel showed higher than right wheel at high speed. According to decrease of curve radius, the derailment coefficient and the unload ratio were increased. When the length of transition curve was increased, the derailment coefficient was increased but there was no change on the unload ratio. According to the increase of cant, the derailment coefficient and the unload rate were increased.

The Evaluation for Running Safety of Incheon International Airport Railway EMU (인천국제공항철도 전동차의 주행안전성 평가)

  • Hong, Yong-Ki;You, Won-Hee;Lee, Hi-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.619-625
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    • 2007
  • The dynamic characteristic test result of electric rail car which is operated in Incheon International Airport Railroad is described in this paper. Express train in Incheon International Airport Railroad drives at 120km/h first in the country and derailment coefficient was measured for empty car and full-loaded car respectively. The measurement result of derailment coefficient, a key safety indicator about derailment, of empty car was higher than full-loaded car and both were lower than 0.8. The railway state wasn't good in operated section where is serviced about 80eh and derailment coefficient also increased. Horizontal pressure was below 2.1 ton at empty car and below 2.4 ton at full-loaded car. The electric rail car in Incheon International Airport Railroad has been confirmed it's running safety at 120km/h by the measurement of derailment coefficient. But the way of assessing applied in this paper has demerits such as complication of test method, difficulty for measurement device installation and high cost. Therefore the method which is simple to measure and can certify vehicle's safety even when service driving has to be researched.

A Study on the Measurement of New Concept for the Contact Force between Rail and Wheel (신개념의 레일.차륜간 접촉력 측정에 관한 연구)

  • Hong, Yong-Ki;You, Won-Hee;Lee, Hi-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.10 no.6
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    • pp.806-811
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    • 2007
  • The derailment is defined as phenomena in which the wheels run off the rail due to inordinate lateral force generated when wheel flange contacts with the rail. Derailment coefficient is typical standard assessing running safety and derailment. The traditional method measuring by strain gage adhered to wheels is very complicated and easy to fail. It also requires too much cost and higher measurement technique. Therefore it can hardly ensure safety because we can't confirm at which time we need to identify safety. In this paper, we principally researched the method measuring easily wheel load generated by contacts between wheel flange and the rail, and lateral force. Correlation of vibration and displacement which was related physical amounts of wheel load and lateral force, was investigated and analyzed through analysis, experiment and measurement. And it is presents new measurement method of derailment coefficient which can estimate derailment possibility only by movement of vibration and displacement, by which we understand the rate for acceleration and displacement to contribute wheel load and lateral force and compare actual data of wheel load and lateral force measured from wheel.

A study on the parameters to enhance derailment safety (탈선 안전성능 향상을 위한 매개변수에 관한 연구)

  • Hwang, Jeong-Taek;Lee, Hi-Sung
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.10 no.5
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    • pp.626-631
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    • 2007
  • Technical requirements associated with derailment to ensure running safety of train are discussed. By using estimated derailment coefficient ratio, interaction of various parameters such as operation velocity, curve radius, cant, track irregularity, suspension stiffness and static wheel load ratio are analyzed to enhance derailment safety. Sensitivity analysis in terms of pattern and passage speed of curve is performed by using rolling stock and track conditions associated with SMRT Line No. 5.

Evaluation of Curving Performance and Running Safety of New High-Power Electric Locomotive (신형 고출력 전기기관차의 곡선추종성 및 주행안전성 평가)

  • Ham, Young Sam
    • Transactions of the Korean Society of Mechanical Engineers A
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    • v.37 no.6
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    • pp.827-832
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    • 2013
  • In this study, curve responsiveness was assessed based on the lateral force and running safety was evaluated based on the wheel unloading ratio and derailment coefficient, which is the ratio of the wheel load and the lateral force. The evaluation of the curving performance and running safety of the new high-power electric locomotive showed that the derailment coefficient appeared higher when the wheel-set was set to the front of the train instead of being placed backward, and the maximum value of the derailment coefficient was recorded as 0.572 on the Gyeongbu line. Furthermore, the lateral force increased in curved sections, and it appeared to be proportional to the curve radius. Meanwhile, a maximum axis lateral force of 77.6 kN was recorded on the Taebaek line, and the wheel unloading ratio was 47.6% on the Yeongdong line. Finally, the running safety at the maximum speed as well as the through-curve performance of the curve radius satisfied the required standards.

Cause analysis of the electric train derailment occurred in turnout on a sharp curves. (급곡선 분기기에서 발생한 전동열차 탈선사고의 원인분석)

  • Lee, Seungwon;Woo, Kwanje;Jeong, Chanmook
    • Journal of The Korean Society For Urban Railway
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    • v.6 no.4
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    • pp.411-416
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    • 2018
  • It is generally not preferable to install a turnout on a sharp curves but it is not desirable for the safety of a train. However, in a mountainous area or a depot where a sufficient space can not be secured to secure a straight line. In this study, in order to analyze the cause of train derailment accident that occurred in the place where turnout is installed in a sharp curves, we performed derailment analysis using line data and accident vehicle data measured at the location where the accident occurred. This derailment coefficient maximum turnout at the start of the track and derailment curve analysis showed that even big enough to cause a derailment as 1.37 in size, which was found to be consistent with the actual site survey results derailment occurred.

차륜/레일 작용력 측정을 위한 스트레인 게이지 응용기술

  • 함영삼;오택열
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Precision Engineering Conference
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    • pp.176-176
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    • 2004
  • 21세기 고속철도시대에 진입하면서 차량고속화에 수반하여 주행안전성 면에서 빼놓을 수 없는 문제로 가장 중요한 탈선의 현상이 있다. 철도에 있어서 탈선은 대형사고로 직결되기 때문에 결코 쉽게 간과할 수 없는 부분이며, 철도가 다른 교통수단에 비해 상대적인 장점으로 내세울 수 있는 안전성을 확보하기 위하여 반드시 차륜과 레일 사이에서 발생하는 상호 작용력을 측정하여 탈선가능성을 평가하여야만 한다.(중략)

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