• Title, Summary, Keyword: 태도

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Implicit and Explicit Attitudes of Korean Children towards Older Adults (한국 어린이의 노인에 대한 태도: 명시적 태도와 암묵적 태도 차이를 중심으로)

  • Han, Gyoung-hae;Seok, Minae;MaloneBeach, E.E.
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.37 no.2
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    • pp.475-496
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    • 2017
  • Increasing evidence shows that ageist attitudes towards older adults develop quite early in childhood in Western culture, yet, empirical research on this topic in Korea is lacking. It has been argued that as Korea has become more youth oriented, negative views of aging have emerged and Korean children are increasingly exposured to negative stereotypes of older adults. Nuclearization of family structure and consequent reduction of intergenerational interaction is considered to be another important factor. The purpose of this study is to find out whether Korean children have ageist attitudes. Acknowledging the possibility that children tend to report in socially appropriate ways to the explicit measures of ageism, we included implicit measures of ageism. Data was collected from 570 fourth to sixth grade elementary school children selected by quota sampling. The current study used Child-Age Implicit Association Test and two other explicit measurements. The original versions were modified to be culturally applicable to the Korean context. Results indicated that when measured explicitly, children do not report preferring younger person than older person. However when measured implicitly, it was found that children at this young age already reveal negative biases toward the elderly. Contrast to the fact that the level of explicit ageism is significantly different by demographic characteristics of children, no statistical difference in the level of implicit ageism is detected. Based on the results, implications are discussed.

A Study on the Change of Attitudes toward Robots of Pre-service Teachers' (로봇 프로그래밍 교육을 통한 예비 교사의 로봇에 대한 태도 변화 연구)

  • Kim, Seong-Won;Lee, Youngjun
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Computer Information Conference
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    • pp.173-175
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    • 2016
  • 본 논문에서는 로봇 프로그래밍 교육을 통하여 예비 교사의 로봇에 대한 태도 변화를 살펴보았다. 로봇 프로그래밍 교육의 예비 교사의 로봇에 대한 태도에 미치는 영향을 살펴보기 위하여, ICT 교육을 받는 예비 교사와 프로그래밍 교육을 받는 예비 교사와 로봇에 대한 태도를 비교하였다. 비교를 통하여, ICT 교육을 받은 예비 교사와 프로그래밍 교육을 받은 예비 교사는 로봇에 대한 태도 변화가 없는 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 하지만 로봇 프로그래밍 교육을 받은 예비 교사들은 로봇에 대한 태도가 통계적으로 유의미한 변화가 나타났다. 또한, 예비 교사에게서 나타난 로봇에 대한 태도 변화는 로봇에 대한 부정적인 태도가 긍정적으로 바뀌는 데 영향을 준 것을 확인할 수 있었다. 이러한 결과를 통하여 로봇 프로그래밍 교육이 예비 교사의 로봇에 대한 태도를 긍정적으로 바꾸는 데 영향을 준다는 결론을 얻을 수 있었다.

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The Development of an Instrument for Scientific Attitudes in School, Home and Social Situations and Selection of Scientific Attitude Elements (과학적 태도 요소 선정 및 학교, 가정, 사회 상황을 고려한 과학적 태도 측정 도구 개발)

  • Song, Young-Wook;Kim, Beom-Ki
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.30 no.4
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    • pp.375-388
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study was to develop the instrument for scientific attitudes in school, home and social situations and select the important elements of scientific attitudes. Looking into the elements of scientific attitudes in national and international research, the important elements of scientific attitudes students should have were selected as follows: Openness, objectivity, continuousness, criticalness, prudence, volunteerism, honesty, preparedness, collaboration, and curiosity. To develop the valid instrument of scientific attitudes, we moved forward with the step of making preliminary questions, the judgment step, and the validation examination step. Based on the elements of scientific attitudes and school, family, and social situations, the instrument of the scientific attitudes was developed. We discovered that Middle school students' scientific attitudes, according to their grade levels, appear to be significantly lower than those in the 7th graders and 9th graders. The scientific attitudes in school, home and social situation appeared high in order of society, home, and school. It appeared that there were no differences by gender.

과학영재의 과학 관련 태도와 과학 불안도

  • 양태연;박상우;한기순;박인호
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society for the Gifted Conference
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    • pp.131-135
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    • 2003
  • 과학영재교육의 중요한 목표중의 하나는 과학영재들의 과학에 대한 태도를 긍정적으로 변화시키는 것이다. 특히 태도와 같은 정의적 특성은 지적 특성에 비하여 후천적이고, 학습에 의해서 변화될 가능성이 크기 때문에(Marsh, 1990) 교육적으로 중요한 의미를 가지며 학생들이 성장하여 과학에 관련된 직업이나 활동을 하는 데 매우 중요한 역할을 한다(Oliver, W Hill, Pettus, W. C. and Hedin, B. A 1990). Anderson(1981)은 과학에서의 정의적 영역을 흥미, 태도, 가치, 통제의 소재, 학문적 자아개념, 불안, 선호 등의 7가지 영역으로 나누고 이 중에서 불안요인을 학업성취 및 태도에 가장 강하게 영향을 주는 요인으로 구분한 바 있다. 이처럼 과학 관련 태도나 과학 불안도는 학생들의 과학관련 활동이나 성취에 중요한 요인이 되고 있으나 이와 관련된 연구는 극히 미미하다. 지금까지의 태도 및 불안도에 관한 연구들은 일반학생들을 대상으로 하고 있으며 과학영재들을 대상으로 한 연구는 전혀 이루어지지 않았다. 따라서 본 연구는 과학영재교육원에 다니는 194명의 과학영재들을 대상으로 하여 과학영재 수업을 받은 후 과학 관련 태도와 과학 불안도가 변하는지, 과학 관련 태도와 과학 불안도는 어떠한 상관이 있는지, 그리고 남$\square$녀 집단의 차이가 있는지를 영재수업을 받기 전과 후의 검사를 통하여 알아보았다. 본 연구에서는 과학영재들의 과학 관켠 태도를 측정하기 위해‘고등학생을 위한 과학 관련 태도’검사를 사용하였다. 이 검사는 Fraser(1981)가 개발한‘TOSRA’(Test of Science-Related Attitudes)와 Munby(1983)의‘태도 측정 도구 조사’에서 문항 선정이 이루어졌다. 적절한 단어 및 어휘, 일부 문항들의 부적절한 환경 상황 등을 고려하여 40 문항 중 21문항을 수정하거나 삭제하고 문항내적 상관이 낮은 4문항을 제거하여 최종 30문항을 제시하였다(고유곤, 1996). 이 검사의 문항 내적 신뢰도 $\alpha$ 는 0.9 이었다. 검사 문항은 4개 범주과학에 대한 태도, 과학의 사회적 의미, 과학 교과에 대한 태도, 과학적 태도 등과 각 범주의 하위 문항으로 되어 있다 과학 불안도 측정 검사 도구는 중$\square$고등학생들의 과학불안도 측정을 위해 김범기(1993)가 개발한 것을 사용하였다.

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A DESCRIPTIVE STUDY OF KOREAN NURSING STUDENTS생 ATTITUDES TOWARD MENTAL ILLNESS (정신질환에 대한 간호학생의 태도 연구)

  • Chu, Myung-Soon
    • Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing
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    • v.4 no.3
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    • pp.13-32
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    • 1974
  • 본 연구는 한국의 학사과정에 등록한 간호학생의 정신질환에 대한 태도를 조사 연구하는데 주목적이 있고, 연구 결과에 의한 학생들의 태도와 학생들의 종교, 지역사회의 크기, 장래에 정신과 간호를 그들의 근무영역으로 삼을 것인가에 대한 관련도를 조사하는데 두번째의 목적이 있고, 세번째의 목적은 미국에서 발표된 정신질환에 대한 태도 연구와 본 연구의 결과에서 나타나는 한국 학생들과의 태도를 비교해 보는 데에 있겠다. 본 연구의 대상은 서울대학교 의과대학 간호학과 4학년생(1972년도) 이었으며, 미국과외 비교 연구를 위해서 Morris의 간호학생 태도 연구를 사용했다. 본 연구에 사용된 도구는 Cohen과 Straining이 발달시킨 51항으로 구성된 Opinions About Mental Illness (O.M.I) Scale이며, 학생들로부터 개인적인 자료를 얻기 위 해 4항이 더 첨 가되었다. 연구 결과를 보면 간호학생들의 정신질환에 대한 부정적인 태도가 보여졌다. 즉, 높은 권위의식 (요소, A)과 사회적 제한성 (요소, D)을 표현했고, 자비심 (요소, B)은 낮게 표현되었으니. 이는 정신질환에 대한 부정적인 태도를 보여주었다. 또한 본 연구에서 학생들의 종교와 졸업 후 정신과 간호 영역에서 근무할 취향이 O.M.I.에서 보여지는 태도면에 영향을 줌이 밝혀졌다. 즉 기독교인과 졸업 후 정신과간호원 지망생이 비 기독교인과 비 정신과간호원 지망생보다 정신질환에 대한 태도에 보다 긍정적인 반응을 보였다. 학생들이 살고있는 지역 사회의 크기와 O,M,I. 척도에서 보여지는 태도 면에 통계학적인 유의의 차이는 없었다. 본 연구의 결과로 보여진 정신질환에 대한 간호학생들의 부정적 인 태도는 간호교육의 단면적인 평가도 되겠지만 정신과 간호교육과정이나 다른 교육과정의 내용 면의 재 고려와 아울러 긍정적인 방향으로의 태도변화를 위해 보다 많은 연구가 필요하겠다.

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Differences in Attitudes between Korean and Chinese University Students Learning Korean in Korea (한국 대학생들과 한국에서 한국어를 배우는 중국 대학생들의 태도 차이)

  • Kim, Kyung-Hoon;Lim, Mi-Ran
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.10 no.3
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    • pp.436-443
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    • 2010
  • The purpose of this study is to investigate whether there are differences in three attitudes-attitudes toward English learning, attitudes toward American, and attitudes toward American culture between Korean and Chinese university students learning Korean in Korea. The subjects are 211 students, who are 101 Korean and 110 Chinese. Gardner(1985)'s AMTB questionnaire was administered to measure the learners' attitudes. And the collected data were analyzed by t-test to examine the differences between two groups. The results of this study showed that there were statistically very significant differences in attitudes toward English learning and there were significant differences in attitudes toward American between two groups. But there were no differences statistically in attitudes toward American culture between two groups. To make better learning environment for English learners, the differences in other affective variables between two groups need to be studied.

Does the Daily Contact with Older People Alleviate the Implicit and Explicit Ageist Attitude of Children? (노인과의 일상적 접촉이 노인에 대한 어린이의 명시적·암묵적 태도에 미치는 영향)

  • Seok, Minae;Han, Gyoung-hae
    • 한국노년학
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.409-433
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    • 2018
  • The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of contact with the elderly in a daily life on children's ageist attitude. Acknowledging the people's tendency to report in socially appropriate ways to the explicit attitude measurement, implicit measurement is introduced, and relation with the daily contact with elderly(DCE) is analyzed. The research question are as follows: 1) Are these two attitudes explained by different factors? 2) Can DCE alleviate both children's implicit and explicit ageist attitude? 3) How do the contact with grandparent and neighboring elderly affect the children's explicit and implicit ageist attitude? Data was collected from 503 fourth to sixth grade elementary school children. Child-Age Implict Association Test is used to measure implicit ageist attitude. Multinominal logistic analysis and ordered logistic analysis was applied. Followings are the main results: First, explicit and implicit ageist attitudes are found to be related with different predictors. Second, Elderly contact seems to lighten children's ageist attitude overall. Third, the effects of grandparental contact and the neighboring elderly contact on two different ageism were different. While the effect of elderly neighbor contact is limited to the expression of ageism, grandparental contact has a influence not only on the explicit but also on the implicit ageism, even though the effect on implicit attitude is limited in extent. Forth, not the quality of contact but the quantity of it was related to implicit ageist attitude. This result contradicts conventional idea of Intergroup Contact Theory. In the further research, the predictor of implicit ageist attitude need to be throughly examined.

An Analysis of Structural Relationship Among Positive Parenting Attitudes, Attitudes Toward Science, Science Inquiry Skills, and Science Achievements perceived by Middle School Students (중학생이 지각한 부모의 긍정적 양육 태도·과학 태도 및 과학 탐구 능력과 과학 학업 성취도의 구조적 관계 분석)

  • Park, Kirak;Choi, Hyosik;Yeon, Eun Mo
    • Journal of The Korean Association For Science Education
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    • v.37 no.4
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    • pp.669-677
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to estimate the direct and indirect effects of relevant variables on students' science achievements. Path analysis was conducted with data from middle school to examine the effects of perceived positive parenting attitudes, attitudes toward science, science inquiry skills on the science achievements of middle school students. A total of 502 middle school students from the metropolitan area participated in this study. Results suggest that students' perceptions of positive parenting attitudes had no direct influence on their science inquiry skills. However, the students' attitudes toward science and science inquiry skills were found to have meaningful direct effects on their achievements. Students' perception of positive parenting attitudes also presented a significant direct effect on their attitude toward science. In addition, the students' perceived positive parenting attitude revealed an indirect effect on science achievement, through their own attitudes toward science and science inquiry skills. Research findings called for more educational programs and teaching methods considering students' attitudes toward science and science inquiry skills to improve their science achievements. At home, parents need to have positive parenting attitudes to influence their children's attitudes regarding science.

Dynamics of Welfare Attitudes Change in Korea: Longitudinal Study of Korean's Welfare Attitudes Change (한국사회 복지태도 변화의 역동성 : 개인 복지태도 변화에 대한 종단자료 분석)

  • Lee, Sang-Rok;Lee, Soon-A;Kim, Hyeong-Kwan
    • Korean Journal of Social Welfare Studies
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    • v.48 no.4
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    • pp.59-89
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    • 2017
  • Changes in the public welfare attitudes are very important to the welfare politics and policy. Considering that variability of public welfare attitudes has been ignored in previous studies, we analyzed welfare attitudes changes at individual level in Korea. Using the longitudinal data from the Additional Survey of 2010/2013/2016 Korea Welfare Panel Survey, we analyzed the changes in public welfare attitudes during 2010th-2016th years. Major findings are as follows. First, one of the findings from analysis is that the public welfare attitudes are very active and dynamic in Korea. This finding is contradiction to the results of the previous researches that are point to the stability or inertia of the public welfare attitudes in western welfare states and also in Korea. Second, occurrences of the welfare attitudes change are related with various individual characteristics; income status, occupation status, age, region, sex, political ideology, etc. These results from this study on the welfare attitudes change suggest that dynamics of the Korea welfare politics in recent years reflected the dynamic changes in public welfare attitudes. And, they suggest that Korea welfare politics are transformed from the traditional classes welfare politics to the new welfare politics which are influenced by various interests of the socio-demographic groups.

The Relation of Intelligence, Self-esteem, Mathematical Attitudes, and Scientific Attitudes of Gifted Students from Low-income Families (소외계층 영재의 지능과 자아존중감, 수학적 태도 및 과학적 태도의 관계)

  • Song, Kyung Ae
    • Journal of Gifted/Talented Education
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    • v.24 no.6
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    • pp.1039-1051
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    • 2014
  • This study aims to measure intelligence (cognitive characteristics), self-esteem, mathematical attitudes, and scientific attitudes (affective characteristics) of gifted students from low-income families, and to identify the relationship among these variables. 147 students in the lower grades of elementary schools who were enrolled to university-based gifted education centers were participants of the study. The results showed that the percentile scores of each variable were 85% for intelligence, 75.6% for self-esteem, 73.3% for mathematical attitudes, and 71.3% for mathematical attitudes. There was no statistically significant relationship between intelligence and the affective characteristics (i.e., self-esteem, mathematical attitudes, and scientific attitudes), while statistically significant relationships were shown between self-esteem and mathematical attitudes (r=.448, p=.000), between self-esteem and scientific attitudes (r=.522, p=.000), and between mathematical attitudes and scientific attitudes (r=.448, p=.000). The results suggest that although the gifted students from low-income families show lower levels compared to other gifted student groups, their potential level of giftedness is considerably high, which calls for appropriate educational support systems designed for this population.