• Title, Summary, Keyword: 턱관절장애

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Diagnostic procedures of TMD and orofacial pain (턱관절 장애와 구강안면통의 진단술식)

  • Kim, Gi-Seok
    • The journal of the Korean dental association
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    • v.40 no.6
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    • pp.436-441
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    • 2002
  • 턱관절 장애와 관련된 안면통의 진단술식에는 턱관절 검진, 저작근, 두경부 검진, 교합분석과 같은 구강검사, 진단성 마취검사, 방사선검사 등이 있다. 여기에서는 가장 흔히 술자가 시행할 수 있고 간편한 술식을 중심으로 턱관절 검사와 저작근 검사, 그리고 두경부 근육애 대한 검사에 대하여 고찰키로 한다.

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Acute Malocclusion and Temporomandibular Disorders (급성 부정교합과 턱관절장애)

  • Byun, Jin-Seok;Lee, Kyung-Eun;Suh, Bong-Jik
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.121-128
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    • 2007
  • If patients complain about sudden ill-fitting occlusal sensation(acute malocclusion), a dentist has to consider many possible causes about that. Acute malocclusion is characterized its sudden onset and mainly can be caused by teeth and its related structure problem. But we always keep on mind that acute malocclusion also can be caused by temporomandibular disorders In this 3 cases of acute malocclusion, evaluating by patient history, clinical and radiographic findings, we diagnosed them as 1. Lateral pterygoid muscle spasm, 2.. Retrodiscitis, 3. Osteoarthritis. Through this non-odontogenic acute malocclusion cases, we emphasize the key of diagnosis is on comprehensive and careful patient history taking and clinical examination.

Study on the Conventional Tomographic Findings for the Patients with Temporomandibular Disorders (턱관절장애환자의 일반단층촬영 소견에 관한 연구)

  • Seo, Seong-Jong;Kim, Ki-Suk
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.26 no.3
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    • pp.277-290
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    • 2001
  • 영상촬영술은 개방형 외과적 관절수술이나 관절경 검사법을 할 수 없는 상태에서 관절의 상태에 대한 시각적 정보를 확보할 수 있는 유일한 방법이다. 이것의 주된 목적은 진단과 치료계획과정을 도와주는 정보를 제공하는데 있다. 그중 방사선 촬영술은 턱관절의 구조적 질병을 진단하는데 기본적인 수단으로서 오래동안 사용되어 왔 다. 그러나 어떠한 방사선 소견이 개별 관절질환의 특징적 소견인지는 찾아내기가 어려운 실정이다. 그러나 통상적 턱관절 방사선 촬영술로서도 구조적 골변화를 찾아낼 수 있으며 특히 시상 단층촬영술은 턱관절에서 가장 유익한 정보를 보여준다고 한다. 또한 보고에 의하면 턱관절 장애는 다양한 해부학적 요인들과 관련이 있다고 한다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 통상적인 방사선 단층촬영술을 이용하여 턱관절 장애환자의 턱관절에서 나타나는 골변화를 찾아내고 이러한 골변화가 하악과두 수평각, 하악과두 형태, 과두위치 등과 같은 여러 요인들과 서로 관련이 있는 지 찾아보고저 하였다. 단국치대 구강내과 안면동통진료실에 내원한 256명의 환자 중, 턱관절장애를 편측으로만 호소하는 환자 73명을 대상으로 SCANORA를 이용하여 방사선 단층촬영을 시행하였다. 먼저 악하두정위 촬영을 통해 정중선에 대한 하악과두의 방향을 찾아내고 단층촬영 부위를 계산하였으며, 모든 촬영면은 4 mm 두께로 하고 턱관절 부위에만 국한되도록 조준하였다. 폐구 시 4개의 시상 촬영과 개구 시 한개의 시상 및 전두촬영상을 구한 후, 하악과두, 과두 형태 및 하악과두위치 등과 같은 요인들에 대한 골변화간의 관련성을 조사하고저 자료를 측정한 후 Contengency table analyses를 시행하였다. 본 연구의 결과에 따르면 결론적으로 하악과두의 형태, 하악과두의 수평각 및 하악과두의 위치 등은 턱관절의 골변화와 상호 관련이 있다는 가설을 확인할 수 있었다. 즉 하악과두상의 골변화는 과두가 후방위치되고 과두각이 25도 이상 크며, 특히 20대에서는 flat type, 40대에서는 angled type의 과두형태를 가지며 두 과두각의 차이가 9도에서 12도 정도로 큰 차이가 있는 남성환자에서 증가한다.

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Correlation between mental health level, usual lifestyle, and self-report symptoms of temporomandibular joint disorder (일부 성인의 정신건강수준, 평소 생활습관 및 턱관절장애 자각증상과의 관련성)

  • Choi, Hye-Jung;Park, Kyung-Hwa
    • Journal of Korean society of Dental Hygiene
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    • v.18 no.5
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    • pp.763-770
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    • 2018
  • Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between mental healthlevel,usual lifestyle, and thelevelofsubjectivesymptoms of some adults. Methods: From 17 September-28 November 2017, 260 adults living in Seoul, Gyeonggi, and Incheon comple tedaquestionnaireconsistingofgeneral characteristics (6 items), mental health level (14 items), usual lifestyle (9 items), and subjective symptoms level (9 items) on a 5-point scale. Results: In the mental health level, there was a significant difference in sex, age, marital status, education level, andexistenceofstress, and there were differences in age, marital status, occupation, and existence of stress in usual lifestyle. There were statistically significant differences in age, marital status, occupation, and existenceofstress in the subjective symptoms of temporomandibular disorders. Conclusions: It is necessary to develop a program that can be applied in parallel with counseling therapy related to mental health during the clinical treatment of temporomandibular disorders.

The Function and Quantitative Somatosensory Correlation Analysis of Temporomendibular Joint according to Forward Head Posture (전방머리자세에 변화에 따른 턱관절 기능 및 정량적 체성감각의 상관분석)

  • Lee, Eun Sang
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.12
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    • pp.645-651
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    • 2019
  • This study examined the correlation between the forward head posture (FHP), temporomandibular joint disorder (TMD), and temporomandibular joint quantitative somatosensory sensation. This study examined the correlation between the temporomandibular joint function and somatosensory sensation according to the change in FHP after the intervention on the head posture in 62 subjects (22.15 ± 2.56 years) Biofeedback training was administered to the FHP, which was performed 12 times for a total of four weeks. To assess the FHP, the craneovertebral angle (CVA) was examined. The temporomandibular joint (TMJ) function was measured by the Therapeutic Range of Motion Scale and the left and right lateral deviation, and the sensation of vibration threshold was measured to confirm the change in somatic sensation. Multiple regression analysis was performed to confirm the influence of each variable and Pearson's correlation analysis was performed to assess the correlation. Changes in the temporal joint function (p<.001) and somatic sensation (p<.001) were correlated significantly with the changes in CVA. These results show that there is a significant correlation between the frontal head position, TMJ function, and somatosensory sensation. These results provide a new paradigm for the treatment of jaw joints for patients suffering from TMD and provide a basis for the future treatment of the temporomandibular joint.

Prevalence and Treatment Pattern of Korean Patients with Temporomandibular Disorders (한국인 턱관절장애 환자의 유병률과 진료 양태)

  • Yang, Hee-Young;Kim, Mee-Eun
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.63-79
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    • 2009
  • While previous epidemiological studies on temporomandibular disorders (TMD) have been based on a given health center or population sample, no study has been performed on general population of Korea, especially concerning about treatment pattern such as clinician’s specialty involved in TMD treatment, types and amount of prescription medication and cost. This study aimed to investigate magnitude of health visits and treatment patterns for Korean patients with TMD through the computerized database of Health Insurance Review and Assessment Service (HIRAS). Inclusion criteria were all patients registered on the HIRAS database over 3 years' period from 2003 to 2005 and the medical records of patients with TMD as a main diagnosis were extracted. Information collected was as follows; distribution related to gender, age and region and type of hospital the patients visited, treatment duration, clinicians' specialty involved in treatment, cost, types of prescription medication and surgical treatment. The results of this study indicated that 0.15% of the population yearly sought TMD treatment, presenting with increase of incidence over the three years. Most of TMD patients were women (99.8%) and the biggest age group was second and third decades and decreased with age. Seoul and Kyeonggi province presented with higher incidence of TMD compared to the other regions of Korea, which seems to be related with magnitude of population. 56% of TMD patients visited primary care sector and the numbers of treatment visits was the highest in dental clinic (38.4%), followed by orthopedics (28%) and ENT (13.6%) clinics in order. Duration of prescription medication was the longest for anti-inflammatory analgesics, followed by antipsychotic drugs and muscle relaxants. Inpatient care related to TMD was primarily performed in dental hospital compared to medical hospital. Medical database of HIRAS provided comprehensive and vast information on epidemiologic characteristics and treatment patterns for patients seeking TMD treatment, which can be more reliable data to expect medical demand for TMD in condition that accurate diagnosis and standardized treatment is delivered in clinical settings.

A Research on the Basis of Questionnaires about the Dental Patients' Awareness and Understanding of TMDs (측두하악장애에 대한 치과 내원환자의 인지도와 이해도에 관한 설문조사 연구)

  • Kim, Kyung Hee
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.38 no.3
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    • pp.275-289
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    • 2013
  • This study was conducted to investigate and analyze the dental patients' awareness and understanding about TMDs. Among the total number of 243 patients who had visited the department of dentistry of Busan Paik Hospital, Inje University or Hanvit dental hospital in Ulsan metropolitan city and participated in the survey, 195 patients who filled in all parts of the questionnaire were selected as the subjects. The results were as follows. 1. The subjects who were aware of the term, "TMDs" were 17.4%. The group with total education period of 12 years and over was significantly more aware of "TMD"(82.4%, p<0.01) than the other group. The subjects who were aware of the term, "jaw joint disease" were 81.0%. 30 to 49 age group(45.6%, p<0.05) and the group with total education period of 12 years and over(60.1%, p<0.01) were significantly more aware of "jaw joint disease" than other groups. 2. More than half of the subjects chose "overuse of the jaws" as the concept of jaw joint disease(50.6%). 3. TV, radio(41.4%) was the most frequent source of awareness about jaw joint disease followed by family and friends(20.2%), hospitals and health professionals(18.2%), internet(15.7%) and newspapers, magazines(4.5%). Among the respondents who were aware of jaw joint disease through TV, radio, 30 to 49 age group showed significantly higher percentage(52.4%, p<0.05) than other age groups. Among the respondents who were aware of jaw joint disease through internet, 18 to 29 age group showed significantly higher percentage(61.3%, p<0.01) than other age groups. Among the respondents who were aware of jaw joint disease from hospitals and health professionals, the group with total education period of 12 years and over showed significantly higher percentage(75.0%, p<0.05) than the other group. 4. Noise during mouth opening and closing(26.9%), mouth opening difficulty(25.1%) and jaw pain(13.7%) were the most frequently responded sign and symptoms of jaw joint disease. For the causes of jaw joint disease, enjoying hard food chewing(19.5%), occlusal discrepancy(19.0%) and chewing with one side only(18.5%) were responded in sequence. TMJ surgery(28%) was the most frequently responded treatment method for jaw joint disease, followed by occlusal appliance therapy(23.9%) and physical therapy(14.6%). For preventive method of jaw joint disease, avoid eating hard food(21.1%), avoid opening mouth wide(17.0%) and simultaneous using of molar of both side when chewing food(15.4%) were chosen frequently.