• Title, Summary, Keyword: 테러

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A Study of the Future Terrorism : Its Patterns and Perspectives (미래 국제 테러 유형과 전망에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Jin-Tai
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.15
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    • pp.337-358
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    • 2008
  • With the Japanese attacks on Pearl Harbor in 1941, approximately 2,500 people were killed. The terrorist attack on World Trade Center in the United States resulted in the heavy loss of people's lives, 2,749 in all. The 9.11 demonstrated that terrorist attack could be more serious problem than the war in our modern life. In addition, terrorist armed with new and high technologies have become more dangerous elements to the international community. Especially, the fact that the weapons of mass destruction are used by terrorist organizations is a matter of great concern. The strength of terrorist arsenal gives terrorist a decided advantage over us. The chances of success for terrorist have been increased due to the terrorist friendly environments. Terrorism has evolved without stopping from its birth, which is imposing a great burden on the authorities concerned. The counter-terrorism strategy and tactics used in the past have been useless in the fighting against new terrorism. To cope with the fast changing terrorism, comprehensive countermeasures should be developed. The purpose of this study is to know the enemy. To achieve the goal, the current situation on international terrorism as a whole is examined. Based on the result of the research, this paper also tried to give a perspectives on the future terrorism. At the same time, it provides a guidelines of the direction in the fighting against terrorism.

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Recent Air Terrorism Cases and Terrorism Prevention Policy (최근 항공테러 사례와 테러 예방대책)

  • Kim, Gwan-Ho
    • 한국항공운항학회:학술대회논문집
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    • pp.293-300
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    • 2016
  • 항공테러 예방을 위해서는 테러리스트 보다 앞서가는 첨단 보안검색 장비개발과 신종 테러기법 및 테러리스트 명단을 공유하는 등 국제적 협력이 필수적이다. 특히 테러관련 정보공유를 통해 테러범이 항공기를 탑승하지 못하게 한다거나 선별적으로 정밀 보안검색을 실시하여 항공 보안목표를 달성해야 한다. 최근의 항공테러는 9.11테러와 같이 항공기를 이용한 자살테러, 항공시스템 사이버 테러 등 무차별적인 양상을 보이고 있으며, 테러로 인한 인적 물적 심리적 피해가 심대함을 비추어 볼 때 항공테러는 사전에 차단해야만 한다. 따라서 본 연구에서는 최근 항공테러 주요사례와 테러 취약요인을 식별하여 기내 인터넷 보안대책 강화, 지상 원격 컨트롤 및 모니터링 시스템 구축 등의 테러 예방대책을 제시하였다.

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A Critical Review of the Relationship between Terrorism and the Media -With Special Reference to 9.11 Terror and the American Media- (테러리즘과 언론의 관계에 관한 비판적 고찰 -9.11 테러와 미국 언론을 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Hyo-Seong
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.19
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    • pp.213-238
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    • 2002
  • Ie is popular belief among the authorities concerned and their apologists that media coverage of terrorism promotes terrorism and is used as publicity by terrorists. Generally speaking, however, in reporting terrorism, the media become not terrorists' but state's means of publicity, and condemn terrorism, while rationalizing state's violence against terrorism. Terrorists may be successful in attracting public attention at the initial stage of terrorism, but usually fail in publicizing their cause. This fact notwithstanding, the authorities concerned and their apologists maintain thar media coverage of terrorism should be controlled, because it works as publicity for terrorists. Now it can be said that there is an intention to control the media when it is asserted that media coverage of terrorism works as publicity for terrorists. To present these arguments, this article discusses the news values and publicity aspect of terrorism, reviews some problems of and misunderstanding about media coverage of terrorism, and for illustrations, look into the American media's coverage of the 9-11 terrorism against the U. S. and "war on terror". that is, state terrorism taken as a countermeasure to it by the U. S.

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The limits in legislating and the methods for improving the current 'National Guidelines on Anti-Terror Activities' (현행 '국가대테러활동지침'의 문제점과 입법적 개선방안에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Soon-Seok;Shin, Jae-Chul
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.20
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    • pp.95-117
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    • 2009
  • Ever since the 9/11 terror attack, all the world has perceived the need and taken actions to make an anti-terror law, however The Republic of Korea has not yet come up with any relevant output. Currently, the Korean government apportions duties to each related government agency and sets up systems for cooperation among them to make preparations against and cope with terror threats, according to The National Guidelines on Anti-Terror Activities (the presidential directive number 47 given on January 21, 1982). However, the directive has many limits and shortcomings in coping with national emergencies. In this situation, this research aims to compare the national anti-terror laws of others countries with Korea's, in order to understand the problems in Korea, i.e., that The National Guidelines on Anti-Terror Activities, which are the only anti-terror regulations in Korea do not clearly describe the concept and range of a terror, that national anti-terror meetings and the anti-terror standing committee have problems with their operation, that the Terrorism Information Integration Center has also its own problems, and that Korea lacks in preparatory actions against terror crimes and there are still problems about investigations into terror incidents. In order to solve these problems for the future, the present author suggests that the purpose of the law on The National Guidelines on Anti-Terror Activities shall be re-established so as to meet the current anti-terror conditions of Korea, the concept of a terror and anti-terror activities shall be clarified, anti-terror organizations shall be unified, the chair of the anti-terror standing committee shall be appointed legally and automatically according to the relevant rule and be given more rights so as to have free access to private information for anti-terror activities and terror-related information, and systems shall be supplemented for reporting terror-involved persons and funds.

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A study on possibility of soft target terrorism by ISIS in South Korea (자국내 IS테러단체에 의한 소프트타깃 테러발생 가능성에 대한 연구)

  • Oh, Sei-Youen;Yun, Gyeong-Hui
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.47
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    • pp.85-117
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    • 2016
  • These days, ISIS terrorists have been expanding not only to european countries, but also to asian countries so South Korea is no longer safe from terrorists' attacks. Especially, 'soft target terrorism' makes many people maximizing fear of terrorism because it is caused by small groups - those who are armed with small arms and light weapons - and they are able to carry out hit and run attacks on civilian targets. It poses even more dangerous to kill massively. That is why November 2015 Paris attacks and January 2016 Jakarta attacks killed and injured many people because of 'soft target terrorism.' Therefore, the South Korea has also recognized the seriousness of terrorism by ISIS. The study has shown the precautionary measures about 'soft target terrorism' and how to defend against 'soft target terrorism' by looking through overseas examples. It is for the possibilities of 'soft terrorism' in South Korea because of the expansion of ISIS. As a result, 'soft target terrorism', caused by ISIS, could happen in South Korea. The counterplan is as in the following. First of all, 'soft target terrorism', which is collaborated with ISIS and domestic terrorists, could be caused by negative awareness of foreign residents and xenophobia so the public should change stereotypes about the foreign residents and there should be legislation about racial discrimination enacted by parliament and the government must practice the law. Second, the Korean anti-terrorism laws should be modified to minimize violations of human rights, related to the Korean citizens' personal information, and to stop the concentration of power into the hands of one law enforcement. Third, the government has to develop and to initiate the refuge&evacuation simulation, which prepares for 'soft target terrorism' and minimizes the damages if terrorists attack hot spots like central commercial areas or event halls.

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A Study of Terrorism Response System and Development in Korea (한국의 테러리즘 대응 체계와 발전방안 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jong-Ryul;Kim, Chang-Ho
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.33
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    • pp.81-101
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    • 2012
  • A sudden change of social structure makes the nations have experienced terrorism to establish an anti-terrorism law and associate with international agreements to protect themselves from terrorism. Korea is exposed to terrorism as it has grown in stature by holding the international occasions and has been easy to travel abroad since 1980. Korea regulates the terrorist by a guideline which was established in 1982 by the presidential instruction and other criminal law. However, the majority of people doubt the propriety of overinterpretation of the law and punishment for terrorism. To cope with the situation strongly, it is better to establish an anti-terrorism law to block terrorism and apprehend the terrorist beforehand. Also we should realign an anti-terrorism organization that should be organized by the type of terrorism. In addition, we can expect to avoid waste of a budget and human efforts if we introduce terrorism warning system and face with each stage of situation. Lastly it is possible to prevent terrorism if we build up preventive actions along with the local residents.

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The enhanced definition of terrorism and disaster for better Counter-terrorism strategies in the future (대테러 대비 전략을 위한 테러와 재난정의 이해)

  • Oh, Hangil;Kim, Daeha
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Disaster Information Conference
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    • pp.299-301
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    • 2016
  • 현대 사회에서 테러는 국제적으로 매우 빈번하게 일어나고 있으며, 대한민국도 더 이상 테러의 안전지대가 아니라는 뉴스가 보도되고 있다. 하지만 우리에 테러의 인식에 따른 시각은 다소 편협하여 성별, 나이, 직위, 장소등 많은 부분에서 갈등을 갖으며, 또한 한반도는 남북한의 갈등으로 인한 특수성은 게릴라 전을 테러라고 인식하는 시각이 있다. 국내 특수성으로 인해 테러를 전쟁의 영역으로 보고 테러대응 전략은 국가 안보로 많이 치우쳐져 있다. 역사와 정치적으로 또한 테러는 이념대립으로 인한 전쟁으로 치우쳐 전쟁의 전략에 한 부분으로 인식 되어 왔다는 것이 사실이다.(Rumyana G., 2014) 이는 전쟁의 시각에서 테러를 잘 설명하고 있다. 한편, 테러의 개념은 시간이 지남에 따라 기존의 안보의 개념뿐 아니라 재난의 개념에서도 찾을 수 있다. "불평등한 사회에 대한 민중의 분노로 이해하여야 한다"고 스위스 진보적 사회학자 장 징글러(Jean Ziegler) 는 말하며 무고한 사람들을 타겟으로 한 정치적 목적을 이루기 위한 비합법적 무력 사용으로 보았다. 즉, 비합법적 무력사용으로 무고한 다중(Innocent people)에게 폭력을 행사한 것이다. 젠킨스와 라쿼르의 정의를 살펴보면 "테러리즘이란 폭력 혹은 폭력의 위협이다"라고 정하였다.(Jenkins 2004) 폭력이란 형법에서는 다른 사람에게 상해를 입히거나 협박하거나 하는 등의 행위와 함께 다른 사람을 감금하는 행위, 주거에 침입하는 행위, 기물의 파손 등에 대해서도 폭력이라 표현한다. 철학, 정치학 등의 학문에서는 다른 사람 또는 국가나 세력을 제압하는 힘을 일반적으로 지칭하기도 한다. 힘자랑이나 힘겨루기가 이에 속한다. 무력의 사용으로 사회에 심리적인 영향을 끼치며 사회적 파괴를 일으키는 것을 보편적 테러의 개념으로 볼 수 있다. 테러는 국가 통치 질서와 사회질서 안정에 큰 위협과 혼란을 초래하는 파괴행위의 무력행사로 국가의 재난 상황을 유발하는 인류가 만든 재난으로 볼 수 있다. 자연현상으로 발생하는 자연재해는 인류의 시점에서 재난으로 해석된다. 마찬가지로 사회현상으로 발생하는 폭력적 파괴행위에 대한 피해는 인류의 시점에서 재난의 현상으로 해석 되어야 한다. 과학기술이 발달하면서 첨단기술을 이용한 폭력행위와 파괴의 두려움은 정보통신 기술의 발달로 두려움의 전파 속도도 빨라 질 것이다. 따라서 테러행위의 극복을 위해서는 테러를 인적재난(Man-made Disaster)로 보고 재난의 범주로 포함하여 미래의 테러를 위한 대비전략을 수립해야 할 것이다. 이를 위해 본 논문에서는 학계의 학자들과 기관 및 민간 의 전문기관들에 따른 테러의 정의를 분석하고 재난정의를 고찰하여 시사점을 제시하고, 대테러 대비 전략의 방향에 기틀을 마련하고자 테러정의를 도출하였습니다.

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A Study on Law and Organization about Cyber Terror Respons (사이버테러대응활동에 대한 근거법률과 대응기관 연구)

  • Lee, Min-Young;Park, Dea-Woo
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Information and Commucation Sciences Conference
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    • pp.425-428
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    • 2011
  • 인터넷 인프라와 기술의 발달로 세계가 인터넷으로 연결되면서, 전쟁과 테러공격의 한 방법으로 사이버테러가 발생하고 있다. 2009년 7월 7일 한국의 주요 홈페이지를 공격한 DDoS공격으로 인하여 사이버테러대응활동의 중요성이 더해졌다. 본 논문에서는 사이버테러대응활동에 대한 근거법률과 대응기관에 관한 연구이다. 상위법인 국가보안법과 법률 제8874호 국가안전보장회의법 등을 연구한다. 또한 사이버테러대응활동의 중요기관인 국가정보원법과, 대통령령훈령 제47호의 국가대테러활동지침, 대통령훈령 제267호인 국가사이버안전관리규정을 연구한다. 본 논문의 연구를 통하여 최근의 급격히 증가하는 사이버테러로부터 국가를 안전하게 지키고, 국민의 평안한 생활을 보장하는 기초 연구 자료로 활용될 것이다.

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A study on the risks of terrorism raids in domestic occurring through of the Islamic State of IS terrorist groups (IS테러단체의 공습확대에 따른 자국 내 테러발생 위험성에 관한 연구)

  • Oh, Sei-Youen;Yun, Gyeng-Hui
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.42
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    • pp.277-308
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    • 2015
  • Recently the Japanese hostage crisis with Syria, the stake of the pilots IS of the terror group's affiliates like Kim incident occurred while urinarado IS not an exception anymore in connection with terrorism will not be able to do. In addition, particularly against terrorist groups worldwide, IS being a hero has been marginalized and wants uncritical drugs aimed at teens, such as dialog or game IS through SNS joined nationals as well as other countries, while recommending domestic complaints until the people power or luck, put the older brother can sign up for any terror group IS the terrorist group's terrorist acts while making the environment a national mark by foreigners or immigrants can be caused by the situation. Therefore, in this study, this IS serious for the terrorist acts of the terrorist group, IS due to the expansion of the domestic terrorist group caused the terror raids of about the dangers of foreign countries to review the case, and the incident has sought ways to prevent and respond to the rapporteur. The result IS due to the expansion of the domestic terrorist group caused the terror raids of the dangers of sex exists and that causes a response to the implements are as follows. First of all, IS brokering for the site of the terrorist group's approach to counter-terrorism Act will be a, and the next, each agency and terror for the information exchange and cooperation and serves as a reexamination of terror occurred through the quick and appropriate measures should be the language. Finally, the duties related to terrorism for teens, especially education and strengthen the safety program development and against terrorism should be carried out.

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