• Title, Summary, Keyword: 테러리즘

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Verification of Preparation System for Anti-bioterrorism (생물테러리즘 대응을 위한 검증체제)

  • Lee, kwang-lyeol
    • Proceedings of the Korea Contents Association Conference
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    • pp.185-187
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    • 2010
  • 이 연구는 9.11 테러 이후 발생한 뉴테러리즘 중 가장 잔혹한 생물테러리즘을 예방하기 위한 대비체계중 검증체계를 구축한 실태를 확인한 논문이다. 생물테러리즘을 위기로 인식하고 예방하기 위해서는 대비체제를 잘 구축하여 관리하면서 실질적으로 가동하는 여부를 확인하는 활동이 필요하다. 생물테러리즘을 예방하기 위한 체제는 우선 테러리즘을 예방하기위한 법체계가 구축되어야 하고, 생물테러리즘에 사용되는 전구물질을 통제하는 법체계가 갖추어져야 한다. 그리고 이러한 법체계를 수행하기 위한 각종 조직들이 갖추어지고, 조직들이 활성화되어야 한다. 본 연구결과 한국에는 테러리즘을 통제하는 상위법령이 없는 상태이나 국제적인 요구에 부응하기 위해, BWC의 협약에 언급된 직 간접적인 이전금지, 제조, 획득, 권유, 조장 등을 금지하기 위해 생물테러리즘을 예방하기 위한 여러 법령을 제정하고, 이를 시행하기 위한 조직이 구성되어 활동 중이다. 또한 생물테러리즘에 사용될 수 있는 물질과 장비들은 산업계와 학계에서 연구목적으로 또는 의료약품 생산을 목적으로 필요로 하는 것이므로 생물학 물자 및 장비의 유통질서를 확립하고 확인하는 것이 필요하다. 이를 위한 조직이 활동 중이다. 생물무기 보유여부의 신고, 이의 폐기, 평화적 용도로의 전환사용 등에 대해서도 추진 중이다. 또한 이를 국제적으로 확인하는 체제를 구축하기 위한 국제적 협력이 계속 되어야 할 것이다.

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New Terrorism and National Crisis Management (뉴테러리즘과 국가위기관리)

  • Kim, Boum-Joong;Cho, Ho-Dae
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.9 no.10
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    • pp.284-291
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    • 2009
  • Changes in the environment of the 21st century, national crisis, national security threats taempoga yimyeonseo type of fast, flexible and diverse, principal, resulting in a diagnosis of a threat far greater than in the past and deal with uncertainty in the features have done. That this study, the traditional concept of terrorism and to examine the characteristics of new terrorism, terrorism by analyzing the actual conditions of, any country to be a target of terrorism, and terrorism, people also can become the target of a real national crisis management in situations In contrast with the policy dimensions of terrorism is to the recommendations.

A Critical Review of the Relationship between Terrorism and the Media -With Special Reference to 9.11 Terror and the American Media- (테러리즘과 언론의 관계에 관한 비판적 고찰 -9.11 테러와 미국 언론을 중심으로-)

  • Lee, Hyo-Seong
    • Korean journal of communication and information
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    • v.19
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    • pp.213-238
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    • 2002
  • Ie is popular belief among the authorities concerned and their apologists that media coverage of terrorism promotes terrorism and is used as publicity by terrorists. Generally speaking, however, in reporting terrorism, the media become not terrorists' but state's means of publicity, and condemn terrorism, while rationalizing state's violence against terrorism. Terrorists may be successful in attracting public attention at the initial stage of terrorism, but usually fail in publicizing their cause. This fact notwithstanding, the authorities concerned and their apologists maintain thar media coverage of terrorism should be controlled, because it works as publicity for terrorists. Now it can be said that there is an intention to control the media when it is asserted that media coverage of terrorism works as publicity for terrorists. To present these arguments, this article discusses the news values and publicity aspect of terrorism, reviews some problems of and misunderstanding about media coverage of terrorism, and for illustrations, look into the American media's coverage of the 9-11 terrorism against the U. S. and "war on terror". that is, state terrorism taken as a countermeasure to it by the U. S.

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Thr problem of Uyghur nationalism, Uyghur terrorism, and the state terrorism of the Chinese state (위구르 민족문제와 테러리즘, 그리고 중국의 국가테러리즘)

  • Yun, Min-Woo
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.45
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    • pp.107-127
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    • 2015
  • The Chinese urge for the imperial power is a major threat to the today's peaceful international order. Such arrogant and delusional goal could be the very critical obstacle against the Korean security and national interests due to the geographical proximity. Today, the interesting dynamic of Uyghur nationalism, Uyghur terrorism, and the oppressive Chinese state terrorism could provide an meaningful prediction for the situation that the Korean nation may face in the future. In this regard, the present paper describes the interaction between Uyghur nationalism, Uyghur terrorism, and the Chinese state terrorism. The today's terrorism is a multi-dimensional security matter in that national independence, political and economic discrimination, non-state terrorism, and the hegemony competition among superpowers are intricately interrelated. Uyghur terrorism and related matter tend to show the nature of today's terrorism as a multi-dimensional security matter.

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A Case Study of Recent New Terrorism and Potential Patterns in South Korea (최근 국외 뉴테러리즘의 사례분석과 국내 발생가능 유형에 대한 연구)

  • Jeon, Yong-Jae;Lee, Chang-Bae;Lee, Seung-Hyun
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.53
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    • pp.11-33
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    • 2017
  • Terrorism has existed in the entire human history and has become a significant topic in criminology while prior studies has focused on North Korea as the perpetrator, and this prevents an in-depth discussion of the international trends of terrorism. As soft targets are the main target of new terrorism and because we never ignore the significance of the consequences, there are needs for more studies on the topic. This study conducted a case study of major terrorism attacks and surveyed professionals in the field via an AHP analysis in order to find the characteristics of terrorism and its potential patterns in South Korea. As a result, we found that North Korea or the left-wing may utilize homemade bomb, motor vehicle or drone for the purpose of attacking multi-use facilities in South Korea. For policy implications, we insist developing a better CPTED approach on those facilities, improving professionalism of cyber-watchdog via more training and education, stricter control on drone permit, and operation of counseling centers for preventing radicalization.

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Suggestion on the Convention for Anti-Terrorism of North Eastern Asian Countries: Focusing on Tendency Analysis of Regional International Conventions (동북아시아 국가들의 대(對)테러리즘 관련 협약체결을 위한 제언: 지역별 국제협약의 경향분석을 중심으로)

  • Lee, Dae Sung;Ahn, Young Kyu
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.15 no.1
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    • pp.19-26
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    • 2015
  • The threat of international terrorism has been increasing in international society. It could be no exception in northeastern Asian countries. First, north eastern Asian countries have exercised influences on many areas in international society such as politics, military and diplomacy. So international terrorism could occur in the countries. Second, as the north eastern Asian countries such as Korea, China, Russia and Japan have their own unique politics, religions, ethnic group and culture, terrorism have happened or could happen in their own countries. In this research, it will analyze the tendency of seven regional international conventions on anti-terrorism of international society. The result is as follows. It dealt with the following issues. 1. Reason and purpose of terrorism, 2. Contents of conventions on anti-terrorism, 3. Psychological and physical aspects of attacking types of terrorism, 4. Personal and physical aspects of damage of terrorism, 5. Hard targets and soft targets of victims of terrorism. It could be necessary for the north eastern Asian countries to review regional international convention on anti-terrorism based on this.

Tracking Recent Terrorism Trends in Europe and North America (최근 북미 및 유럽지역의 테러리즘 동향연구: 2012-2017)

  • Park, Gi-Bbeum;Lee, Chang-Han;Yu, Hyo-Eun
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.53
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    • pp.109-133
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    • 2017
  • The purpose of this study is to provide a general trends in recent terrorism in North America and Europe over the last five years. In particular the terrorism which occurred after 2012 shows the transition in trends as terrorists attacks civilians and public places(soft target) rather than targeting national facilities or specific people. For instance, the Parris terror attack and Barcelona vehicle attack shows this changes clearly. The terrorists appeared to attack ordinary people in urban places with high population density. Although the trends are changing, there are still few studies focusing on the current situation, and most of the previous studies have focused on changing in strategies and counter-terrorism in each country after the 9.11 terror. Meanwhile, studies examining the trends of terrorism have been limited to analyzing few cases or using relatively monolithic data of Global Terrorism Data(GTD). While the types of terrorism that occur recent years including 'new terrorism' in many respects, it seems to be difficult to classify with GTD data and/or case studies. Therefore, it is necessary to construct new data that perhaps grasp the recent trend of terrorism from different perspectives. In this point of view, this Based on this, this study collects terrorism data from North America and Europe for the past five years, by using the National Intelligence Service's annual report on terrorism as a sampling framework and analyse the trends and changes. The result shows similarities in the methods of attack, and the type of weapon they used. As vehicle attacks has been raised in few years, damage area has been widen and casualties also have been increased.

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Review for the Enactment of Anti-Terrorism Law in China: Comparing it to those in the USA, Britain and Germany (중국의 반(反)테러리즘법 제정을 위한 검토: 미국.영국.독일과 비교하여)

  • Lee, Dae Sung;Ahn, Young Kyu
    • Convergence Security Journal
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    • v.14 no.6_1
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    • pp.45-55
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    • 2014
  • China has vast land, variety of people, religions and cultures. China has faced terrorism threat from the struggles of people, religions and resources. The 11thStanding Committee of the National People's Congress of China decided to strengthen the anti-terrorism action on October 29, 2011. This study compared, analyzed and estimated the counter-terrorism laws of the USA, Britain and Germany thinking about the China's anti-terrorism decision. The counter-terrorism laws of the USA, Britain and Germany are largely composed of previous prevention of terror and oppression of it later. They enacted the laws both for people and property. They also rearranged the power and role of governmental institutes on counter-terrorism. The contents of the counter-terrorism laws are specific, detailed and systematic. But the anti-terrorism law of China has restriction on the power and roles for previous prevention and oppression of terrorism, handling of people and property. This study reviewed the foreign countries' counter-terrorism laws and the way to connect the regulations on terrorism crimes of the revised Chinese criminal law and the anti-terrorism decision, when they enact the anti-terrorism laws in China in the future.

A Study on National Strategy For Countering the New Terrorism As Network War (네트워크 전쟁의 도래와 테러리즘의 새로운 흐름 - 국가대응전략을 중심으로 -)

  • Ahn, Hee-Nam;Jang, Ki-Boong
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.16
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    • pp.137-159
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    • 2008
  • In the 21st century, the Information Revolution caused unpredictable kinds of complications. Human society conducts a tactical network war like Swarming. Network war simultaneously consists of merits such as global monitoring and anti-dictatorship campaign, and violent demerits like terrorism. It has been becoming a generalization of terrorism of the present time to build a brotherhood and ideology to commit terrorism. This is considered as new terrorism, a form of network war. Theses days, terror organizations including Al Qaeda establish a brotherly network to commit terrorism when and where they want. New terrorism is a novel form that harms unspecified individuals. In fact, many countries have been experiencing damage from new terrorism. It is becoming an urgent issue to every country to prepare a suitable plan that cope with new terrorism. This dissertation provides defense strategy in macro and micro aspect as a responding scheme to new terrorism.

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A Study of Terrorism Response System and Development in Korea (한국의 테러리즘 대응 체계와 발전방안 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Jong-Ryul;Kim, Chang-Ho
    • Korean Security Journal
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    • no.33
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    • pp.81-101
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    • 2012
  • A sudden change of social structure makes the nations have experienced terrorism to establish an anti-terrorism law and associate with international agreements to protect themselves from terrorism. Korea is exposed to terrorism as it has grown in stature by holding the international occasions and has been easy to travel abroad since 1980. Korea regulates the terrorist by a guideline which was established in 1982 by the presidential instruction and other criminal law. However, the majority of people doubt the propriety of overinterpretation of the law and punishment for terrorism. To cope with the situation strongly, it is better to establish an anti-terrorism law to block terrorism and apprehend the terrorist beforehand. Also we should realign an anti-terrorism organization that should be organized by the type of terrorism. In addition, we can expect to avoid waste of a budget and human efforts if we introduce terrorism warning system and face with each stage of situation. Lastly it is possible to prevent terrorism if we build up preventive actions along with the local residents.

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