• Title, Summary, Keyword: 테부코나졸

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Chemical Resistance and Control of Dollar Spot Caused by Sclerotinia homoeocarpa on Turfgrass of Golf Courses in Korea (한국 골프장 잔디에서의 Sclerotinia homoeocarpa의 약제 저항성 및 방제)

  • Kim, Jeong-Ho;Choi, Hee-Youl;Shim, Gyu-Yul;Kim, Young-Ho
    • Asian Journal of Turfgrass Science
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    • v.24 no.2
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    • pp.170-175
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    • 2010
  • A total of 24 isolates of S. homoeocarpa were isolated from 16 golf courses in Korea. Chemical resistance of 24 isolates was determined by in vitro fungal growth on fungicide-amended media with thiophanatemethyl (Benzimidazole fungicide family), tebuconazole (demethylation inhibitor fungicide family: DMI), and iprodione (dicarboximide fungicide family). Results indicated that 83.3% of 24 isolates were resistant to iprodione, 62.5% resistant to thiophanate-methyl and 0% resistant to tebuconazale. The dual resistance of iprodione and thiophanate-methyl was 58.3.%. Occurrence rate of fungicide resistance of thiophanate-methyl and iprodione had no relation to turfgrass varieties and isolated locations of pathogen. In the filed test, procymidone, boscalid, and fluquinconazole+pyrimethanil effectively controlled the dollar spot of creeping bentgrass.

Isolation and Characterization of Soil Bacteria Degrading a Fungicide Defenoconazole (살균제 디페노코나졸 분해 세균 분리 및 특성 분석)

  • Ahn, Jae-Hyung;Ro, Yu-Mi;Lee, Gwan-Hyeong;Park, InCheol;Kim, Wan-Gyu;Han, Byeong-Hak;You, Jaehong
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.20 no.4
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    • pp.349-354
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    • 2016
  • Triazole fungicides occupy an important portion in the global fungicide market and are relatively persistent in soil compared to the other fungicides, suggesting possible adverse effects of the fungicides on human health and environment. In this study, we tried to isolate microorganisms from orchard soils, which can decompose the triazole fungicides, tebuconazole, fluquinconazole, and difenoconazole. Only difenoconazole was completely degraded in the enrichment culture, from which several difenoconazole-degrading bacteria were isolated. They showed the same rep-PCR pattern thus only one strain, C8-2, was further studied. The strain was identified as Sphingomonas sp. C8-2 based on its 16S rRNA gene sequence and decomposed 100 mg/L of difenoconazole in a minimum medium to an unknown metabolite with a molecular weight of 296 within 24 hours. The inhibition effect of the metabolite against representative soil microorganisms significantly decreased compared to that of difenoconazole thus the bacterial strain is expected to be used for the detoxification of difenoconazole in soil and crop.

Examination of Effectiveness of Existing Wound Dressings (현재 사용 중인 상처도포제의 유효성 검정)

  • Lee, Kyu Hwa;Lee, Yong-Hwan;Song, Hyeon-Seong;Lee, Joung Goo;Yoo, Jaeryong;Ahn, Saekyul
    • Journal of Korean Society of Forest Science
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    • v.105 no.4
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    • pp.505-509
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    • 2016
  • This study was conducted to examine the effectiveness of various dressing materials applied to tree wounds in Korea. Significantly higher wound closure rates than those of controls were found when thiophanatemethyl paste (Topsin Paste$^{(R)}$) was applied to Ginkgo biloba, Zelkova serrata, and Prunus yedoensis; lanolin to Z. serrata and P. yedoensis; and tebuconazole paste (Silvacur$^{(R)}$) to P. yedoensis. However, significantly lower wound closure rates than those of controls were found when petroleum jelly (Vaseline$^{(R)}$) was applied to G. biloba, Z. serrata, and P. yedoensis. It was noted that the wounds of Z. serrata and P. yedoensis treated with petroleum jelly expanded due to the death of cambium located at the edge of the wounds. Wound closure rates applied with adhesive - non-toxic to human body (Okong bond$^{(R)}$) were also significantly lower than those of controls in Z. serrata. Pinus densiflora showed no reaction to any experimental wound dressing because of resin secreted from the exposed cambium.

Suppression of Dollar Spot Caused by Sclerotinia homoeocarpa on Creeping Bentgrass (Agrostis palustris Huds.) after Applying Tebuconazole, Chlorothalonil and Their Mixture (크리핑 벤트그래스에서 동전마름병 방제를 위한 Tebuconazole, Chlorothalonil 및 합제 처리)

  • Kim, Young-Sun;Lim, Hye-Jung;Ham, Suon-Kyu;Lee, Kyu-Seung;Lee, Geung-Joo
    • Weed & Turfgrass Science
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    • v.7 no.2
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    • pp.158-165
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    • 2018
  • This study was conducted to evaluate the control efficacy of dollar spot on creeping bentgrass after applying various amounts of tebuconazole, chlorothalonil and mixture of tebuconazole and chlorothalonil (tebuconazole+chlorothalonil). In effect of three fungicides on suppression against Sclerotinia homoeocarpa, tebuconazole and tebuconazole+chlorothalonil were found to inhibit more than 98% fungus growth on medium and 70% in chlorothalonil treatment. The control efficacy of tebuconazole at different rates of 31.25, 62.5, and $125a.i.\;mg\;m^{-2}$ on creeping bentgrass showed more than 80%. Application of tebuconazole ($125.0a.i.\;mg\;m^{-2}$), tebuconazole+chlorothalonil ($125.0a.i.\;mg\;m^{-2}+135.9a.i.\;mg\;m^{-2}$) and chlorothalonil ($135.9a.i.\;mg\;m^{-2}$) were suppressed 96%, 80%, 70% for the dollar spot severity, respectively. Correlation between application amount of fungicides and control efficacy of dollar spot was significantly positive, and suggested amount of tebuconazole, tebuconazole+chlorothalonil and chlorothalonil that might suppress more than 80% of dollar spot were calculated to 29.6, 132.2+142.8, and $157.0a.i.\;mg\;m^{-2}$, respectively.

Inhibition of in Vitro Growth of Three Soil-borne Turfgrass Diseases by Antagonistic Bacteria from Composted Liquid Manure (가축분뇨액비의 길항미생물에 의한 토양전염성 병원균의 생육억제 효과)

  • Ryu, Ju Hyun;Shim, Gyu Yul;Kim, Ki Sun
    • Horticultural Science & Technology
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    • v.32 no.6
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    • pp.879-886
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    • 2014
  • This study was conducted to test in vitro the antagonistic effect of composted liquid manure (CLM) against soil-borne turfgrass pathogenic fungi, Rhizoctonia solani AG-2-2 (IIIB) (brown patch), R. solani AG-2-2 (IV) (large patch), and Sclerotinia homoeocarpa (dollar spot) for environmentally friendly turfgrass management. CLMs were collected from 9 livestock excretion treatment facilities around the country including Gunwi (GW), Hapcheon (HC), Hoengseong (HS), Icheon (IC), Iksan (IS), Muan (MA), Nonsan (NS), and Yeoju (YJ). CLMs of IC, GW, and IS showed s ignificant (p < 0.05) mycelium growth inhibition that was 17.8%, 20.4%, and 48.0% against R. solani AG-2-2 (IIIB), R. solani AG-2-2 (IV), and S. homoeocarpa, respectively. A t otal of 110 bacterial isolates were obtained from the CLMs that showed antagonistic effects. Among them, 5, 4, and 10 microbe isolates showed promising antifungal activity against mycelium growth of R. solani AG-2-2 (IIIB), R. solani AG-2-2 (IV), and S. homoeocarpa, respectively. The bacterial isolates ICIIIB60, GWIV70, and ISSH20 effectively inhibited the mycelial growth of three soil-borne turfgrass pathogens. Selected bacterial isolates were identified as Alcaligenes sp., Bacillus licheniformis Ab2, and B. subtilis C7-3 through 16s rDNA gene sequence analysis. Among 5 fungicides, the most compatible fungicide with ICIIIB60, GWIV70, and ISSH20 was tebuconazol, toclofos-methyl and toclofos-methyl, respectively. These findings suggested that CLMs could be effectively used not only as organic liquid fertilizer sources but also as biological control agents for soil-borne turfgrass diseases such as brown patch, large patch, and dollar spot.

Safety Assesment of Pesticides Treated on Garlic to Control Black Rot during the Storage (마늘 저장 중 부패병 방제를 위하여 처리한 농약의 경시적 농약 잔류량 평가)

  • You, Oh-Jong;Jin, Yong-Duk;Hwang, Se-Gu;Lee, Yong-Hoon;Ihm, Yang-Bin;Kim, Jin-Bae;Kwon, Oh-Kyung;Kyung, Kee-Sung;Kim, Jang-Eok
    • The Korean Journal of Pesticide Science
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    • v.13 no.3
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    • pp.148-158
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    • 2009
  • We tested and selected some agrochemicals reducing the occurrence of major pests and diseases during garlic storage. Tebuconazole, diphenylamine and prochloraz as fungicides and dimethate as a insecticide were sprayed or drenched before harvest. And the harvested garlic was dipped in each of the agrochemicals. The residues of pesticides in garlic bulbs treated were analyzed every month from harvesting time for 6 months. In case of Danyang garlic, which was treated with pesticides before and after harvesting, the residues of diphenylamine, tebuconazole, prochloraz, and dimethoate ranged from 0.008 to 0.28, from 0.03 to 0.32, from 0.02 to 0.12, and from 0.02 to 0.25 mg/kg, respectively. In case of Uiseong garlic, the residues of diphenylamine, tebuconazole, prochloraz and dimethoate ranged from 0.008 to 0.09, from 0.08 to 0.45, from 0.02 to 0.57, and from 0.04 to 0.38 mg/kg, respectively. And, in case of Namdo garlic, the residues of diphenylamine, tebuconazole, prochloraz, and dimethoate ranged from 0.008 to 0.52, from 0.07 to 1.67, from 0.02 to 0.17, and from 0.03 to 0.73 mg/kg, respectively. Some of the garlic samples treated with tebuconazole exceeded its maximum residue limits (MRLs) of 0.1 mg/kg set by Korea Food Drug Administration (KFDA), but dimethoate was detected below its MRL of 1.0 mg/kg. In case of diphenylamine and prochloraz, their MRLs for garlic were not set. Adapting their MRLs, 5.0 mg/kg of diphenylamine for apple and pear and 0.5 mg/kg of prochloraz for strawberry and grape, residue levels of diphenylamine and procloraz were below than their MRLs, with the exception of samples two times treated with procloraz in Namdo garlic. These results indicate that dimethoate can be used as an agrochemical to control the postharvest disease in garlic in only MRL aspect.