• Title, Summary, Keyword: 톱다리개미허리노린재

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Pheromone Trap Type and Height for Attracting of Riptortus clavatus (Thunberg) (Hemiptera: Alydidae) in Soybean Field (콩 포장에서 톱다리개미허리노린재(Riptortus clavatus) 발생예찰을 위한 효율적인 페로몬 트랩 및 설치높이)

  • Paik, Chae-Hoon;Lee, Geon-Hwi;Oh, Young-Jin;Park, Chung-Gyoo;Hwang, Chang-Yeon;Kim, Sang-Soo
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.48 no.1
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    • pp.59-65
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    • 2009
  • This study was conducted to determine pheromone trap type and height in forecasting populations of R. clavatus in soybean fields using pheromone. The most effective pheromone trap type and height in forecasting populations of R. clavatus were fish trap and 60 cm above ground. Ratio of R. clavatus adults female and male in soybean field was 1.5 to 1 and Piezodorus hybneri was also attracted to the aggregation pheromone trap of R. clavatus. Attractiveness of two stink bug species caught on synthesis pheromone of R. clavatus was surveyed with imported production and synthesized production. Imported pheromone attracted only adult of R. clavatus, but synthesized pheromone attracted both adult of R. clavatus and P. hybneri. Change of population of R. clavatus was observed using pheromone trap and sweeping method in soybean field. Adults of R. clavatus occurred from early August and the population reached its peak in early September when pheromone trap was used. In case of sweeping method, its fluctuation pattern was similar to that of pheromone trap.

Antibiotic and Insecticidal Activities of Metabolites Derived From an Entomopathogenic Bacterium, Xenorhabdus nematophila, Against The Bean Bug, Riptortus clavatus (곤충병원세균(Xenorhabdus nematophila) 유래물질의 톱다리개미허리노린재(Riptortus clavatus) 장내세균 증식억제 및 살충효과)

  • Seo, Sam-Yeol;Kim, Yong-Gyun
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.49 no.3
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    • pp.251-259
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    • 2010
  • A bacterial colony was isolated from the gut of the bean bug, Riptortus clavatus. From morphological and biochemical tests, the bacterial isolate showed the highest similarity to Staphylococcus succinus. DNA sequence of 16S rRNA gene of the bacterium supported the identification. Oral administration of penicillin G to adults of R. clavatus gave a dose-dependent mortality of adults of R. clavatus to adults along with significant decrease of the bacterial population in the gut. Similarly, three metabolites (benzylideneacetone, proline-tyrosine, and acetylated phenylalanine-glycine-valine) derived from an entomopathogenic bacterium, Xenorhabdus nematophila, also inhibited growth of the gut bacterial population and gave significant mortalities to R. clavatus. These results suggest that a gut bacterial population classified as Staphylococcus sp. is required for survival of R. clavatus and that the three bacterial metabolites had toxic effects on the bugs due to their antibacterial properties.

Seasonal Occurrence, Soybean Damage and Control Efficacy of Bean Bug, Riptortus clavatus Thunberg (Hemiptera: Alydidae) at Soybean Field in Honam Province (호남지역 콩 포장에서 톱다리개미허리노린재(Riptortus clavatus)의 발생소장, 콩 피해 및 약제방제 효과)

  • Lee Geon-Hwi;Paik Chae-Hoon;Choi Man-Young;Oh Young-Jin;Kim Doo-Ho;Na Seung-Yeoung
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.43 no.3
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    • pp.249-255
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    • 2004
  • This study was conducted to determine Seasonal Occurrence, soybean damage and control efficacy of bean bug, Riptortus clavatus Thunberg at soybean field in Honam province. Occurrence of R. clavatus varied at seeding times with annual difference. The peak occurrence of R. clavatus was appeared at late of August for late May seeding and middle of September for middle June seeding. There was difference in the peak occurrence of R. clavatus due to different growing stages affected by different weather conditions though soybean was seeded at same time. If the rate of soybean seed damage area by R. clavatus sucking increases, the germinating rate was greatly decreased. If the rate of soybean seed damage area is above 50 percent, in particular, the germinating rate was very low with 2 percent. Control efficacy against R. clavatus was the highest with $91\%$ at 3 times treatment of insecticide at $R_4$ (full pod stage) + $R_5$ (Beginning seed stage) +$R_6$ (full seed stage) of soybean growing stages in field.

Oviposition Preference of The Bean Bug, Riptortus clavatus (Thunberg) (Hemiptera: Alydidae), on Soybean and Mungbean Plants (콩 및 녹두에서 톱다리개미허리노린재[Riptortus clavatus (Thunberg)](노린재목: 호리허리노린재과)의 산란선호성)

  • Jung, Jin-Kyo;Seo, Bo-Yoon;Moon, Jung-Kyeong;Park, Jong-Ho
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.47 no.4
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    • pp.379-383
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    • 2008
  • Oviposition preference of the bean bug, Riptortus clavatus to sites on a plant and within a field, to plants at different developmental stages, and to different leguminous germplasms was observed. The insect layed its eggs mainly on the back surface of leaf in the upper half of plant in both observation from oviposition cage and soybean field. The egg number in fields were observed at a statistically-same rate in marginal and inside area, and at a median value of one egg per leaf in oviposited leaves. Full seed stage of soybean hardly affected oviposition preference of the insect. A statistically-significant difference in oviposition to different leguminous germplasms was observed.

Report on Two Egg Parasitoid Species of Riptortus clavatus (Thunberg) (Heteroptera: Alydidae) on Soybean (톱다리개미허리노린재의 난기생봉 2종에 관한 보고)

  • Paik, Chae-Hoon;Lee, Geon-Hwi;Choi, Man-Young;Seo, Hong-Yul;Kim, Doo-Ho;La, Seung-Yong;Park, Chung-Gyoo
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.46 no.2
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    • pp.281-286
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    • 2007
  • Two hymenopteran egg parasitoid species, Gryon japonicum (Ashmead) (Scelionidae) and Ooencyrtus nezarae Ishii (Encyrtidae), were emerged from eggs of bean bug, Riptortus clavatus Thunberg (Heteroptera: Alydidae). The former parasitoid is first recorded in Korea. Brief morphological and biological characteristics, and parasitism on R. clavatus eggs are described.

Development of Observation Methods for Density of Stink Bugs in Soybean Field (콩포장에서 노린재류의 밀도조사법 개발)

  • Bae, Soon-Do;Kim, Hyun-Ju;Lee, Geon-Hwi;Park, Sung-Tae
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.153-158
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    • 2007
  • This study was conducted to develope the observing methods for density of stink bugs in soybean reproductive stage. The adults and nymphs of bean bug, Riptortus clavatus, red-banded shield bug, Piezodous hybneri, green stink bug, Nezara antennata, Sole bug, Dolycoris baccarum, and brown marmorated stink bug, Halyomorpha halys were observed by three observing methods such as beating, sweeping net, and visual counting methods in the full bloom (R2), full pod (R4) and beginning maturity (R7) of soybean. As a result, total number of stink bugs observed was the highest with 5,214.2 by beating method, and then was 2,581.8 by visual counting method, and was the lowest with 103.1 by sweeping net method. Total number of stink bugs observed by the beating and visual counting methods was P. hybneri, followed by N. antennata, H. halys, R. clavatus and D. baccarum with clear difference in observed number of each stink bugs while total number of stink bugs observed by sweeping net method was very low in the range of 18 to 23. Accordingly, the observed density of stink bugs exception of R. clavatus adult by beating method was generally high. However, the number of R. clavatus adult was more observed by flushing method than that by beating method from the beginning bloom (R1) to full maturity (R8), and was more observed at morning time than that at afternoon time. Therefore, two observation methods that flushing method for R. clavatus and beating method for the other stink bugs were recommended for the occurring density of stink bugs in soybean because both bean bug and pentatomidae stink bugs have distinct behavior characteristics such as flying and dropping.

Areal Distribution and Parasitism on Other Soybean Bugs of Trissolcus nigripedius (Hymenoptera: Scelionidae), an Egg Parasitoid of Dolycoris baccarum (Heteroptera: Pentatomidae) (알락수염노린재의 알 기생벌 Trissolcus nigripedius의 지역적 분포와 다른 콩 노린재류에 대한 기생)

  • Lim, Un-Taek;Park, Kyung-Soo;Mahmoud, Ali M.A.;Jung, Chul-Eui
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.46 no.1
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    • pp.79-85
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    • 2007
  • From the surveys of 2005 and 2006 in Korea, Trissolicus nigripedius was found in four locations, i.e., Andong, Miryang, Namhae, and Suwon, and one of the major egg parasitoids of Dolycoris baccarum. T. nigripedius was also found to parasitize two other soybean bugs, Riptortus clavatus and Piezodous hybneri, from the field collection in 2005. Host acceptance behaviors of T. nigripedius consisting of drumming, oviposition, and marking were observed and compared on five species of soybean bugs. T. nigripedius showed the complete host acceptance behaviors on the eggs of D. baccarum, P. hybneri, and Halyomorpha halys. But T. nigripedius emerged only from the eggs of D. baccarum (96%) and P. hybneri (75%) after 24 hours of exposure. T. nigripedius did not mark on the eggs of R. clavatus and Nezara antennata during the observation of behavior, hence no egg deposition was made. However, T. nigripedius parasitized 20% and killed 30% of the eggs of R. clavatus when 24 hours were given for parasitization. T. nigripedius would be a potential biological control agent of D. baccarum and P. hybneri with ability of giving additional mortality on R. clavatus in soybean field.

Attractiveness of Stink Bugs to Color, Height and Location of Aggregation Pheromone Trap (집합페로몬 트랩의 색깔, 설치높이 및 장소에 따른 노린재류의 유인효과)

  • Bae, Soon-Do;Kim, Hyun-Ju;Lee, Geon-Hwi;Yoon, Young-Nam;Nam, Min-Hee
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.49 no.4
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    • pp.325-331
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    • 2010
  • Attractiveness of stink bugs to various colors, heights and locations of fish-net traps incorporated with aggregation pheromones was determined. Bean bug, Riptortus pedestris Fabricius, was most attracted to yellow color trap, followed by white, black, green, blue and brown. R. pedestris and one-banded stink bug, Piezodorus hybneri Gmelin, were most attracted to fish-net traps placed 80 cm above the ground regardless of sexes of two species of stink bugs. Between the sexes, however, R. pedestris females were more attracted to 40 and 80 cm above the ground than the males at those heights although the attraction was not significantly different at 120 and 160 cm heights. P. hybneri females tended to be attracted to 40 and 80 cm height traps but the attraction was the opposite at 120 and 160 cm heights. The highest attraction of R. pedestris was observed in a perilla field with no significant difference in the soybean field and border area in which no crop were cultivated between the perilla and soybean fields. R. pedestris was also more attracted to the sweet persimmon orchard than the soybean and medicinal crops fields, which was a significant difference between the two fields.

Community Analysis of Superfamily Coreoidea (Hemiptera) in Mt. Kyeryongsan (계룡산 지역 허리노린재상과(노린재목)의 군집분석에 관한 연구)

  • Choi, Kwang-Ryul;Jang, Cheol
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.31 no.2
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    • pp.113-121
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    • 1992
  • The study was conducted to investigate the community structure of superfamily Coreoidea (Geocorisae: Hemiptera) in Mt. Kyeryongsan from August, 1989 to August, 1990. The collected coreoid insects were composed of 17 species, 13 genera, and 2 families. Percentages of coreoid insects found in each observed zone were 47.4% (13 species) in the paddy bank, 37.4 % (13 species) in the weedy field and 15.2% (11 species) in the shrubs. Dominant species and Simpson's dominance indices were Riptortus clavatusa and Stictopleurus crassicornis ($\lambda$=0.128) in the paddy field, Cletus schmidti and Homoeocerus dilatatus ($\lambda$=0.141) in the weedy field, Riptortus clavatus and Homoeocerus dilatatus ($\lambda$=0.199) in the shrubs. Seasonal dominant species were Cletus trigon us and Rhopalus maculatus ($\lambda$=0.149) in Spring, Cletus schmidti and Homoeocerus dilatatus ($\lambda$=0.132) in Summer, and Riptortus clavatus and Cletus schmidti ($\lambda$=0. 386) in Autumn. Species diversity indices(H') in the paddy bank, weedy field, and shrubs were 0.931, 0.916, and 0.810, respectively. Eveness indices(J') were 0.836, 0.800, and 0.778, respectively. Community structures were almost similar between the paddy bank and the weedy field.

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Occurrence and Control Method of Riptortus pedestris (Hemiptera: Alydidae): Korean Perspectives (국내 톱다리개미허리노린재의 발생과 방제법)

  • Lim, Un Taek
    • Korean journal of applied entomology
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    • v.52 no.4
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    • pp.437-448
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    • 2013
  • Hemipteran bugs, which were previously considered as secondary pests, have currently become important pests of numerous crops. Among them, Riptortus pedestris (Fabricius) is a major species that occurs in Korea, Japan, China, and South Asian countries. Riptortus pedestris infests leguminous crops like soybean, vetches, and red clover; fruit trees like persimmon and yuju; and grains like barley, foxtail millet, broomcorn, and sorghum. Riptortus pedestris causes the greatest damage to soybean, as it is the most suitable host for the bug. Feeding damage during pod formation significantly reduces the yield of soybean. Currently, 17 insecticides, including diazinon and etofenprox, are registered for the control of hemipteran bugs in Korea, and growers apply insecticides two to three times on a regular basis. Aggregation pheromone traps are widely used as a monitoring tool and partial control measure. The aggregation pheromone of R. pedestris attracts conspecific adults and nymphs and is used for food exploitation rather than sexual attraction. In addition, the pheromone serves as a kairomone for egg parasitoids such as Gryon japonicum (Ashmead) and Ooencyrtus nezarae Ishii. As a new method of pest management, nonviable host eggs were included in the pheromone trap to catch R. pedestris and propagate parasitoids. As a part of cultural practices, resistant soybean varieties with specific color and size of pod and control of flowering time through the alteration of planting date can be used. For the effective management of R. pedestris in the near future, development of cultural practices that can support natural control factors and the use of multiple control tactics are needed.