• Title, Summary, Keyword: 퇴원시 통증

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Effects of a Standardized Critical Pathway for Laparoscopic Gastrectomy Patients in a General Hospital (일개 종합병원 복강경 위절제술 환자의 표준진료지침 적용효과)

  • Park, Hyo-Jin;Park, Jong;Ryu, So-Yeon;Choi, Seong-Woo
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.16 no.9
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    • pp.649-657
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    • 2016
  • This study is aim to investigate how applying a critical pathway(CP) to stomach cancer patients affects their recovery and treatment. The subjects were 165 patients over the age of 20 who were diagnosed with stomach cancer at the gastrointestinal clinic of C hospital and who underwent laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy. The case group inclueded 102 patients who underwent laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy with applying the CP from October 2008 to September 2009. The control group included 63 patients who underwent laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy without applying the CP from September 2007 to September 2008. Pain at the time of discharge was significantly lower in the CP applicated group than in the non-applicated group (Odds ratio [OR], 0.07; 95% Confidence interval [CI], 0.03-0.21). The CP applied group was significantly lower than non-applied group in total hospitalization days (CP applied group: 8.95[1.33], non-applied group: 10.69[4.04], p<0.001) and in postoperative hospitalization days (CP applied group: 7.16[0.94], non-applied group: 8.79[3.90], p<0.001). In conclusion, application of a critical pathway to laparoscopic subtotal gastrectomy reduced pain at the time of discharge, total hospitalization days and postoperative hospitalization days.

Analysis of Pain Records for Cancer Patients Complaining of Moderate or Severe Pain (중등도 이상의 통증을 호소하는 암환자의 통증간호기록 분석)

  • Park, Ran Hee;Cho, Ok Hee;Yoo, Yang Sook
    • The Korean Journal of Hospice and Palliative Care
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    • v.17 no.4
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    • pp.270-277
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    • 2014
  • Purpose: This is a retrospective study that investigated cancer patients' complaints of moderate or severe pain to analyze pain characteristics, pain relief interventions and their effects. Methods: The participants of this study were 363 patients who were hospitalized in the cancer ward for three to 30 days and scored 4 points or higher on the pain severity assessment. Results: The most frequent region of pain was the abdomen. The most frequent factor that exacerbated pain was movement. The most frequent pain alleviating factor was administration of analgesics. The most frequent pain type was breakthrough pain, and the most frequent non-pharmaceutical intervention for pain control was heat therapy. Among all, analgesics were routinely prescribed for 52.2% of the participants. Morphine sulfate was the most frequently used analgesic while Gabapentin was the most frequently used non-narcotic analgesic. At the time of discharge, 82.5% of the participants marked their pain intensity as 3 points or lower. Conclusion: For cancer patients complaining of moderate or severe pain, it is important to actively control pain from the beginning of admission. Thus, it is necessary to educate not only cancer patients using narcotic analgesic for pain control and their families but nurses about the effects and side-effects of drugs. Moreover, patients and their families need to learn how to assess and record pain at home to collect data that can be referred for future treatment.

The Role of Video-Assisted Thoracic Surgery in the Diagnosis and the Treatment of a Mediastinal Mass (종격동 병변의 진단 및 치료와 비디오 흉강경의 역할 -흉강경에 의한 종격동 병변 진단 치료-)

  • Baek, Hyo-Chae;Park, Han-Gi;Bae, Gi-Man;Lee, Du-Yeon
    • The Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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    • v.29 no.7
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    • pp.769-776
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    • 1996
  • The application of video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) in the examination of the thoracic cavity can be a new option in patients with mediastinal tumor because it provides outstanding visibility of the structures of the mediastinum. By clear viewing through the thoracoscope, a mediastinal tumor can be biopsied or resected, depending on the findings during an operation. We reviewed all patients who underwent curative or diagnostic operations from March 1990 to August 1995 under the impression of a mediastinal mass. The total number of patients were 113 with 59 males and 54 females. Group A underwent resection of tu or by thoracotomy(38 patients: 18 males, 20 females), and group B underwent resection of tumor by VATS (36 patients : 20 males and 16 females). Seven patients in group B were excluded because they underwent thoracotomy due to pleural adhesion or intra-operative bleeding ; therefore, the true VATS group numbered 29 cases. Group C underwent Iymph node biopsy by VATS(33 patients'16 males, 17 females), and group D(6 patients: 5 males, 1 female) underwent Iymph node biopsy through anterior mediastinotomy. The mean age in group A was 36.2 years compared to 41.3 years In group B. We compared operation time, frequency of injection for pain control, duration of chest tube insertion, postoperative hospital stay, and diagnostic yield. In group A, they were 164 minutes, 3.4 times, 5.2 days, and 11.3 days, respectively, in comparison to 152 minutes, 2 times, 4.7 days, and 8.3 days, respectively, in group B. These data revealed that the day of discharge was significantly shorter in group B (p valu : 0.03). In group C, the mean age was 45.8 years (range 1 ∼70). The operation time was from 30 to 335 minutes (mean 105), pain control was required from 0 to 15 times(mean 3.2), and a chest tube was needed for 1 to 36 days (mean 6.1). In group D, mean age was 53.3 years, operation time 121 minutes, pall control injec- tion frequency 2.6 times, and mean chest tube duration 10.5 days. The diagnostic yield in group C was 8 oyo compared to 100 oyo in group D although the number of patients in group D is small.

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Percutaneous Radiofrequency Therapy of Benign Bone Tumors in the Femoral Head (대퇴골두 부위에 발생한 양성 골 종양에 대한 경피적 고주파치료 (증례보고))

  • Seo, Jai-Gon;Kim, Eung-Soo
    • The Journal of the Korean bone and joint tumor society
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    • v.9 no.1
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    • pp.84-92
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    • 2003
  • Purpose: To report two cases of bone tumors other than osteoid osteoma in the proximal femur and treated with percutaneous high frequency radioablation method. Cases: We reviewed two cases with intracortical chondroma and enchondroma in the femoral head retrospectively. The patient with intracortical chondroma was a thirty one year old woman and had suffered right hip pain of 1 year duration. The lesion was located in the head of right femur and treated with CT guided percutaneous high frequency radioablation after needle biopsy under general anesthesia. The symptom was gone immediately after the procedure and was discharged postop. 1 day. 15 months has passed without symptom recurrence. Second case having enchondroma, was 56 year old woman complaining of gluteal area pain for 3 months. Radiologic evaluation showed osteolytic lesion with sclerotic rim on the inferior portion of the left femoral head. She received a same therapy with CT guided radiofrequency ablation following needle biopsy. She reported dramatic pain relief after the procedure and was discharged postop. 1 day. No symptom has occurred for 3 months until now. Conclusion: We present 2 cases of bone tumor occurred in the hip joint area other than osteoid osteoma which were treated with CT guided radiofrequency ablation.

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A Study on Wound Care Knowledge and Concerns of Patients at Discharge (퇴원하는 환자의 상처관리에 대한 지식과 염려에 관한 연구)

  • Han, Il-Kyoung;Lee, Myung-Seon;Kim, Jung-A;Ha, Won-Choon;Kim, Myung-Hee;Hwang, Sun-Kyung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.10 no.11
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    • pp.3434-3443
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    • 2009
  • This study was done to examine patients' wound care knowledge and concerns prior to discharge from a tertiary hospital. The participants in this descriptive survey were 112 patients having wounds. During interview, a structured self-administered questionnaire was filled out. The participants were 71 males and 41 females. Wound types were surgical incision (52.7%), percutaneous wound (26.8%), pressure ulcer (9.8%) and diabetic foot and arterial ulcers (5.4%). Their wound care knowledge was 52.0% of correct answer and the mean of concerns (range 1-7) was 2.79. There was no significant correlation between their knowledge and concerns of wound care. The factors influence on wound care concerns were fear of wound care, wound pain, length of hospital stays, and perceived health condition. This findings showed that discharge patients with a wound had some incorrect knowledge and various concerns about wound care. They may help to direct patient teaching in discharge plan.

The Patient Recognition, Acceptability and Evaluation of Feasibility for Day Surgery (종합병원 일부 입원환자의 당일수술에 대한 태도와 당일수술 적용 가능성 평가)

  • Beak, Young-Ran;Lee, Kyeong-Soo;Kim, Seok-Beom;Kang, Pock-Soo;Kang, Young-Ah
    • Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health
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    • v.33 no.3
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    • pp.334-342
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    • 2000
  • Objectives . This study was conducted in order to investigate the degree of recognition, acceptability, and altitude towards day surgery of patients who were hospitalized with diseases that were candidates for day surgery; in order to analyze the average length of stay for treatment of the ailments; and to analyze the percentage of patients who could be discharged on the same day after the surgery ,using the post-anesthesia discharge scoring system. Methods : Data was collected between February 1 and March 31, 1999 from 353 patients who received surgery for cataract, adenoid hypertrophy, inguinal hernia, strabismus, ptosis, cholelithiasis, hemorrhoid, or anal fistula, at a general hospital in Daegu city. The patients were interviewed and surveyed by a post-anesthesia discharge scoring system(PADS) in order to collect data on patient condition such as vital signs, activity and mental status, pain, nausea and vomiting, surgical bleeding, intake and output after the surgery. Results : Among the 353 patients, 52.7% were after of the day surgery and 52.7% were interested in day surgery. Of the respondents, 43.1% said 'my ailment was not serious and the surgery was simple' and 30.4% said 'according to my condition rest at home was desirable' as the reasons for wanting day surgery Alternatively, 56.5% of those declining day surgery said the 'uncertainty of staying home' was the reason. The greatest concern in discharging within 24 hours after surgery was a post-op emergency situation. On the other hand, the shortened hospitalization was the largest advantage of day surgery with 39.1% responding this way, followed by the savings in hospitalization costs (25.8%) and emotional stability (13.7%). The majority of those surveyed (47.6%) believed that discharge should be determined within 1-2 days after the surgery. The average hospital stay was 3.1 days for dischargeable ailments. Pain (45.6%), nausea and vomiting (10.5%), and headache (7.9%) were the common symptoms following surgery. The percentage of patients who were able to be discharged within 24 hours after surgery revealed 95.2% were dischargeable after approximately 3 hours, 99.2% dischargeable after 12 hours, and 100% dischargeable after 24 hours. Conclusions : According to the PADS score, the cataract extract and strabismus correction patients were eligible for day surgery and the further evaluation concerning the reason for delayed recovery of the other diseases is needed.

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The Design of the Self-diagnosis Algorithm for the Efficient Control of Sudden Cancer Pain (효율적인 돌발성 암 통증 관리를 위한 자가 진단 알고리즘 설계)

  • Jung, Eun-Young;Eun, Sung-Jong;Jeong, Byoung-Hui;Lee, Yong-Joon;Park, Dong-Kyun
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.458-467
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    • 2014
  • Pain is one of the most common and painful symptoms that cancer patients suffer from. Pain seriously affects 30-50% of the patients at the early cancer diagnosis stage or who receive active anticancer treatments, 60-70% of the patients with progressive cancer, and 80-90% of the patients at the late stage of cancer. However, there is no systematic and easy pain control program for the cancer patients. In this study, an algorithm is proposed to provide quick pain relief service upon the occurrence of sudden pain, for the purpose of controlling the sudden pain that cancer operation survivors experience. In developing the algorithm, questionnaires, evaluation forms and National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) guideline were considered, and a trial service was provided to a group of 20 cancer patients for a month to evaluate the designed algorithm. The results of the trial service were examined by expert medical workers to evaluate the proposed algorithm, and a 90% compatibility decision was derived, which verified the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. In the case of incompatibility decision, the management of the pain diary did not have compatible results. Therefore, the further study will additionally address the customized pain diary algorithm.

Pediatric Outpatient Anesthesia (소아 외래마취의 특성)

  • Seo, Il-Sook
    • Yeungnam University Journal of Medicine
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    • v.18 no.2
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    • pp.145-169
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    • 2001
  • In recent years, health care cost containment concerns have resulted in an increase in outpatient (or same-day) surgery. Many procedures previously performed on an inpatient surgery basis have been shifted to outpatient settings. Anesthesia for outpatient surgery is exactly the same as inpatient anesthesia, except that the primary concern is the selection of patients who can be discharged safely on the day of surgery. The anesthesiologist should have a sound rational basis for choice of pharmacologic agents that are geared to expeditious patient discharge from the hospital. Cost concerns aside, outpatient surgery has many additional advantages in the pediatric setting. It minimizes the length of time the child is hospitalized, decreases separation anxiety, promotes parental involvement in the child's postoperative care in the more congenial environment of home, and decreases risk of nosocomial infection and iatrogenic illness.

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Case Report of 6 Patients Not Improved after Conservative Treatment of Herniated Lumbar Intervertebral Disc (요추간판탈출증으로 보존적 치료후 호전되지 않는 환자 6 례 보고)

  • Lee, Sam-Ro;Kim, Hyun-Jung;Byun, Jae-Young;Ahn, Soo-Gi;Lee, Jong-Deok
    • Journal of Acupuncture Research
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    • v.17 no.3
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    • pp.265-276
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    • 2000
  • Objectives : The purpose of this study is to observe the clinical characteristics of 6 patients who were not improved after admitted conservative treatment in this 311 patients. Methods : We retrospectivety reviewed 311 patients of Herniated Lumbar Intervertebral Disc which undenvent admitted conservative treatment from November 1997 to June 2000. 311 patients were diagnosed by computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging in addition to physical examination. Other complications were not detected in 311 patients with Hemiated Lumbar Intervertebral Disc. In case that the scoliosis appeared to caused by severe pain, we included this scoliosis patient with the object of survey. Results : 1. In 6 patients who were not improved, 4 patients were large herniation and 2 patients were medium herniation. 2. In all of 6 patients, the angle of straight leg raising test was low and was not imporved unril discharge. 3. X-ray findings showed straightening in all of 6 patients, disc space narrowing in 3 of 6 patients. 4. X-ray findings showed scoliosis in 3 of 4 patients who were severe pain. 5. The onset was relarively long from 30 days to 7 years. 6. The age was relatively young from 10's to 30's. 7. The adimission date was ralatively long from 32 days to 105 days. Conclusions : In 6 patients, there were observed much volume of disc herniation, low angle of straight leg raising test, young people in an age group, straightening of x-ray finding.

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Acute postoperative myelopathy caused by spontaneous developed cervical disc herniation: Case report & literature review (수술후 자연발생 경추간판탈출에 의한 척수병증: 증례보고 및 문헌고찰)

  • Lee, Jeong-Woo;Lee, Keun Hyeong;Lee, Ju-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.20 no.10
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    • pp.303-308
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    • 2019
  • Non-traumatic acute myelopathy caused by cervical disc herniation is rare. To date, no case has been reported to be caused by extrusion cervical disc herniation, unrelated to patient posture during surgery. Here, we report the case of a 65-year-old male patient with cervical myelopathy who underwent subsequent arthroscopic rotator cuff surgery under general anesthesia; non-cervical spine surgery. Ed. Notes: I am unable to understand the insertion of the highlighted phrase. Please delete if not required, or revise the sentence appropriately. Patient showed acute postoperative tetraplegia in spite of optimal anesthetic management. He showed no limitation of neck movement at pre-operative airway evaluation, and had no history of trauma to the cervical spine. During surgery, there had been no overextension or twisting of the neck, including at the time of anesthetic induction by tracheal intubation. However, cervical disc herniation causing spinal canal cord compression was detected in the postoperative magnetic resonance imaging, which probably resulted in tetraplegia of the patient. Motor and sensory functions were recovered after 21 days of conservative treatment, including steroid pulse intravenous therapy without any surgical intervention. In this report, the disease is described after reviewing other reported cases; furthermore, we also discuss the pathophysiology of the disease. Based on our report, we propose that under general anesthesia, clinicians should pay attention to the possibility of pre-existing cervical disease, even in non-cervical spine surgeries of geriatric patients.