• Title, Summary, Keyword: 퇴적층

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Stratigraphy and Provenance of Non-marine Sediments in the Tertiary Cheju Basin (제주분지 제삼기 육성층의 층서 및 퇴적물 기원)

  • Kwon Young-In;Park Kwan-Soon;Yu Kang-Min;Son Jin-Dam
    • The Korean Journal of Petroleum Geology
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    • v.3 no.1
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    • pp.1-15
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    • 1995
  • Seismic reflection profiles and exploratory drilling well samples from the southern marginal-continental shelf basin of Korea delineate that the Tertiary sedimentary sequences can be grouped into five sequences (Sequence A, Sequence B, Sequence C, Sequence D and Sequence E, in descending order). Paleontologic data, K-Ar age datings, correlation with tuff layers and sequence stratigraphic analysis reveal that the sequences A, B, C, D and E can be considered as the deposits of Holocene $\~$ Pleistocene, Pliocene, Late Miocene, Early $\~$ Middle Miocene and Oligocene, respectively. The sequence stratigraphic and structural analyses suggest that the southern part of the Cheju Basin had experienced severe folding and faulting. NE-SW trending strike-slip movement is responsible for the deformation. The sinistral movement of strike-slip fault ceased before the deposition of Sequence B. Age dating and rare-earth elements analysis of volvanic rocks reveal+ that the Sequence D was deposited during the Early $\~$ Middle Miocene and the Sequence I was deposited earlier than the deposition of the Green Tuff Formation. Sedimentary petrological studies indicate that sediments of the Sequence I came from the continental block provenance. After the deposition of the Sequence E, uplift of the source area resulted in increase of sediment supply, subsidence and volcanic activities. The Sequence D show these factors and the sediments of the Sequence D are considered to be transported from the recycled orogenic belt.

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Sedimentary History and Tectonics in the Southeastern Continental Shelf of Korea based on High Resolution Shallow Seismic Data. (고해상탄성파탐사자료에 의한 한국남동대륙붕의 퇴적사 및 조구조운동)

  • Min Geon Hong;Park Yong Ahn
    • The Korean Journal of Petroleum Geology
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    • v.5 no.1_2
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    • pp.1-8
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    • 1997
  • Seismic stratigraphic analysis of the high resolution profiles obtained from the southeastern shelf of Korea divided the deposits into 4 sequences; 1) sequence D, 2) sequence C, 3) sequence B and 4) sequence A (Holocene sediments). Sequence D was deposited in shallow-water environment at west of the Yangsan Fault as the basin subsided. On the other hand, the eastern part was formed at the slope front. Landward part of the slope-front fill sediments were eroded and redeposited nearby slope due to the syndepositional tilting of the basin. This tilting probably resulted from the continuous closing of the Ulleung Basin. Sequence C is made of stacked successions of the lowstand fluvial sediments, transgressive sediments and marine highstand sediments derived from the paleo-river in the western part of the Yangsan Fault. Sequence C in the eastern part of the Yanshan Fault was formed at the shelf break. Progradation of the lowstand sediments resulted in broadening of the shelf. Sequence C in the eastern part was also tilted but the tilting was weaker than in Sequence D. During the formation of sequence B the tilting stopped and the point source instead of the line source started in both sides of the Yangsan Fault. Sequence B was composed of the highstand systems tract partially preserved around the Yokji island, lowstand systems tract mainly preserved in the Korea Trough and transgressive systems tract. After the stop of the tilting, the force of compression due to the closing of the Ulleung Basin may be released by the strike-slip faults instead of tilting.

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Frequency Dependent Underwater Acoustic Mode Penetration Depth in Sediment (주파수에 따른 해저 퇴적층에서의 수중 음파 투과 심도)

  • 양철수
    • Proceedings of the Acoustical Society of Korea Conference
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    • pp.52-56
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    • 1984
  • 파동 이론에 의한 수중에서의 저주파 음파전달은 음향학적 경계 조건에 의해 결정되는 Normal Mode로 특징지어 진다. Normal Mode는 수층(Water Layer)뿐만 아니라 수직적으로 층상 구조인 해저 퇴적층(Subatrate)의 음향 특성을 포함하여 결정되는 파동 방정식의 해로서 이에 의해 수층 및 해저 퇴적층에서의 음압 분포와 감쇠를 계산할 수 있다. 본 논문은 저주파 음파 전달에 관한 Normal Mode 이론에 의하여 음원의 주파수와 해저 퇴적층에서의 음속 분포등에 따른 각 Mode의 음압 분포, 감쇠등에 관한 음향학적 해석으로 원거리까지 진행하는 수중 음파의 해저 퇴적층 투과 심도를 추출하였다.

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An Experimental Study on Depositional Environments and Consolidation Properties of Shihwa Deposits (시화지역 퇴적층의 퇴적환경과 압밀특성에 관한 연구)

  • 원정윤;장병욱;김동범;손영환
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.49-58
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    • 2004
  • Consolidation properties of Shihwa deposits were analysed by means of depositional environments. Depositional environments including particle size distributions, sediment structures, geochemical properties, porewater chemistries and carbon age dating were analysed using undisturbed samples retrieved successively from a boring hole in the study area. Laboratory oedometer tests and anisotropic consolidated triaxial tests (CKoUC) for undisturbed samples were performed to examine the overconsolidation phenomena. Based on the results of analysis of depositional environments, it was found that the upper silt/clay mixed layer was deposited under marine condition while underlying sand and clay layers were deposited under fluvial condition. Planar laminated structures of silts and clays were dominant in marine deposits. Although there was no clear evidences that geological erosion had occurred in marine deposits, overconsolidation ratios of the upper marine samples were greater than unity Stress Paths of the upper marine samples behaved similarly to those of normally consolidated clays. Data plotted in stress state charts showed that the marine deposits were normally consolidated in geological meaning. These apparent overconsolidation of the marine deposits can be explained by the structures i.e. chemical bonding due to the difference of the rate of deposition, not by geological erosions and ground water fluctuations.

부산점토의 특성 : 조간대 퇴적층의 대자율

  • 김성욱;김인수;최은경;정성교
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.315-318
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    • 2002
  • 낙동강 삼각주의 분포하는 제4기 홀로세 퇴적층 중 북부와 중부, 그리고 남부지역에 해당하는 가덕도 (신항만 조성지역), 범방리 (경마장 조성지역), 양산 (신도시 조성지역)의 조간대 퇴적층에 대한 대자율 연구를 수행하였다. 퇴적층의 층위별 대자율은 입도와 관입저항에 비례하여 대자율도 증가한다. 가덕도의 70여m의 퇴적층 중 20m, 40m의 점토층에서 대자율 변화가 나타나는데 인접한 녹산지역의 연구견과와 비교하면 고환경이 변화되는 지점과 일치한다. 삼각주의 중부에 위치하는 범방리 점토시료는 기반암까지 층위별 대자율이 일정하며, 북부의 양산지역 점토시료는 하부로 갈수록 대자율이 증가하는데 이러한 결과는 시료의 입도 분포와 같은 양상이다. 가덕도 시료와는 달리 모든 점토층이 유사한 대자율을 보여주고 있어 퇴적 동안 환경의 변화는 인지되지 않는다. 이 지역의 시료가 가덕도에 비해 높은 고도에 위치하여 가덕도 시료의 상부 점토에 해당되는 것도 환경변화가 나타나지 않는 이유가 될 수 있다. 따라서 보다 광범위한 지역에 대한 연구가 요구 된다.

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Textural Characters of the Sediments from Neolithic site Moonamni Coastal Zone, East Sea of Korea -Implication of the Holocene High Stand Sea Level (강원도 동해안 문암리 신석기 유적지 퇴적층의 조직 특성)

  • 박용안;김수정;최진용
    • The Korean Journal of Quaternary Research
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    • v.17 no.1
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    • pp.27-37
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    • 2003
  • The Neolithic relics containing sedimentary deposits have been found in the Moonamni coastal zone of the East Sea, Korea. The purpose of this research is to establish the late Quaternary stratigraphy of the coastal dune deposit and to elucidate its depositional environment of the Neolithic-site sediments on the basis of analytical properties of grain size population and mineralogy of the sediments. As a result, the vertical sections of the sediments from three trenches are characterized by three major stratigraphic depositional units of Unit 3, Unit 2 and Unit 1 in ascending order. Unit 3 and 2 can be further divided into tow sub-units. Unit 3 is composed of massive sands in the lower part and muddy sand in the upper part. It is considered that the Unit 3 is a typical dune deposit showing well-sorted sands. Unit 2 is characterized by the cross-bedding, and include archaeological remains such as pottery shards. This unit can be further divided into two sub-units of muddy sand in the lower part and sand in the upper part. Unit 1 occupies the top section and consists of modem dune sediment. The Neolithic cultural remains would be accumulated in the coastal dune area in relation to dynamic condition of beach system under the high stand of Holocene sea-level at about 7,800∼6,500 yr B.P. or so.

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Late Quaternary Stratigraphy and Depositional Environment of Tidal Sand Ridge Deposits in Gyeonggi Bay, West Coast of Korea (서해 경기만 조석사주 퇴적층의 제4기 후기 층서 및 퇴적환경)

  • Choi, Jae-Yong;Kwon, Yi-Kyun;Chung, Gong-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.33 no.1
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    • pp.1-10
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    • 2012
  • Analysis on high-resolution seismic and core data reveals that the sedimentary strata in Gyeonggi Bay consists of four sedimentary units (Unit I-IV, from top to bottom) formed during the late Quaternary period. Unit I is interpreted as sediments of tidal flat and channel-fill deposits, formed during the Holocene transgression. Unit II is divided into shallow-marine facies unit in offshore area and channelized fluvial to estuarine facies unit in nearshore sand ridge and tidal flat. Unit III is considered as tidal flat deposits with the uppermost severely weathered and oxydized layers. This unit is composed of shallow marine sedimentary successions formed during the MIS-5 highstand. The lowermost Unit IV rests on Mesozoic basement rocks, considered as the shallow marine and shelf deposits formed before the MIS-5 lowstand.

PRELIMINARY INTERPRETATION OF DEPOSITIONAL ENVIRONMENT AND GEOLOGICAL STRUCTURE OF THE JEJU BASIN IN THE SOUTH SEA OF KOREA (남해 제주분지 해역의 퇴적환경 및 지질구조 예비 해석)

  • SikHuh;DongLimChoi;HaiSooYoo;DongJuMin;JongKukHong;KwangJaLee
    • Journal of the Korean Geophysical Society
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    • v.7 no.3
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    • pp.225-232
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    • 2004
  • To investigate the depositional environment and the geological structure of the Jeju Basin in the South Sea of Korea, we acquired 54-channel seismic data of about 1,980 line-km. The study area lies at the northeastern part of the East China Sea Trough, a Tertiary back-arc basin. The sedimentary basin formed by rifted activities resulted in the formation of graben and/or half-graben structures. The basin is composed of pre-rift, syn-rift and post-rift sediments bounded by regional unconformity. The pre-rift and syn-rift sediments consist of Oligocene, Early and Middle Miocene sequence, whereas the post-rift sediments consist of Late Miocene and Plio-Pleistocene sequences. Seismic and well data from the Jeju Basin indicate that Oligocene-Miocene sediments were deposited under fluvial and lacustrine depositional conditions. Following compressional tectonic movements in the Late Miocene time and a subsequent period of erosion, regional subsidence during the Pliocene time brought the Jeju Basin under marine conditions, resulting in the deposition of dominantly marine sediments.

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지반 개량된 조간대 퇴적층에 대한 물리탐사 연구

  • 김성욱;이현재;김인수
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Soil and Groundwater Environment Conference
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    • pp.319-322
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    • 2002
  • 그라우팅으로 지반 개량된 조간대 퇴적층의 지층구조를 규명하기 위한 방법으로 전기비저항탐사, 굴절법 탄성파탐사, 지하레이더탐사를 실시하였다. 연구대상 지반의 10m 전후 심도에서 해수의 영향을 받는 수평의 저비저항대가 발달하며, 저비저항대는 모래가 우세한 지층에 해당한다. 지반의 탄성파 속도는 1~3km/sec의 범위로 조간대의 미고결 퇴적층과 비교할 때 매우 높은 속도에 보여준다. 지반의 높은 속도는 지반 개량의 효과로 판단된다. 지하레이더탐사에서 퇴적층의 구성 물질에 따라 교반 정도가 달지는데 모래층은 퇴적물과 주입제의 교반이 잘 이루어져 불규칙한 반사면으로 나타나며, 점토층은 교반이 불량하여 개량된 부분은 주상으로 관찰된다. 물리탐사의 결과와 시추조사를 대비할 때 지반 개량은 기반암까지 시행되었으며, 양호한 암반을 지시하는 고비저항대와 고속도층은 내륙으로 갈수록 깊은 심도를 보여준다. 이것은 지반 개량 이전의 기반암 심도와는 상반되는 것으로 지반 개량의 효과는 해안방면의 지층에서 잘 나타난다.

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A Vertical and Spatial Study of Sediment Deposits Developing Along Yeongsan River (영산강유력(榮山江流域) 퇴적층(堆積層)의 수직적.공간적(垂直的.空間的) 발달(發達) 연구(硏究))

  • Eun, Ge-Yeo-Na;You, Hoan-Su;Kim, Dong-Ju
    • Journal of the Korean earth science society
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    • v.18 no.6
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    • pp.540-552
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    • 1997
  • For the scientific and systematic study of sediment deposits along Yeongsan river, total 13 core samples were taken from Yeongsan river. The thickness of sediment deposits is 22.0m at YS 1, 20.0m YS 2, 18.5m YS 3, 12.0m YS 4, 3.0m YS 5, 5.5m YS 7, 3.0m YS 8, 5.9m YS 9, 5.0m YS 10 on main stream of Yeongsan river. The thickness of deposit is increasing from upstream to downstream. The composition of sediments dominates sandy gravel on the upstream and the lower part on the downstream, and mud deposits of $11m{\sim}16m$ thick on the upper part of on the downstream(YS 1, YS 2, and YS 3). Contents of organic carbon and calcium carbonates occur being contrary to each other toward upstream. The content of organic carbon increases upstream, that of calcium carbonates decreases. According to size analysis of sediment, the content of gravel increases and mud decreases from downstream to upstream. Sediment deposits can be divided into two types whether gravel is or not. But this boundary is clear in the downstream(YS 1$\sim$YS 4) but is vague in the upstream. The result of this study could be provided engineering, environment, and architecture with geological background as the essential basis.

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