• Title, Summary, Keyword: 파시즘

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밀리터리 룩에 표현된 파시즘(Fascism)

  • 임상임;추미경
    • Proceedings of the Costume Culture Conference
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    • pp.63-64
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    • 2003
  • 세계화의 물결은 자본운동의 자유를 극대화시키려는 ‘신자유주의’의 영향을 받아 탈규제화, 유연화, 개방화, 자유화의 특징을 보이고 있다. 신자유주의는 현 시기의 세계자본주의 체제의 가장 중요한 이데올로기적, 정치적 조류를 가리키는 개념으로써 시장적(市場的) 가치만을 절대시 한다. 이는 곧 ‘시민사회 가 활성화되는 속에서 시민사회가 실질적으로 소멸하는 현상’이 생겨남으로써 시민 사회적 전체주의에 이르게 만드는 신자유주의적 파시즘 체제를 일컫는다. (중략)

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Adorno's critique of the possibility of fascist violence in popular movements (대중운동의 파시즘적인 폭력의 가능성과 그에 대한 아도르노의 비판)

  • Kim, Jin-ae
    • Journal of Korean Philosophical Society
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    • v.144
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    • pp.141-166
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    • 2017
  • Adorno's most important criticism in popular movement is the identity of revolutionary leaders and followers. The identification process has three characteristics. The first characteristic is to create a sense of solidarity within the group by creating an image more real than the antagonist and ensuring the distinction between the enemy and the comrades. Individual entities that resist the mass created by the sense of solidarity disappear, and only the subject identified with the group exists. The second characteristic is to present an optimistic utopia, which makes the public believe that salvation comes from transcendent values. This mass movement also leads to criticism of other groups or people who are deemed off-limits to their own solidarity. The third characteristic is that the public, whose individual subject disappears through the narcissism-based public hypnotic state, is identified with the conductors, and forces other subjects to hypnotize themselves. The purpose of this paper is to examine how Adorno criticizes the fascist violence of mass movements and analyze what this suggests about the task of mass movements.

"자유주의의 역사와 원리-그 비판적 연구" 펴낸 노명식교수

  • Kim, Ji-Won
    • The Korean Publising Journal, Monthly
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    • pp.4-5
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    • 1991
  • 전체주의가 반세기의 일본군사적 파시즘밖에 경험한 것이 없는 우리가 권위주의적 독재를 자유민주주의로 오인하게 됐다면 이상할 것도 없지요. 자유와 자유민주주의란 말은 독재와 부패, 무능에 일치하여 혐오와 경멸의 대상이 된 겁니다. 자유는 우리에게 더욱 절실한 가치이니만큼 그것이 왜 얼마나 중요하면 평등 정의와 어떤 관계에 있는지 진지한 논의가 제기돼야 합니다.

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A Correlation between Expressionism and Neo Expressionism in 20th Century Modern Painting (20세기 현대미술에서 표현주의와 신표현주의 연관성)

  • Jun, Min-Kyung;Jeong, Kyung-Chul
    • The Journal of the Korea Contents Association
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    • v.11 no.2
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    • pp.259-267
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    • 2011
  • Although having only become a unified nation in latter 19th century, Germany saw a movement centered on intellectuals to find culture via mental revolution after experiencing much confusion amidst rapid urbanization and materialism. Having expressed as they are such psychological states as anger, sorrow, repression, etc., which arise in reality, by remaining faithful to instinctive sensibility, the form naturally becomes distorted or exaggerated and continues on the tradition of romanticism of a powerful, dark, and introverted atmosphere. Having been discontinued after being branded as 'decadent art' by the Nazis of Fascism, expressionist art has returned in latter 20th century mainly centered on Germany, and this merits our attention. While neo expressionists actively use various objets and media, they metaphorically express hope about Germany's culture and society by again placing on the screen figures, myths, and symbols using rough brush touch, rich colors, etc., which past expressionists enjoyed using to represent the inner world of humans. As such, by examining expressionism, which can be seen as the origin of neo expressionism, we will discover the context in which these people conform to Germany's traditional romanticism and how they inherited and developed it.

Fascism Expressed in Military Looks: Since the 1990s (밀리터리 룩에 표현된 파시즘 - 1990년대 이후부터 -)

  • 임상임;추미경
    • The Research Journal of the Costume Culture
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    • v.12 no.5
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    • pp.845-858
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    • 2004
  • The purpose of this study is to identify the association of military looks with fascist aesthetics and to infer various aesthetic values of fascism expressed in military looks. The research method is documentary studies through the literature and academic papers, and examined masters' and doctors' theses, domestic and overseas books and fashion magazines, photographs and materials collected from the Internet. The facism expressed in military looks is as follows: First, nationalism, reflecting the current ideology of rebellion, appeals to the original national sentiment of the masses. Second, temptation implies that fascism tempts the mass using the nature of charisma rather than by force and, by doing so, accumulates mighty power without military force. Third, mythology is utilizing images and symbols of great appeal to people for absolute power beyond the concept of time. In order to express power for the effusion of emotional energy through the vision for realities and the magical power of images. Fourth, barbarism is always harbored in the conflict and confrontation of interests among ideas, economies, religions and classes on the other side of contemporary civilized society.

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Cold War Liberalism in Postwar Japan: An Interpretation of Maruyama Masao's Realistic Liberalism (냉전과 일본의 자유주의- 마루야마 마사오의 냉전자유주의와 리얼리즘)

  • Jang, In-Seong
    • 동북아역사논총
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    • no.59
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    • pp.150-186
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    • 2018
  • This paper explains what Japanese progressive liberalism was in postwar Japan by clarifying Maruyama Masao's "Cold War Liberalism," focusing especially on his realism and nationalism searching for "democracy" and "peace" in the context of the early Cold War Japan. Maruyama's Cold War liberalism can be grasped from two perspectives: how the Cold War defined his liberalism and how Maruyama interpreted the Cold War as a liberalist in postwar Japan. The liberal interpretation of the Cold War captures the spatial manifestations of liberalism in the Cold War while Cold War liberalism was to grasp the temporal succession of modern Japan. Maruyama revealed his liberal thinking by combining it to his idea of nationalism and realism. He was concerned about the reshaping of the fascist atmosphere provoked by anti-communism emerging from 186 | 동북아역사논총 59호the Cold War confrontation structure. He sought "neutrality" and "peace" to overcome the so-called "two worlds" of the Cold War. And he stressed the importance of "fair judgment" and "autonomous association" to restrain the fascistic atmosphere in postwar Japan. For Maruyama, subjectivity aimed at the concept of "nation" rather than "citizen," and nationalism was a condition for "democracy" and "peace" in postwar Japan. Maruyama's critical liberalism worked through nationalism and realism.

Fascism Expressed in the First Half of the Twentieth Century Fashion (20세기 초반 패션에 나타난 파시즘)

  • Kim, Hae-Kyung;Chu, Mi-Kyung
    • Fashion & Textile Research Journal
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    • v.8 no.1
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    • pp.34-40
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    • 2006
  • Fascism is a term that began to be used from the late 1930s, means an idea and a system that the strong power of the state intervenes or control people's life based on the argument that the existential value of individuals is found only in the total. Fascist looks, which resulted from World War I and II, had brought a new pattern in women's fashion inspired by men's military uniforms. Thus, the purpose of this study was to identify fascist fashion trends in the first half of the twentieth century and to infer various aesthetic values of fascism expressed in fascist fashion looks. The results of this study indicated that expressions of fascism reflected the current ideology of rebellion and appealed to the original national sentiment of the masses. Fascism occurred in response to the contradiction of capitalism and its general crisis had emerged as an ideology with the highest popularity symbolizing power and government during the first half of the twentieth century. It was expressed in military looks as self-centered nationalism and yearning for minorities. Second, fascist fashion looks were not only for political and sexual temptation with the image of power but also for the display of women's status and roles through the bold expression of sexual attractiveness. Finally, fascist fashion looks expressed medieval images praising the feudal age in imagination that contained heroism and at the same time achieved integration under strict social hierarchical order.