• Title, Summary, Keyword: 편백 피톤치드

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Effect of Chamaecyparis obtusa tree Phytoncide on Candida albicans (편백 피톤치드가 Candida albicans에 미치는 영향에 대한 연구)

  • Kang, Soo-Kyung;Auh, Q-Schick;Chun, Yang-Hyun;Hong, Jung-Pyo
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.35 no.1
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    • pp.19-29
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    • 2010
  • Phytoncide, essential oil of trees, has microbicidal, insecticidal, acaricidal, and deodorizing effect. The present study was performed to examine the effect of phytoncide on Candida albicans, which is a commensal colonizer of the mucous membranes but has become an opportunistic pathogen. C. albicans was incubated with or without phytoncide extracted from Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa Sieb. et Zucc.; Japanese cypress) and then changes were observed in its optical density, cell viability and morphology. As concentrations of phytoncide added to the culture medium increased, optical density and cell viability of C. albicans decreased. Minimum inhibitory concentration of phytoncide for C. albicans was observed to be 0.25%, and minimum fungicidal concentration was 0.5%. Numbers of morphologically atypical cells with electron-dense cytoplasm and granules and increased with increasing concentration of the phytoncide. At higher concentrations of phytoncide, compartments and organelles in the cytoplasm became indistinguishable. The overall results indicate that the phytoncide used for this study has a strong antimicrobial activity against C. albicans. Therefore, the phytoncide may be used as a candidate for prevention and therapeutic agent against oral candidiasis.

Preparation and Release Characterization of Sodium Alginate Bead Containing Phytoncide Oil (편백정유를 함유한 알지네이트 비드의 제조 및 방출 특성)

  • Yoon, Doo-Soo;Lee, Eung-Jae
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.4
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    • pp.557-562
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    • 2018
  • High molecular weight sodium alginate (HMWSA)/low molecular weight sodium alginate (LMWSA) microcapsules containing phytoncide oil were prepared with different LMWSA contents. The effects of the stirring rate and ratio of HMWSA/LMWSA on the diameter and morphology of the phytoncide/alginate beads were investigated by optical microscopy and the release behaviors of phytoncide oil from the phytoncide/alginate beads were characterized by UV/Vis. spectrophotometry. The mean particle size of the phytoncide/alginate beads decreased with increasing stirring rate and concentration of the calcium chloride solution. The surface morphology of the phytoncide/alginate beads changed from smooth surfaces to skin-like rough surfaces with increasing LMWSA content. These results were due mainly to the increased hydrophilic groups at the bead surface, resulting in an increase in the release rate of phytoncide oil in the phytoncide/alginate beads.

Antibacterial Effect on Oral Normal flora of Phytoncide from Chamaecyparis Obtusa (구강 상주균에 대한 편백 피톤치드의 항균효과)

  • Auh, Q-Schick;Hong, Jung-Pyo;Chun, Yang-Hyun
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.34 no.4
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    • pp.353-362
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    • 2009
  • The present study was performed to observe the effect of phytoncide on oral normal microflora and the inhibitory effect of the surviving resident oral bacteria on F. nucleatum. In this study, saliva from each of 20 healthy subjects was treated with 1% phytoncide from Japanese Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa Sieb. et Zucc.). The surviving salivary bacterium were isolated on blood agar plates and identified by 16S rDNA sequencing. In order to select inhibitory isolates against F. nucleatum, the isolates from the phytoncide-treated saliva were cultured with F. nucleatum. The results are as follows: 1. Among the 200 surviving resident oral bacterium, 70(35.0%) bacterium inhibit the growth of F. nucleatum on blood agar plates. 2. Among the 70 bacterium which inhibit F. nucleatum, Streptococcus salivarius was 41.3%(45/109), Streptococcus sanguinis was 28%.(7/25), Streptococcus mitis was 20%(3/15), Streptococcus parasanguinis was 33.3%(3/9), Streptococcus Alactolyticus was 100%(8/8), Streptococcus vestibularis was 28.6%(2/7) and Streptococcus sp. was 50%(2/4). Taken together, among the surviving resident oral bacterium, Streptococcus salivarius, Streptococcus sanguinis, Streptococcus mitis were mainly observed to inhibit F. nucleatum. and they may exert an additional inhibitory activity against the periodontopathic bacterium. Therefore, phytoncide can be used to prevent and cease the progress of periodontal disease, halitosis. Thus it is expected to promote oral health.

Effect of Maintained Microorganisms against to The Phytoncide on Pr. intermedia (피톤치드 처리 후의 잔존 구강 세균이 Pr. intermedia에 미치는 영향)

  • Park, Jae-Bong;Auh, Q-Schick;Chun, Yang-Hyun;Hong, Jung-Pyo
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.34 no.2
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    • pp.153-167
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    • 2009
  • The present study was performed to observe the effect of phytoncide on oral normal microflora and the inhibitory effect of the surviving resident oral bacteria on Pr. intermedia. In this study, saliva from each of 20 healthy subjects was treated with 1% phytoncide from Japanese Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa Sieb. et Zucc.). Surviving salivary bacteria were isolated on blood agar plates and identified by 16S rDNA sequencing. In order to select inhibitory isolates against Pr. intermedia, the isolates from the phytoncide-treated saliva were cultured with Pr. intermedia. The results were as follows: 1. Among the 200 surviving resident oral bacterium, 148(74.0%) bacterium inhibit the growth of Pr. intermedia on blood agar plates. 2. The 200 surviving resident oral bacterium were 109 Streptococcus salivarius(54.5%), 25 Streptococcus sanguinis(12.5%), 15 Streptococcus mitis(7.5%). 3. Among the 148 bacteria which inhibit Pr. intermedia, Streptococcus salivarius was 85.3%(93/109), Streptococcus sanguinis was 64.0%.(16/25), Streptococcus mitis was 54.3%(8/15), Streptococcus parasanguinis was 66.7%(6/9), and Streptococcus Alactolyticus was 100%(8/8). Taken together, among the surviving resident oral bacterium, Streptococcus salivarius, Streptococcus sanguinis, Streptococcus mitis were mainly observed to inhibit Pr. intermedia. and they may exert an additional inhibitory activity against the periodontopathic bacterium. Therefore, phytoncide can be used for preventing and ceasing the progress of periodontal disease and halitosis, and thus is expect to promote oral health.

Antibiosis of Cotton Fabric finished by Chamaecyparis Obtusa oil (편백나무 정유를 처리한 면섬유의 항균성)

  • Ryu, Jung-Jae;Kim, Jung-Gon;Kim, Young-Un;Park, Yong-Wan;Ko, Jung-An;Lim, Ji-Hye;Kim, Eui-Hwa
    • Proceedings of the Korean Society of Dyers and Finishers Conference
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    • pp.80-80
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    • 2011
  • 최근 환경과 건강에 대한 관심이 증대되면서, 천연 섬유를 소재로 사용한 최종 제품 역시 고급화 및 고기능화되고 있는 추세이며 섬유항균가공분야에 있어서도 천연 추출물을 이용한 항균가공이 주목을 받고 있다. 현재 항균가공에 사용되고 있는 항균제는 일반적으로 합성항균제를 사용하고 있고 이는 거의 대부분 자극성 화합물로써 인체에 잠재적 유해요인이 될 수 있고 제조 및 가공과정에서 환경오염을 유발시키는 문제점도 발생되고 있다. 반면 천연추출물을 사용할 경우 합성물질에 비해 포름알데히드 검출 등의 인체 안정성의 불안이 적어 건강차원에서 그 인식이 점차 증대되고 있는 추세이다. 천연항균물질에는 chitosan이나 식물에서 추출된 천연항균물질 등이 있는데 특히 식물에서 추출된 천연항균물질은 피톤치드(phytoncide)라고 표현되고 있으며 이는 수목들이 해충이나 미생물 등으로부터 자기방어를 위해 공기 중으로 발산하는 방향성의 항생물질을 뜻하는 말이다. 본 연구에서는 식물 중에서 피톤치드 정유의 함량이 많다고 알려진 측백나무과의 편백나무 정유를 이용하였으며 편백나무 정유가 식물성 천연 오일형태이므로 가공 처리 시 물과 계면이 발생되기 때문에 HLB(Hydrophilic Lipophlic Balance) 조건에 따른 최적 유화조건을 선정하였으며 편백나무 정유를 이용한 면직물의 항균 기능 부여를 위한 시험으로 편백나무 정유 처리 농도에 따른 항균성을 평가해 보고자 하였다. 실험 결과 편백나무 정유는 HLB 15이상 계면활성제 사용 시 물에 용해성이 좋고 안정된 에멀젼 상태를 보였으며 제조된 편백나무 정유 가공액 5%이상 처리 시 Staphylococcus aureus과 Klebsiella pneumoniae의 99.9% 정균감소율을 나타내었다.

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Antibacterial Effect on Oral Pathogenic Bacteria of Phytoncide from Chamaecyparis Obtusa (구강병원균에 대한 편백 피톤치드의 항균작용)

  • Kang, Soo-Kyung;Shin, Mi-Kyoung;Auh, Q-Schick;Chun, Yang-Hyun;Hong, Jung-Pyo
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.32 no.1
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    • pp.45-55
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    • 2007
  • Plant extract has attracted considerable interest in oral disease therapy. The present study was performed to observe the antibacterial effect on cariogenic Streptococcus mutans GS5 and Streptococcus sobrinus 6715, and periodontopathic Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans Y4 of phytoncide from Chamaecyparis obtusa Sieb. et Zucc employing the measurement of optical density, viable cell counts, and antibiotic sensitivity. The results were as follows: 1. Minimum inhibitory concentration of the phytoncide for S. mutans, S. sobrinus, and A. actinomycetemcomitans was observed to be 0.5%, 1%, and 0.2%, respectively. 2. Minimum bactericidal concentration of the phytoncide for S. mutans, S. sobrinus, and A. actinomycetemcomitans was determined to be 0.5%, 2%, and 0.2%, respectively. 3. The bacteria exposed to the phytoncide become more sensitive to antibiotics. The phytoncide enhanced significantly antibacterial activity of ampicillin against S. mutans and S. sobrinus. It also increased significantly the activity of penicillin and amoxicillin against S. sobrinus. In contrast, the phytoncide augmented the activity of amoxicillin and cefotaxime against A. actinomycetemcomitans but the increase was not statistically significant. The overall results indicate that phytoncide from Chamaecyparis obtusa Sieb. et Zucc used for this study has a strong antibacterial activity against cariogenic and periodontopathic bacteria and that it also has permeabilizing effect on certain antibiotics against these bacteria. Therefore, the phytoncide may be used as a candidate for prevention and therapeutic agent against oral infectious disease including dental caries and periodontal disease.

An Analysis of a Porous Film Containing $Chamaecyparis$ $obtusa$ Extract (편백나무 추출물을 함유한 다공성 필름 분석)

  • Kim, Kyeong-Yee;Lee, Eun-Kyung
    • The Korean Journal of Food And Nutrition
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    • v.24 no.4
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    • pp.551-558
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    • 2011
  • This present study was performed to analyze the efficiency and volatility of a porous film containing $Chamaecyparis$ $obtusa$ extract as a method to effectively package food compounds. Phytoncide was contacted the state of gas and showed effective antimicrobial properties. Limonene can be distilled without decomposition as a relatively stable terpene and was one of the extract components. $Chamaecyparis$ $obtusa$ essential oil. The optimal solvent composition was a ratio 5:20:0.3 of T-500:ethanol:hardener to effectively manufacture film containing phytoncide essential oil and the minimum antibacterial concentration was 2%. The films were made under different conditions(A-50LF1, A-25SF2, B-50SF1, C-50LF1, C-25SF2 and D-50SF1) containing phytoncide and the amounts of limonene inside the 1-L reaction chamber depending on storage were measured by gas chromatography-mass selective detention. The results showed that the 25SF2(width, 25 mm; length, 20 cm) revealed more amount of limonene compared with 50LF1(width 50 mm, length 20 cm). We confirmed that the gas emission amount showed a better layer on the film side than on the internal film. An effect of film thickness on phytoncide emissions was observed in that the amounts was less than the expectation for a thicker film at the beginning time, but the emitting amounts increased with increasing storage periods. In the storage testing of various films at $35^{\circ}C$ and 70% humidity for 14 days, 25SF2 showed longer preservation compared with that of 50LF in the case of bread. $C.$ $obtusa$ essential oil is a useful fresh ingredients, hence, analysis of limonene emission kinetics from various film was helpful to develop films with an optimal antimicrobial effect, and will allow application of such films in food packaging systems.

Emission Characteristics of Volatile Organic Compounds by Humidifier with Using Hinoki Cypress Extracts (편백잎추출수의 실내 가습시 휘발성유기화합물 방출 특성)

  • Lee, Min;Park, Sang-Bum;Lee, Sang-Min;Lee, Hee-Young;Kil, Duck-Han
    • Journal of the Korean Wood Science and Technology
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    • v.42 no.6
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    • pp.747-757
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    • 2014
  • Since the air contamination by air pollutants from indoor construction materials and daily supplies has been increased in recent decades, the public interest of using environmentally friendly products and improving indoor air quality also attracted much attention. As known as effects of phytoncide, it has been used in construction materials and daily supplies with various method. In this study, hinoki cypress (Chamaecyparis obtusa) was used because of its high contents of phytoncide. The leaves of hinoki cypress (C. obtusa), which generated by pruning, were extracted by steam distillation, and then used as humidification water source. Volatile organic compound (VOC) from C. obtusa were characterized by GC-MS (Gas chromatograph-Mass spectrophotometry) in order to evaluate effects and risks of using C. obtusa extracts. Total 86 types and 116 types of VOC were detected from distilled water (DI water) and C. obtusa extracts, respectively. Aromatic compounds (DI water: 13 types, 53%; C. obtusa extracts: 13 types, 38%) and terpenoids (DI water: 16 types, 23%; C. obtusa extracts: 23 types, 33%) were detected more diverse types and higher amount than other compound categories. No additional aromatic compounds were found from C. obtusa extracts, so C. obtusa extracts did not affect on aromatic compounds emission. However, in terpenoids, total amount of emission from C. obtusa extracts increased to 33% from 23% (DI water) and 7 more types of compounds were found from C. obtusa extracts. Especially, from C. obtusa extracts, terpinen-4-ol was emitted 71 times higher than DI water. During the humidification with C. obtusa extracts, emitted terpenoid compounds were well known for higher anti-bacterial, anti-insect, and anti-septic functions, but also these had anti-hypertensive and anti-cancer activities. Therefore, terpenoids from C. obtusa extracts can help to improve public health by using humidifier.

The Effect of S. thermophilus Isolated from Saliva Treated with Phytoncide on P. gingivalis (피톤치드 처리 후 구강 내 잔존 S. thermophilus의 P. gingivalis에 대한 효과)

  • Jung, Sung-Hee;Auh, Q-Schick;Chun, Yang-Hyun;Hong, Jung-Pyo
    • Journal of Oral Medicine and Pain
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    • v.34 no.1
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    • pp.23-37
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    • 2009
  • The antibacterial effect of phytoncide on Porphyromonas gingivalis, which is the main causative agent of periodontal disease and halitosis, has been reported. However, little is known about its effect on normal oral microflora. The present study was performed to observe the effect of phytoncide on oral normal microflora and the inhibitory effect of surviving resident oral bacteria on P. gingivalis. In this study, saliva from each of 20 healthy subjects was treated with 1% phytoncide from Japanese Hinoki (Chamaecyparis obtusa Sieb. et Zucc.). Surviving salivary bacteria were isolated on blood agar plates and identified by 16S rDNA sequencing. In order to select inhibitory isolates against P. gingivalis, the isolates from the phytoncide-treated saliva were cultured with P. gingivalis. The results were as follows: 1. In general, the number of bacteria in saliva from periodontally healthy subjects was decreased when the saliva was treated with 1% phytoncide. 2. The majority of the salivary bacteria surviving the treatment of phytoncide were S. thermophilus (53%). 3. Most of the surviving salivary bacteria (72.5%) inhibit the growth of P. gingivalis A7A1-28 and P. gingivalis W83 on blood agar plates. 4. Among the surviving S. thermophilus, 85.8% of them were observed to inhibit P. gingivalis strains and 75.8% of the surviving S. sanguinis were inhibitory. Taken together, oral resident bacteria surviving phytoncide, which has been shown to inhibit P. gingivalis, may exert an additional inhibitory activity against the periodontopathic bacterium. Therefore, phytoncide can be used for preventing and ceasing the progress of periodontal disease and halitosis, and thus is expect to promote oral health.

An Study of the Antimicrobial Mortar using Phytoncide (피톤치드를 활용한 모르타르의 향균성 연구)

  • Park, Seon-Yeong;Park, Hyo-Seok;Oh, Jae-Hoon;Lee, Joo-Hwan;Song, Min-Kyu;Moon, Jong-Wook
    • Proceedings of the Korea Institute of Fire Science and Engineering Conference
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    • pp.448-451
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    • 2012
  • 현대의 사회는 화재 등과 같은 많은 위험요소를 포함하고 있으며 이중 곰팡이와 같은 미생물에 의해 인체에 미치는 피해 또한 무시할 수 없다. 곰팡이는 우리의 주변에서 흔히 관찰 할 수 있는데 건물 실내의 벽면에서 주로 확인 할 수 있으며 곰팡이 균의 독소를 조사하여 보면 크게 세 가지로 분류 할 수 있다. 곰팡이 독소는 곰팡이 속들에 의해 생성되는 것으로서 아플라 톡신이 대표적인 예이며, 그 외에도 오크라톡신, 파튤린 등이 있고 곰팡이 독소는 곰팡이가 생산하는 2차 대사산물로 발암 물질을 포함하고 있어 인체에 큰 위험 요소라 할 수 있는데 본 연구에서는 건축물의 벽면에 발생하는 곰팡이 균을 편백수(피톤치드)를 활용한 방재 기술을 연구하고자 한다.

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