• Title, Summary, Keyword: 편성열차

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Planning of Train Operation with Different Objectives Utilizing Mixed-Integer Nonlinear Programming Models (비선형정수계획법을 이용한 운행전략에 따른 열차운영계획 수립)

  • 김기현;서선덕
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.20 no.7
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    • pp.117-133
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    • 2002
  • 열차운영계획은 수송수요 산정, 운행노선계획, 열차시간표 작성 기관차 및 인원의 할당 등 광범위한 내용을 포괄하고 있으나, 본 논문에서는 계획의 초기단계에서 결정 가능한 운행노선계획을 대상으로 범위를 설정하였다. 운영목표에 따른 전략은 사용자, 운영자, 사회전체의 입장에서 고려될 수 있는데, 이러한 전략에 의해 운행 될 수 있는 열차운행패턴을 운영비용의 최소화, 통행시간의 최소화. 운영자 수익의 최대화 모형으로 해결하고자 하였다. 2004년 이후에 운행이 예상되는 고속철도/기존철도는 운영계획의 변경이 예상되는 바, 상기의 목표에 따라 열차운영패턴을 작성하여 개발된 효과척도의 적용을 통해 정책적인 적용가능성을 평가하였으며 기존 계획된 철도청의 운영계획과도 아울러 비교, 최적대안을 선정하였다. 본 고에서는 수리계획모형인 비선형정수계획모형(MINLP)으로서 국내 철도망에 부합하는 운영계획을 작성하였으며, 이에 따른 열차-km는 수익최대화 모형, 인-km는 철도청의 열차운영계획이 가장 많은 것으로 나타났다. 인-hour는 수익 최대화 모형과 통행시간 최소화 모형이 가장 적은 것으로 나타났는데, 이는 장거리 노선의 편성이 증가된 것으로 사료된다. 이러한 결과를 산출함에 있어. 어려운 점은 각 구간의 기하급수적 증가, 결정변수의 초기값 선정 등이 있으나, 그동안 연구된 각종 경험적 기법의 적용과 실제 편성 가능한 변수의 적용을 통해 이를 해결하였다. 추후 설정된 모형의 비교에 적합한 효과척도의 개발과 전국적으로 사례구간의 확장 및 모형의 최적대안 선택 시 효과척도의 가중치에 대한 연구가 필요할 것으로 사료된다.

An Optimizing Simulation for Designing the Numbers of Electric Train Car (전동열차 편성량수 설계를 위한 최적화 시뮬레이션)

  • Kim, Ick-Hee;Yun, Dong-Hee;Kum, Ki-Jung;Lee, Sang-Myoung
    • Journal of Korean Society of Transportation
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    • v.30 no.3
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    • pp.95-106
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    • 2012
  • The railway service in the Seoul metropolitan area is facing variety of l changes such as extension of service coverage, new construction, and introduction of express service which in turn causes changes on demands. The demand affects train operation characteristics (frequency of service, train formation) as well as on the congestion rate which is one of the major evaluation index in metropolitan area user service. For the efficient operation of the train, the relationship among the minimization of fleet number, operating cost, and service level has been analyzed. Using the Powersim, which is a system dynamics (System Dynamics) simulation program for realizing optimized simulation for train-formation, this paper identified that some stations of Gyeong-bu line exceeded limit congestion rate(150%) of a fleet already that means it is best to maintain current condition of the line; however, the Gyeong-in line and the Gwa-chon line showed no excess of the limit congestion rate so that it is possible to reduce 2-4 fleets of train for efficient operation. In addition, in case of Jang-hang line between Cheon-an and Sin-chang, a train consisting of 10 fleets provides services which is same formation of train for Gyeong-bu line. This study proved that the congestion rate will not rise greatly with only 4 fleets of a train for the service in Jang-hang line, and it is considered that a study for shuttle service between Cheon-an and Sin-chang is necessary.

Verified 20-car Model of High-speed Train for Dynamic Response Analysis of Railway Bridges (검증된 고속철도 차량의 20량편성 정밀모형에 의한 철도교량의 동적응답 분석)

  • 최성락;이용선;김상효;김병석
    • Journal of the Computational Structural Engineering Institute of Korea
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    • v.15 no.4
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    • pp.693-702
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    • 2002
  • The aim of this study is to develop a 3-dimensional dynamic analysis model, capable of considering the interaction between vehicles and bridges more accurately. The dynamic analysis model is developed with the high-speed train (KTX) and a 2-span continuous prestressed concrete box girder bridge with a double track. The 20-car model is developed using the moving vehicle model for the regular trainset. Three-dimensional frame elements are used for the bridge model. Using the developed models, a dynamic behavior analysis program is coded. The analytical results are compared with the dynamic field test results and found to be valid to yield quite accurate dynamic responses. Based on the results of this study, the hybrid model, made up of the moving vehicle model for the heaviest power car and the moving force model for the other cars, is quite simple and effective without loosing the accuracy that much. Under the coincidence condition of two trains traveling with resonance velocity in the opposite directions, it is necessary to check not only the dynamic responses of the bridge with one-way traffic but those with two- way coincidence.

A Study on Train Braking Performance Assessment Methods Using Braked Weight Percentage (제동중량비율을 이용한 도시철도차량 제동성능 평가방법 연구)

  • Choi, Don-Bum;Lee, Kang-Mi;Yoon, Yong-Ki
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.17 no.11
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    • pp.545-551
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    • 2016
  • In this study, we evaluate the braking performance of an urban railway vehicle to verify its basic safety condition. The braking performance evaluation methods, deceleration measurement and braked weight percentage, were compared for trains with different numbers of cars, in order to assess the advantages of each method and their compatibility. With a probabilistic braking model, the effect of the adhesion coefficient distribution was analyzed in accordance with the train composition. A train with many cars has a narrower deceleration distribution width than one with few cars. The braked weight percentage method is expected to be useful in the design of train signal systems, because it allows the braking distance to be calculated for various initial brake velocities. The deceleration distribution model and its results are expected to be useful as a basis for precise train signal design.

Verification of Moving Block for Rubber-Tired AGT System (고무차륜 AGT 시스템의 이동폐색 검증)

  • Jeong, Rag-Gyo;Chung, Sang-Gi;Cho, Hong-Sik;Yoon, Yong-Ki
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.229-231
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    • 2005
  • 현재 철도 신호시스템 추세는 이동폐색 및 무인운전, 안전에 주안점을 두어 연구개발 되고 있다. 본 논문에서는 철도환경에 적합하고 경제성이 고려된 무선에 의한 새로운 열차검지기법인 토대로 이동폐색을 구현 및 평가하기 위하여 적용한 방법에 대하여 기술하고자 한다. 시험선에서 1편성의 열차 조건으로 이동폐색을 검증하기 위하여 선두열차를 모형열차(Dummy Train)로 시스템을 구성하여 정적인 상태에서 평가를 통해 검증하였다.

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A characteristic analysis of power system of tilting train running (틸팅열차 주행에 따른 전력시스템 특성분석)

  • Jang, Dong-Uk;Chung, Sang-Gi;Lee, Su-Gil;Song, Yong-Su
    • Proceedings of the KIEE Conference
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    • pp.235-237
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    • 2008
  • 전기철도차량에서 사용하는 전력변환장치에 의해서 부하전류에 다양한 고조파가 포함되고 이러한 고조파는 전력품질에 영향을 미치게 된다. 틸팅열차는 현재 6량 1편성의 시제차량이 개발되어 호남선에서 시험을 실시하고 있다. 본 논문에서는 틸팅열차가 운행되는 동안 차량의 전력시스템을 평가하기 위해서 차량의 전압, 부하전류, 전력, 고조파를 측정한 결과에 대해서 서술하였다.

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Calculating and Improving Operational Decision-Making Indices for Public Railways by Inclusion of Non-economic Factors (비경제성 요소를 포함한 철도운행 의사결정을 위한 지표 산정 및 개선에 관한 연구)

  • Yang, Jungyu;Ha, Ohkeun;Kim, Ikhee
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.16 no.1
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    • pp.65-70
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    • 2013
  • In many cases, operation of regional trunk lines is not profitable to railway operators. Nevertheless, railway operators are under pressure to manage regional trunk lines running under deficits, to better serve public interests. Given this situation, railway operators need to optimize assets by adjusting train schedules or changing the number of trains running. When railway operators judge the operation of a regional trunk line, the B/C ratio is generally used as a management index. This ratio is not considered part of strategic operational policy over the long term, and excessively influenced by the aspects of supply and demand over the short term. Accordingly, this study focused on indices that might be used to prevent worsening deficits and provide long term strategic operation policies, main indices to better measure economic situations, and auxiliary indices to supplement the main index. The main indices were measured in conventional ways to target experts and employees. This study presents quantitative standards, which are intended to be used to create itemized criteria through an Analytic Hierarchy Process, for better decision-making.

The Study on Train Electric Consumption Analysis According to Operation Speed (운행속도에 따른 열차소비전력 분석에 관한 연구)

  • Lee, Kang-Mi;Lee, Jae-Ho;Kim, Yong-Gyu
    • Proceedings of the KAIS Fall Conference
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    • pp.182-185
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    • 2011
  • 본 논문에서는 국내 고속철도 차량 즉, 경부고속철도를 운행하는 KTX, KTX산천 그리고 현재 개발중인 HEMU400x을 대상으로 운행속도 및 운행패턴에 따른 열차 소비전력을 분석하였다. 이를 위해, 선로조건을 고려한 차량의 운전속도 조건과 운행시간,소비전력 등을 예측하기 위한 TPS(Train Performance Simulation)프로그램을 이용하였다. 열차운행 시뮬레이션을 수행하기 위해선 차량, 선로, 속도의 기본 데이터를 필요로 한다. 차량에 대한 데이터는 차량의 최고속도, 제동성능, 견인력 등의 기본 성능과 열차편성에 따른 중량, 길이, 동력차량형식, 열차주행저항등에 대한 제원을 요한다. 선로데이터는 운행시간 예측을 대상으로 하는 선로에 대한 거리별 구배 및 선형, 정거장 위치 및 정차시간에 대한 데이터이다. 속도조건은 구배 및 곡선에 대한 선로제한속도로, 선로데이터와 연계하여 각 선로위치별 차량의 제한속도로 이용된다. 본 논문에서는 경부고속철도 구간에서 운행하는 고속차량 3가지를 대상으로 증속에 따른 전력소모량을 비교하였다.

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Study of Shape Optimization for Aerodynamic Drag Reduction of High-speed train (공기저항 저감을 위한 고속열차 형상 최적설계 연구)

  • Yun, Su-Hwan;Kwak, Min-Ho;Park, Choon-Soo
    • Journal of the Korean Society for Railway
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    • v.19 no.6
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    • pp.709-716
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    • 2016
  • To reduce the aerodynamic drag of high speed trains, aerodynamic drag of KTX-Sancheon was analyzed in detail according to individual components. Aerodynamic drag values of the power cars (front car, rear car) and bogies are about 42.9% and 10.1% of the total aerodynamic drag, respectively. For the aerodynamic drag reduction of a power-car, a nose shape optimization was conducted using the Broyden-Fletcher-Goldfarb-Shanno optimum method. Shape change of a power car and bogie fairing adaptation are used to reduce the aerodynamic drag of a car body. The aerodynamic drag of the optimized train-set dropped by 15.0% compared to the aerodynamic drag of the KTX-Sancheon; a running resistance reduction of 12% is expected at the speed of 350km/h.

A Study on the Generation of Crew Scheduling Diagram Using Neighborhood Search Method for Improving Railway Operation Management (철도 운영관리 효율화를 위한 이웃해 탐색기법을 사용한 승무다이아 생성방안)

  • Lee, Jaehee;Park, Sangmi;Kang, Leenseok
    • Korean Journal of Construction Engineering and Management
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    • v.20 no.5
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    • pp.42-51
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    • 2019
  • The train operation institution establishes a transportation plan based on the forecast of transport demand and the ability of train vehicles to transport, and establishes a train operation plan accordingly. The train operation plan adjusts the intervals between trains, creates a timetable (train diagram) for trains, and establishes a plan for the operation of train vehicles used for train operation. The train operation institution shall establish a crew schedule to determine and place the crew members of the trains arranged in the diagram in order to enhance the efficiency of the operation management of the trains. In this study, the authors apply the neighborhood search method that satisfies the constraints at the phase of generating the crew diagram. This suggests a methodology for efficient management of crew schedule plan. The crew diagram generated in this study compared with the existing crew diagram in accordance with the actual operating train timetable, and verified the effectiveness of the suggested method.