• Title, Summary, Keyword: 표준관입시험

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Earthquake-induced Liquefaction Areas and Safety Assessment of Facilities (지진으로 인한 액상화 지역 및 시설물 안정성 평가)

  • Jeon, Sang-Soo;Heo, DaeYang;Lee, Sang-Seung
    • Journal of the Korea Academia-Industrial cooperation Society
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    • v.19 no.7
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    • pp.133-143
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    • 2018
  • Liquefaction is one of secondary damages after earthquake and has been rarely reported until earthquake except Mw = 5.4 15 November 2017 Pohang earthquake in Korea. In recent years, Mw = 5.8 12 September 2016 Gyeongju earthquake and Mw = 5.4 15 November 2017 Pohang earthquake, which induced liquefaction, occurred in fault zone of Yangsan City located at south-eastern part of Korea. This explains that Korea is not safe against liquefaction induced by earthquake. In this study, the distance between the centroid of administrative district and the epicenter located at Yangsan fault, peak ground velocity (PGA) induced by both Mw = 5.0 and 6.5, and liquefaction potential index (LPI), which is calculated by using groundwater level and standard penetration test results of 274 in the area of Gimhae city located in adjacent to Nakdong river and across Yangsan fault, have been estimated and then kriging method using geographical information systems has been used to evaluate liquefaction effects on the damage of facilities. This study presents that Mw = 5.0 earthquake induces a small and low level of liquefaction resulting in slight damage of facilities but Mw = 6.5 earthquake induces a large and high level of liquefaction resulting in severe damage of facilities.

A Study on the Allowable Bearing Capacity of Pile by Driving Formulas (각종 항타공식에 의한 말뚝의 허용지지력 연구)

  • 이진수;장용채;김용걸
    • Proceedings of the Korean Institute of Navigation and Port Research Conference
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    • pp.197-203
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    • 2002
  • The estimation of pile bearing capacity is important since the design details are determined from the result. There are numerous ways of determining the pile design load, but only few of them are chosen in the actual design. According to the recent investigation in Korea, the formulas proposed by Meyerhof based on the SPT N values are most frequently chosen in the design stage. In the study, various static and dynamic formulas have been used in predicting the allowable bearing capacity of a pile. Further, the reliability of these formulas has been verified by comparing the perdicted values with the static and dynamic load test measurements. Also in cases, these methods of pile bearing capacity determination do not take the time effect consideration, the actual allowable load as determined from pile load test indicates severe deviation from the design value. The principle results of this study are summarized as follows : A a result of estimate the reliability in criterion of the Davisson method, in was showed that Terzaghi & Peck > Chin > Meyerhof > Modified Meyerhof method was the most reliable method for the prediction of bearing capacity. Comparisons of the various pile-driving formulas showed that Modified Engineering News was the most reliable method. However, a significant error happened between dynamic bearing capacity equation was judged that uncertainty of hammer efficiency, characteristics of variable , time effect etc... was not considered. As a result of considering time effect increased skin friction capacity higher than end bearing capacity. It was found out that it would be possible to increase the skin friction capacity 1.99 times higher than a driving. As a result of considering 7 day's time effect, it was obtained that Engineering News. Modified Engineering News. Hiley, Danish, Gates, CAPWAP(CAse Pile Wave Analysis Program ) analysis for relation, respectively, $Q_{u(Restrike)}$ $Q_{u(EOID)}$ = 0.971 $t_{0.1}$, 0.968 $t_{0.1}$, 1.192 $t_{0.1}$, 0.88 $t_{0.1}$, 0.889 $t_{0.1}$, 0.966 $t_{0.1}$, 0.889 $t_{0.1}$, 0.966 $t_{0.1}$

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Modification of SPT-Uphole Method using Two Component Surface Geophones (2방향 지표면 속도계를 활용한 SPT-업홀 기법 개선 연구)

  • Bang, Eun-Seok;Kim, Jong-Tae;Kim, Dong-Soo
    • Journal of The Korean Society of Civil Engineers
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    • v.26 no.2C
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    • pp.109-120
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    • 2006
  • SPT-Uphole test is a seismic field test using receivers on ground surface and a SPT (Standard penetration test) source in depth. Even though this method is simple and economic, it makes hesitate to apply in real field that it is difficult to obtain reliable travel time information of shear wave because of the characteristics of SPT impact source. To overcome this shortcoming, in this paper, modified SPT-Uphole method using two component surface geophones was suggested. Numerical analysis was performed using finite element method for understanding the characteristics of surface motion induced by in-depth vertical source, and comparison study of the various methods which determine the travel time information in SPT-Uphole method was performed. In result, it is thought that the most reasonable method is using the first local maximum point of the root mean square value signals of vertical and horizontal component in time domain. Finally, modified SPT-Uphole method using two component surface geophones was performed at the site, and the applicability in field was verified by comparing wave velocity profiles determined by the SPT-Uphole method with the profiles determined by SASW method and SPT-N values.

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Mechanism of Dilatory Dissipation during Piezocone Tests in Lightly Overconsolidated Cohesive Soil (약간 과압밀된 점성토에서 발생하는 피에조콘 지연소산 메커니즘)

  • Ha, Tae-Gyun;Jung, Jong-Hong;Kim, Hong-Jong;Park, Lae-Seon;Chung, Choong-Ki
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.23 no.10
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    • pp.73-84
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    • 2007
  • For standard piezocones with shoulder filter elements immediately behind the cone tip, general dissipation curves show monotonically decreasing pore pressure from the initial value. However, dilatory dissipation behavior, showing a temporary increase in pore pressure followed by a decrease in the hydrostatic pressure, has been observed in lightly overconsolidated cohesive soils $(1. This unusual dissipation behavior was reported mostly in heavily overconsolidated ground and previous researches were limited to such cases. In this study, the mechanism of dilatory dissipation in lightly overconsolidated cohesive soils was investigated. The relativities of the ground properties evaluated from the CPTu data to the dilatory dissipation were analyzed. And, finite difference analyses on dissipation after cone penetration were performed. It was found that dilatory dissipation occurs in lightly overconsolidated soils since the higher excess pore pressure at the cone face propagates upward to the shoulder filter. Also, it was shown that the ratio of initial excess pore pressure at the cone face to that of the shoulder filter $({\Delta}u_{1i}/{\Delta}u_{2i})$, which is related to overconsolidation ratio (OCR) and hydrostatic pressure $(u_0)$, affects the dilatory dissipation.