• Title, Summary, Keyword: 표준관입시험

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Study on Shear Strength Using a Portable Dynamic Cone Penetration Test and Relationship between N-Nc (소형동적콘관입시험을 이용한 전단강도 산정 및 N-Nc 상관관계 연구)

  • Kim, Hyukho;Lim, Heuidae
    • Economic and Environmental Geology
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    • v.50 no.2
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    • pp.145-157
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    • 2017
  • Because of Recent intensive rainfall, nationally landslides and slope failure phenomenon has been frequently occur. Providing proposed-measures to the natural disasters that occur in these localities and the slope, must be derived ground of strength parameters(shear strength) as a design input data. However, it is such as extra deforestation and a lot of economic costs in order to make the access to the current area and the slopes ground survey is required. Thus, by small dynamic cone penetration test machine using the human to carry in the field, it is possible to easily measure the characteristics and strength constant of the ground of more than one region. In this study through researching analysis of the domestic and foreign small dynamic cone penetration test method, it has proposed a cone material and test methods suitable for the country. Cone penetration test Nc in the field has comparated with analysis of the value and the standard penetration test N value. And, in addition to this, direct shear test and borehole shear test were performed by depth, bedrock, and soil type and passing #200 and the correlation of the Nc value. In particular, in the present study, for the sandy soil that has distict distribute in mountain, it is proposed relation of shear strength corresponding to the Nc value (cohesion and internal friction angle) in order to calculate such effective ground shear strength.

Rod Energy Ratio Measurement of SPT (표준관입시험의 동적효율 측정)

  • Lee, Ho-Chun;Kim, Byeong-Il;Park, Yong-Won
    • Geotechnical Engineering
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    • v.13 no.1
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    • pp.169-182
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    • 1997
  • It is known that some amount of loss in impact energy takes place due to some limitations and problems during the performance of the field SPT. Actual energy level tractsferred to the rod should be measured to correct the SPT-N values tested in the field In this paper, the ratio of energy transferred to the rod through the anvil to impact energy is measured by using sharpy impact test equipment and also analysed by using GRL-WEAP This result is certified and compared with that of field SPT As the results of this study, the average rod energy ratio of the R-P hammer and the Trip hammer is calculated at 0.726 and 0.728 respectively, but it is suggested that 0.72 should be used. By using the hammer energy ratio 64.2% and 75.0% obtained from field measurement, the average energy ratio of the SPT for the R-P hammer is calculated at 46.7% and 54.5% for the Trip hammer.

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Assessment of Ground Improvement Achieved using the Cement Grouting by Vibration Method (CGVM 공법을 이용한 지반개량 효과 검증)

  • Kim, Jong-Tae;Choi, Young-Jun;Jeong, Gyo-Cheol
    • The Journal of Engineering Geology
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    • v.26 no.4
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    • pp.497-503
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    • 2016
  • The cement grouting by vibration method (CGVM), a new construction technology developed in Korea, aims to efficiently reinforce a target ground area by injecting vibrated grout into it. The present study applies the CGVM to test sites and verifies its effect. Standard penetration tests (SPTs), field permeability tests, and geophysical surveys were conducted in two study areas, and the results were compared between before and after CGVM application. The SPT conducted before and after the CGVM application showed that the N value was increased by 33.57% point to 60.90% point. The field permeability test showed that the permeability coefficient decreased. These results indicate that CGVM may increase imperviousness and improve reservoir system stability. In addition, a resistivity survey found no low-resistivity zone, unlike before the CGVM application, thereby indicating the excellent grouting effect of the CGVM.

Prediction of Penetration Rate of Sheet Pile Using Modified Ramberg-Osgood Model (수정 Ramberg-Osgood 모델을 이용한 널말뚝의 관입속도 예측)

  • Lee, Seung-Hyun;Kim, Byoung-Il;Kim, Zu-Cheol;Kim, Jeong-Hwan
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.26 no.1
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    • pp.55-62
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    • 2010
  • Dynamic soil resistances were simulated by modified Ramberg-Osgood model in order to predict penetration rate of sheet pile installed by vibratory pile driver. Various factors which characterize modified Ramberg-Osgood model were determined considering the shapes of dynamic soil resistance curves obtained from field test and standard penetration value (N value) was used as parameter that relates field test results to the suggested model. Penetration rates calculated by analytical model were smaller than those of field test and penetration times were vice versa. Therefore, predicted penetration rate and penetration time by analytical model are more conservative than those of filed test.

Consolidation characteristics of Soft Clay from Piezocone Dissipation Tests (피조콘 소산시험을 이용한 연약지반의 압밀특성)

  • 윤길림;구자갑
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.16 no.2
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    • pp.13-22
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    • 2000
  • 서해안에 위치한 특정 연구현장에서 연약지반의 압밀거동을 파악하기 위한 소산시험을 포함한 콘관입시험을 수행했다. 연구현장에서 시험시공으로 적용한 연약지반개량공법으로는 압성토공법, 두 종류의 페이퍼드레인 공법, 팩드레인 공법이었으며 각각의 공법들에 있어 현장에서의 지반개량에 따른 압밀거동을 판정하기 위해서 적용되었다. 콘관입시험은 근본적으로 지반개량 전과 후에 보링, 표준관입시험, 압밀시험과 함께 수행되었다. 실내실험과 피조콘관입시험을 비교한 결과, 연약지반의 표층에서는 상당한 지반개량효과가 있었으나 표층아래 심층지반에서는 그렇치 않았다. 그리고 지반개량 후, 10개월이 지난 시점에 압밀시험과 소산시험 결과를 통하여 분석한 수평압밀계수는 압성토 방법을 제외한 3가지 개량공법을 적용한 지점에서 압밀계수는 감소하여 개량효과를 간접적으로 판단할 수 있었다.

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A Study on the Applicability of Settlement Evaluation for Sandy Layer by Elastic Theory (사질지반에서 탄성론에 의한 침하량 산정 적용성에 관한 연구)

  • Kim, Won-Cheul;Ahn, Chang-Yoon
    • Journal of the Korean Geoenvironmental Society
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    • v.5 no.3
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    • pp.61-70
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    • 2004
  • N-value by the SPT is one of the key parameter for settlement evaluation. However, if the ground is firm, the usual N-value is not blow count of 30cm depth penetration. In such case, if N-value is more than 50 with 30cm penetration, the N-value 50 is applied for settlement analysis. Therefore, in this study, the modified method of N-value estimation is suggested and compared the settlement by Elastic Theory, and the measured field data by Plate Load Test. As the result of this study, it is shown that the settlement by Elastic Theory with the modified N-value is more accurate than settlement by usual N-value. The application of Elastic Theory for pure sand is also evaluated in this paper.

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Carrying Capacity Behavior of Instrumented PC Piles (시험 콘크리트 말뚝의 지지력 거동)

  • 이영남;이종섭
    • Geotechnical Engineering
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    • v.14 no.5
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    • pp.163-172
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    • 1998
  • To study the carrying capacity behavior of pile, dynamic pile testis and static load tests were carried out on two instrumented piles during and some time after pile driving. Cone Penetration Test( CPT) and Standard Penetration Test(SPT) were also performed at the test site before pile tests to investigate the relationship between unit skin friction of piles and cone tip resistance values and SPT N values. Total static capacity of pile reached the ultimate stage at the pile head settlement of about 0.055D (D : Pile diameter), at which skin friction of Pile already Passed the maximum value, but the end bearing was still increasing with the pile head settlement. The carrying capacity of pile increased in the form of natural logarithmic function with the time after pile driving. The increase in skin friction with time was very substantial the increase in skin friction 40 days after pile driving was 4.6 times of that determined during pile driving. The contribution of skin friction to the total capacity twas insignificant in the beginning, but became substantial 40 days after pile driving. This implies that the tested pile initially responded as an end bearing pile and later behaved as a friction pile. It was also noted that unit skin friction of pile might be ielated to cone tip resistance values(q.) and SPT N values, though the coefficient of this relationship might differ from one soil group to another and was somewhat greater than the value used in the design practice of Korea.

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SPT Rod Energy Ratios for Three Types of SPT Hammers (표준관입시험 해머의 종류에 따른 롯드 에너지 전달률)

  • An, Shin-Whan;Lee, Won-Je;Lee, Woo-Jin
    • Journal of the Korean Geotechnical Society
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    • v.16 no.3
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    • pp.119-129
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    • 2000
  • 국내에서 가장 많이 사용되는 현장조사방법인 표준관입시험의 결과로 얻어지는 N값에 대해 가장 큰 영향을 미치는 롯드 에너지 전단률(깽 Energy Ratio)을 지반조건이 상이한 3개 현장에서 항타분석기(Pile Driving Analyzer)를 이용하여 실측하였다. 에너지 전달률에 영향을 미치는 요인들 중엣 해머의 종류, 로프의 상태, 자아틀에 감은 횟수 등의 조건을 달리하여 롯드 에너지 전달률에 미치는 영향을 측정/분석하였다. 실험결과에 의하면 도넛해머, 안전해머, 개량형 도넛해머(Modified Automatic Donut Hammer)는 롯드에너지 전달률이 각각42%, 66%, 57% 정도로 측정되었으며 로프의 상태와 자아틀에 감은 횟수는 상대적으로 영향이 적은 것으로 측정되었다. 실험결과를 바탕으로 실측된 N값을 해머의 이론적 위치에너지의 60%에 해당하는 에너지가 롯드에 전달되었을 때의 N값(N60)으로 변환하기 위한 식을 제안하였다.

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